Michael John Kricfalusi (//; born September 9, 1955), better known as John K., is a Canadian animator, voice actor, creator of the Nickelodeon cartoon series The Ren & Stimpy Show and founder of the animation company Spümcø.
Kricfalusi at the Castro Theatre in July 2006
Michael John Kricfalusi|
September 9, 1955
Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada
Raymond Spüm |
|Alma mater||Sheridan College (Expelled) |
|Occupation||Animator, voice actor|
The Ren & Stimpy Show|
The Goddamn George Liquor Program
Weekend Pussy Hunt
The Ripping Friends
Ren & Stimpy "Adult Party Cartoon"
After being fired from The Ren & Stimpy Show by Nickelodeon in 1992, Kricfalusi went on to direct and produce animated television commercials and music videos for entertainers such as the singer Björk and comedy rock duo Tenacious D. In the late 1990s he created the first cartoons made exclusively for the Internet: The Goddamn George Liquor Program and Weekend Pussy Hunt. He returned to television with The Ripping Friends and the adult animation spin-off Ren & Stimpy "Adult Party Cartoon".
John Kricfalusi was born in Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada to a father of Ukrainian descent and mother of Scottish and English descent.(32m) He spent his early childhood in Germany and Belgium while his father was serving in the Royal Canadian Air Force. He would watch weekend screenings of European feature-length cartoons such as The Snow Queen at Air Force cinemas. At age seven he returned with his family to Canada. After their return they moved from Montreal to Ottawa in the middle of a school season, and Kricfalusi spent much of his time that year at home, watching Hanna-Barbera cartoons and drawing them. Kricfalusi's interest in Golden Age animation crystallized during his stay at Sheridan College, where he attended weekly screenings of old films and cartoons at Innis College held by film archivist Reg Hartt, among them the cartoons of Bob Clampett and Tex Avery, which left a deep impression on Kricfalusi. He was expelled from Sheridan College at the end of 1978 and moved to Los Angeles, intending to become an animator.
Entering the animation industryEdit
After moving to Los Angeles, Kricfalusi was introduced to Milt Gray by Bob Clampett, suggesting he should join Gray's classical animation class. Gray was working for Filmation at the time, and soon Kricfalusi found work there as well, getting his start on the shows like Super Friends and The Tom and Jerry Comedy Show. His first independent cartoon was a short called Ted Bakes One, which he produced with Bill Wray in 1979 for a cable channel. From 1979 to the mid-1980s, Kricfalusi worked for Filmation and later Hanna-Barbera and DIC Entertainment on various shows that he once described as "the worst animation of all time". However, he did enjoy his work as a layout artist on the 1985 series of The Jetsons as he was able to train a team of Taiwanese animators to draw characters more emotive and wild, which at the time was considered radical. He recalls being "saved" from having to work on these cartoons by director Ralph Bakshi, who'd worked with him before in 1981 and 1982. They began working on the designs for the film Bobby's Girl, which was sold to TriStar Pictures but was later cancelled. Under Bakshi, Kricfalusi directed the animation for The Rolling Stones' 1986 music video "Harlem Shuffle".
The team's most successful project was Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures for CBS, based on the classic Terrytoons character. The series was well-received, and it is considered the forerunner of creator-driven cartoons. Kricfalusi directed eight of the twenty-six episodes and supervised the series. At the beginning of the second season, Kricfalusi left the show. The production of Mighty Mouse was very different from other cartoons at the time, gaining creative and artistic leeway thanks to the success of the irreverent Pee-wee's Playhouse on CBS a year before. The animators had much more creative input, driven by Kricfalusi's production system that emphasizes artistic contribution in every step of the process, from outline to storyboard to layout to the animation.
Mighty Mouse was cancelled amidst controversy for allegedly depicting the main character snorting cocaine. Bakshi maintained that neither he nor Kricfalusi had the character sniffing cocaine, and that the character was sniffing the crushed petals of a flower, which were handed to him in a previous scene in the cartoon. In 1994, Kricfalusi pitched a revival series of Mighty Mouse to Paramount, which would have featured other Terrytoons characters such as Deputy Dawg, but they rejected the idea.
Beany and CecilEdit
Kricfalusi left Bakshi's studio to work on The New Adventures of Beany and Cecil for ABC, where he teamed up with many of the people who would later work with him on many of his Spümcø projects. ABC had been negotiating for the production of the show with the Clampett family, who insisted that Kricfalusi be part of the production as he was a strong proponent of Bob Clampett's cartoon style. The long negotiations delayed the start of production to mid-July, causing much of the animation to be rushed in order to meet the September deadline. Tensions rose between Kricfalusi and ABC over the tone of the show, leading to an uncomfortable atmosphere for the show's crew. The more ABC strove to soften the show, the more Kricfalusi pushed for shocking and offensive material. The Clampett family were ultimately not very happy with the cartoon, but remained supportive of Kricfalusi. ABC cancelled the show after six episodes, finding the humor not suitable for children's programming.
Ren & StimpyEdit
Kricfalusi formed Spümcø animation studio with partners Jim Smith, Bob Camp and Lynne Naylor. They began working on a pilot for The Ren & Stimpy Show on behalf of Nickelodeon, after the eponymous characters were favored by Nickelodeon producer Vanessa Coffey in a presentation by Kricfalusi. The pilot was very well received, leading to the production of the first 13 half-hour episodes of the show. The show came to garner high ratings for Nickelodeon, and at the time was the most popular cable TV show in the United States, but the network disagreed with Kricfalusi's direction of the show, and disapproved of his missed production deadlines. Kricfalusi points specifically to the episode "Man's Best Friend", which depicts the character George Liquor as an abusive father figure, as the turning point in his relationship with Nickelodeon. One of the episodes, "Nurse Stimpy", did not meet Kricfalusi's approval because of the low quality of the rough cut of the episode that they received from the overseas studio, leading him to use the alias Raymond Spum in its credits. Nickelodeon terminated Kricfalusi's contract late September 1992, leaving it to Nickelodeon's Games Animation studio, which continued producing it for three more seasons before its cancellation.
The Ripping FriendsEdit
Fox Kids started airing the TV series The Ripping Friends in 2001, created by Kricfalusi and Jim Smith. Kricfalusi had previously tried pitching the show in the late 80's, but networks considered it "too extreme" so did not pick it up. Kricfalusi felt the show's supervisors were doing away with the Spümcø style, and was displeased with the direction of the show. He was not fully involved in the show until half-way through production and considers the episodes he was involved in to be experimental. One of his contributions to the show was directing the voice-actors, which he "really worked-out" so much that he was afraid he'd give one of them a heart-attack.
Ren and Stimpy "Adult Party Cartoon"Edit
In 2003, Spike TV produced a new show featuring Ren & Stimpy, which was written and directed by Kricfalusi. The first three episodes were based on fan ideas and scripts that were rejected by Nickelodeon during the original show's run. According to Kricfalusi, Spike pushed for more South Park-like themes in the new show. While he was initially pleased with the added freedom afforded to him by Spike, he later expressed disappointment in the series due to its slow pacing and overuse of toilet humor. Only three episodes aired before Spike's entire animation block was "put on hold", and the complete series was ultimately released in 2006 on DVD including three additional episodes that never aired. Kricfalusi also wanted to release an episode titled "Life Sucks" straight to DVD, but the episode remains unproduced.
Collaborations with Fred SeibertEdit
After leaving The Ren & Stimpy Show, Kricfalusi consulted, and other Spümcø animators worked for Donovan Cook's 2 Stupid Dogs, which was put into production by Hanna-Barbera president Fred Seibert. The cartoon's credits read "Tidbits of Poor Taste Supplied by John Kricfalusi" for the three "Little Red Riding Hood" episodes: "Red!", "The Return of Red" and "Red Strikes Back". In 1994, Hanna-Barbera and Seibert started production on What A Cartoon!, also known as World Premiere Toons for Cartoon Network. Siebert approached Kricfalusi for advice and for recommendations for personnel to head the shorts, among them David Feiss, Tom Minton, and Eddie Fitzgerald.
Kricfalusi directed Icelandic singer Björk's animated music video for the song "I Miss You" in 1995, which features Björk and the character Jimmy the Idiot Boy. Jack Black of Tenacious D approached Kricfalusi to produce a music video for the song "Fuck Her Gently" from their debut album, released in 2001. Black browsed Kricfalusi's website and, since both he and his bandmate Kyle Gass held Ren & Stimpy in high regard, he asked Kricfalusi to produce the video. The costs amounted to $40,000. Initially, Sony Music did not allow the video to be placed on Tenacious D's website and instead placed it on the record label Grand Royal's website, but later relented. In 2006, Kricfalusi directed two music videos, and served as art director for an animated musical segment. The first music video, for Close but No Cigar by "Weird Al" Yankovic, was released in September, on the DVD side of the DualDisc album Straight Outta Lynwood, which features Kricfalusi's character Cigarettes the Cat. The second music video was for Classico by Tenacious D, starring the band members as cartoon characters. He animated them again in a THX logo parody for the band's feature film, The Pick of Destiny. Kricfalusi served as art director for a musical segment in the show Class of 3000 entitled Life Without Music, which first aired on November 3, 2006. In 2014, he produced art for Miley Cyrus's Bangerz Tour.
Internet cartoons and Hanna-Barbera shortsEdit
Venturing into Internet cartoons, Kricfalusi created Weekend Pussy Hunt in 1996 for MSN, which was billed as "the world's first interactive web-based cartoon". The cartoon, which was released in segments, was scheduled to be completed on June 1997, but production under MSN stopped before it was finished. Production later resumed under Icebox.com after the release of Spümcø's own web-based Flash cartoon, The Goddamn George Liquor Program. Between 1998 and 2001 Kricfalusi worked on several Hanna-Barbera cartoons for Cartoon Network: three Yogi Bear cartoons he directed and animated, Boo Boo and the Man, A Day in the Life of Ranger Smith and Boo Boo Runs Wild, and two Jetsons cartoons he produced, The Jetsons: Father & Son Day and The Jetsons: The Best Son.
Cartoon commentaries, magazines, and other mediaEdit
Kricfalusi contributed several articles in 1993 and 1994 for the magazines Film Threat and Wild Cartoon Kingdom under various aliases. Kricfalusi appears in several bonus featurettes and provides audio commentaries for the Looney Tunes Golden Collection volumes 2, 3 and 5, for cartoons directed by Bob Clampett and Chuck Jones. On February 13, 2006, Kricfalusi started his own weblog, John K Stuff, posting about cartoons and the animation industry. The site was originally intended for other artists and entertainers, and specifically other cartoonists.
Commercials and freelance workEdit
Kricfalusi directed commercials for Comcast and Voice over IP company Raketu in 2007. He was developing a series of cartoon commercials in 2008 for Pontiac Vibe starring George Liquor and Jimmy The Idiot Boy, but the series remained unreleased after General Motors discontinued the Pontiac Vibe auto line in 2009. He developed and animated a series of bumpers using Toon Boom Harmony for Adult Swim in 2011 and again in 2015. He animated the opening couch gags of two episodes of The Simpsons, "Bart Stops to Smell the Roosevelts", which aired in October 2011 and "Treehouse of Horror XXVI", which aired in October 2015. He collaborated with streetwear brand Stüssy to create a short series of apparel based on his designs in 2012, which he promoted with a commercial featuring some of his characters. Also in 2012, he funded through Kickstarter a cartoon short entitled "Cans Without Labels" starring the character George Liquor, with the initial delivery date of February 2013. The cartoon was due to be screened at the 2016 Annecy International Animated Film Festival for the first time, however at the last minute it was announced that it wasn't ready. However, on August 6, 2017, the Kickstarter has been updated finally announcing the film's completion. The advertising agency Muhtayzik-Hoffer hired Kricfalusi in 2013 for an ad campaign for F'real milkshakes. He was involved in the early development of many Reel FX projects such as the 2013 film Free Birds, a pitch for a film adaptation of the Dr. Seuss book Happy Birthday to You! and a pitch for a film he created with Jim Smith. He posted the concepts for these projects on his blog. He partnered with animator Mike Judge to produce a series of shorts for UFC that aired on Adult Swim throughout 2016.
Kricfalusi says he is mostly self-taught, having only spent a year in Sheridan College, barely attending class. He acquired his skills largely by copying cartoons from newspapers and comic books as a child, and by studying cartoons and their production systems from the 1940s and 1950s. His main influence is Bob Clampett, and he also names Chuck Jones, Frank Sinatra, Kirk Douglas, Milt Gross, Tex Avery, Peter Lorre, The Three Stooges, Al Jolson, Bing Crosby, Dean Martin, Elvis Presley, Don Martin and Robert Ryan. Michael Barrier, an animation historian, said that Kricfalusi's works "testify to his intense admiration for Bob Clampett's Warner Bros. cartoons" and that no cartoonist since Clampett created cartoons in which the emotions of the characters "distort their bodies so powerfully".
Sexual abuse allegationsEdit
Animators Robyn Byrd and Katie Rice alleged in a BuzzFeed report on March 29, 2018, that Kricfalusi sexually harassed and groomed them for sexual abuse while they were underage. Byrd said that she was in a sexual relationship with Kricfalusi in 1997 at age 16, and flew to California to live with him when she was 17. Rice said that Kricfalusi flirted with her and made overt sexual comments towards her since she was 14, and was sexually harassed by him when she turned 18 and began working at his animation studio, Spümcø. Documents they had saved from those years corroborate their stories, and several people who worked with Kricfalusi referred to his sexual harassment as an open secret in the animation industry. Kricfalusi was also alleged to possess child pornography on his computer. Kricfalusi's lawyer confirmed that "for a brief time, 25 years ago, he had a 16-year-old girlfriend", but denied that Kricfalusi's "avid pursuit" of Rice was sexual harassment or that he had ever possessed child pornography. Kricfalusi published an apology to the women and his fans for his behavior, which he said was motivated by undiagnosed bipolar disorder and ADHD, as well as "poor impulse control". Byrd and Rice criticized Kricfalusi's statement as a non-apology and an attempt to deflect the blame.
This section does not cite any sources. (April 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|1979||Ted Bakes One||Yes||Yes||Yes||Short film|
|1981||American Pop||Yes||Animator (uncredited)|
|1982||Hey Good Lookin'||Yes|
|Mighty Mouse in the Great Space Chase||Yes||Storyboard artist|
|1988||The Thing What Lurked in the Tub||Yes||Short film|
Character color key assistant
Background color key assistant
|1989||Troop Beverly Hills||Yes||Animator and layout artist: Opening titles|
|2006||Tenacious D in The Pick of Destiny||Yes||Animator: THX logo sequence|
|2009||Al's Brain||Yes||Short film|
|1979||Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids||Yes||Storyboard artist|
|The New Adventures of Mighty Mouse and Heckle & Jeckle||Yes||Storyboard artist|
|1979–1982||The New Adventures of Flash Gordon||Yes||Storyboard artist|
|1981||Super Friends||Yes||Layout artist|
|1982||The Little Rascals||Yes||Layout artist|
Episode: "Rascal's Revenge"
|1984||The Smurfs||Yes||Character designer|
|1985||The Jetsons||Yes||Layout artist|
|1986||Galaxy High School||Yes||Graphics designer|
|1987||Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures||Yes||Yes||Senior director|
|1988||The New Adventures of Beany and Cecil||Yes||Yes||Yes||Character designer|
|1990||Tiny Toon Adventures||Yes||Model designer|
Episode: "Who Bopped Bugs Bunny?"
|1991–1993||The Ren and Stimpy Show||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Ren Höek
|1993||2 Stupid Dogs||Yes||Consultant only|
|1999||He-Hog the Atomic Pig||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Professor Mole||Pilot; also creator|
|1999||Boo Boo Runs Wild||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Boo-Boo Bear
|1999||A Day in the Life of Ranger Smith||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Boo-Boo Bear||Television short|
|2001||Boo Boo and the Man||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Boo-Boo Bear||Television short|
|2001–2002||The Ripping Friends||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Citracett
Jimmy the Idiot Boy
|2001||The Jetsons: Father & Son||Yes||Yes||Television short|
|2002||The Jetsons: The Best Son||Yes||Yes||Television short|
|2003||Ren & Stimpy "Adult Party Cartoon"||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Ren Höek
Original character designer
|2006||Class of 3000||Yes||Guest art director|
|2011, 2015||The Simpsons||Yes||Guest Animator|
Episodes: "Bart Stops to Smell the Roosevelts"
"Treehouse of Horror XXVI"
|Year||Title||Director||Producer||Animation department||Voice actor||Role||Notes|
|1997||The Goddamn George Liquor Program||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Jimmy the Idiot Boy||Web-series|
|1999||Weekend Pussy Hunt||Yes||Yes||Yes||Dirty Dog||Unfinished web-series|
|1986||"Harlem Shuffle"||Yes||Yes||Yes||Animation segment only|
|1997||"I Miss You"||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|2001||"Fuck Her Gently"||Yes|
|2006||"Close but No Cigar"||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1994||Quest for the Shaven Yak Starring Ren Hoëk and Stimpy||Ren Höek||Also producer|
|2003||Go! Go! Hypergrind||Producer|
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1992||Annie Award||Outstanding Individual Achievement in the Field of Animation||The Ren & Stimpy Show||Won|
|Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less)
Shared with Bob Camp, Vanessa Coffey, Christine Danzo, Mary Harrington, Bob Jaques, Mitchell Kriegman and Will McRobb
|1993||CableACE Award||Animated Programming Special or Series
Shared with Bob Camp, Vanessa Coffey, Christine Danzo, Mary Harrington, Mitchell Kriegman, Will McRobb and Vincent Waller
|Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less)
Shared with Jim Ballantine, Bob Camp, Vanessa Coffey, Mary Harrington, Bob Jaques, Richard Pursel, Frank Saperstein, Libby Simon and Roy Allen Smith
|1994||CableACE Award||Animated Programming Special or Series
Shared with Peter Avanzino, Bob Camp, Vanessa Coffey, Christine Danzo, Jim Gomez, Mary Harrington, Ron Hughart, Mitchell Kriegman, April March, Will McRobb, Chris Reccardi, Frank Saperstein, Jim Shaw, Roy Allen Smith, Gregg Vanzo and Vincent Waller
|2008||Annie Award||Winsor McCay Award||Won|
- Lenburg, Jeff (2006). Who's Who in Animated Cartoons. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 186–187. ISBN 1-55783-671-X. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Komorowski, Thad (2013). Sick Little Monkeys: The Unauthorized Ren & Stimpy Story. U.S.: BearManor Media. p. 2. ISBN 978-1593932343.
- "John K talks Ren & Stimpy, Mighty Mouse, Ralph Bakshi". TORn Tuesday. August 1, 2012.
- Persons, Dan (June 1993). "This is your life, John Kricfalusi". Cinefantastique. New York City: Fourth Castle Micromedia. Retrieved February 18, 2010.
- Smallbridge, Justin (April 1994). "Ren and Stimpy's big corporate takeover". Saturday Night. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
- Hartt, Reg, ed. (January 4, 2013). "Reg Hartt, John Kricfalusi & A Revolution in Animation". Archived from the original on March 21, 2014. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
- Lawson, Tim; Persons, Alisa (2004). The magic behind the voices: a who's who of cartoon voice actors. Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi. pp. 197–204. ISBN 978-1-57806-696-4.
- Anuff, Joey (November 1998). "The Nearly Invisible Animation Genius". Spin. Vol. 14 no. 11. Los Angeles, California: SpinMedia. pp. 99–106. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- Martin Goodman (January 23, 2003). "An Interview with John Kricfalusi". Animation World Magazine. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
- Scheimer, Lou; Mangels, Andy (2012). Lou Scheimer: Creating the Filmation Generation. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 165. ISBN 978-1-60549-044-1.
- Jason Rivera (c. 2000). "An interview with John". Archived from the original on February 25, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- "John Kricfalusi". IMDB.com. Retrieved January 28, 2007.
- John Kricfalusi (November 11, 2008). "L.O. 11: Layouts Spumco History: 1985 Jetsons Layouts". Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Kricfalusi, John (2003). "An Interview with John K". WGN Radio (Interview). Interviewed by Nick Digilio. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
- Robinson, Tasha (March 4, 2001). "John Kricfalusi, interview". The A.V. Club. Chicago, Illinois: Onion Inc. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Beale, Lewis (December 31, 1987). "Animator Bakshi Enjoys Film Satire". Ocala Star-Banner. Ocala, Florida: New Media Investment Group. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Bakshi, Ralph. "Your Project with John K". The Official Ralph Bakshi Website. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- "Rotospective: The Rolling Stones' and Ralph Bakshi 'Harlem Shuffle' Video is the kind of magic that happens when Bad Boys Collide". agentpalmer.com. February 18, 2016. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Clements, Warren (December 31, 2009). "A trail-blazing rodent". The Globe and Mail. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: The Woodbridge Company. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- "How Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures Amped Up Animation". Wired. New York City: Condé Nast. January 5, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Nolen-Weathington, Eric (2004). Modern Masters Volume 3: Bruce Timm. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. pp. 26–32. ISBN 1-893905-30-6. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Wolff, Craig (July 26, 1988). "Mighty Mouse Flying High on Flowers?". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- "Mighty Mouse accused of sniffing cocaine". Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago, Illinois: Sun Times Media Group. June 10, 1988. Retrieved June 29, 2016 – via highbeam.com. (Subscription required (. ))
- Robinson, Tasha (December 6, 2000). "Ralph Bakshi, Interview". The A.V. Club. Chicago, Illinois: Onion Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- "Mighty Mouse Pitch circa 1994?". March 20, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- "Beany and Cecil (1988) full credits". IMDB.com. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Meisler, Andy (August 16, 1992). "Ren and Stimpy's Triumphant Return". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved December 26, 2009.
- Charles S. Novinskie (1993). "Bill Wray, interview". David Anthony Kraft's Comics Interview issue 122. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Valania, Jonathan (December 18, 1992). "Ren & Stimpy Creator Isn't Laughing at Comic Book". The Morning Call. Tribune Media. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- Kanfer, Stefan (April 13, 1992). "Loonier Toon Tales". Time. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
- Parisi, Paula (September 23, 1992). "Nick ticked by late Stimpys". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
- Thompson, Ben (March 20, 1994). "Farewell Bambi, hello Butt-head". The Independent. London, England: Independent Print Ltd. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- Staton, John (November 12, 1992). "New 'Ren & Stimpy' director ready to take control". The Daily Tar Heel. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: DTH Media Corp. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Goodman, Martin (September 1, 2004). "When Cartoons Were Cartoony". Animation World Magazine. Animation World Network. Archived from the original on April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- Drukman, Jon (May 8, 1992). "Interview with Chris Savino". X MAGAZINE. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Nerdist Podcast: John K". August 2012. (approximately 59 minutes 55 seconds into the interview). Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "'Ren & Stimpy' go on without their creator". USA Today. Mclean, Virginia: Gannett Company. September 25, 1992.
- Mackenzie, Michael (July 3, 2005). "The Ren & Stimpy Show: Seasons Three and a Half-ish". DVDTimes.co.uk. Retrieved May 19, 2007.
- Scott Goodins (2001). "The Strange World of John K".
- John Kricfalusi (October 3, 2007). "Maintaining Guts from Department to department". John K Stuff. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Jason Anders (June 23, 2008). "Conversation with Nick Cross". Full Circle Productions. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- "Ren & Stimpy Adult Party Cartoon". TVGuide.com. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Michael Barrier (September 23, 2004). "An Exchange with John K". michaelbarrier.com. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Brandon Kosters (March 22, 2009). "10 Questions with John Kricfalusi". fnewsmagazine.com. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Daniel Robert Epstein (October 12, 2004). "John Kricfalusi, interview". SuicideGirls. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- James Hibberd (November 2003). "Spike Retooling Its Toon Strategy". TelevisionWeek. Archived from the original on June 3, 2004. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- "John K Stuff: Life Sucks".
- Donovan Cook (1995). "Red!", "The Return of Red", "Red Strikes Back". 2 Stupid Dogs. Hanna-Barbera.
- Strike, Joe (July 15, 2003). "The Fred Seibert Interview – Part 1". Animation World Network. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
- Mittell, Jason (2004). Genre and Television: From Cop Shows to Cartoons in American Culture. London, England: Routledge. pp. 82–83. ISBN 978-0-415-96903-1.
- "Björk: Volumen, full cast and crew". IMDB.com. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- "music videos: Björk". bjork.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2009. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- "Bjork, "I Miss You" - From one mad genius to another, Bjork recruited Ren & Stimpy creator John Kricfalusi to direct and animate this 1995 video. Those two don't turn up in this video, but "I Miss You" does feature Kricfalusi character Jimmy the Idiot Boy as Bjork's dreamlover. The heart wants what the heart wants". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Willman, Chris (September 6, 2001). "Black Lash". Entertainment Weekly. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved April 19, 2008.
- Woodman, Chay (February 7, 2003). "Tenacious D Interview". Virtual Festivals. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- "Track By Track: In Weird Al's Lynwood, Green Day's 'Idiot' Is Canadian". MTV News. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- ""Weird Al" unleashes his new album". Ain't It Cool News. September 11, 2006. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- "Straight Outta Lynwood". Barnes & Noble, barnesandnoble.com. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- Ryan Ball (August 9, 2006). "John K. Gets Cartoony at L.A. Gallery". Animation Magazine Inc. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- "Pick of Destiny full credits". IMDB.com. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- "Tenacious D "Classico"". tenaciousd.com. Archived from the original on February 16, 2010. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- "Class of 3000, "Home", full credits". IMDB.com. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Amid Amidi (January 16, 2014). "Miley Cyrus and John Kricfalusi Working Together". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- Bill Predmore (March 1998). "How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love RealFlash". Animation World Magazine, Issue 2.12. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Marcy Gardner (March 1997). "Spumco's Latest Idiot". Animation World Magazine, Issue 1. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- Aaron Simpson (April 23, 2007). "John K's Guide to Surviving the End of Television". Cold Hard Flash. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Stephen Worth (March 17, 2006). "Untold Spumco history". John K Stuff. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Gore, Chris (1993). "The Death of Ren & Stimpy". Wild Cartoon Kingdom. Retrieved February 18, 2010 – via blogspot.com.
- Wechsler, Pat (May 2, 1994). "Ren & Stimpy Man Needles Nickelodeon". New York Magazine. New York City: New York Media. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- Charles Solomon. "Looney Tunes – Golden Collection, Volume Two". Tower.com. Archived from the original on September 23, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Donald Liebenson. "Looney Tunes Golden Collection – Vol. 3". Barnesandnoble.com llc. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Ken Shallcross. "Review: Looney Tunes Golden Collection: Volume 5". DVDFanatic.com. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- John Kricfalusi (February 13, 2007). "it's been a whole year so thanks!". Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- Aaron Simpson (July 16, 2007). "Comcast and John K Got Game". Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- Josh Armstrong (March 21, 2007). "Raketu CEO Greg Parker on John K. collaboration". Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- John Kricfalusi (March 20, 2008). "George Liquor Pilot Sketches". Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Williams, Frank (June 18, 2009). "Bye-Bye, Vibe". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved June 18, 2009.
- John Kricfalusi (April 27, 2011). "Quick Peek". John K Suff. Retrieved April 28, 2011.
- Amid Amidi (April 8, 2015). "John Kricfalusi Makes 'Squidbillies' Promo For Adult Swim". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Annecy Festival (June 11, 2016). "Last minute: J. Kricfalusi has just informed us that Cans Without Labels won't be ready in time for #annecyfestival". Retrieved June 21, 2016.
- Brandon Smith (June 13, 2016), "The 2016 Annecy International Animated Film Festival: What You Need to Know!", Rotoscopers, retrieved June 21, 2016
- Sonya Chudgar (June 18, 2013), "Milkshake Marketer Boasts Thousands of Locations, Low Awareness", Ad Age
- Kricfalusi, John (October 12, 2013). "Free Birds AKA Time Turkeys". Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- Kricfalusi, John (October 31, 2013). "Turkey Action". Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- Kricfalusi, John (November 6, 2013). "Gallery Show in Laguna of My Collection". Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Kricfalusi, John (October 8, 2013). "Happy Birthday Jim Smith!". Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Lynch, Jason (June 29, 2016). "King of the Hill's Hank Returns to Promote UFC 200 in New Adult Swim Branded Spot". Adweek. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- Dixon, Wheeler W. (2001). Creating Ren and Stimpy. Collected Interviews: Voices from Twentieth-Century Cinema. SIU Press. pp. 82–94.
- Harry McCracken (Spring 1988). "An Interview With Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures' John Kricfalusi". Animato #16. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- John Kricfalusi (September 20, 2007). "Kirk Douglas, The Greatest Hollywood Actor". John K Stuff. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- "John Kricfalusi, MySpace". Archived from the original on November 4, 2008. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Barrier, Michael (2003). Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age. Oxford University Press US. ISBN 0-19-516729-5. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Lange, Ariane (March 29, 2018). "Creator Of "Ren & Stimpy" Accused Of Preying On Underage Girls Who Wanted Animation Careers". BuzzFeed. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- Feldman, Kate (May 14, 2018). "'Ren & Stimpy' creator John Kricfalusi apologizes to women who accused him of sexual misconduct". New York Daily News. New York City: Tronc. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- Maddeus, Gene (May 14, 2018). "'Ren & Stimpy' Creator Slammed for 'Apology' to Underage Girls". Variety. New York City: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved June 3, 2018.