Donald Jay Fagen (born January 10, 1948) is an American musician best known as the co-founder, lead singer, co-songwriter, and keyboardist of the band Steely Dan, formed in the early 1970s with musical partner Walter Becker. In addition to his work with Steely Dan, Fagen has released four solo albums. He began his solo career in 1982 with the album The Nightfly, which was nominated for seven Grammy Awards. In 2001, Fagen was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Steely Dan. Following Becker's death in 2017, Fagen has continued to tour as the only official member of Steely Dan.
|Birth name||Donald Jay Fagen|
|Born||January 10, 1948|
Passaic, New Jersey, U.S.
|Instruments||Vocals, keyboards, melodica, saxophone|
|Labels||ABC, MCA, Giant, Reprise, Warner Bros.|
|Associated acts||Jay and the Americans, Steely Dan, the Dukes of September|
Fagen was born in Passaic, New Jersey, on January 10, 1948, to Jewish parents, Joseph "Jerry" Fagen, an accountant, and his wife, Elinor, a homemaker who had been a swing singer in upstate New York's Catskill Mountains from childhood through her teens. His family moved to the suburb of Fair Lawn around 1958 and soon after to a house on Bedford Road in the Kendall Park section of South Brunswick, New Jersey. The transition upset him. He detested living in the suburbs. He later recalled that it "was like a prison. I think I lost faith in [my parents'] judgment... It was probably the first time I realized I had my own view of life." His life in Kendall Park, including his teenage love of late-night radio, inspired his later album The Nightfly.
Fagen became interested in rock and rhythm and blues (R&B) in the late 1950s. The first record he bought was "Reelin' and Rockin' " by Chuck Berry. At age eleven, a cousin recommended jazz music and Fagen went to the Newport Jazz Festival, becoming what he called a "jazz snob": "I lost interest in rock 'n' roll and started developing an anti-social personality." In the early 1960s, beginning at age twelve, he often went to the Village Vanguard, where he was particularly impressed by Earl Hines, Willie "The Lion" Smith, and Bill Evans. He regularly took the bus to Manhattan to see performances by jazz musicians Charles Mingus, Sonny Rollins, Thelonious Monk, and Miles Davis. He learned to play the piano, and he played baritone horn in the high school marching band. He developed a lifelong fondness for table tennis. In his late teens he was drawn to soul music, funk, Motown, and Sly and the Family Stone. He has also expressed admiration for the Boswell Sisters, Henry Mancini, and Ray Charles.
After graduating from South Brunswick High School in 1965, he enrolled at Bard College to study English literature, having been inspired by Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, and Lawrence Ferlinghetti. At Bard he met musician Walter Becker. With a revolving assortment of musicians which included future actor Chevy Chase, Becker and Fagen formed the bands the Leather Canary, the Don Fagen Jazz Trio, and the Bad Rock Band. Fagen described his college bands as sounding like "the Kingsmen performing Frank Zappa material". None of the groups lasted long, but the partnership between Fagen and Becker did. The duo's early career included working with Jay and the Americans, for which they used pseudonyms. In the early 1970s they worked as pop songwriters for ABC/Dunhill Records, which released all of Steely Dan's 1970s albums.
Donald Fagen met Walter Becker in a coffee house at Bard College in 1967. They began to form Steely Dan in the summer of 1970, after a Village Voice ad for a bassist and keyboard player with jazz chops was placed by guitarist Denny Dias, which was answered by Fagen and Becker. Dias was immediately impressed by the pair's abilities, and particularly by the fact that they already had a whole stack of original material. The group's first lineup was assembled in December 1971 in Los Angeles, where Becker and Fagen had relocated to work as staff songwriters for ABC/Dunhill. Becker and Fagen formed the core of the band and wrote all the songs, with Becker on bass, and later lead guitar, and Fagen on keyboards and vocals.
After the release of their third LP in 1974, the other members left or were fired from the band, which evolved into a studio project headed by Becker and Fagen. Steely Dan's best-selling album was 1977's Aja, which was certified platinum. Three years later, they released Gaucho. Their next album wasn't until 1995, when they released the live album Alive in America. It was followed by the multiple Grammy Award winning Two Against Nature in 2000, and Steely Dan's most recent album Everything Must Go in 2003. A concert DVD, Two Against Nature, included material from much of the band's history.
After Becker's death in 2017, Fagen wished to retire the Steely Dan name out of respect for his bandmate and tour under a different name, but promoters advised him against it for commercial reasons. As of 2020, Fagen continues to tour as Steely Dan.
After Steely Dan's breakup in 1981, Fagen released his debut solo album, The Nightfly, in October 1982. It was certified platinum for sales of over a million copies in the U.S. and reached 11 on the Billboard Top 200 albums list. The first single, "I.G.Y.", released in September 1982, peaked at number 26 on the Hot 100. The follow-up single, "New Frontier" (January 1983), peaked at number 70 and was accompanied by a music video. The Nightfly was nominated for the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. In 2002, Rhino Records released a DVD-Audio version of The Nightfly in honor of the album's 20th anniversary. The bonus track, "True Companion", from The Nightfly Trilogy MVI Boxed Set is track seven on the Heavy Metal film soundtrack. Fagen also contributed "Century's End" to the soundtrack for the 1988 Michael J. Fox film, Bright Lights, Big City.
During the rest of the 1980s, Fagen contributed to soundtracks and wrote a column for Premiere magazine. In the early 1990s, he toured with the New York Rock and Soul Revue. Becker and Fagen reunited in 1986 to work on the debut album by model and singer Rosie Vela. Fagen co-produced and played keyboards on Walter Becker's solo album debut 11 Tracks of Whack (1994). Becker produced Fagen's second album, Kamakiriad (1993), which was nominated for the Grammy Award for Album of the Year and reached number 10 on the Top 200 albums chart.
Fagen's third solo album, Morph the Cat, was released on March 14, 2006, and featured Wayne Krantz (guitar), Jon Herington (guitar), Keith Carlock (drums), Freddie Washington (bass), Ted Baker (piano), and Walt Weiskopf (sax). It reached 26 on Billboard Top 200 albums list. Morph the Cat was named Album of the Year by Mix magazine. The 5.1 surround sound mix won the Grammy Award for Best Surround Sound Album.
Fagen's first three albums were released in a box set, The Nightfly Trilogy, in the MVI (Music Video Interactive) format. Each album features DTS 5.1, Dolby 5.1 and PCM Stereo mix but no MLP encoded track, along with bonus audio and video content.
In 2012, Fagen toured with the Dukes of September, featuring Michael McDonald and Boz Scaggs. One of the concerts was recorded at Lincoln Center in New York City and broadcast on PBS Great Performances in 2014.
In 2013, Fagen published an autobiography titled Eminent Hipsters.
Fagen frequently uses aliases. He wrote the liner notes to Can't Buy a Thrill under the name Tristan Fabriani, which he used on stage when he played keyboards for Jay and the Americans (Becker used Gus Mahler). On his solo albums, when he played or programmed a synthesizer part to replicate a real instrument (bass, vibraphone, horns) he credited one of his aliases: Illinois Elohainu, Phonus Quaver, or Harlan Post.
Style and themesEdit
Fagen has classified himself as both a self-taught pianist and a self-taught vocalist, although he did spend a few semesters studying formally at Berklee College of Music and took some vocal lessons in the mid-1970s as a precaution after feeling the straining effects of years of touring. Although he learned to become an entertainer, early on Fagen suffered from severe stage fright, which prompted Steely Dan producer Gary Katz to hire David Palmer to sing two songs on Steely Dan's debut album, Can't Buy a Thrill. This also led to the hiring of Royce Jones and Michael McDonald as singers in the band's tours in the early 1970s. Fagen plays the Fender Rhodes electric piano and Wurlitzer electric piano.
According to Robert Christgau, in terms of lyrics, Fagen is a "pathological ironist" who "doesn't much care about hippies" or the message of his generation's counterculture: "His '60s are the Kennedy years, when a smart, somewhat shallow suburban white kid could dream of Brubeck and bohemia and bomb-shelter wingdings and transoceanic rail links to exotic locales."
In 1993 Fagen married songwriter Libby Titus. Although the two attended Bard College at around the same time, they did not become friends until 1987 when they were backstage at a Dr. John concert. On January 4, 2016, Titus sustained injuries after Fagen allegedly shoved her against a marble window frame at their Upper East Side apartment. Titus informed the New York Post that she was divorcing her husband. The two have since reconciled.
|Year||Album details||Peak chart positions||Certifications|
|2006||Morph the Cat
- 1971: Barbra Streisand, Barbra Joan Streisand – Hammond organ
- 1973: Tim Moore, Tim Moore – vocals ("A Fool Like You")
- 1975: Poco, Head over Heels – synthesizer
- 1977: Poco, Indian Summer – synthesizer
- 1978: Marc Jordan, Mannequin - keyboards
- 1978: Pete Christlieb and Warne Marsh, Apogee – producer
- 1981: Rickie Lee Jones, Pirates – synthesizer
- 1982: Eye to Eye, Eye to Eye – producer, synthesizer
- 1983; Diana Ross, Ross, Love Will Make It Right – writer, synthesizer
- 1984: Various artists, That's the Way I Feel Now: A Tribute to Thelonious Monk – "Reflections" with Steve Khan
- 1986: Rosie Vela, Zazu – synthesizer
- 1988: Various artists, The Gospel at Colonus soundtrack – producer
- 1990: William S. Burroughs, Dead City Radio – musical accompaniment on "A New Standard by Which to Measure Infamy"
- 1991: The New York Rock and Soul Revue, The New York Rock and Soul Revue: Live at the Beacon – producer, vocals, piano, Fender Rhodes piano, melodica
- 1992: Jennifer Warnes, The Hunter (Jennifer Warnes album), Big Noise, New York - backing vocals
- 1994: Walter Becker, 11 Tracks of Whack – producer, arranger, keyboards
- 1997: Boz Scaggs, My Time: A Boz Scaggs Anthology, "Drowning in the Sea of Love" – producer, vocals, piano, electric piano [Fender Rhodes], melodica
- 2001: Phoebe Snow, The Very Best of Phoebe Snow – producer
- 2008: Martha Wainwright, I Know You're Married But I've Got Feelings Too – synthesizer
- 2014: Michael McDonald & Boz Scaggs, "The Dukes of September Live (New York 2012)" - keyboards, vocals
- 2017: Todd Rundgren, "Tin Foil Hat" from the album White Knight – vocals
- Erlewine, Stephen. "Donald Fagen Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
- Sweet, Steely Dan: Reelin' in the Years 7.
- Fagen, Donald (2013). Eminent hipsters. Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated. ISBN 9780670025510.
- James L. Kelley, "Steely Dan's Donald Fagen: A case of mistaken self-identity, corrected by self-reformulation." In: E. Vanderheiden, & C.-H. Mayer (Eds.), Mistakes, errors and failures across cultures: Navigating potentials (pp. 91-107). Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2019, p. 97.
- Fagen, Donald (December 23, 2013). "Jean Shepherd, the man who told A Christmas Story". Slate.com. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
- Sweet, Steely Dan: Reelin' in the Years 8.
- Morrison, Allen (December 2013). "An Eminent Hipster Speaks". DownBeat. Elmhurst, Illinois: Maher Publications.
- Sweet, Steely Dan: Reelin' in the Years 9.
- Sweet, Steely Dan: Reelin' in the Years 10.
- Fruchter, Rena. (2007). I'm Chevy Chase...and You're Not. Virgin Books.
- Sweet, Steely Dan: Reelin' in the Years 12.
- "Back to Annadale". EW.com. December 26, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- "The Mojo Interview". Steelydan.com.
- "Donald Fagen Discusses the Loss of Walter Becker and Steely Dan's Future". Rollingstone.com. December 19, 2017. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
- "Donald Fagen Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- "Donald Fagen - I.G.Y. (What A Beautiful World)". 45cat.com.
- "Donald Fagen - New Frontier". 45cat.com.
- "Rosie Vela – Zazu Album". Broberg.pp.se. September 10, 2000. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- GRAMMY.com 49th Annual GRAMMY Awards Winners List Grammy.com, retrieved May 7, 2008
- "Great Performances: About the Program". PBS. February 24, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- Quinn, Anthony (November 14, 2013). "Eminent Hipsters by Donald Fagen – review" – via www.theguardian.com.
- Christgau, Robert (June 16, 2021). "Xgau Sez: June, 2021". And It Don't Stop. Substack. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
- Christgau, Robert (August 10, 1993). "Virtual Hep". The Village Voice. Retrieved June 18, 2021 – via robertchristgau.com.
- Michener, Charles (Spring 2009). "In Theater and Politics, Alan Rosenberg Affirms the Lessons of His Undergraduate Years". Case Western Reserve. Retrieved April 4, 2014. art/sci misspells Fagen's name but identification is clear.
- "Steely Dan's Donald Fagen arrested on assault charge". Cnn.com.
- "Steely Dan co-founder Donald Fagen charged with assaulting wife". Chicago Tribune.
- "Donald Fagen and wife are 'happily married' following assault charges". Pagesix.com. January 27, 2016.
- Dougherty, Steve. "Amy Helm Talks About Her Debut Solo Album, 'Didn't It Rain'". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
- "Schenectady Gazette - Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
- Berklee College of Music: Commencement 2001 – Photographs, retrieved October 15, 2007
- "Steely Dan". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame.
- "ASCAP to Add Five Music Greats to Jazz Wall of Fame". Ascap.com.
- "Donald Fagen Chart History: Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 107. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010 (pdf ed.). Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
- "Danish Chart – Donald Fagen". danishcharts.dk. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
- "Dutch Charts – Donald Fagen". Dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- "New Zealand Chart – Donald Fagen". Charts.nz. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- "Swedish Chart – Donald Fagen". Swedishcharts.com. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- "UK Chart Company – Donald Fagen". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
- "Searchable Database". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on June 26, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2011. Note: User must define 'Artist' search parameter as "Donald Fagen".
- "Certified Awards Search Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved on September 22, 2011. Note: User needs to enter "Donald Fagen" in the "Search" field, "Artist" in the "Search by" field and click the "Go" button. Select "More info" next to the relevant entry to see full certification history.
- "Donald Fagen to Release Sunken Condos, October 16 on Reprise Records". Broadcast Newsroom. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- "Donald Fagen Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved June 10, 2016.