Idris Muhammad (Arabic: إدريس محمد; born Leo Morris; November 13, 1939 – July 29, 2014) was an American jazz drummer who recorded with Ahmad Jamal, Lou Donaldson, Pharoah Sanders, Bob James, and Tete Montoliu. Muhammad had an extensive and varied career performing across jazz, funk, R'n'B and soul genres.
|Birth name||Leo Morris|
|Born||November 13, 1939|
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||July 29, 2014 (aged 74)|
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Born Leo Morris in New Orleans, Idris Muhammad grew up in the city's 13th Ward in a home next door to a dry cleaner’s shop. He later would claim the sound of the shop’s steam presser influenced his hi-hat technique. Growing up, he spent time with fellow New Orleanians The Neville Brothers. Although interested in other instruments, he showed early talent as a percussionist, playing in a Mardi Gras parade at age 9. Muhammad asked Paul Barbarin to teach him to read music but Barbarin, who thought he was already so talented, declined.
At just 14 Muhammad began his professional career by performing with The Hawketts on their iconic recording “Mardi Gras Mambo”. Two years later, in 1956, he played drums on Fats Domino's recording of "Blueberry Hill".
After being introduced by Joe Jones, Muhammad began touring with Sam Cooke. Later he played with Jerry Butler and Curtis Mayfield in Chicago, working largely in R'n'B, before moving to New York City in the mid-1960s. In New York, Muhammad became embedded in the jazz scene playing with Kenny Dorham, Horace Silver, Lou Donaldson and Betty Carter. He also played in the Apollo Theatre's house band. In 1967, he accepted a job in the orchestra for the initial off-Broadway production of Hair and stayed with the production when it moved to Broadway.
During this time, Muhammad was also in the Prestige label’s house band and made over 150 recordings for the Prestige and CTI labels among others. He recorded with artists such as Lou Donaldson and Charles Earland who had begun merging jazz with sounds from funk, soul and rock. Muhammad also appeared as a sideman with artists such as Gene Ammons, Nat Adderley, and George Benson. Rudy Van Gelder often worked with Muhammad and had a special relationship with him. The producer greatly assisted with fine tuning Muhammad's recorded drum sound.
Muhammad’s first recording as a leader, Black Rhythm Revolution!, was released by Prestige in 1970 and was followed by Peace and Rhythm in 1971. Both of these albums explored a range of styles and traditions found in jazz and New Orleans rhythms. Subsequent albums released on the Kudu imprint, Power of Soul, House of the Rising Sun, and Turn This Mutha Out, took a turn towards funk. These albums have subsequently become favourites of funk enthusiasts and have been heavily sampled by hip-hop artists.
He changed his name to Idris Muhammad in the 1960s upon his conversion to Islam. Speaking of his name change, he later noted in an interview with Modern Drummer magazine, "One guy told me that if I changed my name, I was going to have a problem because no one would know that Leo Morris and Idris Muhammad were the same guy...But I thought, well, if I stay the same person, then people will know it’s me. And it worked like that. Everybody knew right away that it was me, because of my style of playing.”
In 1966, he married Dolores "LaLa" Brooks, a former member of the Crystals. She converted to Islam with him and went for a time by the name Sakinah Muhammad. They separated in 1999. Together, they had two sons and two daughters, and he had one daughter from a previous marriage to Gracie Lee Edwards.
- 1970: Black Rhythm Revolution! (Prestige)
- 1971: Peace and Rhythm (Prestige)
- 1974: Power of Soul (Kudu)
- 1976: House of the Rising Sun (Kudu)
- 1977: Turn This Mutha Out (Kudu)
- 1978: Boogie to the Top (Kudu)
- 1978: You Ain't No Friend of Mine (Fantasy)
- 1979: Foxhuntin' (Fantasy)
- 1980: Make It Count (Fantasy)
- 1980: Kabsha (Theresa)
- 1992: My Turn (Lipstick)
- 1998: Right Now (Cannonball)
With Nat Adderley
With Eric Alexander
- Solid! (Milestone, 1998)
With Gene Ammons
- The Black Cat! (Prestige, 1970)
- You Talk That Talk! (Prestige, 1971)
- My Way (Prestige, 1971)
- Got My Own (Prestige, 1972)
- Big Bad Jug (Prestige, 1972)
With George Benson
With Walter Bishop, Jr.
With Bobby Broom
- Modern Man (Delmark, 2001)
With Rusty Bryant
With George Coleman
- Manhattan Panorama (Theresa, 1985)
With Hank Crawford
- Help Me Make it Through the Night (Kudu, 1972)
- Wildflower (Kudu, 1973)
- I Hear a Symphony (Kudu, 1975)
- Tight (Milestone, 1996)
With Paul Desmond
- Summertime (A&M/CTI, 1968)
With Fats Domino
With Lou Donaldson
- Fried Buzzard (Cadet, 1965)
- Blowing in the Wind (Cadet, 1966)
- Lou Donaldson At His Best (Cadet, 1966)
- Alligator Bogaloo (Blue Note, 1967)
- Mr. Shing-A-Ling (Blue Note, 1967)
- Midnight Creeper (Blue Note, 1968)
- Say It Loud! (Blue Note, 1968)
- Hot Dog (Blue Note, 1969)
- Everything I Play is Funky (Blue Note, 1970)
- Pretty Things (Blue Note, 1970)
- The Scorpion (Blue Note, 1970)
- Cosmos (Blue Note, 1971)
- Sweet Poppa Lou (Muse, 1981)
With Charles Earland
- Black Talk! (Prestige, 1969)
With Grant Green
- Carryin' On (Blue Note, 1969)
- Green Is Beautiful (Blue Note, 1970)
- Alive! (Blue Note, 1970)
- Live at Club Mozambique (Blue Note 2006, recorded 1971)
With Johnny Griffin
With Roy Hargrove
- Habana (Verve, 1997)
With Benjamin Herman
- Get In (1999)
With John Hicks
- Some Other Time (Theresa, 1981)
- In Concert (Theresa, 1984 )
- Inc. 1 (DIW, 1985)
- I'll Give You Something to Remember Me By (Limetree, 1987)
- Is That So? (Timeless, 1991)
With Andrew Hill
- Grass Roots (Blue Note, 1968)
- Shippin' Out (Muse, 1978)
With Freddie Hubbard
- New Colors (Hip Bop Essence, 2001)
With Bobbi Humphrey
- Flute In (Blue Note, 1971)
With Willis Jackson
- Bar Wars (Muse, 1977)
With Ahmad Jamal
- The Essence Part One (Birdology, 1995)
- Big Byrd: The Essence Part 2 (Birdology, 1995)
- Nature: The Essence Part Three (Birdology, 1997)
- Picture Perfect (Birdology, 2000)
- Ahmad Jamal 70th Birthday/Olympia 2000 (Dreyfus, 2000)
- In Search of Momentum (Dreyfus, 2002)
- After Fajr (Dreyfus, 2005)
- It's Magic (Dreyfus, 2008)
With Bob James
- Betwixt & Between (A&M/CTI, 1969)
With Etta Jones
With Rodney Jones
- Soul Manifesto (1991)
With Keystone Trio
With Charles Kynard
- Wa-Tu-Wa-Zui (Beautiful People) (Prestige, 1970)
With Joe Lovano
With Johnny Lytle
With Harold Mabern
With Roberto Magris
- Mating Call (JMood, 2010)
With Jimmy McGriff
- City Lights (JAM, 1981)
With Tete Montoliu
- Catalonian Rhapsody (Alfa, 1992)
With Tisziji Munoz
- Visiting This Planet (Anami Music
- Hearing Voices (Anami Music)
With Don Patterson
- Why Not... (Muse, 1978)
With Houston Person
With Ernest Ranglin
- Below the Bassline (Island, 1998)
- Stablemates (In+Out, 1993)
With Pharoah Sanders
- Jewels of Thought (Impulse!, 1969)
- Journey to the One (Theresa, 1980)
- Pharoah Sanders Live... (Theresa, 1982)
- Heart is a Melody (Theresa, 1982)
- Shukuru (Theresa, 1985)
- Africa (Timeless, 1987)
With John Scofield
- Groove Elation (Blue Note, 1995)
With Shirley Scott
- Lean on Me (Cadet, 1972)
With Lonnie Smith
- Turning Point (Blue Note, 1969)
With Melvin Sparks
With Leon Spencer
- Sneak Preview! (Prestige, 1970)
- Louisiana Slim (Prestige, 1971)
- Bad Walking Woman (Prestige, 1972)
- Where I'm Coming From (Prestige, 1972)
With Bob Stewart
- First Line (JMT, 1988)
With Sonny Stitt
With Gábor Szabó
- Macho (Salvation, 1975)
With Stanley Turrentine
With Randy Weston
- Portraits of Duke Ellington (Verve, 1989)
- Portraits of Thelonious Monk (Verve, 1989)
- Self Portraits (Verve, 1989)
- Spirits of Our Ancestors (Verve, 1991)
With Reuben Wilson
- Love Bug (Blue Note, 1969)
- "Idris Muhammad, legendary New Orleans drummer, is dead at 74".
- Idris Muhammad at AllMusic
- Chinen, Nate (August 8, 2014). "Idris Muhammad, Drummer Whose Beat Still Echoes, Dies at 74". The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
- "Idris Muhammad Dies at Age 74". Modern Drummer Magazine. 2014-07-31. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
- "Inside the Music: The Life of Idris Muhammad (Book Review)". OffBeat Magazine. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
- Modern Drummer Issue 423. 2015.
- Times-Picayune, David Lee Simmons, NOLA com | The. "Idris Muhammad, legendary New Orleans drummer, is dead at 74". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
- News, News-7 years ago (2014-07-31). "Legendary Funk & Jazz Drummer Idris Muhammad, Dead At 74". Okayplayer. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
- Morton, Brian (August 8, 2014). "Idris Muhammad: New Orleans jazz drummer who played as a teenager on Fats Domino's hit single 'Blueberry Hill'". The Independent.
- Braman, C., & Kernfeld, B. Muhammad, Idris. Grove Music Online. Retrieved 2 Aug. 2021, from https://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/grovemusic/view/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.001.0001/omo-9781561592630-e-2000316600.
- "Idris Muhammad". Uncut. 209: 119. October 2014. ProQuest 1555328645 – via Proquest.
- Kunian, David (Winter 2016). "The Power of Soul: Remembering drummer Idris Muhammed's versatile, funkified and oft-sampled body of work". 64 Parishes.
- "Idris Muhammad - DRUMMERWORLD". www.drummerworld.com. Retrieved 2021-07-24.
- Larkin, Colin, ed. (2009). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199726363.
- "Istanbul Agop 22" Signature Idris Muhammad Ride Cymbal", Memphis Drum Shop.
- Fats Domino. "Blueberry Hill". Discogs page, revealing actual date to be 1965. Retrieved January 11, 2018., .
- Allmusic Heart Beats review
- Allmusic Newklear Music review
- "Paul's Boutique Samples and References List".