Raoul Peck (born 9 September 1953) is a Haitian filmmaker, of both documentary and feature films, and a political activist. From March 1996 to September 1997, he was Haiti's Minister of Culture. His film I Am Not Your Negro (2016), about the life of James Baldwin and race relations in the United States, was nominated for an Oscar in January 2017.
Peck in 2017
|Minister of Culture of Haiti|
March 1996 – October 1997
|Prime Minister||Rosny Smarth|
|Born||9 September 1953|
|Alma mater||Deutsche Film- und Fernsehakademie Berlin|
Early years and educationEdit
Peck was born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. At the age of eight, Peck and his family (he has two younger brothers) fled the Duvalier dictatorship and joined his father in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). His father Hebert B. Peck, an agronomist, worked for the United Nations FAO and UNESCO and had taken a job there as professor of agriculture along with many Haitian professionals invited by the government to fill positions recently vacated by Belgians departing after independence. His mother, Giselle, would serve as aide and secretary to mayors of Kinshasa for many years. The family resided in DRC for the next 24 years.
Peck attended schools in the DRC (Kinshasa), in the United States (Brooklyn), and in France (Orléans) where he earned a baccalaureate, before studying industrial engineering and economics at Berlin's Humboldt University. He spent a year as a New York City taxi driver and worked (1980–85) as a journalist and photographer before earning a film degree (1988) from the German Film and Television Academy Berlin (DFFB) in West Berlin.
Peck initially developed short experimental works and socio-political documentaries, before moving on to feature films. His feature L’Homme sur les quais (The Man by the Shore; 1993) was the first Haitian film to be released in theatres in the United States. It was also selected for competition at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival.
Peck served as Minister of Culture in the Haitian government of Prime Minister Rosny Smarth (1996–97), ultimately resigning his post along with the Prime Minister and five other ministers in protest of Presidents Préval and Aristide. He detailed his experiences in this position in a book, Monsieur le Ministre… jusqu'au bout de la patience. Prime Minister Smarth wrote an afterword for the book, and Russell Banks wrote the preface to the first edition. On the book's re-release in 2015, Radio Metropole Haïti reviewed it as a portrait of "a formidable democratic movement that profoundly changed the country."
He is president of La Fémis, the French state film school, since 10 January 2010. In 2012, he was named as a member of the Jury for the Main Competition at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. He won the Best Documentary prize at the Trinidad & Tobago Film Festival in 2013 for Fatal Assistance.
The Belgian segment of the shoot for his film Le Jeune Karl Marx (The Young Karl Marx) resumed in October 2015. The film is about the friendship between Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, authors of the Communist Manifesto, during their youth.
I Am Not Your NegroEdit
In 2016, Peck's documentary film I Am Not Your Negro premiered at the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival, where it won the People's Choice Award in the documentary category. Shortly after, Magnolia Pictures and Amazon Studios acquired distribution rights to the film. It was released in the US for an Oscar-qualifying theatrical run on 9 December 2016, before re-opening on 3 February 2017. It received an Oscar nomination for Best Documentary Feature for the 89th Academy Awards but the award ultimately went to director Ezra Edelman for O.J.: Made in America.
I Am Not Your Negro received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 97% based on 78 reviews, with an average rating of 9/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "I Am Not Your Negro offers an incendiary snapshot of James Baldwin's crucial observations on American race relations -- and a sobering reminder of how far we've yet to go." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 96 out of 100, based on 30 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".
Awards and accoladesEdit
- Human Rights Watch's Nestor Almendros Prize (1994)
- Sony Special Prize, Locarno Festival (for Chère Catherine, 1997)
- Human Rights Watch's Lifetime Achievement Award (2001)
- Procirep Prize, Festival du Réel (for Lumumba—Death of a Prophet, 2002)
- Best Documentary, Montreal Film Festival (for Lumumba—Death of a Prophet, 2002)
- Jury member, Berlin International Film Festival (2002)
- Human Rights Watch's Irene Diamond Lifetime Achievement Award (2003)
- Trinidad and Tobago Film Festival Best Documentary Prize for Fatal Assistance (2013) 
- Oscar nomination in the Best Documentary Feature category for I Am Not Your Negro, 89th Academy Awards
- De Cuba traigo un cantar (short, 1982)
- Exzerpt (short, 1983)
- Leugt (short, 1983)
- The Minister of the Interior Is on Our Side (short, 1984)
- Merry Christmas Deutschland (short, 1984)
- Haitian Corner (feature film, 1987–88)
- Lumumba: La mort du prophète (Lumumba: Death of a Prophet, documentary, 1992)
- L’Homme sur les quais (The Man by the Shore, feature film, 1993)
- Haiti - Le silence des chiens (Haiti - Silence of the Dogs, documentary, 1994)
- Desounen: Dialogue with Death (documentary, 1994)
- Chère Catherine (short, 1997)
- Corps plongés (It's Not About Love, TV movie, 1998)
- Lumumba (feature film, 2000)
- Profit & Nothing But! Or Impolite Thoughts on the Class Struggle (documentary, 2001)
- Sometimes in April (feature film, 2005)
- L’Affaire Villemin (TV series, six parts, 2006)
- Moloch Tropical (TV movie, 2009)
- Assistance mortelle (documentary, 2013)
- Murder in Pacot (feature film, 2014)
- I Am Not Your Negro (documentary, 2016)
- The Young Karl Marx (feature film, 2017)
- Jeanne Garane, in "Peck, Raoul", Bill Marshall (ed.), France and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History, ABC-CLIO, 2005, p. 919.
- Pope-Sussman, Raphael. "Director Raoul Peck Discusses His Oscar-Nominated James Baldwin Documentary 'I Am Not Your Negro'". Gothamist. Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- Pierre-Pierre, Garry (8 May 1996). "AT LUNCH WITH: Raoul Peck;Exporting Haitian Culture to the World". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- "Velvet". www.velvet-film.com (in French). Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "Festival de Cannes: The Man by the Shore". Festival de Cannes. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
- "Raoul Peck sera en signature le samedi 12 decembre prochain". Radio Métropole Haïti (in French). 4 December 2015. Archived from the original on 12 December 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "Haiti - Literature : The writer Russell Banks at the 3rd Edition of the International Book Fair in Haiti". HaitiLibre.com. 12 November 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- Mitchell, Elvis (27 June 2001). "FILM REVIEW; An African Leader's Brief Blaze of Glory - NYTimes.com". New York Times. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- Tunzelmann, Alex von (14 June 2012). "Lumumba fights its corner as a corrective to imperialism". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "Stolen Images", Seven Stories Press.
- "Raoul Peck nommé président de La fémis". www.afcinema.com (in French). 14 January 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- "The Jury of the 65th Festival de Cannes". festival-cannes.com. Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- Galloway, Stephen (30 September 2013). "Trinidad+Tobago Film Festival Crowns 'Melaza' as Best Feature". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- Fabien Lemercier (1 October 2015). "Raoul Peck shooting Le jeune Karl Marx". Cineuropa - the best of european cinema. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Obenson, Tambay A. (1 October 2015). "Revered Haitian Filmmaker Raoul Peck Is Currently Filming 'The Young Karl Marx'". Shadow and Act. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Knight, Chris (18 September 2016). "La La Land wins the People’s Choice Award at the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival". National Post.
- Lodderhose, Diana (15 September 2016). "Magnolia Picks Up Raoul Peck’s ‘I Am Not Your Negro’ — Toronto". Deadline Hollywood.
- McNary, Dave (5 January 2017). "'I Am Not Your Negro' Trailer: James Baldwin Describes Race Relations in America (Watch)". Variety. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
- Hipes, Patrick (22 November 2016). "'I Am Not Your Negro' Early Run Set In Awards-Season Ramp-Up". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
- Holmes, Linda (3 February 2017). "Oscar Documentaries And A Foreign Language Film We Loved". NPR.org. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- John Breech (27 February 2017). "'O.J. Simpson: Made in America' takes home Best Documentary at 2017 Oscars". CBSSports.com. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "I Am Not Your Negro (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
- "I Am Not Your Negro". Metacritic. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
- Raoul Peck profile Archived 7 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine for the film Lumumba, Zeitgeist Films. Accessed 17 March 2011.
- Jen Chung (24 January 2017). "2017 Oscars Nominations: 'La La Land' Leads With Record-Tying 14 Nominations". LAist. Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
- Tambay A. Obenson (1 October 2015). "Revered Haitian Filmmaker Raoul Peck Is Currently Filming 'The Young Karl Marx'". Shadow and Act. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Raoul Peck.|
- Raoul Peck on IMDb
- California Newsreel page on Lumumba: La mort du prophète
- Garry Pierre-Pierre, "AT LUNCH WITH: Raoul Peck;Exporting Haitian Culture to the World", The New York Times (Movies), 8 May 1986
- "Moloch Tropical" by Raoul Peck - Pacificfreepress.com, July 2010