Rough Draft Studios

Rough Draft Studios, Inc. is an American animation production studio based in Glendale, California,[1] with a second studio in Glendale[2] and its sister studio Rough Draft Korea located in Seoul, South Korea.[3] The studio was founded in Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California by Gregg Vanzo in 1991.

Rough Draft Studios, Inc.
IndustryHand-drawn animation
FoundedMarch 20, 1991; 29 years ago (1991-03-20) in Van Nuys, California, United States
FounderGregg Vanzo
Headquarters615 Allen Avenue, ,
Key people
DivisionsRough Draft Korea

Rough Draft has produced animation for shows like Futurama, Napoleon Dynamite, Sit Down, Shut Up, Drawn Together, Baby Blues, and The Maxx. Rough Draft Korea has animated shows such as The Simpsons, SpongeBob SquarePants, Gravity Falls, The Ren & Stimpy Show, Beavis and Butt-Head, Dexter's Laboratory, The Powerpuff Girls, Samurai Jack, Phineas and Ferb, Rocko's Modern Life, The Angry Beavers, Star vs. the Forces of Evil, Family Guy, The Lion King's Timon & Pumbaa, and Sheep in the Big City.

Rough Draft Studios and its divisions have also produced specials, commercials and direct-to-video work for companies like Warner Bros. Animation, Cartoon Network Studios, 20th Century Fox Television, Nickelodeon Animation Studio, Film Roman and Disney Television Animation.


Rough Draft Studios was founded in a Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California garage by Gregg and Nikki Vanzo. While working on The Ren & Stimpy Show, Nikki approached John Kricfalusi, creator of The Ren & Stimpy Show, about taking the animation to Korea.[4] Nikki founded and runs Rough Draft Korea.[4]

Growth in businessEdit

After working on The Ren & Stimpy Show, many other shows requested the assistance of Rough Draft Korea in animation and ink & paint. In 1992, Rough Draft Studios began producing animation for The Simpsons and then for Beavis and Butt-Head in 1993. Also in 1993, Gregg's brother Scott Vanzo was brought on board. Rough Draft Korea quickly built a strong portfolio in the animation business with shows like their first series The Maxx in 1995, which was nominated for an Annie Award.[5] Claudia Katz, who had joined Rough Draft Studios in 1994 to produce The Maxx, and Rich Moore, joining in 1995 after having worked with Gregg on The Simpsons, completed the core of a Rough Draft Studios which would help "drive the cartoon boom of the late ‘90s".[6] It was also in 1995 that Rough Draft Studios moved to Glendale, California.


Rough Draft Studios is known for its blending of 2-D with computer animation, or non-photorealistic rendering which it first used on The Maxx and further utilized with Futurama, and The Simpsons Movie.


Rough Draft StudiosEdit

Most projects produced by Rough Draft Studios are animated overseas by Rough Draft Korea.

TV seriesEdit

Show Year(s) Client Notes
The Maxx 1995 MTV Animation
Futurama 1999-2003; 2008-2013 The Curiosity Company
20th Century Fox Television
Baby Blues 2000 Warner Bros. Animation
Star Wars: Clone Wars 2003-2005 Cartoon Network Studios
Drawn Together 2004-2007 Double-Hemm Productions
Comedy Partners
Sit Down Shut Up! 2009 Adelaide Productions
Good Vibes 2011 Rough House
6 Point Harness
Napoleon Dynamite 2012 20th Century Fox Television
Full English Two Brothers Pictures
Clash-a-Rama 2014–present Tolerable Entertainment
Tarantula 2017 Rough House
Solid Brass
Studio T
Disenchantment 2018–present The Curiosity Company
The ULULU Company


Title Year Client Notes
The Thief and the Cobbler 1992 The Completion Bond Company ink-and-paint
RoboCop 3 1993 Orion Pictures "Johnny Rehab" commercial animation
Duck Dodgers: Attack of the Drones 2003 Warner Bros. Animation theatrical short
The Whizzard of Ow
A Fairy Tale Christmas 2005 Waterfront Pictures TV special
Futurama: Bender's Big Score 2007 20th Century Fox
The Curiosity Company
Futurama: The Beast with a Billion Backs 2008
Futurama: Bender's Game
The Pink Panther 2 2009 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Columbia Pictures
opening title sequence only
Futurama: Into the Wild Green Yonder 20th Century Fox
The Curiosity Company
How Murray Saved Christmas 2014 Universal Television TV special


Rough Draft KoreaEdit

Rough Draft Korea, RDS' sister studio based in South Korea, has produced animation for the following series, features and specials:

TV seriesEdit

Show Year(s) Client Notes
The Ren & Stimpy Show 1992-1995 Spümcø/Games Animation [9]
The Simpsons 1992–present 20th Century Fox Television season 4-present[10]
Beavis and Butt-Head 1993-1997;
MTV Animation
Benjamin Blümchen 1993 Kiddinx
The Critic 1994-1995 Film Roman [11]
The Brothers Grunt A.k.a. Cartoon
Timon & Pumbaa 1995 Walt Disney Television Animation 8 shorts
Eek! Stravaganza Film Roman Klutter! segments only
The Twisted Tales of Felix the Cat 1995-1996
The Nanny 1995 TriStar Television "Oy to the World"
Rocko's Modern Life 1996 Games Animation "Fatal Contraption" and season 4 only
Dexter's Laboratory 1996-1999;
Hanna-Barbera/Cartoon Network Studios
Pinky and the Brain 1996-1998 Warner Bros. Animation
Jumanji 1996 Adelaide Productions 6 episodes of season 1
What a Cartoon! 1996-1997 Cartoon Network Studios "Buy One, Get One Free*", "The Zoonatiks, in Home Sweet Home"
King of the Hill 1997-2001 20th Century Fox Television 30 episodes
The Angry Beavers Nickelodeon Animation Studio
Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child 1997 HBO 5 episodes of season 2
Johnny Bravo Hanna-Barbera Season 1 alongside Sunwoo Entertainment
Cow and Chicken 1997-1999
I Am Weasel 1997-2000
Daria 1998 MTV Animation Season 2
CatDog 1998-2005 Nickelodeon Animation Studio
Oh Yeah! Cartoons 1998-2001
The Powerpuff Girls 1998-2005 Hanna-Barbera/Cartoon Network Studios
Dilbert 1999-2000 Adelaide Productions 11 episodes
SpongeBob SquarePants 1999–present Nickelodeon Animation Studio
ChalkZone 1999-2000 season 1
Dragon Tales 1999-2005
Family Guy 2000-2001 20th Century Fox Television eight episodes of season 2 (production order)
The Cartoon Cartoon Show Cartoon Network Studios
Sammy 2000 Adelaide Productions
Jackie Chan Adventures 2000-2002 13 episodes of seasons 1 and 2
Sheep in the Big City Curious Pictures
The Oblongs 2001 Film Roman
Samurai Jack 2001-2004;
Cartoon Network Studios seasons 1-4 and "XCVIII"
Grim & Evil 2001-2002
Harold and the Purple Crayon 2001-2002 Adelaide Productions
Kim Possible 2002-2007 Walt Disney Television Animation 22 episodes
Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law 2002-2003 Williams Street episodes 2-9
Whatever Happened to... Robot Jones? Cartoon Network Studios
3 South Warner Bros. Animation/MTV Animation
Clone High Nelvana//MTV Animation
Codename: Kids Next Door 2002-2008 Curious Pictures
The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy 2003-2005 Cartoon Network Studios seasons 1-5
Evil Con Carne 2003-2004
My Life as a Teenage Robot 2003-2009 Frederator Studios/Nickelodeon Animation Studio
Danny Phantom 2004-2007 Nickelodeon Animation Studio
American Dad! 2005 20th Century Fox Television Unaired pilot episode only
The Life & Times of Juniper Lee 2005-2007 Cartoon Network Studios
Catscratch Nickelodeon Animation Studio
Camp Lazlo 2005-2008 Cartoon Network Studios
Sunday Pants 2005 "Periwinkle Around the World"
The X's 2005-2006 Nickelodeon Animation Studio
Squirrel Boy 2006-2007 Cartoon Network Studios
Korgoth of Barbaria 2006 Williams Street TV pilot
American Dragon: Jake Long 2006-2007 Walt Disney Television Animation Season 2
Class of 3000 2006-2008 Cartoon Network Studios 14 episodes
Random! Cartoons 2006-2007 Nickelodeon Animation Studio
The Modifyers 2007 TV pilot
Tom and Jerry Tales 2007-2008 Warner Bros. Animation 5 episodes of season 2
Phineas and Ferb 2007-2012 Disney Television Animation Seasons 1-3
The Replacements 2008-2009 Season 2
The Mighty B! 2008-2011 Nickelodeon Animation Studio
Ben 10: Alien Force 2008-2010 Cartoon Network Studios
The Cartoonstitute 2009
Adventure Time 2010-2018 Cartoon Network Studios
Ben 10: Ultimate Alien 2010-2012
Sym-Bionic Titan 2010-2011
The Looney Tunes Show 2011-2013 Warner Bros. Animation
Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated 2012 "The Night the Clown Cried" and "The Night the Clown Cried II"
Gravity Falls 2012-2016 Disney Television Animation 23 episodes
Ben 10: Omniverse 2012-2014 Cartoon Network Studios
Nickelodeon Animated Shorts Program 2013–present Nickelodeon Animation Studio "Bug Salad", "Ice Station Zedonk", "Magic Children Doing Things", "Someone Needs to Stop Aunt Phyllis"
Uncle Grandpa 2013-2017 Cartoon Network Studios
Steven Universe 2013-2020
Star vs. the Forces of Evil 2015-2019 Disney Television Animation "Blood Moon Ball", Season 2 until season 4
We Bare Bears 2015–present Cartoon Network Studios
Wabbit 2015-2016 Warner Bros. Animation Season 1
Billy Dilley's Super-Duper Subterranean Summer 2017 Disney Television Animation
Craig of the Creek 2017–present Cartoon Network Studios
Summer Camp Island
Bug Salad 2018 Nickelodeon Animation Studio
Big City Greens 2018–present Disney Television Animation
Amphibia 2019 Disney Television Animation
The Owl House 2020 Disney Television Animation


Title Year Client Notes
FernGully: The Last Rainforest 1992 Kroyer Films
P. J. Sparkles Mike Young Productions opening titles
The Bears Who Saved Christmas 1994 Film Roman
Izzy's Quest for Olympic Gold 1995
Beavis and Butt-Head Do America 1996 Paramount Pictures
MTV Films
overseas animation, 3-D sequences
The Story of Santa Claus Film Roman
A Day in the Life of Ranger Smith 1999 Spümcø
Boo Boo Runs Wild Uncredited
Globehunters 2000 Nickelodeon Animation Studio
The Electric Piper
The Flintstones: On the Rocks 2001 Cartoon Network Studios
The Powerpuff Girls Movie 2002
Polly Pocket: Lunar Eclipse 2003 Mike Young Productions
Stitch! The Movie Walt Disney Television Animation
The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie 2004 Paramount Pictures
Nickelodeon Movies
Inside the CIA 2005 20th Century Fox American Dad! theatrical short
Kim Possible Movie: So the Drama Walt Disney Television Animation
How to Eat Fried Worms New Line Cinema
Walden Media
Animated sequences
The Simpsons Movie 2007 20th Century Fox
Phineas and Ferb's Musical Cliptastic Countdown 2009 Walt Disney Television Animation
Phineas and Ferb: Summer Belongs To You! 2010 Walt Disney Television Animation
Achmed Saves America 2012 Anchor Bay Entertainment
Hotel Transylvania Sony Pictures Animation titles only
Madea's Tough Love 2015 Lionsgate
Tyler Perry Studios
Bento Box Entertainment
The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water Paramount Animation
Nickelodeon Movies
2D hand-drawn animated sequences only[12]
Looney Tunes: Rabbits Run Warner Bros. Animation
Hotel Transylvania 2 Sony Pictures Animation titles only
Hotel Transylvania 3: Summer Vacation 2018 Sony Pictures Animation titles only


  1. ^ "Studio Info". Rough Draft Studios. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  2. ^ Spoke (2011-05-26). "Rough Draft Studios, Glendale, CA". Spoke. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  3. ^ "ROUGH DRAFT KOREA CO., LTD. (82-2-571-4871) | South Korea Business Database". Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  4. ^ a b Loos, Ted (November 10, 2002). "Commuting the Pacific, Unseating 'The Simpsons'". The New York Times. p. 2. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
  5. ^ "Legacy: 23rd Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (1995)". International Animated Film Society. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
  6. ^ Driver, Dustin. "Rough Draft Studios: Drawing Inspiration". Apple. p. 2. Archived from the original on 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
  7. ^ a b c "Studio Info". Rough Draft Studios. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  8. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (2018-05-23). "Netflix Sets 'Disenchantment' Premiere Date, Unveils First Look At Matt Groening Animated Series". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-05-24.
  9. ^ "Megna Co-productions Database (over 1000 listed titles!!)". Retrieved 2015-12-07.
  10. ^ Meyer, George (2004). The Simpsons Season 4 DVD commentary for the episode "Homer the Heretic" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
  11. ^ Furniss, Maureen (1999). Art in Motion: Animation Aesthetics (Reprint ed.). London: John Libbey. ISBN 9781864620399. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  12. ^

External linksEdit