Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Sailing at the 2012 Summer Olympics

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 2012 consisted of a total of eight sailing classes (ten disciplines). Eleven Fleet races were scheduled from 29 July 2012 to 11 August 2012 of the coast at Weymouth Bay for each event except for the 49er and the Elliott 6m. For the 49er a total of 16 races were scheduled. Of the 11 (16) races, 10 (15) were scheduled as opening races and the last one as medal race. For the Elliott 6m a series of match races was scheduled. The sailing was done on different types of courses.

Sailing
at the Games of the XXX Olympiad
Sailing, London 2012.png
Venues Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy[1]
Dates First race: 29 July 2012 (2012-07-29)
Last race: 11 August 2012 (2012-08-11)
Sailors 380 (227 male, 143 female) from 63 countries
Boats and Boards 261
and 12 match race teams
Top ranked countries
 Australia: 1st, gold medalist(s)  2nd, silver medalist(s)  3rd, bronze medalist(s)  
 Spain: 1st, gold medalist(s)  2nd, silver medalist(s)  3rd, bronze medalist(s)  
 Great Britain: 1st, gold medalist(s)  2nd, silver medalist(s)  3rd, bronze medalist(s)  
← 2008
2016 →

Contents

VenueEdit

Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy
 
Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy
General information
Status Complete
Address Osprey Quay
Town or city Portland,
Country Dorset DT5 1SA
Coordinates 50°34′19″N 2°27′21″W / 50.57194°N 2.45583°W / 50.57194; -2.45583Coordinates: 50°34′19″N 2°27′21″W / 50.57194°N 2.45583°W / 50.57194; -2.45583
Elevation Sealevel
Opened 2008
Inaugurated Improvements to the Weymouth & Portland National Sailing Academy were ready for competition by 2008. The new slipway, moorings and other facilities have already been used for several international events.
Client LOCOG
Owner Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy
Other information
Seating type Standing
Seating capacity 17,400

According to the IOC statutes the contests in all sport disciplines must be held either in, or as close as possible to the city which the IOC has chosen. Among others, an exception is made for the Olympic sailing events, which customarily must be staged on the open sea. On account of this principle, Weymouth and Portland was selected for the honor to carry out the Olympic yachting regattas. For that purpose the Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy was reconstructed.

Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy (WPNSA)Edit

 

The land based part of the WPNSA includes:

  • Administrative and game management center
  • Media center
  • The "Hangar" for measurement, social events and logistic center.
  • (Inter)National sailing center
  • Craning, mooring and slipway facilities

Course areasEdit

A total of five race areas were set on Weymouth Bay of the coast of the Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy. The exclusion area was limited by a fictive line between Portland and the mainland. All racing took place within this exclusion zone. The five course areas were positioned according to the table below the map but could be moved anywhere within the exclusion zone.

 
Olympic Course Areas 2012.
Portland Harbour ( (P):) 50° 35.19’ N, 02° 26.54’ W
Nothe Harbour ( (N):) 50° 36.18’ N 02° 25.98’ W
Weymouth Bay West ( (W):) 50° 37.18’ N 02° 23.55’ W
Weymouth Bay South ( (S):) 50° 35.71’ N 02° 22.08’ W
Weymouth Bay East ( (E):) 50° 36.58’ N 02° 19.70’ W

CompetitionEdit

QualificationEdit

Fifty-seven nations qualified for the sailing events and a further six were allocated places not taken up by qualified nations to give a total of 63 nations participating.[2] The only countries to have qualified in all events were France, New Zealand, the USA and the hosts, Great Britain;[2] New Zealand declined to take up their place in the Women's RS-X.[3]

OverviewEdit

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
6 63 10 273 237 143

ContinentsEdit

  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Oceania
  • Europe
  • North America
  • South America

CountriesEdit

 
Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1972 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
  Argentina (ARG)   Australia (AUS)   Austria (AUT)   Belgium (BEL)
  Bermuda (BER)   Belarus (BLR)   Brazil (BRA)   Bulgaria (BUL)
  Canada (CAN)   Chile (CHI)   China (CHN)   Cook Islands (COK)
  Colombia (COL)   Croatia (CRO)   Cyprus (CYP)   Czech Republic (CZE)
  Denmark (DEN)   Egypt (EGY)   Spain (ESP)   Estonia (EST)
  Finland (FIN)   France (FRA)   Great Britain (GBR)   Germany (GER)
  Greece (GRE)   Guatemala (GUA)   Hong Kong (HKG)   Hungary (HUN)
  Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA)   Ireland (IRL)   Israel (ISR)   Virgin Islands (ISV)
  Italy (ITA)   Japan (JPN)   Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)   South Korea (KOR)
  Saint Lucia (LCA)   Lithuania (LTU)   Malaysia (MAS)   Mexico (MEX)
  Montenegro (MNE)   Monaco (MON)   Netherlands (NED)   Norway (NOR)
  New Zealand (NZL)   Peru (PER)   Poland (POL)   Portugal (POR)
  South Africa (RSA)   Russia (RUS)   Singapore (SIN)   Slovenia (SLO)
  Switzerland (SUI)   Sweden (SWE)   Thailand (THA)   Chinese Taipei (TPE)
  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)   Tunisia (TUN)   Turkey (TUR)   Ukraine (UKR)
  Uruguay (URU)   United States (USA)   Venezuela (VEN)

Classes (equipment)Edit

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
RS:X Sailboard   1 - + - - 2008 2
RS:X Sailboard   1 - + - - 2008 2
Laser Radial Dinghy   1 - + - - 2008 2
Laser Dinghy   1 - + - - 1996 5
Finn Dinghy   1 0 + 1952 16
470 Dinghy   2 1 + + + 1988 7
470 Dinghy   2 1 + + + 1976 10
49er Dinghy   2 2 + + + 2000 4
Elliott 6m Keelboat   3 0 + + + 2012 1
Star Keelboat   2 0 + + 1932 18
2012 Olympic Classes designs
 

Race schedule [4][5]Edit

 ●  Opening ceremony  ●  Practice race  ●  Race  ●  Medal race  ●  Closing ceremony
Date July August
26
Thu
27
Fri
28
Sat
29
Sun
30
Mon
31
Tue
1
Wed
2
Thu
3
Fri
4
Sat
5
Sun
6
Mon
7
Tue
8
Wed
9
Thu
10
Fri
11
Sat
12
Sun
Women's
Men's

 



 

 
Women's
Men's
R
2 2
2 RR
2 2 2 2
2 2 RR
2 2 2 2 2
2 2 RR
2 2 2
2 RR
2 2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2 3 2
2 2 2 RR
2 2 2
2 2
2 2
 
2 2
2 KO
2
2 KO
 
KO
 
KO
 
Women's
Men's
 
MR MR
MR
MR
MR
MR
 
MR
 
MR
MR
 
FP
 
Total gold medals 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
Ceremonies
Legend:
  • Matchracing
    • RR = Round Robin phase
    • KO = Knockout phase
    • FP = Finals & Petite Finals
  • Fleetracing
    • MR = Medal races

Medal summary [6]Edit

Medal tableEdit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Australia (AUS) 3 1 0 4
2   Spain (ESP) 2 0 0 2
3   Great Britain (GBR) 1 4 0 5
4   Netherlands (NED) 1 1 1 3
5   New Zealand (NZL) 1 1 0 2
6   Sweden (SWE) 1 0 1 2
7   China (CHN) 1 0 0 1
8   Denmark (DEN) 0 1 1 2
  Finland (FIN) 0 1 1 2
10   Cyprus (CYP) 0 1 0 1
11   Poland (POL) 0 0 2 2
12   Argentina (ARG) 0 0 1 1
  Belgium (BEL) 0 0 1 1
  Brazil (BRA) 0 0 1 1
  France (FRA) 0 0 1 1
Total 10 10 10 30

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "London 2012 Olympic Sailing Competition Notice of Race" (PDF). Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Nations Qualified". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. International Sailing Federation. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "2012 Olympics: Olympic place rejection signals the end of an era". Sail World. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "London 2012 Olympic Sailing Competition Sailing Instructions" (PDF). Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "London 2012 Olympic Sailing Competition Provisional course assignment" (PDF). 25 July 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  6. ^ "Sailing at the 2012 London Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 1 April 2014.