Punjabi festivals (Pakistan)

Muslims form the majority religious community in Pakistan.[1] Punjabi Muslims celebrate a number of religious and cultural festivals:

List and description of Islamic festivalsEdit

Religious festivals are determined by the Islamic calendar.

List and description of festivals observed at shrinesEdit

The festivals held at shrines are determined by the Islamic calendar and the Punjabi calendar.

List and description of cultural festivalsEdit

Cultural festivals are determined by the Gregorian calendar or the Punjabi calendar.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ingvar Svanberg, David Westerlund (2012) Islam Outside the Arab World. Routledge. [1]
  2. ^ The News International (14.05.2017) Shab-e-Barat observed [2]
  3. ^ Mohiuddin, Yasmeen Niaz (2007) Pakistan: A Global Studies Handbook. ABC-CLIO [3]
  4. ^ |--||[[Eid-ul-Fitr] Eid-ul-Azha holidays announced (06.09.2016) Dunya News
  5. ^ 1998 provincial census report of Punjab (2001) Population Census Organization[4]
  6. ^ Barbara DuMoulin, Sylvia Sikundar (1998) Celebrating Our Cultures: Language Arts Activities for Classroom Teachers. Pembroke Publishers Limited [5]
  7. ^ Bhalla,Kartar Singh 2005) Let's Know Festivals of India. Star Publications [6]
  8. ^ Guide to Lahore. Ferozsons
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  10. ^ The Nation. (25.01.2013) City celebrates Eid Miladun Nabi
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  12. ^ Paracha, Nadeem. F. Dawn (02.02.2017) Pakistan: The lesser-known histories of an ancient land [9]
  13. ^ Jean, Calmard (2011). "AZĀDĀRĪ". iranicaonline.
  14. ^ Martín, Richard C. (2004). Encyclopedia of Islam & the Muslim World. Macmillan Reference USA. p. 488.
  15. ^ The Nation (26.10.2016) Punjab marks Ashura with fervour amid tight security [10]
  16. ^ Nagendra Kr Singh (2001) Encyclopaedia of Muslim Biography: S-Z. A.P.H. Pub. Corp[11]
  17. ^ Dalbir Singh Dhillon (1988(Sikhism, Origin and Development. Atlantic Publishers & Distri[12]
  18. ^ Folk Heritage of Pakistan (1977)Institute of Folk Heritage [13]
  19. ^ Wach, Joachim (1948). "Spiritual Teachings in Islam: A Study". The Journal of Religion. University of Chicago Press. 28 (4): 263–80. ISSN 1549-6538. JSTOR 1199083 – via JSTOR.
  20. ^ Nichloson, Reynold (2000). Kashf al-Mahjub of al-Hajvari. E.J.W. GIBB MEMORIAL.
  21. ^ Folk Religion Change and Continuity by H S Bhatti Rawat Publications ISBN 81-7033-608-2
  22. ^ "Sakhi Sarwar: The shrine on the mountain - Multimedia - DAWN.COM". dawn.com. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  23. ^ Folk Heritage of Pakistan (1977)Institute of Folk Heritage [14]
  24. ^ Mir, Farina (2010) The Social Space of Language: Vernacular Culture in British Colonial Punjab. University of California Press [15]
  25. ^ The Nation (12.10.2016) Baba Farid Urs concludes [16]
  26. ^ Pakpattan and Baba Farid Ganj-i-Shakar, by Muhammad Abdullah Caghtai. Kitab Khana Nauras, 1968.
  27. ^ Dawn (24.09.2013) Urs of Waris Shah begins [17]
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  29. ^ Ali, Sarwat (28.08.2016) TNS. The mantra of authenticity [19]
  30. ^ Ammons, Elizabeth and Roy, Modhumita (2015) Sharing the Earth: An International Environmental Justice Reader. University of Georgia Press,[20]
  31. ^ Chaudhry, Nazir Ahmad (1998) Lahore: Glimpses of a Glorious Heritage. Sang-e-Meel Publications [21]
  32. ^ Marian Rengel (2004) Pakistan: A Primary Source Cultural Guide. The Rosen Publishing Group[22]
  33. ^ Dawn (05.03.2015) Horse and Cattle Show stages comeback [23]
  34. ^ Yaqoob Khan Bangash (26.02.2017) TNS News.Lyallpur, literary festivals and language[24]
  35. ^ Statistical Pocket-book of Pakistan (2012) Manager of Publications. [25]
  36. ^ Statistical Pocket-book of Pakistan (2012) Manager of Publications. [26]
  37. ^ Huma Jalil Abbas (2006) Pakistan the Land and Its Culture. Pakistan National Council of the Arts. [27]
  38. ^ Abbasi, v (1992) Pakistani culture: a profile. National Institute of Historical and Cultural Research [28]
  39. ^ M. Siddiq Kalim (2006) As memories come. Ferozsons[29]
  40. ^ Pakistan Today (08 April 2016) Punjabi Parchar spreads colours of love at Visakhi Mela
  41. ^ A fair dedicated to animal lovers (20.04.2009) Dawn
  42. ^ http://faisalabadartscouncil.gov.pk/fac/vaisakhi-mela-2014/
  43. ^ The Express Tribune (18.04.2017) Annual Lok Mela comes to an end [30]
  44. ^ Agnes Ziegler, Akhtar Mummunka (2006) The final Frontier: unique photographs of Pakistan. Sang-e-Meel Publications [31]
  45. ^ Khawar Mumtaz, Yameema Mitha, Bilquis Tahira (2003) Pakistan: Tradition and Change. Oxfam [32]
  46. ^ Abbas, Huma Jalil (2006) Pakistan the Land and Its Culture. Pakistan National Council of the Arts [33]
  47. ^ The Sikh World: An Encyclopedia Survey of Sikh Religion and Culture: Ramesh Chander Dogra and Urmila Dogra; ISBN 81-7476-443-7
  48. ^ DND.com (02.01.2017) Basant to be celebrated in Lahore after security clearance: Minister [34]
  49. ^ PT (07.02.2017) Punjab govt says ‘NO’ to Basant festival[35]