V. Nagayya (born Vuppaladadiyam Nagayya Sarma; 28 March 1904 – 30 December 1978) also known as Chittoor Nagayya was an Indian actor, singer, music composer, and director known for his works in Telugu cinema, Tamil cinema, and Telugu theatre. Indian film journalist Baburao Patel described Nagayya as "The Paul Muni of India". Nagayya was considered the best character actor in South Indian cinema during 1940s and 1950s. In 1965, he became the first South Indian actor to receive the Padma Shri in Arts from the Government of India for his contributions to Indian cinema.
Vuppaladadiyam Nagayya Sarma
28 March 1904
|Died||30 December 1978(aged 74)|
|Occupation(s)||Actor, composer, director, producer, writer and playback singer|
|Awards||Padma Shri (1965)|
Nagayya made significant contributions to Telugu cinema, and starred in about two hundred Telugu films. He was a method actor, and his forte was usually playing intense characters, often immersing himself in the study of the real character's traits and mannerisms. His other prominent film roles include the 14th-century poet Pothana in Bhakta Potana (1942), 17th-century saint Tyagaraja in Thyagayya (1946), 12th-century saint Gora Kumbhar in Chakradhari (1948), and Sivaram in the social problem film Naa Illu (1953).
In 1964, Nagayya essayed the 17th-century saint Bhadrachala Ramadasu in the film Ramadasu which he had also co-written, directed and produced. The film won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu. Nagayya also starred in about one hundred and sixty films in Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, and Hindi.
Nagayya was born on 28 March 1904 in a Telugu-speaking family in a tiny hamlet near Repalle, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh. His parents were Ramalinga Sarma and Venkata Lakshmamba. His maternal grandmother adopted him and took him to her native village, Gonugur, near Kuppam and later to Chittoor. He took up studies with a scholarship provided by the Tirupati Devasthanam and took his degree in Chittoor.
After working as a clerk in a government office, Nagayya became a journalist with Andhra Patrika. Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru influenced him and he participated in the freedom struggle (Dandi Satyagraha) in 1930, later going on to work for some gramophone companies including Hutchins as well as attending the Gowhati Congress conclave with S. Srinivasa Iyyengar. He was married to Jaya Lakshmi, but she died giving birth to a daughter a year after. He then married Girija, and she too died due to miscarriage in the eighth month. His first daughter died of an undiagnosed illness. He then participated in long stays at Ramana Maharshi Ashram. He had family in Tirupati who are his brother's (Vuppaladadiyam Subrahmanya Sarma) son, Vuppaladadiyam S. Haragopal and daughters (Late Amruthavalli and Late Kusuma), Lakshmi Narasimha and their children, Vuppaladadiyam Shyam Sundar and Vuppaladadiyam Pavan Kumar.
- National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu (director) – 1964 for Ramadasu
- State Awards
- Abinava Thyagaraju by the Maharaja of Travancore.
- Best Actor Award by the Andhra Film Journalists Association
- Felicitated by a life size statue in Panagal Park, Chennai after his demise.
|1940||Viswa Mohini||A Film Director||Telugu|
|1941||Ashok Kumar||King Ashoka||Tamil|
|1943||Chenchu Lakshmi||Chenchu Lakshmi's Father||Telugu|
|1945||Meera||King of Mewar||Hindi / Tamil|
|1950||Ezhai Padum Padu||Kandan||Tamil|
|1955||Kanavaney Kankanda Deivam||Tamil|
|1956||Tenali Ramakrishna||Mahamantri Thimmarusu||Telugu|
|1956||Pennin Perumai||Zamindar, father of Ragunathan / Nagendran||Tamil|
|1956||Bhaktha Markandeya||Tamil, Telugu, Kannada|
|1957||Ambikapathy||Raja Kulothunga Chola I, the father of Amaravathi||Tamil|
|1958||Ettuku Pai Ettu||Telugu|
|1959||Sahodhari||Pazhani, father of Chandiran and Meena||Tamil|
|1960||Sri Venkateswara Mahatyam||Bhavaji||Telugu|
|1961||Sri Seetha Rama Kalyanam||Dasarathudu||Telugu|
|1961||Intiki Deepam Illale||Telugu|
|1961||Vagdanam||Vishwanatham (Vijaya's father)||Telugu|
|1961||Nichaya Thamboolam||Ramanna, a teacher who is the father of Seetha (Jamuna)||Tamil|
|1961||Kappalottiya Thamizhan||Ulaganatha Pillai||Tamil|
|1962||Gaali Medalu||Ranganatham the father of Krishna (NTR)||Telugu|
|1962||Shantinivasam||Ramadasu the father of four children||Telugu|
|1963||Sri Krishnarjuna Yudham||Akroora||Telugu|
|1963||Lava Kusa||Valmiki Maharshi||Telugu|
|1963||Naan Vanangum Dheivam||Tamil|
|1963||Naanum Oru Penn||Tamil|
|1963||Karpagam||The father of Amudha (Savitri)||Tamil|
|1964||Kai Koduttha Dheivam||Father of Latha||Tamil|
|1964||Annapurna||Father of Annapurna||Kannada|
|1964||Devatha||Father of Prasad||Telugu|
|1965||Satya Harishchandra||Vasistha Maharshi||Telugu|
|1965||Enga Veetu Penn||Tamil|
|1965||Sri Simhachala Kshetra Mahima||Father of Pururava||Telugu|
|1966||Sri Krishna Pandaviyam||Telugu|
|1966||Paramanandayya Sishyula Katha||Paramanandaiah||Telugu|
|1966||Motor Sundaram Pillai||Tamil|
|1966||Bhakta Potana||Vyasa Maharshi||Telugu|
|1966||Aastiparulu||Diwan to Zamindar||Telugu|
|1966||Sadhu Mirandal||Priest Micheal||Tamil||(Special Appearance)|
|1966||Saraswati Sabatham||Vidhyapathy father||Tamil|
|1967||Kanchukota||Raja Rajendra Bhupathi||Telugu|
|1967||Private Master||Father of Private Master||Telugu|
|1967||Marapurani Kadha||Madhava Rao||Telugu|
|1968||Ramu||Tamil / Telugu|
|1968||Deva kanya (1968 film)||Telugu|
|1968||Thillana Mohanambal||Shanmugasundaram's Nadaswara Guru||Tamil|
|1968||Niluvu Dopidi||Swamiji the director of an orphanage||Telugu|
|1969||Nam Naadu||The school master Kandhaya||Tamil|
|1970||Akka Chellelu||Second judge||Telugu|
|1970||Kaalam Vellum||(Guest Appearance)|
|1970||Thalli Thandrulu||Raobahadur Perumallu||Telugu|
|1970||Raman Ethanai Ramanadi||Director Nagaiya||Tamil|
|1971||Sri Krishna Satya||Telugu|
|1971||Jeevitha Chakram||Father of Raja (NTR)||Telugu|
|1971||Pavitra Hrudayalu||Zamindar Bhujanga Rao||Telugu|
|1972||Sampoorna Ramayanam||Vasishta Mahamuni||Telugu|
|1972||Iddaru Ammayilu||Laxman Rao||Telugu|
|1973||Sampoorna Ramayan||Vashisht Muni|
|1974||Sivagamiyin Selvan||Church Father||Tamil|
|1976||Tu Hi Ram Tu Hi Krishna|
|1976||Ennai Pol Oruvan||Sundaramoorthy's Father||Tamil||(final film role)|
- Composer and play back singer
|1938||Gruhalakshmi||Lendu Bharata Veerulara|
|1953||Prapancham||Anta Kooleelam Manamanta Kooleelam, Premasudha Sarasilo Hamsalamai|
|1953||Sangham||Jati Bhedam Samasipoda|
|1954||Maa Gopi||Sanubhoothiye Leda Jagatini, Amma Krishnamma Apacharamemitamma|
|1956||Bhakta Markandeya||Om Namasivaya, Jaya Jaya Sankara Sambasadasiva|
|1956||Naga Panchami||Sambho Mahadeva|
|1956||Muddu Bidda||Itulela Chesavaya O Devadeva|
|1956||Tenali Ramakrishna||Gandupilli Menu Marichi|
|1956||Tenali Ramakrishna||"Putrile Pambirukkum...Kottaiyile Oru Kaalatthile"|
|1957||Nala Damayanti||Ghorambaina Daavagni Keelakerayai|
|1957||Panduranga Mahatyam||Jaya Jaya Gokula Bala, Sannuti Seyave Manasa|
|1962||Swarnamanjari||Madhuramaina Guru Deevena|
|1967||Maa Vadina||Suthudilu Peeda Mandiramu (poem)|
|1967||Poola Rangadu||Chillara Rallaku Mokkutu Unte Chedipoduvura|
- Playback singer
- Ramadasu (1964)
- Tenali Raman
- Gumasta (1953/II) (playback singer and composer)
- Naa Illu (1953) (playback singer and composer)
- Yogi Vemana (1947) (playback singer and composer)
- Thyagayya (1946) (playback singer and composer)
- Swargaseema (1945) (playback singer and composer)
- Bhakta Potana (1942) (playback singer and composer)
- Devatha (1941) (playback singer and composer)
- Sumangali (1940) (playback singer and composer)
- Viswa Mohini (1940) (playback singer)
- Vande Mataram (1939) (playback singer and composer)
- Gruhalakshmi (1938) (playback singer)
- Director (partial filmography)
- Producer (partial filmography)
- Naa Illu (1953)
- Writer (partial filmography)
- Thyagayya (1946)
- Muthiah, S. (23 May 2010). "Madras miscellany". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
- "Paul Muni of India – Chittoor V.Nagayya". Bharatjanani.com. 6 May 2011. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
- "Acting Mentor". The New Indian Express.
- Autobiography – Chittor V. Nagaiah, RK Books, Hyderabad, 2004.
- "Chittoor Nagaiah statue to be installed in Tirupati". The Hindu. 18 July 2006.
- "Chittoor Nagaiah statue to be installed in Tirupati". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 18 July 2006. Archived from the original on 5 August 2011.
- "Chittoor V. Nagaiah – A Monograph". Archived from the original on 1 January 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Nagaiah – noble, humble and kind-hearted". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 8 April 2005. Archived from the original on 25 November 2005.
- Chittoor V. Nagaiah: A Monograph
- Umashanker, K. (9 September 2014). "Mahati Kalakshetram to retain Chittoor Nagaiah's name". The Hindu.