Reservoir Dogs

Reservoir Dogs is a 1992 American crime film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino in his feature-length debut. It stars Harvey Keitel, Tim Roth, Chris Penn, Steve Buscemi, Lawrence Tierney, Michael Madsen, Tarantino, and Edward Bunker as diamond thieves whose heist of a jewelry store goes terribly wrong. Kirk Baltz, Randy Brooks, and Steven Wright also play supporting roles. It incorporates many motifs that have become Tarantino's hallmarks: violent crime, pop culture references, profanity, and nonlinear storytelling.

Reservoir Dogs
Reservoir Dogs.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byQuentin Tarantino
Written byQuentin Tarantino
Produced byLawrence Bender
Starring
CinematographyAndrzej Sekuła
Edited bySally Menke
Production
companies
Distributed byMiramax Films
Release dates
  • January 21, 1992 (1992-01-21) (Sundance)
  • October 9, 1992 (1992-10-09) (United States)
Running time
99 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$1.2–3 million[1][2][3]
Box office$2.9 million[1]

The film is regarded as a classic of independent film and a cult film,[4] and was named "Greatest Independent Film of all Time" by Empire. Although controversial at first for its depictions of violence and heavy use of profanity, Reservoir Dogs was generally well received, with the cast being praised by many critics. Despite not being heavily promoted during its theatrical run, the film became a modest success in the United States after grossing $2.8 million against its scant budget. It achieved higher popularity after the success of Tarantino's next film, Pulp Fiction (1994). A soundtrack was released featuring songs used in the film, which are mostly from the 1970s.

PlotEdit

Eight gangsters eat breakfast at a Los Angeles diner. All but the boss Joe Cabot and his son, the underboss "Nice Guy" Eddie Cabot, use aliases: Mr. Brown, Mr. White, Mr. Blonde, Mr. Blue, Mr. Orange and Mr. Pink. After Mr. Brown finishes rambling about the Madonna song "Like a Virgin", the group argues about Pink's policy of not tipping.

The gangsters carry out a diamond heist. White flees with Orange, who was shot during the escape and is bleeding severely in the back of White's car. At one of Joe's warehouses, White and Orange rendezvous with Pink, who believes that the job was a setup, and that the police were waiting for them. White informs him that Brown is dead, Blue and Blonde are missing, and Blonde murdered several civilians during the heist. White is furious that Joe, his old friend, would employ Blonde, whom he describes as a psychopath. Pink has hidden the diamonds nearby. He argues with White over whether to get medical attention for Orange, and the pair draw guns at each other. They stand down when Blonde arrives with a kidnapped policeman, Marvin Nash.

Some time earlier, Blonde meets with the Cabots, having completed a four-year jail sentence. To reward him for not having given Joe's name to the authorities for a lighter sentence, they offer him a no-show job. Blonde insists that he wants to get back to "real work", and they recruit him for the heist.

In the present, White and Pink beat Nash for information. Eddie arrives and orders them to retrieve the diamonds and ditch the getaway vehicles, leaving Blonde in charge of Nash and Orange. Nash denies knowledge, but Blonde ignores him and resumes the torture, cutting off Nash's ear with a straight razor. He prepares to set him on fire, but Orange shoots him dead. Orange reveals to Nash that he is an undercover police officer, and that the police will arrive soon.

When Eddie, Pink, and White return, Orange tries to convince them that Blonde planned to kill them all and steal the diamonds for himself. Eddie impulsively kills Nash and accuses Orange of lying, since Blonde was loyal to his father. Joe arrives with news that the police have killed Blue. He is about to execute Orange, whom he suspects is the traitor behind the setup, but White intervenes and holds Joe at gunpoint, insisting that Orange is not an undercover cop. Eddie aims at White, creating a Mexican standoff. All three fire; both Cabots are killed, and White and Orange are hit.

Pink (the only uninjured person), takes the diamonds and flees, but is apprehended by the police outside. As White cradles the dying Orange in his arms, Orange confesses that he is an undercover officer. White presses his gun to Orange's head. The police storm the warehouse and order White to drop his gun. Gunshots sound and White collapses.

CastEdit

 
The film's opening credits sequence, a slow-motion scene featuring the eight criminals, accompanied by "Little Green Bag" by the George Baker Selection

Nina Siemaszko played police officer Jody McClusky. Her scenes were deleted from the theatrical release.[8] There is an unseen accomplice of Joe and Eddie who speaks to Eddie on the phone. His name is Dov Schwarz. He was named after the sound editor on My Best Friend's Birthday.[9]

ProductionEdit

Quentin Tarantino had been working at Video Archives, a video store in Manhattan Beach, California, and originally planned to shoot the film with his friends on a budget of $30,000 in a 16 mm black-and-white format, with producer Lawrence Bender playing a police officer chasing Mr. Pink.[10] Bender gave the script to his acting teacher, whose wife gave the script to Harvey Keitel.[11] Keitel liked it enough to sign as a co-producer so Tarantino and Bender would have an easier job finding funding; with his assistance, they raised $1.5 million.[2] Keitel also paid for Tarantino and Bender to host casting sessions in New York, where the duo found Steve Buscemi, Michael Madsen, and Tim Roth.[12] Jon Cryer was asked to audition for the role of Mr. Pink, but he backed out at the last minute.[13] Tim Roth's agents originally wanted him to be Mr. Pink or Mr. Blonde, but he preferred Mr. Orange because he would "be an English actor pretending to be American playing a cop pretending to be a robber".[14]

Reservoir Dogs was, according to Tarantino, influenced by Stanley Kubrick's The Killing. Tarantino said: "I didn't go out of my way to do a rip-off of The Killing, but I did think of it as my 'Killing', my take on that kind of heist movie."[2] The film's plot was suggested by the 1952 film Kansas City Confidential.[15] Additionally, Joseph H. Lewis's 1955 film The Big Combo and Sergio Corbucci's 1966 Spaghetti Western Django inspired the scene where a police officer is tortured in a chair.[15][16] Tarantino has denied that he plagiarized with Reservoir Dogs and instead said that he does homages.[17] Having the main characters named after colors (Mr. Pink, White, Brown, etc.) was first seen in the 1974 film The Taking of Pelham One Two Three.[18] The film also contains key elements similar to those found in Ringo Lam's 1987 film City on Fire.[19] Tarantino praised the film City on Fire and mentioned it as a major influence.[20]

The warehouse scenes were filmed in an unused mortuary filled with coffins, funeral equipment, embalming fluid, and a hearse. Mr. Orange's apartment was a room on the second floor of the mortuary, dressed to look like living quarters. The building has since been demolished.[21]

Tarantino's decision not to film the diamond robbery was twofold: for budgetary reasons, and to keep the details of the heist ambiguous. By not showing the robbery and having the characters describe it, Tarantino explained, the film is allowed to be "about other things", similar to the way in which the robbery in Glengarry Glen Ross and its film adaptation is discussed, described, and debated, but never shown.[2] Tarantino compared the technique to the work of a novelist, and said he wanted the film to be about something not seen and to "play with a real-time clock as opposed to a movie clock ticking".[22]

ReceptionEdit

Box officeEdit

Reservoir Dogs premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in January 1992. It became the festival's most talked-about film, and was subsequently picked up for distribution by Miramax Films.[23] After being shown at several other film festivals, including in Cannes, Sitges, and Toronto,[23] Reservoir Dogs opened in the United States in 19 theaters with a first week total of $147,839.[1] It was expanded to 61 theaters and totaled $2,832,029 at the domestic box office.[1] The film grossed more than double that in the United Kingdom,[24] where it did not receive a home video release until 1995.[25] During the period of unavailability on home video, the film was re-released in UK cinemas in June 1994.[26]

Critical receptionEdit

Reservoir Dogs is regarded as an important and influential milestone of independent filmmaking.[27][28] Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an approval rating of 90% based on 71 reviews, and an average rating of 8.9/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Thrumming with intelligence and energy, Reservoir Dogs opens Quentin Tarantino's filmmaking career with hard-hitting style."[29] On Metacritic the film has an average score of 79 out of 100, based on 24 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[30] Empire magazine named it the "Greatest Independent Film" ever made.[31]

At the film's release at the Sundance Film Festival, film critic Jami Bernard of the New York Daily News compared the effect of Reservoir Dogs to that of the 1895 film L'Arrivée d'un Train en Gare de la Ciotat, when audiences supposedly saw a moving train approaching the camera and ducked. Bernard said that Reservoir Dogs had a similar effect and people were not ready for it.[28] Vincent Canby of The New York Times enjoyed the cast and the usage of non-linear storytelling. He similarly complimented Tarantino's directing and liked the fact that he did not often use close-ups in the film.[32] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times also enjoyed the film and the acting, particularly that of Buscemi, Tierney and Madsen, and said "Tarantino's palpable enthusiasm, his unapologetic passion for what he's created, reinvigorates this venerable plot and, mayhem aside, makes it involving for longer than you might suspect."[33] Critic James Berardinelli was of a similar opinion; he complimented both the cast and Tarantino's dialogue writing abilities.[34] Hal Hinson of The Washington Post was also enthusiastic about the cast, complimenting the film on its "deadpan sense of humor".[35]

Roger Ebert was less enthusiastic; he felt that the script could have been better and said that the film "feels like it's going to be terrific", but Tarantino's script does not have much curiosity about the characters. He also said that Tarantino "has an idea, and trusts the idea to drive the plot." Ebert gave the film two and a half stars out of four and said that while he enjoyed it and that it was a very good film from a talented director, "I liked what I saw, but I wanted more."[36]

The film has received substantial criticism for its strong violence and language. One scene that viewers found particularly unnerving was the ear-cutting scene; Madsen himself reportedly had great difficulty finishing it, especially after Kirk Baltz ad-libbed the desperate plea "I've got a little kid at home."[37] Many people walked out during the film. During a screening at Sitges Film Festival, 15 people walked out, including horror film director Wes Craven and special makeup effects artist Rick Baker.[38] Baker later told Tarantino to take the walkout as a "compliment" and explained that he found the violence unnerving because of its heightened sense of realism.[38] Tarantino commented about it at the time: "It happens at every single screening. For some people the violence, or the rudeness of the language, is a mountain they can't climb. That's OK. It's not their cup of tea. But I am affecting them. I wanted that scene to be disturbing."[2]

AnalysisEdit

Reservoir Dogs has often been seen as a prominent film in terms of on-screen violence.[27][39][40] J.P. Telotte compared Reservoir Dogs to classic caper noir films and points out the irony in its ending scenes.[41] Mark Irwin also made the connection between Reservoir Dogs and classic American noir.[42] Caroline Jewers called Reservoir Dogs a "feudal epic" and paralleled the color pseudonyms to color names of medieval knights.[43]

Critics have observed parallels between Reservoir Dogs and other films. For its nonlinear storyline, Reservoir Dogs has often been compared to Akira Kurosawa's Rashomon.[17] Critic John Hartl compared the ear-cutting scene to the shower murder scene in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho and Tarantino to David Lynch. He furthermore explored parallels between Reservoir Dogs and Glengarry Glen Ross.[2] Todd McCarthy, who called the film "undeniably impressive", was of the opinion that it was influenced by Mean Streets, Goodfellas and Stanley Kubrick's The Killing.[44] After this film, Tarantino himself was also compared to Martin Scorsese, Sam Peckinpah, John Singleton, Gus Van Sant, and Abel Ferrara.[17]

A frequently cited comparison has been to Tarantino's second and more successful film Pulp Fiction,[22][42] especially since the majority of audiences saw Reservoir Dogs after the success of Pulp Fiction. Comparisons have been made regarding the black humor in both the films, the theme of accidents,[22] and more concretely, the style of dialogue and narrative that Tarantino incorporates into both films.[45] Specifically the relationship between White people and Black people plays a big part in the films—though underplayed in Reservoir Dogs. Stanley Crouch of The New York Times compared the way the white criminals speak of Black people in Reservoir Dogs to the way they are spoken of in Scorsese's Mean Streets and Goodfellas. Crouch observed the way Black people are looked down upon in Reservoir Dogs, but also the way that the criminals accuse each other of "verbally imitating" Black men and the characters' apparent sexual attraction to Black actress Pam Grier.[45]

In February 2012, as part of an ongoing series of live dramatic readings of film scripts being staged with the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), director Jason Reitman cast Black actors in the originally White cast: Laurence Fishburne as Mr. White; Terrence Howard as Mr. Blonde; Anthony Mackie as Mr. Pink; Cuba Gooding Jr. as Mr. Orange; Chi McBride as Joe Cabot; Anthony Anderson as Nice Guy Eddie (Joe Cabot's son); Common as both Mr. Brown and Officer Nash (the torture victim of Mr. Blonde), and Patton Oswalt as Holdaway (the mentor cop who was originally played by Randy Brooks, the only Black actor in the film). Critic Elvis Mitchell suggested that Reitman's version of the script was taking the source material back to its roots since the characters "all sound like Black dudes."[46]

AccoladesEdit

The film was screened out of competition at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival.[47] It won the Critic's Award at the 4th Yubari International Fantastic Film Festival in February 1993, which Tarantino attended.[48] The film was also nominated for the Grand Prix of the Belgian Syndicate of Cinema Critics.[49] Steve Buscemi won the 1992 Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male.[50] Reservoir Dogs ranks at No. 97 in Empire magazine's list of the 500 Greatest Films of All Time.[51]

Home mediaEdit

In the United Kingdom, release of the VHS rental video was delayed until 1995 due to the British Board of Film Classification initially refusing the film a home video certificate (UK releases are required to be certified separately for theatrical release and for viewing at home).[25] The latter is a requirement by law due to the Video Recordings Act 1984.[25] Following the UK VHS release approval, PolyGram released a "Mr Blonde Deluxe Edition",[52] which included an interview with Tarantino and several memorabilia associated with the character Mr. Blonde, such as sunglasses and a chrome toothpick holder.

Region 1 DVDs of Reservoir Dogs have been released multiple times. The first release was a single two-sided disc from LIVE Entertainment, released in June 1997 and featuring both open matte and letterbox versions of the film.[53] Five years later, on August 27, 2002, Artisan Entertainment (who changed their name from LIVE Entertainment in the interim) released a two-disc 10th anniversary edition on DVD and VHS featuring multiple covers color-coded to match the nicknames of five of the characters (Pink, White, Orange, Blonde, and Brown) and a disc of bonus features such as interviews with the cast and crew.[54] However, the full screen version on the second disc was a pan and scan transfer from the widescreen 2.39:1 version, as opposed to open matte like the '97 DVD.

For the film's 15th anniversary, Lionsgate (which had purchased Artisan in the interim) produced a two-disc anniversary edition with a remastered 16:9 transfer and a new supplement, but not all of the extra features from the 10th Anniversary edition.[55] In particular, interviews with the cast and crew were removed, and a new 48-minute-long feature called "Tributes and Dedications" was included.[55]

Lionsgate Home Entertainment has revealed that it plans to celebrate the 30th anniversary of Reservoir Dogs with a brand new 4K Blu-ray release, which is scheduled to arrive on the market on November 15.[56]

SoundtrackEdit

Reservoir Dogs
Soundtrack album by
Various Artists
ReleasedOctober 13, 1992
GenreRock
Length30:50
LabelMCA
Quentin Tarantino film soundtracks chronology
Reservoir Dogs
(1992)
Pulp Fiction
(1994)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic      link

The Reservoir Dogs: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack was the first soundtrack for a Quentin Tarantino film and set the structure his later soundtracks would follow.[57] This includes the extensive use of snippets of dialogue from the film. The soundtrack has selections of songs from the 1960s to '80s. Only the group Bedlam recorded original songs for the film. Reasoning that the film takes place over a weekend, Tarantino decided to set it to a fictional radio station 'K-Billy' (presumably KBLY)'s show "K-Billy's Super Sounds of the Seventies Weekend", a themed weekend show of broadcasts of songs from the seventies. The radio station played a prominent role in the film.[58] The DJ for the radio was chosen to be Steven Wright, a comedian known for his deadpan delivery of jokes.[59]

An unusual feature of the soundtrack was the choice of songs; Tarantino has said that he feels the music to be a counterpoint to the on-screen violence and action.[60] He also stated that he wished for the film to have a 1950s feel while using '70s music.[60] A prominent instance of this is the torture scene to the tune of "Stuck in the Middle with You".[61]

Track listing
  1. "And Now Little Green Bag..." – dialogue extract performed by Steven Wright (0:15)
  2. "Little Green Bag" – The George Baker Selection (3:15)
  3. "Rock Flock of Five" – dialogue extract performed by Steven Wright (0:11)
  4. "Hooked on a Feeling" – Blue Swede (2:53)
  5. "Bohemiath" – dialogue extract performed by Steven Wright (0:34)
  6. "I Gotcha" – Joe Tex (2:27)
  7. "Magic Carpet Ride" – Bedlam (5:10)
  8. "Madonna Speech" – dialogue extract performed by Quentin Tarantino, Edward Bunker, Lawrence Tierney, Steve Buscemi, and Harvey Keitel (0:59)
  9. "Fool for Love" by Sandy Rogers (3:25)
  10. "Super Sounds" – dialogue extract performed by Steven Wright (0:19)
  11. "Stuck in the Middle with You" – Stealers Wheel (3:23)
  12. "Harvest Moon" – Bedlam (2:38)
  13. "Let's Get a Taco" – dialogue extract performed by Harvey Keitel and Tim Roth (1:02)
  14. "Keep on Truckin'" – dialogue extract performed by Steven Wright (0:16)
  15. "Coconut" – Harry Nilsson (3:50)
  16. "Home of Rock" – dialogue extract performed by Steven Wright (0:05)

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[62] Platinum 70,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[63] Gold 50,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[64] Platinum 15,000^
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[65] Gold 50,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[66] Platinum 300,000^
United States 863,000[67]

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

Video gamesEdit

A video game based on the film was released in 2006 for PC, Xbox, and PlayStation 2. However, the game does not feature the likeness of any of the actors with the exception of Michael Madsen. The game was received unfavorably, with GameSpot calling it "an out and out failure".[68] It caused controversy for its amount of violence and it was banned in Australia,[69] Germany and New Zealand.[70]

Another video game, Reservoir Dogs: Bloody Days, was released in 2017.[71]

On December 14, 2017,[72] Overkill Software added a heist to Payday 2 inspired by Reservoir Dogs in which the player is contracted to rob a jewelry store in Los Angeles with the Cabot family. It is unique in that the heist is played in reverse order, with day two occurring prior to day one, similar to how the film's plot is out of chronological order.

RemakesEdit

Kaante, a Bollywood film released in 2002, is a remake of Reservoir Dogs, combined with elements of City on Fire.[73] The film also borrows plot points from Heat and The Killing. Tarantino has been quoted as saying that Kaante is his favorite among the many films inspired by his work.[74] Tarantino later screened Kaante at his New Beverly Cinema alongside Reservoir Dogs and City on Fire.[75]

Tarantino revealed in June 2021 that he had at one point considered remaking Reservoir Dogs as his tenth and final directed film, though he quickly iterated that he "won't do it".[76]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Reservoir Dogs". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on December 6, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Hartl, John (October 29, 1992). "'Dogs' Gets Walkouts and Raves". The Seattle Times. pp. Arts, Entertainment, page F5. Archived from the original on January 1992. Retrieved January 18, 2009.
  3. ^ "Reservoir Dogs (1992)". American Film Institute. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
  4. ^ Tobias, Scott (December 18, 2008). "The New Cult Canon – Reservoir Dogs". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Archived from the original on September 15, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  5. ^ Haddon, Cole (August 7, 2008). "Michael Madsen Talks Hell Ride, Inglorious Bastards, and Sin City 2". Film.com. Archived from the original on October 23, 2008. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  6. ^ Parker, Ryan (April 27, 2020). "Michael Madsen Gives Details About Tarantino's Abandoned Vega Brothers Film". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 25, 2022. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  7. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (January 6, 2014). "Watch 24 Minutes Of 'Pulp Fiction' Deleted Scenes And Learn Vincent Vega Was Suzanne Vega's Cousin & More". IndieWire. Archived from the original on January 27, 2021. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  8. ^ "'Reservoir Dogs': Where Are They Now?". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on August 8, 2016. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
  9. ^ Barnes, Alan; Hearn, Marcus (March 1, 1996). Tarantino A to Zed: The Films of Quentin Tarantino. B T Batsford Ltd. p. 169. ISBN 0713479906. Retrieved March 19, 2022 – via Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Taubin, Amy. "The Men's Room". Sight & Sound.
  11. ^ McKenna, Kristine (October 18, 1992). "Harvey Keitel". Movies; Leaps of Faith; Harvey Keitel's Search for God Often Involves Confronting his Darker Self; Case in Point; "Reservoir Dogs". Los Angeles Times. pp. Calendar, Page 7, Calendar Desk.
  12. ^ Dawson, Jeff (February 1993). "Classic Feature: Reservoir Dogs". Empire. No. 44. Archived from the original on March 11, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  13. ^ "Jon Cryer dishes 'Pretty in Pink,' 'Superman 4' and Charlie Sheen anecdotes on 'Howard Stern'". April 5, 2016. Archived from the original on October 4, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
  14. ^ "Tim Roth Breaks Down His Most Iconic Characters". YouTube. GQ. March 8, 2019. Archived from the original on November 19, 2021. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
  15. ^ a b Hughes, Howard (2006). Crime Wave: The Filmgoers' Guide to the Great Crime Movies. London: I.B.Tauris. p. 186. ISBN 978-1-84511-219-6.
  16. ^ "Django". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on February 24, 2016. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  17. ^ a b c de Vries, Hilary (September 11, 1994). "Cover Story; A Chat with Mr. Mayhem; Quentin Tarantino Quickly Acquired Quite the Reputation for Violence; His 1992 Film, "Reservoir Dogs", was a Cult Hit, Now Comes "Pulp Fiction". Is he Trying to Outgun Himself or all of Hollywood?". Los Angeles Times. pp. Calendar, p. 6, Calendar desk.
  18. ^ Bruce Eder (2008). "The Taking of Pelham One Two Three". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 13, 2008.
  19. ^ Norman, Marc (2007). What Happens Next: A History of American Screenwriting. New York: Harmony Books. p. 458. ISBN 978-0-307-39388-3. [W]ebsites posted lengthy exegeses comparing Reservoir Dogs side by side with […] City on Fire […]. But Tarantino had always advertised his sources; The Taking of Pelham One Two Three, a 1974 thriller […] and the Reservoir Dogs screenplay title page dedicated the movie to, among others, Roger Corman, Chow Yun Fat, Godard, Melville, and the obscure 1950s action director Andre De Toth.
  20. ^ "Before 'Reservoir Dogs,'there was 'City on Fire'". Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on December 29, 2021. Retrieved December 29, 2021.
  21. ^ "Reservoir Dogs". Film Locations. Archived from the original on July 22, 2018. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  22. ^ a b c Botting, Fred; Scott Wilson (1998). "By Accident: The Tarantinian Ethics". Theory, Culture & Society. 15 (2): 89. doi:10.1177/026327698015002004. S2CID 143804267.
  23. ^ a b Levy, Emanuel (2001). Cinema of Outsiders: The Rise of American Independent Film. New York: NYU Press. pp. 16–17.
  24. ^ Mottram, Jaime (2011). "Reservoir Dogs and the Class of '92". Sundance Kids: How the Mavericks Took Back Hollywood. Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-26149-9. Archived from the original on May 6, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2015.
  25. ^ a b c "Case Studies: Reservoir Dogs". British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original on October 19, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  26. ^ "12 Famous Movies That Have Been Banned In Certain Countries". NME. Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
  27. ^ a b Gormley, Paul (August 1, 2005). The New-brutality Film: Race and Affect in Contemporary Hollywood. Intellect Ltd. pp. 137–139. ISBN 1-84150-119-0. Archived from the original on March 3, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  28. ^ a b Persall, Steve (August 27, 2002). "The 'Reservoir' watershed". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on May 31, 2007. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
  29. ^ "Reservoir Dogs (1992)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
  30. ^ "Reservoir Dogs R _". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on July 26, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  31. ^ Dirks, Tim. "Empire's 50 Greatest Independent Films". Empire. Archived from the original on October 27, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2008.
  32. ^ Canby, Vincent (October 23, 1992). "Vincent Canby review of Reservoir Dogs". The New York Times. pp. Section C, page 14, column 1.
  33. ^ Turan, Kenneth (October 23, 1992). "Movie Reviews; City Mauls, N.Y. to L.A.; Reservoir Dogs, Tarantino's Brash Debut Film, Announces a Director to be Reckoned with". Los Angeles Times. pp. Calendar, Part F, Page 1, Column 4, Entertainment Desk.
  34. ^ Berardinelli, James. "Reservoir Dogs". ReelViews. Archived from the original on December 10, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2008.
  35. ^ Hinson, Hal (October 24, 1992). "Reservoir Dogs". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2008.
  36. ^ Ebert, Roger (October 26, 1992). "Reservoir Dogs". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on February 10, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
  37. ^ D'Angelo, Mike (January 23, 2012). "Reservoir Dogs". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on November 11, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  38. ^ a b Clarkson, Wensley (1995). Quentin Tarantino – Shooting From The Hip. London: Piatkus. pp. 180–181. ISBN 0-7499-1555-2.
  39. ^ McKinney, Devin (Summer 1993). "Violence: The Strong and the Weak". Film Quarterly. University of California Press. 46 (4): 16–22. doi:10.1525/fq.1993.46.4.04a00030. ISSN 0015-1386. JSTOR 1213142.
  40. ^ Brintnall, Kent L. "Tarantino's Incarnational Theology; Reservoir Dogs, Crucifixions and Spectacular Violence". Cross Currents.
  41. ^ Telotte, J.P. (1996). "Fatal Capers, Strategy and Enigma in Film Noir". Journal of Popular Film and Television. p. 163.
  42. ^ a b Irwin, Mark (March 1998). "Pulp and the Pulpit: The Films of Quentin Tarantino and Robert Rodriguez". Literature and Theology. pp. vol. 12, no. 1.
  43. ^ Jewers, Caroline. “Heroes and Heroin: From True Romance to Pulp Fiction.” The Journal of Popular Culture 33.4 (2000): 39–61; p.45–46
  44. ^ McCarthy, Todd (January 27, 1992). "Reservoir Dogs". Variety. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved March 11, 2008.
  45. ^ a b Crouch, Stanley (October 16, 1994). "Film Comment; Pulp Friction: Director Quentin Tarantino's Movies are Best Known for their Wit and Mayhem, but What You Don't Hear About is their Original Take on Race". Los Angeles Times. pp. Calendar, Page 5, Calendar Desk.
  46. ^ Breznican, Anthony (February 17, 2012). "Laurence Fishburne as Mr. White! Inside the all-black (almost) 'Reservoir Dogs' reading". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on April 23, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  47. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Reservoir Dogs". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on August 7, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2009.
  48. ^ "Archive: Yubari International Fantastic Adventure Film Festival '93". yubarifanta.com. Archived from the original on April 7, 2004. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  49. ^ De Decker, Jacques (January 10, 1994). "Le Grand Prix de l'UCC, "Raining Stones" vainqueur". Le Soir (in French). p. 8. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  50. ^ Wiener, Tom (August 13, 2002). The Off-Hollywood Film Guide: The Definitive Guide to Independent and Foreign Films on Video and DVD. Reservoir Dogs: Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 9780679647379. Archived from the original on August 19, 2020. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  51. ^ "The 500 Greatest Movies Of All Time". Empire. Bauer Media Group. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
  52. ^ "Reservoir Dogs [VHS] [1993]". Amazon UK. November 6, 1995. Archived from the original on March 3, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  53. ^ Holm, D.K. (December 1, 2004). Quentin Tarantino: The Pocket Essential Guide. Summersdale Publishers. p. 48. ISBN 978-1-84839-866-5. Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
  54. ^ Rivero, Enrique (May 23, 2002). "Dogs' DVD Develops Multiple Personalities". hive4media.com. Archived from the original on June 4, 2002. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  55. ^ a b "DVD Review: Reservoir Dogs (15th Anniversary Edition)". monstersandcritics.com. Archived from the original on June 1, 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2008.
  56. ^ Reservoir Dogs 30th Anniversary 4K Blu-ray, retrieved August 22, 2022
  57. ^ Stovall, Natasha (December 22, 1997). "Jackie Brown Original Soundtrack". Salon. Archived from the original on February 8, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
  58. ^ Strauss, Neil (September 29, 1994). "The Pop Life Tarantino's music". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2008.
  59. ^ Howe, Desson (October 23, 1992). "Reservoir Dogs". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 8, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  60. ^ a b Breen, Marcus (December 1996). "Woof, Woof: The real bite in Reservoir Dogs". Australian Humanities Review. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
  61. ^ Jardine, Dan. "The Killing Fields (on Reservoir Dogs)". The Film Journal. Archived from the original on December 14, 2007. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
  62. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1997 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  63. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Various Artists – Reservoir dogs". Music Canada.
  64. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Soundtrack – Reservoir dogs". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  65. ^ Fernando Salaverri (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. p. 936. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  66. ^ "British album certifications – Original Soundtrack – Reservoir dogs". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved June 2, 2018.Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type Reservoir dogs in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  67. ^ Donahue, Ann (September 5, 2009). "The Billboard Q&A: Quentin". Billboard. Archived from the original on March 3, 2022. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  68. ^ "Reservoir Dogs". GameSpot. CNET Networks, Inc. October 24, 2006. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
  69. ^ Marlay, Brinsley (June 28, 2006). "Reservoir Dogs computer game Refused Classification" (PDF). Australian Office of Film and Literature Classification (Press release). Department of Communications and the Arts, Australian Government. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2006.
  70. ^ "Reservoir Dogs Computer Game Banned". Scoop Independent News (Press release). New Zealand Office of Film and Literature Classification. July 7, 2006. Archived from the original on July 16, 2006. Retrieved July 7, 2006.
  71. ^ Kollar, Philip (March 10, 2017). "There's a new Reservoir Dogs video game, and it actually looks cool". Polygon. Vox Media, Inc. Archived from the original on March 11, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  72. ^ "PAYDAY 2™: RESERVOIR DOGS HEIST OUT NOW – Starbreeze". Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  73. ^ Gupta, Sanjay (July 27, 2002). "Who is the surprise package of Kaante?". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  74. ^ Jha, Subhash K. (May 11, 2007). "Tarantino likes the cop-y & robber tale". The Times of India. Mumbai. Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
  75. ^ Gaekwad, Manish (May 23, 2017). "'Kaante' goes to Hollywood, where it always wanted to belong". Scroll.in. Archived from the original on January 6, 2019. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
  76. ^ "Quentin Tarantino Considered A Reservoir Dogs Reboot As His Final Film". ScreenRant. June 26, 2021. Archived from the original on June 26, 2021. Retrieved June 27, 2021.

External linksEdit