Shim Suk-hee

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Shim Suk-hee (Hangul: 심석희; Korean pronunciation: [ɕim.sʌ.kʰi]; born 30 January 1997) is a South Korean short track speed skater. At the 2014 Winter Olympics, she won gold in the 3000-metre relay as part of the South Korean relay team, silver in the 1500 metres, and bronze in the 1000 metres.[1][2][3]

Shim Suk-hee
Shim Suk-Hee.jpg
Shim Suk-hee at the 2012 Youth Olympic Games
Personal information
Nickname(s)shimsalabim
NationalitySouth Korean
Born (1997-01-30) 30 January 1997 (age 23)
Gangneung, South Korea
Height1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Weight56 kg (123 lb)
Sport
CountrySouth Korea
SportShort track speed skating
Event(s)1000 m, 1500 m, 3000 m
ClubKorea National Sport University
Achievements and titles
World finalsWorld Championship
2014 Overall
World Cup
2013–14 Overall
2012–13 Overall
Shim Suk-hee
Hangul
심석희
Revised RomanizationSim Seokhui
McCune–ReischauerSim Sŏkhŭi

Early lifeEdit

At the age of 6, Shim started short track speed skating in her hometown Gangneung as a hobby.[4] Shim Suk-Hee entered the world of short track due to her older brother, Shim Gyo Kwang’s, influence when she was six years old. Her talent was obvious from her time since elementary school, Kyungpo Elementary School, and led Shim’s parents to fully support Shim on her short track career.[5] Shim spends rest of her elementary school years in Seoul and starts her inaugural Youth National Team career as she enters her middle school. Shim's first major international competition was in 2011, when she was 14, in the World Junior Championships.

In 2012, she wins all 500m, 1000m and 3000m in 2012 Melbourne Youth Winter Olympics.[6] 2012 was the year that Shim dragged both domestic and global attention. On top of her success in 2012 Melbourne Youth Winter Olympics, she took three gold medals in national team trials in all 1000m, 1500m, and 3000m.[7]

CareerEdit

2011–2012Edit

Youth Olympic GamesEdit

In late 2011 Shim made South Korea's World Junior Championships Team at age 14. In January 2012, she participated in the inaugural Winter Youth Olympics held in Innsbruck, where she swept both individual events (500 m, 1000 m).[8] She also earned the bronze medal in the 3000 m mixed-country/gender relay as a member of the mixed team made up of skaters representing different nations.[9]

World Junior ChampionshipsEdit

A month after the Youth Olympics, Shim competed in the 2012 World Junior Short Track Speed Skating Championships held in Melbourne, where she won gold in all events available (overall, 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m, relay) except for the 1500-metre super final. In the 500 metres, Shim won gold in dominating style, recording a time of 44.113. That time was 0.652 seconds faster than runner-up Agnė Sereikaitė of Lithuania.[10][11] In the 1000 metres, Shim broke the 9-year-old world junior 1000-metre record of 1:30.483 established by Byun Chun-sa of South Korea in 2003, finishing 1000 m in 1:30.266 in the semifinal race.[12][13] Shim set a world junior record again in the 1000 m final race with a time of 1:30.208, beating South Korean fellow Hwang Hyun-sun, a member of the senior national team, by 0.106 seconds.[14] Shim also won the 1500 metres with a time of 2:21.987, beating Hwang again by 0.082 seconds.[15]

2012–2013Edit

World CupEdit

Shim was selected for the 2012–2013 South Korean national team at age 15 by capturing first place at the national trial competition in April 2012.[16] She won the 1500 metres and 1000 metres at the first race of the 2012–2013 World Cup in Calgary, her first senior level world competition. She also set a 1000 m world record of 1:26.661 in the semifinals on 21 October 2012, which was almost a second faster than the previous world record (1:27.653) set by Valérie Maltais two days ago.[17][18] Shim continued her successful run at the second 2012–2013 World Cup race in Montreal, where she won her second 1500 m gold medal. At the third race in Nagoya, Shim achieved a podium finish in the 500 metres for the first time and won another gold in the 1500 metres. She eventually became the 1500 metres champion for the 2012–13 World Cup season clinching 1500 m gold at all six races, and became the runner-up behind Elise Christie in the 1000 metres with three gold medals. She also finished first in the overall 2012–2013 World Cup standings.

* The overall World Cup titles have not been officially awarded by the ISU since the 2006–07 season.

World ChampionshipsEdit

From 8–10 March 2013, she competed at the 2013 World Championships held in Debrecen, Hungary, winning her first world championship in the 3000-metre super final. She won a silver medal, taking second behind fellow South Korean skater Park Seung-hi in the 1500 metres. Because of her wins, she became the overall bronze medalist, behind silver medalist Park Seung-hi and Wang Meng, who became a three-time overall world champion.

2013–2014Edit

World CupEdit

At the first race of the 2013–2014 World Cup in Shanghai, Shim won both the 1000 metres and 1500 metres. Shim won gold in the 1000 metres and silver in the 1500 metres at the second race in Seoul, South Korea. Her wins on home soil began to garner considerable media attention and put her into the national spotlight.[19] At the third race of the 2013–2014 World Cup in Turin, Shim won both the 1000 metres and 1500 metres again. After winning gold in the 1500 metres and bronze in the 500 metres at the last race in Kolomna, Shim clinched her second straight overall World Cup title. She ended the competition with 102 overall points, followed by Park Seung-Hi and Valerie Maltais, with 73 and 39 points, respectively. She also became the 1000 meters and 1500 meters champion for the 2013–14 World Cup season. By this time, Shim has added a gold medal at twelve consecutive World Cups since 2012.[20]

From 14–16 March 2014, Shim competed at the 2014 World Championships held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, winning her first overall title with 102 points, placing first place in the 1000 metres, 1500 metres and 3000 metres. She defeated South Korean Park Seung-hi, silver medalist and Canadian Valérie Maltais who finished third in points. Park Seung-hi won the 500m and placed second in 1000m. Maltais placed second on 3000m relay and third in 1000m.[21]

* The overall World Cup titles have not been officially awarded by the ISU since the 2006–07 season.

Olympic GamesEdit

 
Shim Suk-hee in the 1000 m at the 2014 Winter Olympics

Shim went into her first Winter Olympics in Sochi with the declared aim of winning multiple gold medals. On 13 February 2014, she first competed in the 500 metres but surprisingly failed to advance out of the quarterfinals placing fourth in her heat. Experts believed her lack of experience under such pressure has hindered Shim from performing at her best.[22]

Two days later, Shim won silver in the 1500 metres. Shim started the 1500 m final race at the back of the pack. Then she first made a move with 10 laps to go, charging out to first place with Arianna Fontana right behind her. After Kim A-lang and Li Jianrou got tangled up midway through, Shim was comfortably in the lead. Shim stayed in first place until the final stretch, but Zhou Yang, the reigning Olympic 1500 m champion, zipped past Shim with two laps to go and did not relinquish the lead.[23]

On 18 February, Shim claimed gold in the 3000 metre relay as part of the South Korean relay team. With three laps to go in the final race, South Korea trailed China by a substantial margin and seemed headed toward an inevitable second place. However, the 17-year-old anchor for the relay team reached deep and conjured up every bit of energy. She zipped past Li Jianrou on the outer side of the track in the final lap, a daring move that stunned the Chinese in a nail-biting finish.[24]

On 21 February, Shim won the bronze medal in the 1000 metres with a total time of 1:31.027, which was 0.266 seconds behind winner Park Seung-hi and 0.216 seconds behind runner-up Fan Kexin.[25]

World ChampionshipsEdit

From 14–16 March 2014, Shim competed at the 2014 World Championships held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, winning her first overall title with 102 points, placing first place in the 1000 metres, 1500 metres and 3000 metres.[26] She defeated South Korean Park Seung-hi, silver medalist and Canadian Valérie Maltais who finished third in points.[27]

PyeongChang OlympicsEdit

In shim's Pyeong Chang Winter Olympics, Shim won a gold in 3,000m relay.[28]

2014–2018Edit

World ChampionshipsEdit

She participated in the 2015 World Championships and the 3,000-meter relay, the 1500 meter and the 3000 meter super final. She won the gold medal in the 3,000-meter relay with Choi Min Jeong, Lee Eun Byul and Oh Do Hee.[29] She won silver medals in the 1,500-meter[30] and 3,000-meter super finals. She only competed in the 3,000-meter relay of the World Championships in 2016 [31] and won the gold medal. She participated in the 3000m Super Final, 1500m, and won gold[32] and bronze medals[33] in 2017. She won the gold medal in the 3,000-meter relay,[34] the 1,000-meter,[35] and the silver medal in the 1,500-meter relay in 2018.[36] In her 2018 ISU competition, she was ranked second overall, after Choi Min Jeong. Shim placed first in 1500m, followed by Prosvironova Sofia and Li Jinyu, from Russia and China respectively. The relay team had Choi Min Jeong, Kim Alang, Kim Yejin and Shim Suk Hee.

2020Edit

After going through several injuries and stepping down from national team, Shim Suk-hee has joined Seoul City as a non-national team member and plans to participate in upcoming national team trials that is planned to take place in April.[37]

South Korea Winter CompetitionEdit

Shim Suk-hee participated in 2020 South Korea's Winter Competition, where her last participation was eight years ago, in 2012. Shim has won both 1500m and 1000m in February.[38]

Personal lifeEdit

In 2019, Shim revealed that she was sexually abused by former coach Cho Jae-beom, as a teenager.[39][40][41]

Group of athletes in South Korea raised allegations on sexual abuse in South Korea's female speed skating athletes. This further allegations are being part of the South Korea athlete's MeToo movement.[42] In her complaint filed in December 2018, Shim accused Cho of multiple sexual assaults, including rapes, that first happened when she was a high school student. She further accused Cho that the sexual abuse continued until about two months before the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics that took in place in February 2018.[43]

The allegations came out to surface in early 2018, when Shim left the national team to avoid further assaults. In her hearings in Seoul, Korea, she argued that Cho’s violence kept “escalating” as the time went by. Besides from sexual assault, Shim lays out that Cho kicked and punched her in the head as well.

According to her lawyer, Shim was not able to tell the truth because she was worried and felt pressure from Cho regarding her career.[42]

In an interview, a female athlete from South Korea reveals that how it is like to go against and criticize the coach and what will the consequences will be. She explains that her career would face an end and she won't be accepted to universities.[44]

Cho, in his first trial in November 2019, denied all accusations on his sexual assaults. Cho, in a quick interview, told the public that he did not meet them at the place and time that they argue to be, and said that although he did meet them at a different time, those were for training purposes. Cho, currently is serving his sentence regarding constant violence on Shim.[45]

South Korea's sports chief apologized after the accusations and called the "systematic flaw" to prevent such misconduct.[46]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "[소치동계올림픽] 쇼트트랙 여자 3000m 계주 '금메달'… 중국 실격". 천지일보 (in Korean). 18 February 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  2. ^ "[소치동계올림픽] 女 1500m 심석희 은메달… 男 1000m 노메달". 천지일보 (in Korean). 15 February 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  3. ^ "[소치] 심석희 '값진 동메달 땄어요~'". mk.co.kr. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  4. ^ Kim, Jin-hee (25 February 2014). "[Sochi] Shim's father said "She's a reserved but lovely daughter"" (in Korean). The Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  5. ^ Grassie, Julia. "Who is Shim Suk-Hee?". NBC Olympics. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Shim Suk-Hee, Korean short track queen". International Olympic Committee. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
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  8. ^ Joensson, Kirstin (19 January 2012). "Korea's gold medal winner Shim Suk Hee competes at the women's …". Yahoo. Associated Press. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  9. ^ "Athletes relish Short Track Mixed-NOC Team Relay". Youth Olympic Games – Innsbruck 2012. 21 January 2012. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  10. ^ "Agne Sereikaite Of Lithuania, Suk Hee Shim Of Korea And Xue Wang Of China". Yahoo. 24 February 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  11. ^ "Women's 500 m – 25th February". the-sports.org. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  12. ^ "Records > Ladies > Juniors > 1000 m". International Skating Union. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
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  14. ^ "2012 ISU World Junior Championships, AUS, Melbourne – Final". International Skating Union. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  15. ^ "Krueger Skates to a 1500m Bronze at Junior World Championships". United States Olympic Committee. 24 February 2012. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
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  32. ^ "'Go 평창' 서이라-심석희, 男女 올림픽 직행권 획득". sports.chosun.com. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  33. ^ [세계쇼트트랙]서이라, 남자부 개인종합 우승…심석희 3위. newsis (in Korean). 13 March 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
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  37. ^ "[포토] '빙상 왕' 심석희, 서울시청 입단하는 날". www.hani.co.kr (in Korean). 3 January 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
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  39. ^ Hancocks, Paula (20 January 2019). "The female athletes speaking out about South Korean skating's culture of abuse". CNN. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  40. ^ [Photo] At least 5 of 6 more sexual assault victims in S. Korean speed skating : National : News : The Hankyoreh
  41. ^ "South Korea sports chief apologises after Olympic speed skater alleges coach raped her". The Guardian. 15 January 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  42. ^ a b "Sex abuse allegations rock South Korean Olympic skating". The Washington Times. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  43. ^ "South Korean Olympic skater accuses abusive coach of sexual assault". South China Morning Post. 8 January 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  44. ^ Hancocks, Paula. "The female athletes speaking out about South Korean skating's culture of abuse". CNN. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  45. ^ 강영훈 (29 November 2019). "조재범, '심석희 성폭행 혐의' 첫 공판서 공소사실 전면 부인". 연합뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  46. ^ "South Korea sports chief apologises after Olympic speed skater alleges coach raped her". The Guardian. 15 January 2019. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 4 April 2020.

External linksEdit