List of Olympic medalists in short track speed skating
Short track speed skating is a sport that is contested at the Winter Olympic Games. The first Winter Olympics, held in 1924, included speed skating, but the first official short track speed skating events were not held until the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, France. Before 1992, short track speed skating events were held at the 1988 Winter Olympics as a demonstration sport. At those games, events for both men and women were held in five disciplines: 500 metre, 1000 metre, 1500 metre, 3000 metre and the relay (3000 metres for women, 5000 metres for men). The Netherlands, United Kingdom and South Korea won two gold medals each, with Canada, Italy, Japan and China picking up a gold medal each. The results of those demonstration events are not considered official and are not included in this list. At the 1992 Winter Olympics, there were four medal events: men's 1000 metres, men's 5000 metre relay, women's 500 metres and women's 3000 metre relay. Men's 500 metres and women's 1000 metres was added in 1994. The men's and women's 1500 metres were added in 2002 and all eight events have been held at every Olympic Games since.
Viktor Ahn of Russia, formerly of South Korea with his birth name of Ahn Hyun-soo, is the most decorated short-tracker in Olympics, having won eight medals including six gold medals, and two bronze. China's Wang Meng and South Korean Chun Lee-Kyung has won four gold medals each. With his eight medals Viktor Ahn has the most Olympic medals of any short-track speed skater, tied with Apolo Anton Ohno of the United States who won two gold, two silver and four bronze medals and Arianna Fontana of Italy who won one gold, two silver and five bronze medals. Tania Vicent of Canada is the oldest athlete to medal; she was 34 in 2010 when she won a silver medal in the 3000 metre relay. Kim Yoon-Mi of South Korea is the youngest; she was 13 when she won a gold in the same event in 1994.
At the 1992 Winter Olympics, South Korea's Kim Ki-hoon became the first short track speed skater to win two gold medals, by winning gold medals in both of the available events (1000m, 5000m relay). In 1994 Kim (1000m) and American Cathy Turner (500m) became the first to successfully defend their respective Olympic title; Kim thus became the first short-tracker to win three Olympic gold medals. Since then Chun Lee-Kyung of South Korea (1000m, 1994–1998) and Wang Meng of China (500m, 2006–2010) also defended an individual Olympic title. In 1998, Chun and Yang Yang (S) of China became the first short-tracker to win three medals in one Olympic. By helping South Korea to defend 3000m relay title as well as defending her 1000m gold medal, Chun became the first (and thus far, only) athlete to successfully defend two Olympic titles. In 2006, South Korea's Jin Sun-Yu and then Ahn Hyun-Soo became the first two short-trackers to have won three gold medals in one Olympic. Ahn also won a bronze medal in the same Games, becoming the first (and thus far, only) short-tracker to win four medals in one Olympic; he repeated the same feat in 2014. In 2010, Wang became the first athlete to have won three individual gold medals in the sport, and in 2014 Ahn became the first to have won four individual gold medals, and six gold medals overall in the sport. South Korean short track speed skaters have won a combined 42 medals, including 21 golds, more than any other nation in both measures. South Korea is also the only country to have won at least one gold medal at every Olympics in which short-track speed skating has been held; Canada and China share with South Korea the honour of being the only nations to have athletes win a medal at every Olympics in the sport. As of the 2010 Winter Olympics, 144 medals (48 of each color) have been awarded and have been won by short track speed skaters from 11 National Olympic Committees (NOC).
|Table of contents|
|6||Olympic Athletes from Russia||0||0||1||1|
5000 metre relayEdit
3000 metre relayEdit
At 31 years and 191 days, Vladimir Grigorev became the oldest man to win a short track Olympic medal, winning silver at the 1000m event, at the 2014 Olympics on 15 February 2014. On 21 February 2014, he won the gold in the 5000m relay, upping the oldest male shorttrack athlete record for both medals and gold medals.
Athlete medal leadersEdit
Include athletes with at least four medals of any colour.
| South Korea (KOR)
|Apolo Anton Ohno||United States (USA)||2002–2010||2||2||4||8|
|Arianna Fontana||Italy (ITA)||2006–2018||1||2||5||8|
|Wang Meng||China (CHN)||2006–2010||4||1||1||6|
|Chun Lee-Kyung||South Korea (KOR)||1994–1998||4||0||1||5|
|Charles Hamelin||Canada (CAN)||2006–2018||3||1||1||5|
|Marc Gagnon||Canada (CAN)||1994–2002||3||0||2||5|
|Yang Yang (A)||China (CHN)||1998–2006||2||2||1||5|
|François-Louis Tremblay||Canada (CAN)||2002–2010||2||2||1||5|
|Park Seung-hi||South Korea (KOR)||2010–2014||2||0||3||5|
|Lee Ho-Suk||South Korea (KOR)||2006–2014||1||4||0||5|
|Yang Yang (S)||China (CHN)||1994–2002||0||4||1||5|
|Li Jiajun||China (CHN)||1998–2006||0||2||3||5|
|Choi Eun-Kyung||South Korea (KOR)||2002–2006||2||2||0||4|
|Éric Bédard||Canada (CAN)||1998–2006||2||1||1||4|
|Cathy Turner||United States (USA)||1992–1998||2||1||1||4|
|Shim Suk-hee||South Korea (KOR)||2014–2018||2||1||1||4|
|Wu Dajing||China (CHN)||2014–2018||1||2||1||4|
|Tania Vicent||Canada (CAN)||1998–2010||0||2||2||4|
Medals per yearEdit
- Numbers in bold indicate the highest medal count at that year's Olympic Games.
|Great Britain (GBR)||–||1||–||–||–||–||–||–||1|
|North Korea (PRK)||1||–||–||–||–||1|
|Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)||1||1|
|South Korea (KOR)||3||6||6||4||10||8||5||6||48|
|Unified Team (EUN)||1||1|
|United States (USA)||2||4||–||3||3||6||1||1||20|
- 1992–2002: "Short Track Skating > Past Results > Major Events". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on 2008-10-19. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
- 2006: "2006 Winter Olympic Games Final Medal Winners". Slam! Olympics. 2006. Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
- "Results database". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
- "Skating". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
- "Skating > Short track speed skating". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
- "Short-track Speed Skating History". CBC Sports. Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2009-01-08.
- Kelley, Jim (1998-02-17). "Turner out to clear her name". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
- "Athlete profile: Kim Yoon-Mi". Sports Illustrated. 1998-02-03. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22.
- Beth Harris (15 February 2014). "Viktor Ahn wins 1st Olympic gold and 2nd short track medal for his adopted Russia". Yahoo! Sports. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 17 March 2014.
- ESPN (21 February 2014). "Results Fri, Feb 21". Sochi 2014 Olympics. ESPN Winter Olympics. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
- Short Track Speed Skating - Olympics at Sports-reference.com
- Olympic Review and Revue Olympique. LA84 Foundation