Coronado is a resort city located in San Diego County, California, across the San Diego Bay from downtown San Diego. It was founded in the 1880s and since the mid 1980's has been mistakenly been called "Coronado Island". Its population was 24,697 at the 2010 census, up from 24,100 at the 2000 census.
|City of Coronado|
The Hotel del Coronado in December 2008
|Nickname(s): "The Crown City"|
Location of Coronado in San Diego County, California.
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||December 11, 1890|
|• Mayor||Richard Bailey(R)|
|• Total||32.67 sq mi (84.60 km2)|
|• Land||7.93 sq mi (20.54 km2)|
|• Water||24.73 sq mi (64.06 km2) 75.72%|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||25,952|
|• Density||3,272.22/sq mi (1,263.41/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||92118, 92178|
|GNIS feature IDs||1660513, 2410233|
Many people mistakenly say that Coronado lies on the geographic combination of an island and a tombolo connected to the mainland by a tombolo called the Silver Strand. Coronado is not a tied island, and it is not connected by a tombolo. For Coronado to be called a "Tied Island" there would have to be a record of it having been an island before it became "tied". That record does not exist. The first explorer to map and name Coronado (Sebastian Vizcaino) drew a map which clearly showed Coronado as an peninsula in 1602. He named the land mass Coronado. In 2012, Dr. Stephen Leatherman, Director of the Laboratory for Coastal Research, ranked Coronado Beach as the best beach in the United States.
Coronado was incorporated as a town on December 11, 1890. The land was purchased by Elisha Spurr Babcock, along with Hampton L. Story, and Jacob Gruendike. Their intention was to create a resort community, and in 1886, the Coronado Beach Company was organized. By 1888, they had built the Hotel del Coronado, and the city became a major resort destination. They also built a schoolhouse, and formed athletic, boating, and baseball clubs.
In 1900, a tourist/vacation area just south of the Hotel del Coronado was established by John D. Spreckels and named Tent City. Over the years the tents gave way to cottages, the last of which was torn down in late 1940 or early 1941.
In the 1910s, Coronado had streetcars running on Orange Avenue. These streetcars became a fixture of the city until their retirement in 1939.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.7 square miles (85 km2); 20.5 km² (7.9 mi²) of the city is land and 24.7 square miles (64 km2) of it (75.72%) is water.
Geographically, Coronado is a peninsula. It is not an "island", nor is it a tied Island. For it to be a "tied island" it would have to have been an "island" (surrounded by water) at some point (there is no record of that). Coronado is a peninsula, connected to the mainland by a strip of land called the Silver Strand. The Silver Stand is not a tombolo. A tombolo has to have attached what was once an "island" to the mainland. Again, there is no record of Coronado ever being an "island". The Silver Strand, Coronado, and North Island (again not an island), form San Diego Bay. Originally, Coronado was mostly separated from North Island by a shallow inlet of water called the Spanish Bight, but just like Coronado, North Island was never completely surrounded by water. The development of North Island by the United States Navy prior to and during World War II led to the filling of the bight by July 1944, combining the land areas into a single body. The Navy still operates Naval Air Station North Island (NASNI or "North Island") on Coronado. On the southern side of the town is Naval Amphibious Base Coronado, a training center for Navy SEALs and Special warfare combatant-craft crewmen (SWCC). Both facilities are part of the larger Naval Base Coronado complex. There has been localized development of the coastline. The "Country Club" area on the northwest side of Coronado, the "Glorietta" area and golf course on the South East side of Coronado, most of the Naval Amphibious Base Coronado, most of the Strand Naval Housing, and most of the Coronado Cays (all on the South East side of Coronado) were built on dirt dredged from San Diego Bay.
On New Year's Day 1937, during the Great Depression, the gambling ship SS Monte Carlo, known for "drinks, dice, and dolls", was shipwrecked on the beach about a quarter mile south of the Hotel del Coronado.
In 1969, the San Diego–Coronado Bridge was opened, allowing much faster transit between the cities than bay ferries or driving via State Route 75 along the Silver Strand. The city is currently[when?] weighing the options of additional construction on Highway 75 to alleviate congestion as traffic flows to and from San Diego and North Island.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Coronado city had a population of 24,697.
As of the 2000 census, there were 24,100 people, 7,734 households, and 4,934 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,121.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,205.3/km²). There were 9,494 housing units at an average density of 1,229.8 per square mile (474.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.40% White, 5.15% African American, 0.66% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 3.14% from other races, and 2.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.83% of the population.
There were 7,734 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the city, the population was spread out with 16.0% under the age of 18, 20.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 139.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 149.1 males.
48.2% of those age 25 and over have a bachelor's degree or higher. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city is $91,748, and the median income for a family is $119,205.
Real estate in the city of Coronado is very expensive. According to a recent county-wide zip code chart published in The San Diego Union-Tribune in August 2006, the median cost of a single-family home within the city's zip code of 92118 was $1,605,000. In 2010, Forbes.com found that the median home price in Coronado had risen to $1,840,665.
Government and politicsEdit
Coronado is governed by a city council, which is presided over by a directly-elected mayor. The mayor and councilmembers serve 4-year terms. Council designates one of its members as Mayor Pro Tempore.
In the California State Legislature, Coronado is in the 39th Senate District, represented by Democrat Toni Atkins, and in the 78th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Todd Gloria. In the United States House of Representatives, Coronado is located in California's 52nd congressional district, which has a Cook partisan voting index of D+2 and is represented by Democrat Scott Peters.
Tourism is an essential component of Coronado's economy. This city is home to three major resorts (Hotel del Coronado, Coronado Island Marriott and Loews Coronado Bay Resort) as well as several other hotels and inns. The downtown district along Orange Avenue with its many shops, restaurants and theaters is also a key part of the local economy. Many of the restaurants are highly rated and provide a wide variety of cuisine choices.
Hotel del CoronadoEdit
Coronado is home to the famous Hotel del Coronado, built in 1888 and long considered one of the world's top resorts. It is listed as a National Historic Landmark and has hosted many notable guests, including: the American presidents George H. W. Bush, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, Gerald Ford, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Howard Taft, as well as Muhammad Ali, Jack Dempsey, Thomas Edison, Magic Johnson, Charles Lindbergh, Willie Mays, and Babe Ruth.
Famous actresses, Mary Pickford and Marilyn Monroe also stayed there.
"The Del" has appeared in numerous works of popular culture and was supposedly the inspiration for the Emerald City in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. However, other sources say Oz was inspired by the "White City" of the Chicago World's Fair of 1893. Author L. Frank Baum would have been able to see the hotel from his front porch overlooking Star Park. Baum designed the crown chandeliers in the hotel's dining room. Because of the reported association with Oz, Coronado is often associated with the color green and is sometimes referred to as "The Emerald City". The colors of Coronado High are green and white; the Coronado city flag is a tricolor of green-white-green with a crown in the middle; and a local surf/skate shop is named Emerald City. The hotel is said to be haunted, with room 3372 being visited by the ghost of Kate Morgan.
Once owned locally, the Hotel Del is now owned by the Blackstone Group (60%), Strategic Hotels & Resorts Inc. (34.5%), and KSL Resorts (5.5%). When Strategic Hotels & Resorts Inc. bought its stake in 2006, the hotel was valued at $745 million; currently, the hotel is valued at roughly $590 million.
Coronado Unified School District includes Coronado Middle School (CMS), Coronado High School, Silver Strand Elementary, and Village Elementary. Coronado School of the Arts, a public school-within-a-school on the campus of Coronado High School, is also present on the island. Among the private schools are Sacred Heart Parish School and Christ Church Day School.
According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top 10 employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||United States Navy (Naval Air Station North Island, et al.)||11,000–14,999|
|2||Hotel del Coronado||1,000–4,999|
|3||Loews Coronado Bay Resort||500–999|
|4||Sharp Coronado Hospital||500–999|
|5||City of Coronado||250–499|
|6||Coronado Unified School District||250–600|
|7||Coronado Island Marriott Resort||250–499|
|10||Realty Executives Dillon||50–99|
Film and televisionEdit
- Lisa Bruce – film producer
- Johnny Downs – child actor who played "Johnny" in the Our Gang series of short films from 1923 to 1926
- Presley Hart – pornographic actress
- Lloyd Haynes – actor and television writer, known for TV series Room 222
- Mae Hotely – silent film actress who appeared in 85 films between 1911 and 1929
- Jim Kelly – martial artist and actor, starred in Enter the Dragon with Bruce Lee
- Anita Page – silent film actress
- Sarah Roemer – actress and model, starred in 2007's Disturbia with Shia LaBeouf
- Tim Thomerson – actor and comedian, known for his portrayal of Jack Deth in the Trancers film series
- Wende Wagner – actress
- William Witney – film director
- Kevin Kenner – concert pianist
- Mojo Nixon – musician and radio host
- Nick Reynolds – founding member of The Kingston Trio
- George Sanger – video game music composer
- Paul Sykes – singer
- Scott Weiland – former lead singer of Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet Revolver.
- Tina Weymouth – bassist and vocalist of Talking Heads and Tom Tom Club
- Charles T. Hinde – riverboat captain, businessman, original investor of Hotel del Coronado
- Doug Manchester – real estate developer and publisher of San Diego Union Tribune
- Orville Redenbacher – businessman behind eponymous brand of popcorn
- John D. Spreckels – transportation and real estate mogul
- Jonah Shacknai – (CEO of Medicis Pharmaceutical) and his girlfriend Rebecca Zahau
- Ira C. Copley – publisher, politician, and utility tycoon
- Townsend Griffiss, first American airman killed in Europe, following the United States's entry into World War II
- General Joseph Henry Pendleton, USMC – Mayor of Coronado from 1928 to 1930, namesake of Camp Pendleton
- Major General John H. Russell, Jr., USMC – 16th Commandant of the Marine Corps, son of Rear Admiral John Henry Russell, USN and father of Brooke Astor, noted philanthropist.
- Captain Ward Boston, USN – World War II Navy fighter pilot, then attorney for the Naval Board of Review which investigated the 1967 USS Liberty Incident
- Admiral Charles K. Duncan – USN Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic
- Admiral Leon A. Edney – USN
- Admiral Thomas B. Fargo, USN – inspiration for fictional Captain Bart Mancuso in film The Hunt for Red October
- John S. McCain, Sr. – grandfather of Arizona senator and U.S. presidential candidate John McCain
- Admiral George Stephen Morrison, USN – father of The Doors' lead singer, Jim Morrison
- Commander Alan G. Poindexter, USN – NASA astronaut and Navy test pilot
- Rear Admiral Uriel Sebree, USN – made two Arctic expeditions, was the second acting governor of American Samoa, and served as commander-in-chief of the Pacific Fleet
- Commander Earl Winfield Spencer, Jr., USN – first commanding officer of Naval Air Station San Diego
- Vice Admiral James Stockdale, USN – Medal of Honor recipient and 1992 candidate for Vice President with Ross Perot
In the late 1940s after Pearl Harbor was attacked San Diego’s military became worried and concerned due to the vastness of their military so they created an evacuation and attack plan. Their plan was to dig up the bottom of the San Diego Bay and add sand to the Silver Strand on Coronado Island, in order to expand the public beaches and to hide the second part of the plan. The second part of their plan was to bury mines and explosives under the new layer of sediment in order to create a faster evacuation for all the Naval vessels, if ever the harbor was under attack. The plan would go as follows: If the officers in charge of the amphibian bases felt they were at risk they would evacuate the Silver Strand, shut down the highway, and detonate the hidden mines in order to create a hole in to evacuate the vessels from the bay to the ocean in an orderly manner. After evacuating the harbor their next move was to attack where they were needed. There is a large portion of Silver Strand beaches owned and protected by the U.S. Navy.
Politics and governmentEdit
- Brian Bilbray – Republican politician and member of the United States House of Representatives
- Alexander Butterfield – White House deputy assistant to Richard Nixon 1969–73, a key figure in Watergate scandal
- Don Davis – politician
- Duncan Hunter – Congressman
- M. Larry Lawrence – US Ambassador to Switzerland and owner of Hotel del Coronado
- Cindy Hensley McCain – wife of Sen. John McCain
- John McCain – U.S. Senator and 2008 Republican presidential candidate
- Nathan Oakes Murphy – Republican delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona Territory and 14th governor of the Territory
- Dana Rohrabacher – Republican politician and member of United States House of Representatives
- Donald Rumsfeld – former Secretary of Defense
- George G. Siebels, Jr. – first Republican mayor of Birmingham, Alabama, born in Coronado in 1913.
- Wallis Simpson, Duchess of Windsor, American-born wife of abdicated King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom
- Layne Beaubien – 2008 Olympic silver medalist in water polo
- Cam Cameron – offensive coordinator for NFL's Baltimore Ravens, San Diego Chargers
- Chad Fox – Major League baseball pitcher for several teams, including Florida Marlins 2003 World Series championship team
- Ken Huff—former NFL player
- Fulton Kuykendall – former NFL player
- Jim Laslavic – former NFL linebacker
- Gene Rock – former professional basketball player
- Sven Salumaa – former professional tennis player
- William Thayer Tutt – past president of International Ice Hockey Federation, member of Hockey Hall of Fame
- Don Orsillo – play-by-play announcer for the San Diego Padres
Writers and poetsEdit
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "Mayor & City Council". City of Coronado, California. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.
- "Coronado". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
- "Census Bureau's acknowledgment or miscoding some of Coronado's & San Diego's census blocks" (PDF). Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Best places for the rich and single". CNN. July 13, 2009. Archived from the original on March 3, 2010. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- Watson, Julie (May 25, 2012). "California's Coronado named nation's best beach". Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- "Unknown". Archived from the original on May 25, 2007.
- "The Home of the San Diego Historic Class 1Streetcars". Sandiegohistoricstreetcars.org. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- Linder, Bruce (2001). San Diego's Navy. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 125. ISBN 1-55750-531-4.
- Graham, David E (January 2, 2007). "Busting the House: Casino Boat Drashed into Coronado 70 Years Ago". SignOnSanDiego. San Diego: Union Tribune. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
- "Coronado, California Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Site Map – Coronado Chamber of Commerce". Coronadochamber.com. June 21, 2010. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- CNN Money on August 17, 2011 at 1:25 pm View Article (August 17, 2011). "CNNMoney Ranks Coronado #8: Best Places for the Rich & Single – Coronado Island". money.cnn.com. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- Ewalt, David (September 27, 2010). "Forbes Luxury Housing Index". Forbes.
- "Coronado California". Code Publishing Company. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 – Report of Registration Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2014-09-06.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
- "Partisan Voting Index: Districts of the 113th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- "California's 52nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "Coronado Chamber of Commerce". Coronadochamber.com. June 21, 2010. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "California Resort Life". California Resort Life. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- Chicago Tribune, August 30, 2009 Archived September 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Larson, Erik, The Devil in the White City, page 373, Vintage Books, New York, 2003, ISBN 0-375-72560-1
- "Crown Room". KSL Resorts (Hotel del Coronado). Retrieved February 20, 2011.
- "Historic Hotel del Coronado acquired by Travelers affiliate". findarticles.com. Business Wire. September 12, 1996. Retrieved October 20, 2008.[permanent dead link]
- Hudson, Kris (February 7, 2011). "Deal for Historic San Diego Hotel Adds Blackstone, Cashes Out KKR". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
- "City of Coronado Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). June 30, 2012. p. 154. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
- Casual Conversation with Presley Hart Archived December 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Porn Life Magazine September 2012
- San Diego Metropolitan – San Diego Scene – March 2002 Archived February 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- McLellan, Dennis (March 18, 2002). "Obituaries; William Witney, 86; B-Movie Action Director". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- San Diego CityBeat – They fought the law Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Davis, Kristina; Littlefield, Dana; Repart, Pauline (September 2, 2011), "Shacknai, family speak out on mansion suicide ruling", San Diego Union-Tribune, retrieved September 9, 2011
- Selgi-Harrigan, Alessandra (2015-12-15). "From Mansion To Hotel, The Glorietta Bay Inn Remains A Landmark". Coronado Eagle & Journal. Coronado, CA. Retrieved 2016-06-15.
- "LEON A EDNEY – CORONADO, CA 92118 – Money, Government Contracts in 2004–1037 ENCINO ROW". Governmentcontractswon.com. January 13, 2004. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- Hunter got break on taxes for home. San Diego Union Tribune, October 8, 2006.
- Turegano, Preston. "Cindy McCain – San Diego Magazine – August 2007 – San Diego, California". San Diego Magazine. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- Nagourney, Adam (May 3, 2007). "G.O.P. Contenders Ponder What to Say About Bush". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- "DefenseLink News Transcript: Secretary Rumsfeld Interview with Roger Hedgecock, Newsradio 600 KOGO". Defenselink.mil. Retrieved September 2, 2011.