Rock Creek Cemetery
Rock Creek Cemetery is an 86-acre (350,000 m2) cemetery with a natural and rolling landscape located at Rock Creek Church Road, NW, and Webster Street, NW, off Hawaii Avenue, NE, in the Petworth neighborhood of Washington, D.C., United States. It is across the street from the historic Soldiers' Home and the Soldiers' Home Cemetery. It also is home to the InterFaith Conference of Metropolitan Washington. On August 12, 1977, Rock Creek Cemetery and the adjacent church grounds were listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Rock Creek Church Yard and Cemetery.
Rock Creek Church Yard and Cemetery
|Location||Webster Street and Rock Creek Church Road, NW, Washington, D.C.|
|Area||84.2 acres (34.1 ha)|
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival|
|NRHP reference #||77001498|
|Added to NRHP||August 12, 1977|
The cemetery was first established in 1719, under the British colony of the Province of Maryland, as a churchyard within the glebe of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Rock Creek Parish. Later, the Vestry decided to expand the burial ground as a public cemetery to serve the city of Washington, D.C., which had acquired the cemetery, within its district boundaries as established in 1791, formerly, being a part of the state of Maryland, and formally established through an Act of Congress in 1840.
An expanded cemetery was landscaped in the rural garden style, to function as both a cemetery and a public park. It is a ministry of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Rock Creek Parish, with sections for St. John's Russian Orthodox Church and St. Nicholas Orthodox Cathedral.
The park-like setting of Rock Creek Cemetery has many notable mausoleums, sculptures, and tombstones. The best known is the Adams Memorial, a contemplative, androgynous bronze sculpture seated before a block of granite that was created by Augustus Saint-Gaudens and Stanford White. It marks the graves of Marian Hooper 'Clover' Adams and her husband, Henry Adams, and sometimes, mistakenly, the sculpture is referred to as Grief. Saint-Gaudens entitled it The Mystery of the Hereafter and The Peace of God that Passeth Understanding.
Other notable memorials include the Frederick Keep Monument, the Heurich Mausoleum, the Hitt Monument, the Hardon Monument, the Kauffman Monument that is known as The Seven Ages of Memory, the Sherwood Mausoleum Door, and the Thompson-Harding Monument.
Sculptors of works in the cemeteryEdit
- Gutzon Borglum, Rabboni-Ffoulke Memorial, 1909
- James Earle Fraser, Frederick Keep Monument, 1920
- Laura Gardin Fraser, Hitt Memorial, 1931
- William Ordway Partridge, Kauffmann Memorial, also known as Seven Ages or Memory, 1897
- Brenda Putnam, Simon Memorial, 1917
- Vinnie Ream, Edwin B. Hay Monument, 1906
- Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Adams Memorial, 1890
- Mary Washburn, Waite Memorial, 1908
- Adolph Alexander Weinman, Spencer Memorial, after 1919
- Cleveland Abbe (1838–1916), prominent American meteorologist (section M)
- John James Abert (1788–1863), Chief of the Corps of Topographical Engineers
- Henry Adams (1838–1918), American writer, descendant of two U.S. presidents; grave is marked by the Adams Memorial (section E)
- Clover Hooper Adams (1843–1885), Washington hostess and accomplished amateur photographer, wife of Henry Adams; grave is marked by the Adams Memorial (section E)
- Alice Warfield Allen (1869–1929), mother of the Duchess of Windsor, Wallis Simpson (section G)
- Doug Allison (1846–1916), American baseball player
- Frank Crawford Armstrong (1835–1909), Confederate general
- Timothy P. Andrews (1794–1868), Union Army general and paymaster-general of the United States Army (1862-1864)
- James B. Aswell (1869–1931), American educator and member of the House of Representatives from 1913 to 1931
- Abraham Baldwin (1754–1807), Yale graduate, U.S. Senator, attorney, signer of the U.S. Constitution, first president of the University of Georgia (section E)
- Cecil A. Beasley, Alabama State Senator.
- Melville Bell (1819–1905), Scottish teacher and inventor, father of Alexander Graham Bell, Hubbard Bell Grossman Pillot Memorial (section A)
- Andrew H. Berding, journalist and former Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs
- Emile Berliner (1851–1929), German-born American inventor of the gramophone (section M)
- Montgomery Blair (1813–1883), Lincoln's Postmaster General (section A)
- Robert C. Buchanan (1811–1878), American military general during the American Civil War and the Mexican War
- Edward Clark (1822–1902), Architect of the Capitol
- Catherine Cate Coblentz (1897–1951), writer, wife of William Coblentz (section O)
- William Coblentz (1873–1962), American physicist, notable for pioneer contributions to infrared radiometry and spectroscopy (section O)
- S. Wallace Dempsey (1862–1949), American Republican politician
- Hubert Dilger (1836–1911), American Civil War artillerist, captain in the Union Army, Medal of Honor recipient
- Gerald A. Drew (1903–1970) United States Ambassador to Haiti and Bolivia
- Amanda Ruter Dufour (1822–1899), American poet
- Susan Ann Edson (1823–1897), personal physician to President James A. Garfield
- Matthew Gault Emery (1818–1901), mayor of Washington, D.C., from 1870 to 1871
- Henry Ellsworth Ewing (1883–1951), arachnologist
- Charles S. Fairfax (1829–1869), Virginia-born California politician who was entitled to the British title 10th Lord Fairfax of Cameron
- Stephen Johnson Field (1816–1899), American associate justice of Supreme Court (section A)
- Peter Force (1790–1868), American politician, American lieutenant in the War of 1812, newspaper editor, archivist, and historian, who served as the twelfth mayor of Washington, D.C., and whose library of historical documents became the first major Americana collection of the Library of Congress (section B)
- Israel Moore Foster (1873–1950), American Republican Representative in Congress
- William H. French (1815–1881), American military major general during the American Civil War and the Mexican War (section B)
- Julius Garfinckel (1872–1936), American merchant, founder of Washington department store, Garfinckel's
- Harry Post Godwin (1857-1900) Chief Editor of the National Republican, Washington Star
- Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor (1875–1966), president of the National Geographic Society, Hubbard Bell Grossman Pillot Memorial (section A)
- John Marshall Harlan (1833–1911), American Supreme Court associate justice, known as the "Great Dissenter;" he wrote the lone dissenting opinion in Plessy v. Ferguson (section R-11)
- Patricia Roberts Harris (1924–1985), Ambassador, first African-American woman to serve in a presidential cabinet (section 20)
- George L. Harrison (1887–1958), American banker, insurance executive, and political advisor during The Second World War
- Frank Hatton (1846–1894), U.S. Postmaster General and editor of the Washington Post (section B)
- Christian Heurich (1842–1945), German-born American founder of Heurich Brewery (1871–1954)
- Samuel Billingsley Hill (1875–1958), U.S. Representative from Washington and member of the United States Board of Tax Appeals (now the United States Tax Court)
- William Henry Holmes (1846–1933), known for scientific illustration of the American West, his role in controversy over the antiquity of humans in the Americas, and leadership at the Smithsonian Institution (section M)
- Charles Francis Jenkins (1867–1934), American television and motion picture pioneer (section 10)
- Nelson T. Johnson (1887–1954), American ambassador
- James Kimbrough Jones (1839–1908), American politician
- John Johnson (1842–1907), Medal of Honor recipient
- Opha May Johnson (1879 - 1955), 1st known female U.S. Marine (1918)
- Samuel H. Kauffmann (1829–1906) newspaper publisher
- Oliver Hudson Kelley (1826–1913), a founder of the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (The Grange) (section I)
- Angela Jurdak Khoury (1915-2011), Lebanon's first female diplomat and esteemed member of the Lebanese delegation to the United Nations.
- Sergei Kourdakov (1951–1973), a former KGB agent and defector from the Soviet Union to Canada
- Jane Lawton (1944–2007), Maryland Democratic politician, member of the Maryland House of Delegates
- Blair Lee, III (1916–1985), American Democratic politician
- George E. Lemon (?–1896), Patent lawyer and founder the journal National Tribune
- Walter Lenox (1817–1874), mayor of Washington from 1850 to 1852
- John Lenthall (1807-1882), American naval architect and shipbuilder, Chief Constructor of the Navy from 1849 to 1853 and chief of the United States Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair from 1853 to 1871
- Fulton Lewis (1903–1966), American radio and television broadcaster
- Alice Roosevelt Longworth (1884–1980), Republican Party icon, daughter of Theodore Roosevelt (section F)
- Anthony Francis Lucas (1855–1921), Croatian-born mechanical engineer
- Anna Broom McCeney (1850–1903), Mother of vaudeville performer La Belle Titcomb (Heloise McCeney)
- Hugh McCulloch (1808-1895), Secretary of the Treasury (section B)
- George McGovern (1922-2012), Democratic presidential nominee in 1972 and senator from South Dakota (section O)
- Dempster McIntosh (1896–1984), American ambassador
- Evalyn Walsh McLean (1886–1947), wealthy heiress, one-time owner of the Hope Diamond and the Washington Post (section L)
- Washington McLean (1816–1890), businessman, owner of the Cincinnati Enquirer newspaper
- John Gordon Mein (1913-1968), American ambassador
- Mihran Mesrobian (1889-1975), Armenian-American architect
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2012)
- Thomas Nelson Page (1853-1922), First Families of Virginia descendant, attorney, ambassador to Italy, and Southern writer (section L)
- William Paret (1826–1911), sixth Episcopalian Bishop of Maryland
- Rosalie Mackenzie Poe (1810–1874), sister of Edgar Allan Poe (section D)
- Terence Powderly (1849–1924), longtime leader of the Knights of Labor (section I)
- Robert Prosky (1930–2008), Polish-American actor (section M)
- John B. Raymond (1844–1886), American politician
- Isidor Rayner (1850–1912), American Democratic politician, member of the Senate
- George Washington Riggs (1813–1881), American banker, founder of Riggs Bank (section D)
- William A. Rodenberg (1865–1937), American politician
- Frederick Rodgers (1842–1917), United States Navy rear admiral
- Tim Russert (1950–2008), American journalist, host of Meet the Press (section C)
- Alexander Robey Shepherd (1835–1902), American politician, governor of District of Columbia from 1873 to 1874
- Thetus W. Sims (1852–1939), American politician and a member of the United States House of Representatives for the eighth congressional district of Tennessee from 1897 to 1921 
- Upton Sinclair (1878–1968), American author, Pulitzer Prize winner (section 17)
- Ainsworth Rand Spofford (1825–1908), American journalist and publisher, sixth Librarian of the United States Congress from 1864 to 1897 (section E)
- Harlan Fiske Stone (1872–1946), Chief Justice of the United States (section A)
- Paulina Longworth Sturm (1925–1957), daughter of Alice Roosevelt and granddaughter of Theodore Roosevelt
- Abner Taylor (1829–1903), American politician
- George Taylor (1820–1894), American attorney and Democratic politician
- Thomas Weston Tipton (1817–1899), U.S. Senator from Nebraska
- Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams (1869–1962), Russian-American writer and journalist
- Tran Van Chuong (1898–1986), South Vietnam's Ambassador to the U.S., appointed by Ngo Dinh Diem
- Willis Van Devanter (1859–1941), Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (section R-11)
- Gore Vidal (1925–2012), author and playwright, next to his companion of 50 years Howard Austen. (section E)
- Charles Doolittle Walcott (1850–1927), Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (section L)
- Paul Warnke (1920–2001), American Diplomat, Assistant Secretary of State from 1966–1969; SALT Negotiator and Director of the Arms Control and disarmament Agency under President Clinton
- Sumner Welles (1892–1961), American diplomat, Under Secretary of State from 1937 to 1943 (section 8)
- Burton K. Wheeler (1882–1975), American Democratic politician and U.S. Senator (section 30)
- James Alexander Williamson (1829–1902), Union Army general during the American Civil War, Medal of Honor recipient
- Richard L. Wilson (1905–1981), American journalist
- William Windom (1827–1891), U.S. Congressman, Senator, Secretary of the Treasury (under Garfield & Harrison) (section B)
- Otis Wingo (1877–1930), U.S. representative from Arkansas's 4th congressional district, 1913-1930
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- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 5.
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- "Cultural Tourism DC". CulturalTourismDC.org. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- Goode, James M. The Outdoor Sculpture of Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 1974 pp. 343-352
- Kvaran, Einar E., Cemetery Sculpture in America, unpublished manuscript
- Marion, John Francis, Famous and Curious Cemeteries, Crown Publishers Inc., New York, 1977 pp. 78-80
- "Dr. Susan Edson Buried". Washington, DC: The Evening Star. 15 November 1897. p. 13. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
- "Henry Ellsworth Ewing, 1883–1951". Journal of Economic Entomology. 44 (2): 270. 1951. doi:10.1093/jee/44.2.270.
- United States Congress. "Thetus W. Sims (id: S000441)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- McGrath, Charles (1 August 2012). "Gore Vidal dies at age 86". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Halifax Media Group. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "Support Yakobson". Gwu.edu.