Randal Edward Brecker (born November 27, 1945) is an American trumpeter, flugelhornist, and composer. His versatility has made him a popular studio musician who has recorded with acts in jazz, rock, and R&B.
|Birth name||Randal Edward Brecker|
|Born||November 27, 1945|
Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Genres||Jazz, jazz fusion, funk, R&B, rock|
|Labels||Blue Note, Arista, GNP Crescendo, MCA, GRP, Naxos, Telarc, MAMA, Denon|
Early life edit
Brecker was born on November 27, 1945, in the Philadelphia suburb of Cheltenham to a musical family. His father Bob (Bobby) was a lawyer who played jazz piano, and his mother Sylvia was a portrait artist.
Randy described his father as "a semipro jazz pianist and trumpet fanatic. In school when I was eight, they only offered trumpet or clarinet. I chose trumpet from hearing Diz, Miles, Clifford, and Chet Baker at home. My brother (Michael Brecker) didn't want to play the same instrument as I did, so three years later he chose the clarinet!"
Randy's father, Bob, was also a songwriter and singer who loved to listen to recordings of the great jazz trumpet players such as Miles Davis, Dizzy Gillespie and Clifford Brown. He took Randy and his younger brother Michael Brecker to see Davis, Thelonious Monk, Duke Ellington, and many other jazz icons.
Brecker attended Cheltenham High School from 1959 to 1963 and then Indiana University from 1963 to 1966 studying with Bill Adam, David Baker and Jerry Coker and later moved to New York and performed with Clark Terry's Big Bad Band, the Duke Pearson and the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra.
In 1967, Brecker ventured into jazz-rock with the band Blood, Sweat & Tears, on their first album Child Is Father to the Man, but left to join the Horace Silver Quintet. Brecker recorded his first solo album, Score, in 1968, featuring his brother Michael Brecker.
After Horace Silver, Randy Brecker joined Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers before teaming up with brother Michael, Barry Rogers, Billy Cobham, and John Abercrombie to form the fusion group Dreams. The group recorded two albums: Dreams and Imagine My Surprise for Columbia Records before they disbanded in 1971.
In the early 1970s, Brecker performed live with many artists including The Eleventh House, Stevie Wonder and Billy Cobham. He also recorded several albums with his brother under pianist/composer Hal Galper.
By 1975, Randy and Michael formed the Brecker Brothers band. They released six albums on Arista and garnered seven Grammy nominations between 1975 and 1981. Their first record, The Brecker Bros., featured Randy's composition "Some Skunk Funk", and he composed several pieces on this and subsequent albums.
After the Brecker Brothers disbanded in 1982, Randy recorded and toured as a member of Jaco Pastorius' Word of Mouth big band. It was soon thereafter that he met and later married Brazilian jazz pianist Eliane Elias. Eliane and Randy formed their own band, touring the world several times and recording one album named after their daughter together, Amanda, on Passport Records.
In 1992 Randy and Michael reunited for a world tour and the triple-Grammy nominated GRP recording The Return of the Brecker Brothers. The follow-up, 1994's Out of the Loop, was a double-Grammy winner. In 1995 he was featured on Turtles, an album by Polish composer Włodek Pawlik.
In 1997, Into the Sun (Concord), a recording featuring Brecker's impressions of Brazil, garnered Brecker his first Grammy as a solo artist.
In 2001, Brecker released Hangin' in the City (ESC), a solo project that introduced his alter-ego Randroid with lyrics and vocals by Randroid himself. This CD was released in Europe, where Brecker toured extensively with his own line-up.
2004 saw Brecker touring Europe as co-leader (with Bill Evans) of the band Soulbop. The WDR Big Band also invited Brecker to perform at the [Jazz Fest]. The date was of significance to Randy as it was the last time he played with his brother, who took ill shortly thereafter with a rare form of leukemia known as MDS.
In 2007, Brecker was awarded his fourth Grammy for Randy Brecker Live with the WDR Big Band (Telarc/BHM), the live recording (also available in DVD format) of his performance with Michael at the Leverkusen Jazz Fest in 2004. Michael died that same year on January 13.
Brecker returned to Brazilian music in 2008 for the album Randy in Brazil, which was recorded in São Paulo with Brazilian musicians and released on Summit Records. Chosen as one of the top 10 CDs of 2008 by All About Jazz, the CD won the Grammy for "Best Contemporary Jazz Album", bringing his Grammy total to five.
A Tribute to the Brecker Brothers featuring Randy and recorded live at the Hamamatsu Jazz Festival in Japan with Yoichi Murata's Solid Brass & Big Band was released by JVC Victor in Japan in late 2008.
In 2009, Brecker released Jazz Suite Tykocin, a project initiated and conceived by Włodek Pawlik, featuring Randy as a soloist with members of the Bialystok Philharmonic. Tykocin is the area in Poland where Brecker's ancestors (mother's maiden name: Tecosky) hail from, a fact that Pawlik discovered.
2011 saw the release of The Jazz Ballad Song Book: Randy Brecker with the Danish Radio Big Band and The Danish National Chamber Orchestra, which garnered four Grammy nominations and critical acclaim. In 2012, Legacy Recordings released the boxed set The Brecker Brothers – The Complete Arista Albums Collection. In November of that year the album Night in Calisia, a collaboration between Brecker, the Wlodek Pawlik Trio, the Kalisz Philharmonic Orchestra and Adam Klocek was released in Poland. The album came out in the US in August 2013, and won the 2014 Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album, Brecker's sixth Grammy Award.
A Brecker Brothers Band Reunion tour of European festivals in the summer of 2013 supported Brecker's Brecker Brothers Band Reunion, a dual-disk project which was released on September 25, 2013, on Piloo Records. It features a live DVD recorded at the Blue Note in New York City with a new 11-song studio recording featuring members of the Brecker Brothers bands from throughout the years including David Sanborn, Mike Stern, Will Lee, and Dave Weckl. George Whitty produced the album, and Brecker's wife Ada Rovatti also played saxophone. The recording was released in North America by Magenta/E-One, in Europe by Moosicus Records in November and in Japan by Victor. It is dedicated to his brother, Michael, and other departed Brecker Brothers Band members.
As leader edit
- 1969: Score (Solid State, 1969)
- 1985: Amanda with Eliane Elias (Passport, 1985)
- 1986: In the Idiom (Denon, 1987)
- 1988 Live at Sweet Basil (GNP Crescendo, 1988) – live
- 1990: Toe to Toe (MCA, 1990)
- 1995: Into the Sun (Concord, 1997)
- 2001: Hangin' in the City (ESC, 2001)
- 2002: 34th N Lex (ESC, 2003)
- 2003: Soul Bop Band Live with Bill Evans (BHM Productions, 2004) – live
- 2003: Some Skunk Funk with Michael Brecker (Telarc, 2005) – live
- 2006: Randy in Brasil (Mama, 2008)
- 2008: Nostalgic Journey (Summit, 2009)
- 2011?: The Jazz Ballad Song Book with the Danish Radio Big Band (Half Note/Red Dot, 2012)
- 2011: Night in Calisia (Summit, 2012) – featuring Włodek Pawlik Trio, Kalisz Philharmonic Orchestra & Adam
- 2012: Trumpet Summit Prague: The Mendoza Arrangements Live with Bobby Shew, Jan Hasenohrl (Summit, 2015) – live
- 2012–13: The Brecker Brothers Band Reunion (Moosicus, 2013)[CD + DVD-Video]
- 2014: Dearborn Station (Jazzed Media, 2015) – with the DePaul University Jazz Ensemble
- 2015: RandyPOP! (Piloo, 2015) – live at "Blue Note Jazz Club"
- 2018: Together with Mats Holmquist (Mama, 2018) – also with UMO Jazz Orchestra
- 2018: Live At Sweet Basil 1988 (Gazell Records, 2018) - as Randy Brecker Quintet
- 2019: Rocks (Piloo Records, 2019)
- 2019: Sacred Bond with Ada Rovatti (Piloo Records, 2019)
- 2020: Double Dealin' with Eric Marienthal (Shanachie, 2020)
As the Brecker Brothers
- The Brecker Bros. (Arista, 1975)
- Back to Back (Arista, 1976)
- Don't Stop the Music (Arista, 1977)
- Heavy Metal Be-Bop (Arista, 1978) – live
- Detente (Arista, 1980)
- Straphangin' (Arista, 1981)
- Return of the Brecker Brothers (GRP, 1992)
- Out of the Loop (GRP, 1994)
- Live And Unreleased (Piloo Records, 2020)
As group edit
- Dreams (Columbia, 1970)
- Imagine My Surprise (Columbia, 1971)
- GRP All-Star Big Band (GRP, 1992)
- Dave Grusin Presents GRP All-Star Big Band Live! (GRP, 1993) – live
- All Blues (GRP, 1995) – recorded in 1994
As sideman edit
- Carr, Ian; Fairweather, Digby; Priestley, Brian (2004). The Rough Guide to Jazz. Rough Guides. pp. 105–. ISBN 9781843532569. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
- "Interview: Randy Brecker". JazzWax. September 21, 2015. Archived from the original on October 25, 2015. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
- The Trumpet Kings: The Players Who Shaped the Sound of Jazz Trumpet edited by Scott Yanow"
- "Randy Brecker". Cheltenham High School. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
- Wood, David (April 25, 2012). "Alan Pasqua And Peter Erskine On IU Jazz And David Baker". Indiana Public Media. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Brecker Brothers Band Reunion". Addeo Music International. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Seventh Avenue South | – Legendärer Jazzclub in Manhatten". Jazzband Live (in German). Retrieved February 17, 2020.
- "THE BRECKER BROTHERS BAND REUNION with RANDY BRECKER, MIKE STERN, & More". Blue Note New York. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Out of the Loop: Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Jazz". Włodek Pawlik's official website. Archived from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- "Randy Brecker". Songkick. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Soulbop Band Live: Bill Evans / Randy Brecker Soulbop Band". All About Jazz. June 2006. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Michael Brecker's Tour Schedule". Michael Brecker's official website. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Rovatti, Ada – Jazz.com". October 7, 2008. Archived from the original on October 7, 2008. Retrieved July 25, 2021.
- DeLuke, R. J. (November 4, 2013). "Randy Brecker: A Fusion Legacy". All About Jazz. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Randy Brecker". The Recording Academy. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- Ratliff, Ben (January 14, 2007). "Michael Brecker Dies at 57; Prolific Jazz Saxophonist". The New York Times. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Bill Evans / Randy Brecker: Soul Bop Band Live". All About Jazz. September 22, 2006. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Sag Harbor American Music Festival Inaugural Concert And Fundraiser". Hamptons Online. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Pawlik & Brecker's nostalgic journey". Polish Music Newsletter. November 2009. Archived from the original on February 26, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- "Exploring the Grammys' jazz field nominees". The Recording Academy. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Grammy dla Polaka! Muzyczne Oscary także dla Daft Punk, Lorde, Led Zeppelin..." Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish). January 27, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- "Brecker Brothers Band Reunion". Moosicus Records. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "The Brecker Brothers band reunion with Randy Brecker, Mike Stern, Dave Weckl & more". Blue Note New York. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Live at Sweet Basil".
- "The Jazz Ballad Song Book".
- "Randy Brecker | Album Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
- "Sacred Bond".
- "Double Dealin'".
- "Live and Unreleased".
Further reading edit
- Davison, Michael Allyn (1987). A Motivic Study of Twenty Improvised Solos of Randy Brecker Between the Years of 1970–1980. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Retrieved July 11, 2012.