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Urs (from Arabic: عرس), is an Arabic word which not only mean Wedding Ceremony whether of a man or a woman. عُرس also has derived words like عروسہ which means a Bride but also sometimes on special occasion is referred to passing away of auliya Allah (intimate friends of God). One of the famous Novel's title is مراة العروس, written by Deputy Nazir Ahmed. مراة العروس means Mirror of Brides. for more clarifications kindly see following pages of Urdu and Arabic Dictionaries.
1- Al-Munjad (المنجد﴿ most Authentic Arabic to Urdu Dictionary page 550. 2- Farhang e Amira Page 420 3- Fahang e Asfiyah Volume 3 Page 268 4- Lughaat e Kishori page 317
Deobandis view is that no etymology towards "Urs" meaning Death Anniversary. This misconception is because, generally people do not know that actually عرس or Urs of a saint has no authenticity in Islam, being an innovation (Bid'ah). This view is according to deobandi movement which was established recently in 1867 in the muslim umma after the wake of the failed Sepoy Rebellion in northern India, but not all bida (innovation) are prohibited according to sharia law and the prophetic traditions and the major scholars view. Some examples are:
Kullu bida'tin daiala: "Every innovation is a misguidance"? Doesn't the term "every" include all innovations?" Such an objection stems from the misinterpretation of the term kull ("every") in the Hadith to be all encompassing without exception, whereas in Arabic it may mean "Nearly all" or "the vast majority." This is how al-Shafi'i understood it or else he would have never allowed for any innovation whatsoever to be considered good, and he is considered a hujja or "Proof," that is, reference without peer for questions regarding the Arabic language. The stylistic figure of meaning the part by the whole, or nechdoche in English is in Arabic: 'abbara 'an al-kathratf bi at-kulliyya. This is illustrated by the use of kull in the following verse 46:25 of the Quran in a selective or partial sense not a universal sense: "Destroying all things by commandment of its Lord. And morning found them so that naught could be seen save their dwellings". Thus, the dwellings were not destroyed although "all" things had been destroyed. "All" here means specifically the lives of the unbelievers of 'Ad and their properties except their houses.
"He who inaugurates a good practice (sanna fil-islam sunnatun hasana) in Islam earns the reward of it, and of all who perform it after him, without diminishing their own rewards in the least. "— Prophet Muhammad, Tirmizi, Page 92
In other words, the word Urs according to the majority of muslim umma refers to the day of the passing away of the noble Saints and Prophets. The word Urs has been taken from the Hadith: “Sleep just like the bride (Uroos).” The Angels say to the Pious in the grave, “Sleep with restfulness and comfort just like a bride.” Because these angels have called them ‘Uroos’ on that date, it therefore becomes the day of ‘Urs’. Another reason is because, on this day, the angels will reveal the beauty and splendor of prophet Muhammad and ask him, “What did you say about this man?” He will reply, “He is the Uroos (adorned personality) of all creation. The entire creation has attained splendor through him.” Meeting the beloved is the day of ‘Urs’, and it is for this reason that the day is called Urs.
On the day of the passing away of a Saint or on a specific date, their admirers, disciples, followers and relatives assemble together at the grave of the Saint to make esal-e-sawab, obtain spiritual benefit and celebrate the anniversary with rejoice.
The object of fixing the day and time of Urs is that the people become aware of this auspicious occasion. There is no harm in fixing the date and visiting the graves in gathering in fact this proven practice of prophet as cited in the forth coming sections.
Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlwi has written that if the day of Urs is meant for invocation or reminding for the deceased one, there is no harm. That gives benefit to the living as well as the deceased ones.
- [Mishkaat, Baabu Ithbaatil-Qabr]
- Fatawa Aziziyah
- Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani
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