Radha Jayalakshmi

Radha (born 1932) [1] and Jayalakshmi (1932 - 2014),[2] popularly known as Radha Jayalakshmi (Tamil: ராதா ஜெயலட்சுமி), were an Indian Carnatic music vocalist duo as well as playback singers in films in the 1940s and 1950s. They later became teachers and trained notable Carnatic music singers. Jayalakshmi was the playback singer of the duo, but was credited as Radha Jayalakshmi in the cine field. Radha was her cousin and singing partner on stage performances. They were early vocalists in the duo singing trend in Carnatic music which started in the 1950s and includes performers like Bombay Sisters and Soolamangalam Sisters. In recent times, the trend has been continued by popular Carnatic music singers like Priya Sisters, their disciples, Ranjani Gayatri, Akkarai sisters, and others.[3]

Radha and Jayalakshmi
ராதா ஜெயலட்சுமி
Radha, Jayalakshmi
Radha, Jayalakshmi
Background information
Born1932
DiedJayalakshmi - May 27, 2014(2014-05-27) (aged 82)
GenresCarnatic music
Occupation(s)vocalist

The duo was awarded the 1981 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in Carnatic Music – Vocal, given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama[4] Vidushi Jayalakshmi died in Chennai on 27 May 2014.[5]

Early life and trainingEdit

Radha and Jayalakshmi's singing style belongs to the G. N. Balasubramaniam school, and they received their training in classical vocal music from the noted vocalist and teacher himself.[6]

CareerEdit

Jayalakshmi has rendered songs in her trained, cultured and 'ringing' sweet voice in Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu and Kannada movies from the late 1940s to the early 60s.

She also has a few playback singing credits from the 1970s.

In Deivam, Kunnakkudi Vaidyanathan had both Radha and Jayalakshmi render Thiruchendooril Por Purindhu, a devotional song set in Thiruthani. This is perhaps the only film song sung by Radha of the duo. But both have given stage performances throughout India.

The singers had no longer been giving performances towards the time of Jayalakshmi's death, but instead had shifted their efforts to teaching Carnatic music and were regarded as great teachers. Shanmukhapriya and Haripriya, popularly known as the Priya Sisters, were their students.[7]

Music composers Jayalakshmi sang forEdit

Jayalakshmi's most memorable songs date from the 50s films.

Playback singers Jayalakshmi sang withEdit

Jayalakshmi was often paired to sing with the male singers T. M. Soundararajan, Seerkazhi Govindarajan and A. M. Rajah. Other male singers she sang with include T. A. Mothi, Ghantasala, S. Balachander, Thiruchi Loganathan, K. Prasad Rao, V. N. Sundaram, Subrahmanyam and Pithapuram Nageswara Rao.

She also sang duets with female singers, most notably with P. Leela and Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi. Others are M. L. Vasanthakumari, P. A. Periyanayaki, N. L. Ganasaraswathi, A. P. Komala, T. V. Rathnam, M. S. Rajeswari, S. Janaki, K. Rani and Jikki.

The singing actors she sang with were K. R. Ramaswamy and S. Varalakshmi.

DeathEdit

Jayalakshmi of the duo, died, aged 82, in Chennai on 26 May 2014.[8]

FilmographyEdit

Playback singerEdit

Year Film Language Song Music Co-Singer
1948 Idhu Nijama Tamil Madarellam S. Balachander S. Balachander
1950 Beedala Patlu Telugu Vidhivasamaithi Anaadhanaithi S. M. Subbaiah Naidu & G. Aswathama
Vilaasame Naakika Vikaasame Lalala
1950 Ezhai Padum Padu Tamil Vidhiyin Vilaivaal[9] S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
En Bhaagyame Inimel Saubhagyame
1950 Prasanna Malayalam Sukritharaaga M. S. Gnanamani K. Prasad Rao
Kaayikasoubhaagyam
Dhavalaroopa
Bhaarathamaatha Paripoorna
Aagathamaay Madhukaalam
1951 Kaidhi Tamil Be Happy Be Cheerful Be Jolly S. Balachander
1952 Desabhakthan Malayalam Oh Athimodamaarnna Shankar-Jaikishan
1952 Kanchana Tamil Pazhaniappa Nin Paadham S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
Etham Pottu
1952 Kanchana Telugu Paramapaavanī Dhayaganave S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
1952 Kanjana Malayalam Charana Pankajam S. M. Subbaiah Naidu[10]
Vela Cheyyu
1952 Moondru Pillaigal Tamil Malai Thiritha Magarasi Parur S. Anantharaman & M. D. Parthasarathy P. Leela
1952 Panam Tamil En Vazhvil Puthu Paadama Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy
1952 Puratchi Veeran Tamil Oh Alai Modhum Shankar-Jaikishan
1952 Thai Ullam Tamil Poochendu Nee Ponvandu Naan Chittor V. Nagaiah T. A. Mothi & N. L. Ganasaraswathi
Pokkiri Payale
1952 Zamindar Tamil Madhuvai Parugum Vandu G. Ramanathan
1953 En Veedu Tamil Pongalo Pongal Chittor V. Nagaiah Ghantasala
Nilaiyilla Vazhvu Idhuthana
Konjum Mozhi Maindargale M. L. Vasanthakumari
1953 Inspector Tamil Aasaiyai Maunamaayi Pesidum G. Ramanathan
Unnaiyallaal Thunai Yaaramma
1953 Manam Pola Mangalyam Tamil Manam Pola Adepalli Rama Rao
Andru Ododi Vandhu
1953 Manidhanum Mirugamum Tamil Jagam Yaavum G. Govindarajulu Naidu
1953 Naa Illu Telugu Gobbillo Gobbillo Chittor V. Nagaiah Ghantasala
M. L. Vasanthakumari
1953 Ponni Tamil Azhagum Gunamum Ulla Pennukku S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
Paambodu Pazhagalaam Pennmani
Aadi Paadu Paappaa
Aaduvome Oonjal Aaduvome P. A. Periyanayaki, Radha & A. P. Komala
1953 Poongodhai Tamil Thenoorum Paarijaatha P. Adinarayana Rao
1954 Aggi Ramudu Telugu Jai Andhra Janani S. M. Subbaiah Naidu A. M. Rajah
Raraa Yashodanandana
1954 Edhir Paradhathu Tamil Jegam Ezhum Neeye C. N. Pandurangan
1954 En Magal Tamil Kannai Kaanaamal Kalangudhe C. N. Pandurangan
1954 Kalyanam Panniyum Brammachari Tamil Madhumalar Ellam T. G. Lingappa
Vennilavum Vanum Pol
1954 Koondukkili Tamil Paar En Magale Paar Paar K. V. Mahadevan
Vaanga Ellorume Serndhu Ondraagave T. M. Soundararajan, V. N. Sundaram & K. Rani
1954 Mangalyam Tamil Ninaithaaley Inbam Tharum K. V. Mahadevan
Ottumiru Ullanthanai Vettuvathu
1954 Manohara Tamil Kadhal Kondaadugiraar S. V. Venkatraman
Singara Paingkiliye Pesu A. M. Rajah
Vazhvatho Mathu
1954 Manohara Telugu Vechiti Innallu S. V. Venkatraman
Pranaya Vilasamule
Manahinanai Avamanamothuna
Vana Mahotsavam Vasantha Jikki, Subrahmanyam & Pithapuram Nageswara Rao
1954 Pona Machaan Thirumbi Vandhan Tamil Aadhaaram Nin Paadham Ambigaiye C. N. Pandurangan & M. S. Viswanathan
1954 Ratha Pasam Tamil Jagam Yaavumey M. K. Athmanathan
1955 Menaka Tamil Manampola Ini Vaazhalaam C. N. Pandurangan & Vedha K. R. Ramaswamy
Kanavu Ninaivaagum
1955 Mullaivanam Tamil Engirundho Ingu Vandha Radhiye K. V. Mahadevan T. M. Soundararajan
Sariyendru Neeye Oru Vaarthai Sonnal T. M. Soundararajan
Puttham Pudhu Malare Kurunagai Puriyum Vennilavey
Nainaithaale Inikkudhadi
1955 Nalla Thangai Tamil Thaene Paage Thevittadha G. Ramanathan
1955 Town Bus Tamil Ponnaana Vaazhve Mannagi Poma K. V. Mahadevan M. S. Rajeswari & Thiruchi Loganathan
Nenjam Urugudhey Sadhaa
1955 Valliyin Selvan Tamil Mangalam Enbaro Parur S. Anantharaman
1955 Vedan Kannappa Tamil Thaarum Thaarum Navamoganaa R. Sudharsanam
1956 Gomathiyin Kaadhalan Tamil Ambigapathi Nadagam G. Ramanathan T. V. Rathnam & P. Leela
1956 Verum Pechu Alla Tamil C. N. Pandurangan
1957 Pudhu Vazhvu Tamil Kottu Melam Kovilile G. Ramanathan & C. N. Pandurangan
1957 Samaya Sanjeevi Tamil Aanantham Tharuvathu Sangeethemey G. Ramanathan N. L. Ganasaraswathi
1957 Town Bus Telugu Letha Valapura Sadhaa M. Ranga Rao
1958 Anbu Engey Tamil Kaya Pazhama Sollu Raja Vedha
1958 Boologa Rambai Tamil Kannalar Ingu Varuvaar C. N. Pandurangan
Amba Arul Purivaai
Gangatharane
Aasai Nenjame A. M. Rajah
1958 Bhooloka Rambha Telugu O Manohara C. N. Pandurangan A. M. Rajah
1958 Manamalai Tamil Nadanamaadinaar Vedha P. Leela
1958 Sarangadhara Tamil Ethukkithanai Modi G. Ramanathan
1959 Mala Oru Mangala Vilakku Tamil Unnai Panindhen C. N. Pandurangan
Annai Nee En Vaazhvile
1959 Manimekalai Tamil Manathai Kavarntha G. Ramanathan Seerkazhi Govindarajan
Varuga Varuga Sugumaaraa P. Leela & A. P. Komala
1959 Maragadham Tamil Maalai Mayangugira Neram S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
Punnagai Thavazhum T. M. Soundararajan
Kanukkulle Unnai Paaru T. M. Soundararajan
Aadinaal Nadanam Aadinaal
1959 Minnal Veeran Tamil Kannodu Kanninai Nokki S. M. Subbaiah Naidu Seerkazhi Govindarajan
1959 Odi Vilaiyaadu Paapa Tamil Pachai Kuzhandayadi Kannil Paavaiyandro Chandramathi V. Krishnamoorthy Seerkazhi Govindarajan
1959 Pandithevan Tamil Kannum Karuthum C. N. Pandurangan & Meenakshi Subramanyam K. Rani & S. Janaki
1959 President Panchatcharam Tamil Oli Padaitha Kanninaayi VaaVaa G. Ramanathan M. L. Vasanthakumari
1959 Sivagangai Seemai Tamil Muthu Pugazh Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy S. Varalakshmi
1960 Bhaktha Sabari Tamil Vaaraai Inre Mohana Pendyala Nageswara Rao
Vaaraai Mana Mohana
1960 Bhaktha Sabari Telugu Rama Manamohana Pendyala Nageswara Rao
1960 Dashavathara Kannada Sringaara Mohini G. K. Venkatesh
1960 Irumbu Thirai Tamil Enna Seithaalum S. V. Venkatraman
1960 Mahakavi Kalidasu Telugu Rasika Raajamani Pendyala Nageswara Rao P. Leela
1960 Ponni Thirunaal Tamil Nattukkor Thanthaiyadi K. V. Mahadevan Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi
1960 Raja Bakthi Tamil Kaliyuga Malarmaran G. Govindarajulu Naidu
1960 Ranadheera Kanteerava Kannada Karunada Vairamudi Kanteerava G. K. Venkatesh Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi
Enna MogavaBhoodaana
1960 Sanchari Telugu Karnata Rajya Manikanteerava G. K. Venkatesh Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi
Andhamulaku Neevu Ranive
1960 Solaimalai Raani Tamil Anaiya Jothi C. N. Pandurangan A. M. Rajah
Anbaana Mozhi Pesum A. M. Rajah
1960 Vimala Telugu Neeli Vennela Kaya Sage S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
Kannullo Nee Bomma Choodu Ghantasala
Kaavaave Amma Devi
Kannula Beluke Ghantasala
1961 Bhagyalakshmi Tamil Varalakshmi Varuvaai Amma Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy
Palingu Manappandhalile
1961 Akbar Tamil Azhagin Nila S. V. Venkatraman
1961 Sabarimala Ayyappan Malayalam Ashrithayaamen S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
1961 Sabarimala Ayyappan Tamil Aaadharitthen En Allalai S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
1962 Avana Ivan Tamil Vaaranamayiram S. Balachander
1962 Bhoodaana Kannada Bhagyada Lakshmi G. K. Venkatesh
1962 Dakshayagnam Telugu Navarasa Bhaavaalaa S. Hanumantha Rao P. Leela
1962 Indira En Selvam Tamil Aaraaro Aaraaro H. R. Pathmanaba Sastiri & C. N. Pandurangan
Thellathelindha Thenamudhe
1962 Konjum Salangai Tamil Brahman Thaalam Poda S. M. Subbaiah Naidu Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi
1962 Muripinche Muvvalu Telugu Brahme Thalam Mrocha S. M. Subbaiah Naidu P. Leela
1963 Arivaali Tamil Vaazhiya Needoozhi S. V. Venkatraman P. Leela
1964 Oraal Koodi Kallanaayi Malayalam Veeshuka Nee Kodumkatte K. V. Job
1966 Motor Sundaram Pillai Tamil Maname Muruganin Mayilvahanam M. S. Viswanathan
1969 Kaaval Dheivam Tamil Maiyal Migavum Meerudhe G. Devarajan
1969 Kumara Sambhavam Malayalam Maayaanadanavihaarini G. Devarajan P. Leela
1969 Kumara Sambhavam Tamil G. Devarajan P. Leela
1971 Aathi Parasakthi Tamil Kokku Parakkum Indha K. V. Mahadevan
Thandhaikku Mandhiratthai
1973 Amman Arul Tamil Akilamellam Vilangum Shankar-Ganesh
1973 Dheivam Tamil Thiruchendooril Por Purindhu Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan Radha
1973 Nathayil Muthu Tamil Karpanai Vaadhigalin (Aaadu Raatte) Shankar-Ganesh Seerkazhi Govindarajan
Ragupathi Raagava Raajaaraam Seerkazhi Govindarajan
Eeswara Allah.... Ragupathi Raagava Raajaaraam

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://swaramaadhuri-annamayyasankeerthananidhi.weebly.com/radha-jayalakshmi.html
  2. ^ https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/carnatic-singer-dead-in-chennai/article6054441.ece
  3. ^ "Sisters in song". The Hindu. 30 January 2010.
  4. ^ "SNA: List of Akademi Awardees". Sangeet Natak Akademi Official website. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012.
  5. ^ "Vidushi Jayalakshmi is no more".
  6. ^ "GNB, the good friend". The Hindu. 23 May 2003.
  7. ^ "We owe it to Radha-Jayalakshmi". The Hindu. 4 April 2008. Archived from the original on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2010.
  8. ^ "Carnatic singer dead in Chennai". The Hindu. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  9. ^ "Ezhai Padum Paadu 1950". The Hindu. 2 November 2007. Archived from the original on 4 November 2007.
  10. ^ "Old gold". The Hindu. 21 March 2010.

External linksEdit