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The honorary title Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (Russian: Летчик-космонавт СССР) was a state award of the Soviet Union presented to all cosmonauts who flew for the Soviet Space Agency. Usually accompanying the distinction was the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the highest title that could be awarded to a Soviet citizen for performing heroic deeds while in service of the state.

Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
Летчик-космонавт СССР.jpg
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (obverse)
Awarded by  Soviet Union
TypeHonorary title
EligibilitySoviet citizens
Awarded forSpace flight
StatusNo longer awarded
Statistics
Established16 April 1961
Total awarded72
RelatedPilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation
First man in space Yuri Gagarin, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" #1 (1964 photo)
First woman in space Valentina Tereshkova, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" #6 (1969 photo)
Veteran of three space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Valery Ryumin (1998 photo)
Veteran of three space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Viktor Gorbatko (2011 photo)
Veteran of six space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Sergei Krikalev (2004 photo)

Contents

History of the titleEdit

The title was established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on 14 April 1961.[1] It was awarded until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 where it was retained by the Law of the Russian Federation 2555-1 dated 20 March 1992[2] with a few slight amendments and renamed Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation.

Award statuteEdit

The title was assigned by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet for the outstanding feat of space flight. The insignia of Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR is worn on the right side of the chest above orders and decorations.[1] If worn with honorary titles of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence.[3]

Award descriptionEdit

The title is a 25mm wide by 23.8mm high convex pentagon with a gilt silver rim. In the center is an image of the terrestrial globe with the territory of the Soviet Union enamelled in red. A gold star denotes Moscow as the point of origin of a gilt orbital path going around the globe once to reach a silver satellite at the upper left of the globe. A second orbital path, this time enamelled in red, starts at the bottom center of the globe going up in an arc narrowing along the way to reach a gilt spacecraft above the globe. Along the upper left edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "PILOT" (Russian: ЛЕТЧИК), along the upper right edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "COSMONAUT" (Russian: КОСМОНАВТ), along the bottom edge of the pentagon under the globe, the gilt inscription "USSR" (Russian: СССР), along the left and right lower edges of the pentagon, prominent gilt laurel branches. The reverse of the insignia is plain except for the award serial number.[1]

The insignia is secured to a standard Russian square mount by a ring through the suspension loop. The award is secured to clothing with a threaded stud and nut behind the mount. The mount is covered by a silk moiré red ribbon.[1]

List of Pilot-Cosmonauts of the USSREdit

The individuals listed below have all received the honorary title "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR".[4] List is sorted by the serial number of the award.

  1. 1961 — Yuri Gagarin
  2. 1961 — Gherman Titov
  3. 1962 — Andriyan Nikolayev
  4. 1962 — Pavel Popovich
  5. 1963 — Valery Bykovsky
  6. 1963 — Valentina Tereshkova
  7. 1964 — Vladimir Komarov
  8. 1964 — Konstantin Feoktistov
  9. 1964 — Boris Yegorov
  10. 1965 — Pavel Belyayev
  11. 1965 — Alexei Leonov
  12. 1968 — Georgy Beregovoy
  13. 1969 — Vladimir Shatalov
  14. 1969 — Boris Volynov
  15. 1969 — Aleksei Yeliseyev
  16. 1969 — Yevgeny Khrunov
  17. 1969 — Georgy Shonin
  18. 1969 — Valeri Kubasov
  19. 1969 — Anatoly Filipchenko
  20. 1969 — Vladislav Volkov
  21. 1969 — Viktor Gorbatko
  22. 1970 — Vitaly Sevastyanov
  23. 1971 — Nikolay Rukavishnikov
  24. 1971 — Georgy Dobrovolsky (posthumously)
  25. 1971 — Viktor Patsayev (posthumously)
  26. 1973 — Vasily Lazarev
  27. 1973 — Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov
  28. 1973 — Pyotr Klimuk
  29. 1973 — Valentin Lebedev
  30. 1974 — Yury Artyukhin
  31. 1974 — Gennadi Sarafanov
  32. 1974 — Lev Dyomin
  33. 1975 — Aleksei Gubarev
  34. 1975 — Georgy Grechko
  35. 1976 — Vitaly Zholobov
  36. 1976 — Vladimir Aksyonov
  37. 1976 — Vyacheslav Zudov
  38. 1976 — Valery Rozhdestvensky
  39. 1977 — Yury Glazkov
  40. 1977 — Vladimir Kovalyonok
  41. 1977 — Valery Ryumin
  42. 1978 — Yury Romanenko
  43. 1978 — Vladimir Dzhanibekov
  44. 1978 — Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
  45. 1979 — Vladimir Lyakhov
  46. 1980 — Yury Malyshev
  47. 1980 — Leonid Popov
  48. 1980 — Leonid Kizim
  49. 1980 — Gennadi Strekalov
  50. 1981 — Viktor Savinykh
  51. 1982 — Aleksandr Serebrov
  52. 1982 — Svetlana Savitskaya
  53. 1982 — Anatoly Berezovoy
  54. 1983 — Vladimir Titov
  55. 1983 — Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov
  56. 1984 — Igor Volk
  57. 1984 — Vladimir Solovyov
  58. 1984 — Oleg Atkov
  59. 1985 — Vladimir Vasyutin
  60. 1985 — Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov
  61. 1987 — Aleksandr Viktorenko
  62. 1987 — Aleksandr Laveykin
  63. 1987 — Anatoli Levchenko
  64. 1988 — Anatoly Solovyev
  65. 1988 — Musa Manarov
  66. 1989 — Sergei Krikalev
  67. 1989 — Valeri Polyakov
  68. 1990 — Aleksandr Nikolayevich Balandin
  69. 1991 — Gennadi Manakov
  70. 1991 — Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasyev
  71. 1991 — Anatoly Artsebarsky
  72. 1991 — Toktar Aubakirov

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 14 April 1961" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1961-04-14. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  2. ^ "Law of the Russian Federation of 20 March 1992 No 2555-1" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Archived from the original on 7 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-02-21. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 7 September 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  4. ^ Шамсутдинов, Сергей (2013). "Знак «Лётчик-космонавт»" [Award "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR"]. Новости космонавтики. Москва: Петербургский коллекционер. Archived from the original on 2019-06-18. Retrieved 2019-06-18 – via Космическая энциклопедия ASTROnote.

External linksEdit