Port of San Diego
The Port of San Diego is a self-supporting public-benefit corporation established in 1962 by an act of the California State Legislature. It is located on San Diego Bay in southwestern San Diego County, California. In addition to port activities, the Port District controls San Diego Bay and owns and manages the Bay's immediate waterfront under the state's Tidelands Trust.
|Port of San Diego|
Aerial view of the Port of San Diego, showing three cruise ships and the USS Midway Museum
|Opened||December 18, 1962|
|Owned by||San Diego Unified Port District|
|Annual cargo tonnage||2,873,613|
|Annual container volume||823,560|
The U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics has ranked the Port of San Diego as one of America's top 30 U.S. containership ports bringing in nearly 3,000,000 metric tons (3,000,000 long tons; 3,300,000 short tons) of cargo per year through the Tenth Avenue Marine Terminal and the National City Marine Terminal. Together with the National City Marine Terminal, the Port of San Diego is the primary port of entry for Honda, Fiat, Audi, Mazda, Acura, Isuzu, Volkswagen, Nissan, Mitsubishi Fuso, and Hino Motors into America. The Port holds a 24 1/2-year lease with Dole Food Company bringing in much of the country's banana crop. It is also the third-busiest cruise ship port in California.
The Port is governed by a seven-member Board of Port Commissioners. One commissioner each is appointed by the city councils of Chula Vista, Coronado, Imperial Beach and National City, and three commissioners are appointed by the San Diego City Council. The Board establishes policies under which the Port's staff – supervised by the Executive Director – conducts its daily operation.
The San Diego Unified Port District was created in 1962 after the California State legislature passed Senate Bill 41 and the San Diego County Board of Supervisors certified it. In 1964 voters approved a $10.9 million bond for capital improvements. Improvements included the development of a new air terminal, preparation for Harbor Island to be leased, and construction of a new cargo terminal in National City. In 1970, the first cruise ship to offer scheduled cruises out of San Diego since the creation of the Port began making 10-day trips to Mexico. In 1980 the Port, in an effort to improve the ecological balance of the Bay, completed a wildlife refuge in Chula Vista. In 1983 the San Diego Cruise Industry Consortium was formed to promote San Diego as a cruise destination and homeport. Three years later the B Street Pier Cruise Ship Terminal was officially dedicated. That year over 26,000 passengers embarked and disembarked at the terminal. In 1989, the Port-funded, $165 million, waterfront San Diego Convention Center opened.
In 1990, The Pasha Group began importing vehicles (Isuzus) at the National City Marine Terminal. A total of 15,589 vehicle units were imported the first year. Pasha now imports over 400,000 vehicles annually. In 1993, the Port and Tenth Avenue Cold Storage Company celebrated the grand opening of San Diego's first on-dock cold storage facility, built for $11 million, at the Tenth Avenue Marine Terminal. In 2001, the Board of Port Commissioners announced a 20-year lease with Dole Food Company. This signified the Port's entry into the refrigerated containerized cargo market. Dole ships 1.8 billion pounds of bananas annually. In 2012, the Port signed a new lease with Dole Food Company for an additional 24 1/2 years.
The Port of San Diego administers two marine cargo facilities, Tenth Avenue Marine Terminal and National City Marine Terminal. The Tenth Avenue Marine Terminal is a 96 acres (39 ha) multi-purpose eight berth facility. Inbound cargo includes refrigerated commodities, fertilizer, cement, break bulk commodities, and forest products. The terminal features an on-dock state-of-the-art 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2) square foot cold storage facility warehousing a variety of fresh produce and other perishables. The National City Marine Terminal is a 125 acres (0.51 km2) seven berth facility operated by The Pasha Group, which processed over 450,000 vehicles during fiscal year 2016. The National City Marine Terminal serves as the primary port of entry for Honda, Acura, Isuzu, Volkswagen, Nissan, Mitsubishi Fuso, and Hino Motors.
The Port's main cruise facility is located downtown. The main facility, at B Street Pier in downtown San Diego, along North Harbor Drive, has three cruise berths. The Port also redeveloped the historic Broadway Pier to create a second cruise-ship pier and terminal, which opened in December 2010.
As of 2019 San Diego is the third-busiest cruise port in California. Three cruise lines home-port in San Diego: Holland America, Celebrity Cruises, and Disney Cruise Line. Holland America uses San Diego as a home port during the winter season. Disney Cruise Line has seasonal Mexican cruises in the spring and fall, as well as a Panama Canal cruise at the end of the visit. Carnival Cruise Lines used to operate from San Diego, but no longer does so after April 2012. Multiple other cruise lines use San Diego as a port of call.
The Port of San Diego experienced a 44-percent growth in cruise calls between 2002 and 2006, growing from 122 to 219 calls. Passenger numbers more than doubled in that time, from 276,000 in 2002 to 619,000 in 2006. Cruise ship business peaked in 2008, when the Port hosted 252 ship calls and more than 800,000 passengers. By 2011, the number of ship calls had fallen to 103, a decline blamed on the slumping economy as well as fear of travel to Mexico due to well-publicized violence there. The Mexican government worked to improve the Mexican Riviera destination as well as public safety, driving a return of consumer demand. In 2016, the Port of San Diego's cruise business began an expected rebound, largely driven by growth in business for Holland America Cruise Line and Disney Cruise Lines. The number of ship calls grew from 68 in the 2014-2015 season to 102 in the 2015-2016 season. In 2019-2020 the Port expects approximately 92 cruise calls and nearly 300,000 passengers.
Ships sometimes make unscheduled stops in San Diego because of storm warnings along the Mexico cruise route. During one such diverted call in 2018, San Diego hosted the largest cruise ship ever to dock in San Diego, the 4,500-passenger Norwegian Bliss. The largest ships that normally call in San Diego hold 3,000 passengers.
Environmental stewardship is a key role the Port of San Diego plays. The Port engages in public education for both adults and school children regarding pollution prevention. The Port protects San Diego bay through stormwater management and endangered species management. In addition, the bay is protected and improved through removal of hazardous waste and contaminated sediments.
Real estate is one of five strategic activity areas of the Port of San Diego. The Port currently administers approximately 800 separate business agreements. Revenue from real estate assets and developments, primarily building and ground rents and concession fees, was approximately $96 million in FY 2014-2015. The Port of San Diego collects rents from many hotels, restaurants, parking facilities, yacht clubs, etc. around San Diego Bay.
San Diego Bay is home to many large-scale luxury hotels. The Port of San Diego is the landlord for 17 hotels, including the 40-story Manchester Grand Hyatt Hotel and the 25-story San Diego Marriott Marquis & Marina. An 18th hotel, the San Diego Intercontinental, began construction in June 2016 on the downtown waterfront and opened in September 2018, bringing the InterContinental brand back to the San Diego market after a 30-year absence. The Port also hosts hotels in Point Loma, Harbor Island, and Shelter Island.
There are currently three shipyards on San Diego Bay, National Steel and Shipbuilding Company (NASSCO), Continental Maritime of San Diego (Huntington Ingalls), and Southwest Marine (BAE Systems). NASSCO is the largest new-construction shipyard on the west coast of the United States; "specializing in auxiliary and support ships for the U.S. Navy and oil tankers and dry cargo carriers for commercial markets."
The San Diego Harbor Police Department is the law enforcement authority for the Port of San Diego. Harbor Police is the premier police presence in the San Diego Bay, the San Diego International Airport and on all Port Tidelands. Harbor Police jurisdiction extends through the Port's five member cities: Chula Vista, Coronado, Imperial Beach, National City and San Diego.
The Harbor Police Department is responsible for Public Safety and Homeland Security on land, sea and in the air. It provides the highest level of security to the entire Port Tidelands and plays an integral role in homeland security.
Every sworn Harbor Police Officer is outfitted with a Patrol Rifle, Firefighting and HAZMAT Protective Equipment. Officers are fully sworn Peace Officers in the State of California and Certified Marine Firefighters.
The Harbor Police utilizes specialized units to provide high-level security operations which includes;
• Dive Rescue Team - the premier Police Dive Unit serving the San Diego Region for; Underwater Investigations, Rescue, Underwater Hazardous Device Detection, Body Recovery and bring a complement of advanced underwater technology not typically found on a Public Safety Dive Team such as specialized sonar and robotic technology.
• Explosive K-9 Unit - these highly trained Dog Handlers and their Canine Partners are the primary response for explosive detection at the San Diego International Airport and serve the San Diego Region for Mutual Aid.
• Task-Force Officers - Harbor Police Officers may also be assigned to regional special task forces such as the FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force, Narcotics Task Forces and Maritime Task Forces.
- "About the Port of San Diego". Port of San Diego. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- "BTS Publications (Alphabetical List) - Bureau of Transportation Statistics". bts.gov.
- 40 Fact reflecting 40 Years of Service Archived 2007-11-11 at the Wayback Machine at portofsandiego.org
- Maritime Fact Sheet at portofsandiego.org
- San Diego Unified Port District Annual Report 2007
- "New Cruise Ship Terminal Opens". San Diego 6 News. December 17, 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
- Concepcion, Mariel (February 5, 2019). "Port of San Diego to Welcome Two Inaugural Cruise Calls". San Diego Business Journal. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- San Diego Unified Port District Annual Report 2006
- San Diego Metro Magazine
- "Carnival Cruise Lines pulling out of San Diego". San Diego Union Tribune. January 13, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
- "Crippled cruise ship docks in San Diego". UPI. November 11, 2010. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- Weisberg, Lois (October 24, 2018). "San Diego gets its biggest cruise ship ever — thanks to hurricane". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- Weisberg, Lori (September 10, 2018). "InterContinental returns to San Diego's skyline". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- "General Dynamics NASSCO". nassco.com.