Rivas-Vaciamadrid (Spanish: [ˈriβas βaθjamaˈðɾið]) is the 15th most populated city in the Community of Madrid, Spain.[2] It belongs to the Madrid metropolitan area and is located just 15 km from central Madrid, to the south-east. In the southern part of the municipality, the Manzanares river flows into the Jarama, which is part of the Lower Manzanares and Jarama Rivers Regional Park. Almost three quarters of the municipality form part of the park, making it an important ecological centre with numerous lakes and various species of wildlife and fauna.

Left: H2O mall, av. Almendros monolith, April 19th square, Bellavista park. Right: City hall, city centre, Santa Mónica church, Casco church
Left: H2O mall, av. Almendros monolith, April 19th square, Bellavista park. Right: City hall, city centre, Santa Mónica church, Casco church
Flag of Rivas-Vaciamadrid
Coat of arms of Rivas-Vaciamadrid
Rivas-Vaciamadrid is located in Spain
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 40°20′22″N 3°31′5″W / 40.33944°N 3.51806°W / 40.33944; -3.51806
CountrySpain Spain
RegionCommunity of Madrid Community of Madrid
ComarcaCuenca del Henares
 • MayorPedro del Cura (United Left)
 • Total67.16 km2 (25.93 sq mi)
590 m (1,940 ft)
Highest elevation
699 m (2,293 ft)
Lowest elevation
525 m (1,722 ft)
 • Total85,893
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
28521, 28522, 28523, 28524

It has been one of the fastest-growing municipalities in Spain in recent years, growing from 500 inhabitants in the 1980s to its current figure of 84,000.[3] It is bordered to the north by Madrid and San Fernando de Henares, to the south by Arganda del Rey and San Martín de la Vega, to the east by Mejorada del Campo and Velilla de San Antonio, and to the west by Getafe and Madrid (the district of Villa de Vallecas.)

Rivas-Vaciamadrid municipality has the fourth lowest rate of population in risk of poverty, among municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants.[4] It is the most populated city in Spain governed by United Left.


In 1845, the area of Vaciamadrid, previously part of the village of Vallecas, was joined to the town of Rivas, with the unified municipality originally called Ribas de Jarama.

The area was devastated during the Spanish civil war and had to be rebuilt in the post-civil war period. In 1954 the name was changed to its current title. At the end of the 1980s the area was designated as a future nucleus for new urbanisation projects under a project titled Rivas-Urbanizaciones (Rivas-Urbanisations). The first developments were those in the current districts of Pablo Iglesias and Covibar.

In 2004 the municipal boundary with the city of Madrid was altered. This involved the transfer of areas known as Covibar-Madrid to Rivas-Vaciamadrid. In exchange, some uninhabited areas in Los Berrocales district were transferred to the Vicálvaro district of Madrid in order to allow the construction of a new housing project.

Local politicsEdit

Municipal elections results since 1979.
Current number of city councillors by party (2015-2019).

Rivas-Vaciamadrid has always been governed by left-wing parties, mostly United Left, that has remained uninterruptedly in power since 1991. The current mayor is Pedro del Cura, who took office in 2014 after José Masa's resignation, and was re-elected in 2015. However, the 2015 election gave the worst result to United Left (24.5%) since its creation in 1986, due to the big support that the Podemos-linked candidacy Rivas Puede (Spanish for Rivas Can) obtained (23.3%).

Local election results in Rivas-Vaciamadrid (number of councillors)[5]
Party 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015
United Left (IU) 4 7 6 8 9 12 13 7[6]
People's Party (PP) 0 2 6 7 6 6 7 4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 5 6 5 6 6 6 4 4
Rivas Puede (Podemos-linked candidacy) - - - - - - - 6
Citizens - - - - - - - 4
Others 4 2 1 1


The main road serving Rivas-Vaciamadrid is the A-3 motorway, that connects Madrid with Valencia. The exits to Rivas-Vaciamadrid are numbers 12 (West), 15 (Centre) and 17 (East).

The main public transport in Rivas-Vaciamadrid is the bus.[7] There are four lines connecting with Madrid and three connecting with other municipalities. Moreover, the Madrid Metro line 9 crosses the city on its way between Madrid and Arganda del Rey, serving Rivas-Vaciamadrid with three stations: Rivas-Urbanizaciones in the west, Rivas Futura in the centre and Rivas-Vaciamadrid in the east.


The main festivals are the festival of Romería del Cristo de Rivas (29 September), San Isidro (15 May), the popular festivals of Rivas-Urbanizaciones (second weekend of September) and the festivals of the Urbanisation La Partija on the 15 June.


Locally there are 15 kindergartens (6 public and 9 private), 14 public primary education schools, 5 secondary education institutions and two private schools.


The city has three teams playing at the top level in their respective sports, Rivas Osos in american football since 2000; Rivas Ecópolis plays in the women's basketball top division, the Liga Femenina de Baloncesto and Dridma Rivas Softball club plays in the Liga Nacional Sófbol Femenino División de Honor, the highest division of softball in Spain


  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ "Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero". INE (in Spanish). 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Descubre Rivas Vaciamadrid". ABC.es. 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  4. ^ "¿Qué municipios españoles tienen las mayores tasas de riesgo de pobreza?". Eleconomista.es (in Spanish). Editorial Ecoprensa. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Madrid community local election results". Instituto de Estadística (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  6. ^ In coalition with Equo (Somos Rivas).
  7. ^ "Revisión del Plan de Movilidad Urbana Sostenible" (PDF) (in Spanish) (1). Ayuntamiento de Rivas Vaciamadrid. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2020. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External linksEdit