Orders, decorations, and medals of the Soviet Union

Awards and decorations of the Soviet Union are decorations from the former Soviet Union that recognised achievements and personal accomplishments, both military and civilian. Some of the awards, decorations, and orders were discontinued after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, while others are still issued by the Russian Federation as of 2020. Many of the awards were simply reworked in the Russian Federation, such as the transition of Hero of the Soviet Union to Hero of the Russian Federation, and Hero of Socialist Labour to Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation. A wide range of Soviet awards and decorations cover the extensive and diverse period of history from 1917 to 1991.

Coat of arms of the Soviet Union 1.svg

Honorary titlesEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded
Marshal's Star
Маршальская Звезда
Maršal'skaja Zvezda
2 September 1940
A neck award given to those who were promoted to Marshal rank in the Soviet Union.
~200 (Made)
Hero of the Soviet Union
Герой Cоветского Союза
Geroj Sovetskovo Sojuza
16 April 1934
The highest honorary title that could be given to both Soviet civilians and soldiers for a heroic act.[1][2]
12,755 (101 twice, 3 thrice and 2 four-times)
Hero of Socialist Labour
Герой Социалистического Труда
Geroj Socialističeskovo Truda
27 December 1938
Awarded for exceptional achievements in national economy and culture[3][4]
20,812 (201 twice, 15 thrice)
"Mother Heroine"
«Мать-героиня»
«Mat'-geroinja»
8 July 1944
This title was awarded to all mothers bearing and raising 10 or more children. It was awarded upon the first birthday of the last child, provided that nine other children (natural or adopted) remained alive. Children who had perished under heroic, military or other respectful circumstances were also counted.[5]
454,142
Honoured Test Pilot of the USSR
Заслуженный лётчик-испытатель СССР
Zaslužennyj Lëtčik-Ispytatel' SSSR
14 August 1958
Awarded to military and civilian test-pilots 1st class of the civilian aircraft industry and of the Ministry of Defence of the USSR, for multiple years of creative work in the field of testing and research of new aviation technologies.[6][7]
Honoured Test Navigator of the USSR
Заслуженный штурман-испытатель СССР
Zaslužennyj šturman-ispytatel' SSSR
14 August 1958
Awarded to military and civilian test-navigators 1st class of the civilian aircraft industry and of the Ministry of Defence of the USSR, for multiple years of creative work in the field of testing and research of new aviation technologies.[6][7]
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
Лётчик-космонавт СССР
Lëtčik-kosmonavt SSSR
14 April 1961
Awarded by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet for the outstanding feat of space flight[8]
72
Honoured Military Pilot of the USSR
Заслуженный военный лётчик СССР
Zaslužennyj voennyj lëtčik SSSR
26 January 1965
Awarded to members of military flying units, military agencies, military schools, military organizations and other military or federal authorities, having qualified military pilots 1st class or military pilot-instructors 1st class, for outstanding achievements in the development of aviation technology, high performance in education and training of flight personnel and long-term trouble-free flight operations in military aviation.[7][9]
Honoured Military Navigator of the USSR
Заслуженный военный штурман СССР
Zaslužennyj voennyj šturman SSSR
26 January 1965
Awarded to members of military flying units, military agencies, military schools, military organizations and other military or federal authorities, having qualified military navigators 1st class or military navigator-instructors 1st class, for outstanding achievements in the development of aviation technology, high performance in education and training of flight personnel and long-term trouble-free flight operations in military aviation.[7][9]
Honoured Pilot of the USSR
Заслуженный пилот СССР
Zaslužennyj pilot SSSR
30 September 1965
Awarded to qualified civilian pilots 1st class for special merit in the development of modern aircraft, in the use of the most advanced piloting techniques, for the highest standards in education and training of flight personnel, for long-term trouble-free flying and for outstanding achievements in the use of aviation in the national economy.[7][10]
Honoured Navigator of the USSR
Заслуженный штурман СССР
Zaslužennyj šturman SSSR
30 September 1965
Awarded to qualified civilian navigators 1st class for special merit in the development of modern aircraft, in the use of the most advanced navigating techniques, for the highest standards in education and training of flight personnel, for long-term trouble-free flying and for outstanding achievements in the use of aviation in the national economy.[7][10]
Honoured Inventor of the USSR
Заслуженный изобретатель СССР
Zaslužennyj izobretatel' SSSR
December 28, 1981
Awarded for innovative proposals[7][11]
Honoured Blood Donor of the USSR
Awarded to Soviet blood donors.
People's Doctor of the USSR
Медаль Народный врач СССР
Narodnyj vrač SSSR
25 October 1977
This decoration was awarded for worthwhile contributions to public health improvement.
People's Architect of the USSR
Медаль Народный архитектор СССР
Narodnyj architektor SSSR
12 August 1967
This decoration was awarded for stunning results either in urban planning or in the design of important buildings.
People's Teacher of the USSR
Медаль Народный учитель СССР
Narodnyj učitel' SSSR
30 December 1977
This decoration was awarded for worthwhile contributions to the national education system and, mainly, in teaching communism to children and young people.
People's Artist of the USSR
(Performing arts)
Медаль Народный артист СССР
Narodnyj artist SSSR
13 January 1937
This decoration was awarded for exceptional achievements in performing arts.
People's Painter of the USSR
Медаль Народный художник СССР
Narodnyj chudožnik SSSR
16 July 1943
This decoration was awarded for exceptional achievements in visual arts as painting, sculpture, drawing and photography.

OrdersEdit

Military ordersEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Order of Victory
Орден «Победа»
Orden «Pobeda»
8 November 1943
The Order of Victory was the highest military decoration in the Soviet Armed Forces for World War II service and one of the rarest in the world due to the small number of recipients. It was established on 8 November 1943 and awarded only to Generals and Marshals for "successful operation within the framework of one or several fronts resulting in a radical change of the situation in favour of the Red Army". Made of platinum, rubies and 174 diamonds, the intrinsic value of the order is considerable. The badge depicts the Spasskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin, with Lenin's Mausoleum in front.[12]
20


Order of the Red Banner
Орден Крaсного Знамени
Orden Krasnogo Znameni
16 September 1918
---
1 August 1924
The Order of the Red Banner recognised military deeds. Before the establishment of the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner functioned as the highest (and practically the only) military order of the USSR. Practically all well-known Soviet commanders became Cavaliers of the Order of the Red Banner. Also awarded to NKVD personnel.[13][14]
581,300

Order of the Red Star
Орден Красной Звезды
Orden Krasnoj Zvezdy
6 April 1930
The Order of the Red Star was given to Red Army and Navy personnel for exceptional service in the cause of the defence of the Soviet Union in both war and peace. Also awarded for 15 years of service prior to the creation of the long service awards.[15][16]
3,876,740

Order of the Patriotic War
1st class

Орден Отечественной войны
первой степени

Orden Otechestvennoj vojny
pervoj stepeni
20 May 1942
The Order of the Patriotic War was awarded to all soldiers in the Soviet armed forces, security troops, and to partisans for heroic deeds during the Great Patriotic War. In 1985 during the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the Great Patriotic War, it was decided that all surviving veterans of the war would be awarded either 2nd or 1st class of the Order.
2,627,899

Order of the Patriotic War
2nd class

Орден Отечественной Войны
второй степени

Orden Otechestvennoj vojny
vtoroj stepeni
20 May 1942
The Order of the Patriotic War was awarded to all soldiers in the Soviet armed forces, security troops, and to partisans for heroic deeds during the Great Patriotic War. In 1985 during the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the Great Patriotic War, it was decided that all surviving veterans of the war would be awarded either 2nd or 1st class of the Order.
6,716,384

Order of Alexander Nevsky
Орден Александра Невского
Orden Aleksandra Nevskogo
29 July 1942
To officers of the army for personal courage and resolute leadership.[17]
50,585

Order of Suvorov
1st class

Орден Суворова
первой степени

Orden Suvorova
pervoj stepeni
29 July 1942
The 1st class order is awarded to army commanders for exceptional direction of combat operations.[17]
393

Order of Suvorov
2nd class

Орден Суворова
второй степени

Orden Suvorova
vtoroj stepeni
29 July 1942
The 2nd class order is awarded to corps, divisions and brigade commanders for a decisive victory over a numerically superior enemy.[17]
2,862

Order of Suvorov
3rd class

Орден Суворова
третьей степени

Orden Suvorova
tret'ej stepeni
29 July 1942
The 3rd class order is awarded to regimental commanders, their chiefs of staff, and battalion and company commanders for outstanding leadership leading to a battle victory.[17]
4,012

Order Of Kutuzov
1st class

Орден Кутузова
первой степени

Orden Kutuzova
pervoj stepeni
29 July 1942
The Order Of Kutuzov (1st class) was created to award commanders of fronts and armies for skilful evasions of enemy attacks and successful counter-attacks.[17]
669

Order Of Kutuzov
2nd class

Орден Кутузова
второй степени

Orden Kutuzova
vtoroj stepeni
29 July 1942
The Order Of Kutuzov (2nd class) was created to award commanders of corps, divisions and brigades for skilful evasions of enemy attacks and successful counter-attacks.[17]
3,325

Order Of Kutuzov
3rd class

Орден Кутузова
третьей степени

Orden Kutuzova
tеret'ej stepeni
8 February 1943
The Order Of Kutuzov (3rd class) was created to award commanders, their chiefs of staff, battalion and company commanders for skilful evasions of enemy attacks and successful counter-attacks.[18]
3,328

Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky
1st class

Орден Богдана Хмельницкого
первой степени

Orden Bogdana Hmel'nitskogo
pervoj stepeni
10 October 1943
The 1st class order was awarded to front or army commanders for successful direction of combat operations that led to the liberation of a region or town inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy.
323

Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky
2nd class

Орден Богдана Хмельницкого
второй степени

Orden Bogdana Hmel'nitskogo
vtoroj stepeni
10 October 1943
The 2nd class order was awarded to corps, divisions, brigade or battalion commanders for a breach of defensive enemy line or a raid in the enemy rear.
2,389

Order Of Bogdan Khmelnitsky
3rd class

Орден Богдана Хмельницкого
третьей степени

Orden Bogdana Hmel'nitskogo
tret'ej stepeni
10 October 1943
The 3rd class medal was awarded to officers, partisan commanders, sergeants, corporals and privates of the Red Army and partisan units for outstanding bravery and resourcefulness leading to a battle victory.
5,738

Order of Glory
1st class

Орден Славы
первой степени

Orden Slavy
pervoj stepeni
8 November 1943
The Order of Glory, modelled closely upon the Tsarist Cross of St. George, was awarded to non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the armed forces, as well as junior lieutenants of the air force, for bravery in the face of the enemy. A person initially received the third degree, and would subsequently be promoted to higher degrees for further acts of bravery.[19]
2,620

Order of Glory
2nd class

Орден Славы
второй степени

Orden Slavy
vtoroj stepeni
8 November 1943
The Order of Glory, modelled closely upon the Tsarist Cross of St. George, was awarded to non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the armed forces, as well as junior lieutenants of the air force, for bravery in the face of the enemy. A person initially received the third degree, and would subsequently be promoted to higher degrees for further acts of bravery.[19]
46,473

Order of Glory
3rd class

Орден Славы
третьей степени

Orden Slavy
tret'ej stepeni
8 November 1943
The Order of Glory, modelled closely upon the Tsarist Cross of St. George, was awarded to non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the armed forces, as well as junior lieutenants of the air force, for bravery in the face of the enemy. A person initially received the third degree, and would subsequently be promoted to higher degrees for further acts of bravery.[19]
997,815

Order of Ushakov
1st class

Орден Ушакова
первой степени

Orden Ushakova
pervoj stepeni
3 March 1944
Awarded to naval officers for outstanding achievements in planning and conducting naval operations and for victories in combat resulting from such operations.[20]
47

Order of Ushakov
2nd class

Орден Ушакова
второй степени

Orden Ushakova
vtoroj stepeni
3 March 1944
Awarded to naval officers for excellent direction and successful planning of a sea battle against a numerically superior enemy that results in the annihilation of many forces.[20]
198

Order of Nakhimov
1st class

Орден Нахимова
первой степени

Orden Nakhimova
pervoj stepeni
3 March 1944
Awarded to naval officers for outstanding planning and execution of operations.[21]
80

Order of Nakhimov
2nd class

Орден Нахимова
второй степени

Orden Nakhimova
vtoroj stepeni
3 March 1944
Awarded to naval officers for outstanding planning and execution of operations.[21]
467

Order "For Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR"
1st class
Орден «За службу Родине в Вооружённых Силах СССР»
первой степени

Orden «Za sluzhbu Rodine v Vooruzhennykh Silakh SSSR»
pervoj stepeni
28 October 1974
This order was awarded for exemplary service in the armed forces, both during a war and during peacetime. A recipient was first awarded a 3rd class order, then if further deeds were made, the second and the first class. Like the civilian Order of Labour Glory upon which it is modeled, it gave a certain number of material benefits to their owners.[22]
13

Order "For Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR"
2nd class
Орден «За службу Родине в Вооружённых Силах СССР»
второй степени

Orden «Za sluzhbu Rodine v Vooruzhennykh Silakh SSSR»
vtoroj stepeni
28 October 1974
This order was awarded for exemplary service in the armed forces, both during a war and during peacetime. A recipient was first awarded a 3rd class order, then if further deeds were made, the second and the first class. Like the civilian Order Of Labour Glory upon which it is modeled, it gave a certain number of material benefits to their owners.[22]
589

Order "For Service To The Homeland In The Armed Forces of the USSR"
3rd class
Орден «За службу Родине в Вооружённых Силах СССР»
третьей степени

Orden «Za sluzhbu Rodine v Vooruzhennykh Silakh SSSR»
tret'ej stepeni
28 October 1974
This order was awarded for exemplary service in the armed forces, both during a war and during peacetime. A recipient was first awarded a 3rd class order, then if further deeds were made, the second and the first class. Like the civilian Order Of Labour Glory upon which it is modeled, it gave a certain number of material benefits to their owners.[22]
69,576

Military and civil ordersEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Order of Lenin

Орден Ленина

Orden Lenina
6 April 1930
The Order of Lenin was the highest civil decoration. Given to both civilians and soldiers for outstanding service to the motherland in defence, strengthening peace and strengthening labour. From 1930–1934 made of silver, 1934–1936 made of gold and from 1936–1991 made of platinum.
462,184


Order of the October Revolution

Орден «Октябрьской Революции»

Orden Oktjabr'skoj Revolyutsii
31 October 1967
Created for the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution, this order was awarded to individuals or groups for services furthering communism or the state or in enhancing the defences of the Soviet Union.
106,462

Order of Friendship of Peoples

Орден Дружбы народов

Orden Druzhby narodov
17 October 1972
This order was awarded to persons, organisations, enterprises, military units, as well as administrative subdivisions of the USSR for "accomplishments in strengthening of inter-race and international friendship and cooperation, for economical, political, scientific, military and cultural development of the Soviet Union".
77,719

Civil ordersEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Order of the Red Banner of Labour

Орден Трудового Красного Знамени

Orden Trudovogo Krasnogo Znameni
7 September 1928
This order was established as the civilian counterpart of the military Order of the Red Banner and was awarded for exceptional working achievements.
1,259,942

Order of the Badge of Honour

Орден «Знак Почета»

Orden «Znak Pocheta»
25 November 1935
This order conferred on citizens of the USSR for "outstanding achievements in production, scientific research and social, cultural and other forms of social activity". It was replaced on 28 December 1988 by the Order of Honour, with an almost identical appearance.
1,574,368
Order of Maternal Glory
1st class

Орден «Материнская слава»
I степени

Orden «Materinskaja slava»
I stepeni
8 July 1944
This decoration was awarded to all mothers bearing and raising 9 children. It was awarded upon the first birthday of the last child, provided that eight other children (natural or adopted) remained alive. Children who had perished under heroic, military or other respectful circumstances were also counted.
881,070
Order of Maternal Glory
2nd class

Орден «Материнская слава»
II степени

Orden «Materinskaja slava»
II stepeni
8 July 1944
This decoration was awarded to all mothers bearing and raising 8 children. It was awarded upon the first birthday of the last child, provided that seven other children (natural or adopted) remained alive. Children who had perished under heroic, military or other respectful circumstances were also counted.
1,697,223
Order of Maternal Glory
3rd class

Орден «Материнская слава»
III степени

Orden «Materinskaja slava»
III stepeni
8 July 1944
This decoration was awarded to all mothers bearing and raising 7 children. It was awarded upon the first birthday of the last child, provided that six other children (natural or adopted) remained alive. Children who had perished under heroic, military or other respectful circumstances were also counted.
3,083,328

Order of Labour Glory
1st class

Орден Трудовой Славы
первой степени

Orden Trudovoj Slavy
pervoj stepeni
18 January 1974
Closely modelled on the Order of Glory, this order was meant to be its civilian counterpart, awarded for exceptional labour achievements. In the same way as the Order of Glory, it was divided in three classes (the highest being the 1st class), with a person initially received the third degree, and subsequently promoted to higher degrees for further achievements. It also gave a certain number of material benefits to their owners, such as an increased pension raises and free public transport.
972

Order of Labour Glory
2nd class

Орден Трудовой Славы
второй степени

Orden Trudovoj Slavy
vtoroj stepeni
18 January 1974
Closely modelled on the Order of Glory, this order was meant to be its civilian counterpart, awarded for exceptional labour achievements. In the same way as the Order of Glory, it was divided in three classes (the highest being the 1st class), with a person initially received the third degree, and subsequently promoted to higher degrees for further achievements. It also gave a certain number of material benefits to their owners, such as an increased pension raises and free public transport.
45,197


Order of Labour Glory
3rd class

Орден Трудовой Славы
третьей степени

Orden Trudovoj Slavy
tret'ej stepeni
18 January 1974
Closely modelled on the Order of Glory, this order was meant to be its civilian counterpart, awarded for exceptional labour achievements. In the same way as the Order of Glory, it was divided in three classes (the highest being the 1st class), with a person initially received the third degree, and subsequently promoted to higher degrees for further achievements. It also gave a certain number of material benefits to their owners, such as an increased pension raises and free public transport.
637,816

Order "For Personal Courage"

Орден «За личное мужество»

Orden «Za lichnoe muzhestvo»
28 December 1988
This decoration could be awarded to any USSR citizen showing outstanding courage and bravery during life-saving, keeping of public order and safeguard of State property, as well as for fighting crime, environmental catastrophes and other exceptional events.
529

Military medalsEdit

GeneralEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Medal "For Courage"

Медаль «За отвагу»

Medal «Za otvagu»
17 October 1938
The Medal for Courage was awarded for personal courage and valour displayed in defending the socialist motherland during the performance of military duties, for "acts of bravery during a battle, during the defence of the state borders or during military duties associated with risk to life".[23]
4,569,893

Medal "For Battle Merit"

Медаль «За боевые заслуги»

Medal «Za boevye zaslugi»
17 October 1938
This military medal awarded for "combat action resulting in a military success", "courageous defence of the state borders", or "successful military and political training and preparation". Also awarded for 10 years of service prior to the creation of the long service awards.[24]
5,210,078

Medal "Partisan of the Patriotic War"
1st class

Медаль «Партизану Отечественной войны»
I степени

Medal «Partizanu Otechestvennoj vojny»
I stepeni
2 February 1943
Awarded to partisans and partisan movement organisers for courage and valour against occupying troops during the Great Patriotic War.[25][26]
56,883

Medal "Partisan of the Patriotic War"
2nd class

Медаль «Партизану Отечественной войны»
II степени

Medal «Partizanu Otechestvennoj vojny»
II stepeni
2 February 1943
Awarded to partisans and partisan movement organisers for courage and valour against occupying troops during the Great Patriotic War.[25][26]
70,992

Ushakov Medal

Медаль Ушакова

Medal Ushakova
3 March 1944
This medal was awarded to fleet officers and soldiers, both during war and peacetime, for courage and bravery during military operations, state borders patrol, and military duties with life risk. Note that the "peacetime" part results from a modification of the status in 1980 (before that, the medal used to be awarded only during wars).[27]
15,641

Nakhimov Medal

Медаль Нахимова

Medal Nakhimova
3 March 1944
Awarded to those in Naval Service for valour and gallantry during sea battles and to for those not in naval service who with efficient and resourceful actions at the risk of their lives, contributed to the successful outcome of combat missions involving Soviet Naval Forces.[27]
14,020

Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR"

Медаль «За отличие в охране государственной границы СССР»

Medal «Za otlichie v okhrane gosudarstvennoj granitsy SSSR»
13 July 1950
Awarded to K.G.B. Border Troops personnel for military or other actions displaying excellence in guarding the Soviet borders.[28][29][30]
c. 67,520

Medal "For Distinction in the Protection of Public Order"

Медаль «За отличную службу по охране общественного порядка»

Medal «Za otlichnuyu sluzhbu po ohrane obschestvennogo porjadka»
1 November 1950
Awarded to members of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) and its Internal Troops for aiding in preserving public order and to all service personnel of the militsiya for courage shown during the liquidation of criminal groups and arrest of criminal or for excellence in organising and coordinating militia in combating crime or for selfless acts during the prevention of hooliganism/alcoholism/theft.[31][30]
c. 47,000

Medal "For Distinction in Military Service"
1st class

Медаль «За отличие в воинской службе»
I степени

Medal «Za otlichie v voinskoj sluzhbe»
I stepeni
28 October 1974
Awarded to soldiers of the Soviet Army, Navy, border and internal troops: for excellent performance in combat and political training; for special distinction in exercises and manoeuvres in combat service and combat duty; for bravery, selflessness, and other services, shown during military service.[30][32]
c. 20,000

Medal "For Distinction in Military Service"
2nd class


Медаль «За Отличие В Воинской Службе»
II степени

Medal «Za otlichie v voinskoj sluzhbe»
II stepeni
28 October 1974
Awarded to soldiers of the Soviet Army, Navy, border and internal troops: for excellent performance in combat and political training; for special distinction in exercises and manoeuvres in combat service and combat duty; for bravery, selflessness, and other services, shown during military service.[30][32]
c. 120,000

Medal "For Strengthening of Brotherhood in Arms"

Медаль «За укрепление боевого содружества»

Medal «Za ukreplenie boevogo sodruzhestva»
25 May 1979
Awarded to military personnel, to employees of state security, of internal affairs, and to other citizens of the states participants of the Warsaw Pact, as well as other socialist and other friendly nations for merit in strengthening military "Brotherhood in Arms".[30][33]
c. 20,000

Medal "For Impeccable Service"
First class

Медаль «За безупречную службу»
первой степени

Medal «Za bezuprechnuju sluzhbu»
pervoj stepeni
25 January 1958
Awarded for 20 years of excellent military service.[34]

Medal "For Impeccable Service"
Second class

Медаль «За безупречную службу»
второй степени

Medal «Za bezuprechnuju sluzhbu»
vtoroj stepeni
25 January 1958
Awarded for 15 years of excellent military service.[34]

Medal "For Impeccable Service"
Third Class

Медаль «За безупречную службу»
третьей степени

Medal «Za bezuprechnuju sluzhbu»
tret'ej stepeni
25 January 1958
Awarded for 10 years of excellent military service.[34]

Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

Медаль «Ветеран Вооружённых Сил СССР»

Medal «Veteran Vooruzhennyh Sil SSSR»
20 May 1976
For 25 years of impeccable military service.[30][35]
c. 880,000

Campaign medalsEdit

Second World War defensive campaign medalsEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"

Медаль «За оборону Ленинграда»

Medal «Za oboronu Leningrada»
22 December 1942
Awarded to all Soviet military and civilians who participated in the defence of Leningrad between 8 September 1941 and 27 January 1944.[30][36][37]
c. 1,496,000

Medal "For the Defence of Odessa"

Медаль «За оборону Одессы»

Medal «Za oboronu Odessy»
22 December 1942
Awarded to all Soviet military and civilians who participated in the defence of Odessa between 10 August and 16 October 1941.[30][36]
c. 38,000

Medal "For the Defence of Sevastopol"

Медаль «За оборону Севастополя»

Medal «Za oboronu Sevastopolja»
22 December 1942
Awarded to all Soviet military and civilians who participated in the defence of Sevastopol between 5 November 1941 and 4 July 1942.[30][36]
52,540

Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad"

Медаль «За оборону Сталинграда»

Medal «Za oboronu Stalingrada»
22 December 1942
Awarded to all Soviet military and civilians who participated in the defence of Stalingrad between 12 July and 19 November 1942.[30][36]
759,560

Medal "For the Defence of Moscow"

Медаль «За оборону Москвы»

Medal «Za oboronu Moskvy»
1 May 1944
Awarded to all Soviet military and civilians who participated in the defence of Moscow between 19 October 1941 and 25 January 1942.[30][37][38]
1,028,600

Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"

Медаль «За оборону Кавказа»

Medal «Za oboronu Kavkaza»
1 May 1944
Awarded to all Soviet military and civilians who participated in the defence of the Caucasus region between July 1942 and 9 October 1943.[30][39]
c. 870,000

Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic"

Медаль «За оборону Советского Заполярья»

Medal «Za oboronu Sovestkogo Zapoliarja»
5 December 1944
Awarded to all Soviet military and civilians who participated in the defence of the Soviet Trans-Arctic regions between 25 June 1941 and 19 September 1944.[40]
353,240

Medal "For the Defence of Kiev"

Медаль «За оборону Киева»

Medal «Za oboronu Kieva»
21 June 1961
Awarded to all Soviet military and civilians who participated in the defence of Kiev between 7 July and 26 September 1941.[41]
107,540

Second World War offensive campaign medalsEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Medal "For the Capture of Berlin"

Медаль «За взятие Берлина»

Medal «Za vzjatie Berlina»
9 June 1945
Awarded to Soviet service personnel who took part in the capture of Berlin from 22 April and 2 May 1945.[30][42]
c. 1,100,000

Medal "For the Capture of Budapest"

Медаль «За взятие Будапешта»

Medal «Za vzjatie Budapeshta»
9 June 1945
Awarded to Soviet service personnel who took part in the capture of Budapest between 20 December 1944 and 15 February 1945.[30][42]
362,050

Medal "For the Capture of Königsberg"

Медаль «За взятие Кенигсберга»

Medal «Za vzjatie Kenigsberga»
9 June 1945
Awarded to Soviet service personnel who took part in the capture of Königsberg between 23 January and 10 April 1945.[30][42]
c. 760,000

Medal "For the Capture of Vienna"

Медаль «За взятие Вены»

Medal «Za vzjatie Veny»
9 June 1945
Awarded to Soviet service personnel who took part in the capture of Vienna between 16 March and 13 April 1945.[30][42]
277,380

Medal "For the Liberation of Prague"

Медаль «За освобождение Праги»

Medal «Za osvobozhdenie Pragi»
9 June 1945
Awarded to Soviet service personnel who took part in the liberation of Prague between the 3 and 9 May 1945.[43]
400,070

Medal "For the Liberation of Warsaw"

Медаль «За освобождение Варшавы»

Medal «Za osvobozhdenie Warshavy»
9 June 1945
Awarded to Soviet service personnel who took part in the liberation of Warsaw between the 14 and 17 January 1945.[43]
701,700

Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade"

Медаль «За освобождение Белграда»

Medal «Za osvobozhdenie Belgrada»
9 June 1945
Awarded to Soviet service personnel who took part in the liberation of Belgrade between 29 September and 22 October 1944.[43]
c. 70,000

Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"

Медаль «За Победу над Германией в Великой Отечественной войне 1941-1945 гг.»

Medal «Za Pobedu nad Germaniej v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne 1941-1945 gg.»
9 May 1945
Awarded to Soviet service personnel who were on active service during The Great Patriotic War (Military service of 3 months or civil service of 6 months). Also awarded to some allied forces such as the post 9 September 1944 Bulgarian Armed Forces.[44]
14,933,000

Medal "For the Victory over Japan"

Медаль «За победу над Японией»

Medal «Za pobedu nad Japoniej»
30 September 1945
Awarded to Soviet service personnel of the 1st and 2nd Far East Trans-Baikal Fronts, Pacific Fleet and Amur River Flotilla who were active between 8 August and 23 August 1945.[30][45]
c. 1,831,000

Civilian medalsEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded


Medal "For Labour Valour"

Медаль «За трудовую доблесть»

Medal «Za trudovuyu doblest»
27 December 1938
Awarded to labourers who heroically dedicated themselves towards the building of a socialist society or have demonstrated a complete understanding of machinery/equipment to provide a high level of efficiency or for significant contributions in culture/science/manufacturing.[30][46][47][48]
1,825,100


Medal "For Distinguished Labour"

Медаль «За трудовое отличие»

Medal «Za trudovoe otlichie»
27 December 1938
Awarded to labourers who distinguished themselves with high production rates or for development of culture/science/manufacturing.[30][47][48][49]
2,146,400

Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"

Медаль «За доблестный труд в Великой Отечественной войне 1941—1945 гг.»

Medal «Za doblestnyj trud v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne 1941-1945 gg.»
6 June 1945
Awarded to all Soviet industrial workers for a term of one year or longer of labour during The Great Patriotic War. (6 months for disabled military veterans/professional school graduates/the retired who returned to work to aid.)[30][50]
16,096,750

Medal "For the Salvation of the Drowning"

Медаль «За спасение утопающих»

Medal «Za spasenie utopayushchikh»
16 February 1957
Awarded to any person (of any nationality) for courage, bravery and selflessness whilst rescuing a person/people from water or for outstanding vigilance and resourcefulness preventing drowning or for excellence in organising of rescue operations in Soviet waters or of Soviet citizens.[30][51][52]
c. 24,000

Medal "For Courage in a Fire"

Медаль «За отвагу на пожаре»

Medal «Za otvagu na pozhare»
30 October 1957
Awarded all Soviet citizens for courage and bravery in extinguishing fires or saving lives/state or private property from fire or for preventing explosions and fires.[30][53]
c. 32,000

Medal "Veteran of Labour"

Медаль «Ветеран труда»

Medal «Veteran truda»
18 January 1974
Awarded to deserving state workers at retirement.[54][55][56][57][58]
c. 39,197,100

Development/restoration campaignsEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Medal "For the Restoration of the Donbass Coal Mines"

Медаль «За восстановление угольных шахт Донбасса»

Medal «Za vosstanovlenie ugl'nyh shaht Donbassa»
10 September 1947
Awarded to workers, clerks, engineering and business professionals, for outstanding work, high production performance and achievements in the recovery of the Donbass coal mines.[30][59]
46,350

Medal "For the Restoration of the Black Metallurgy Enterprises of the South"

Медаль «За восстановление предприятий чёрной металлургии юга»

Medal «Za vosstanovlenie predprijatij chernoj metallurgii yuga»
18 May 1948
Awarded to Soviet workers of outstanding performance in restoring the Black Metallurgic Enterprises of the Soviet Union which were destroyed during the Great Patriotic War. 13 blast furnaces, 49 open furnaces, 29 finishing mills and 68 coke-oven batteries were restored to effective or outstanding production rates.[30][60]
68,710

Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands"

Медаль «За освоение целинных земель»

Medal «Za osvoenie tselinnyh zemel»
20 October 1956
Awarded to all Soviet workers who helped cultivate 36,000,000 hectares of previously uncultivated lands in Kazakhstan, Siberia, the Urals, the Volga area and the northern Caucasus for two solid years from 1954–56.[61]
1,345,520

Medal "For Construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway"

Медаль «За строительство Байкало-Амурской магистрали»

Medal «Za stroitel'stvo Bajkalo-Amurskoj magistrali»
8 October 1976
Awarded to workers on the Baikul-Amur Railway (BAM) for 2 years outstanding service between 1974 and 1984.[30][62]
171,030

Medal "For Transforming the Non-Black Earth of the RSFSR"

Медаль «За преобразование Нечерноземья РСФСР»

Medal «Za preobrazovanie Тechernozem'ja RSFSR»
30 September 1977
Awarded for 3 years outstanding service in developing Soviet agriculture.[30][63]
c. 25,000

Medal "For the Tapping of the Subsoil and Expansion of the Petrochemical Complex of Western Siberia"

Медаль «За освоение недр и развитие нефтегазового комплекса Западной Сибири»

Medal «Za osvoenie nedr i razvitie neftegazovogo kompleksa Zapadnoj Sibiri»
28 July 1978
Awarded for 3 years outstanding service in the Petrochemical Complex Of Western Siberia.[64]
c. 38,000

Maternity medalsEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded
Medal Maternity 1st class

Медаль Материнства I степени

Medal Materinstva I stepeni
8 July 1944
This decoration was awarded to all mothers bearing and raising 6 children. It was awarded upon the first birthday of the last child, provided that five other children (natural or adopted) remained alive. Children who had perished under heroic, military, or other respectful circumstances were also counted.
c. 4,000,000
Medal Maternity 2nd class

Медаль Материнства II степени

Medal Materinstva II stepeni
8 July 1944
This decoration was awarded to all mothers bearing and raising five children. It was awarded upon the first birthday of the last child, provided that four other children (natural or adopted) remained alive. Children who had perished under heroic, military, or other respectful circumstances were also counted.
c. 8,000,000

Commemorative medalsEdit

Soviet Armed Forces jubileesEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army"

Юбилейная медаль «XX лет Рабоче-Крестьянской Красной Армии»

Yubilejnaja medal «XX let Raboche-Krest'janskoj Krasnoj Armii»
24 January 1938
Awarded to Commanders of the Red Army and Navy for 20 years of service and also all who were decorated with the Order of the Red Banner during the Civil War.[65]
37,504

Jubilee Medal "30 Years of the Soviet Army and Navy"

Юбилейная медаль «30 лет Советской Армии и Флота»

Yubilejnaja medal «30 let Sovetskoj Armii i Flota»
22 February 1948
Awarded to everyone serving in the military of the Soviet Union on 23 February 1948[30][66]
3,710,920

Jubilee Medal "40 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

Юбилейная медаль «40 лет Вооружённых Сил СССР»

Yubilejnaja medal «40 let Vooruzhennyh Sil SSSR»
18 December 1957
Awarded to everyone serving in the military of the Soviet Union 23 February 1958[30][67]
820,080

Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

Юбилейная медаль «50 лет Вооружённых Сил СССР»

Yubilejnaja medal «50 let Vooruzhennyh Sil SSSR»
26 December 1967
Awarded to
  • all marshals, generals, officers, cadets, and volunteer enlisted men serving in the military of the Soviet Union and in Soviet state security organs.
  • All servicemen placed into the reserve or retired after twenty or more years in uniform
  • All those awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union or all three classes of the Order of Glory
  • All combat veterans, including Civil War and World War II partisans
  • all those awarded an order or medal for individual service, bravery or achievement regardless of length of service.[30][68][69][70]
9,527,270

Jubilee Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

Юбилейная медаль «60 лет Вооружённых Сил СССР»

Yubilejnaja medal «60 let Vooruzhennyh Sil SSSR»
28 January 1978
Awarded to
  • all marshals, generals, officers, and volunteer enlisted men serving in the military of the Soviet Union and in Soviet state security organs.
  • All servicemen placed into the reserve or retired after twenty or more years in uniform
  • All those awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union or all three classes of the Order of Glory
  • All combat veterans, including Civil War and World War II partisans
  • all those awarded an order or medal for individual service, bravery or achievement regardless of length of service.[30][71]
10,723,340

Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

Юбилейная медаль «70 лет Вооружённых Сил СССР»

Yubilejnaja medal «70 let Vooruzhennyh Sil SSSR»
28 January 1988
Awarded to
  • all marshals, generals, officers, cadets, and volunteer enlisted men serving in the military of the Soviet Union and in Soviet state security organs.
  • All servicemen placed into the reserve or retired after twenty or more years in uniform
  • All those awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union or all three classes of the Order of Glory
  • All combat veterans, including Civil War and World War II partisans
  • all those awarded an order or medal for individual service, bravery or achievement regardless of length of service.[72]
9,842,160

Second World War jubileesEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Jubilee Medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"

Юбилейная медаль «Двадцать лет Победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941–1945 гг.»

Yubilejnaja medal «Dvadtsat let Pobedy v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne 1941-1945 gg.»
7 May 1965
Awarded to all surviving participants of the Great Patriotic War as well as all active servicemen of the Soviet armed forces.[73]
16,399,550

Jubilee Medal "Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"

Юбилейная медаль «Тридцать лет Победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941–1945 гг.»

Yubilejnaja medal «Tridtsat let Pobedy v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne 1941-1945 gg.»
25 April 1975
Awarded to all surviving participants of the Great Patriotic War. 3 variants were awarded. One was given to Veterans of the War, One was given to the Labour Front, and One was given to Foreign Participants.[74]
14,259,560

Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"

Юбилейная медаль «Сорок лет Победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941–1945 гг.»

Yubilejnaja medal «Sorok let Pobedy v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne 1941-1945 gg.»
12 April 1985
Awarded to all surviving participants of the Great Patriotic War. 3 variants were awarded. One was given to Veterans of the War, One was given to the Labour Front, and One was given to Foreign Participants.[75]
11,268,980

Other commemorative medalsEdit

Badge And Ribbon
Name (English/Russian/Translit)
Creation Date
Description
Number Awarded

Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow"

Медаль «В память 800-летия Москвы»

Medal «V pamjat 800-letija Moskvy»
20 September 1947
Awarded to all citizens who participated in the restoration and reconstruction of Moscow. With Citizenship of Moscow of five years or more. Also awarded to all surviving holders of the Medal for the Defence of Moscow.[30][76]
c. 1,730,000

Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"

Медаль «В память 250-летия Ленинграда»

Medal «V pamjat 250-letija Leningrada»
16 May 1957
Awarded to all citizens who participated in the restoration and reconstruction of Leningrad. With Citizenship of Leningrad of five years or more. Also awarded to all surviving holders of the Medal for the Defence of Leningrad.[77]
c. 1,440,000

Medal "In Commemoration of the 1500th Anniversary of Kiev"

Медаль «В память 1500-летия Киева»

Medal «V pamjat 1500-letija Kieva»
10 May 1982
Awarded to citizens of Kiev who had lived there for at least 10 years and who contributed to the economic, social and cultural development of the city. Also awarded to all surviving holders of the Medal for the Defence of Kiev.[78]
780,180

Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Soviet Militia"

Юбилейная медаль «50 лет советской милиции»

Medal «50 let sovetskoj militsii»
21 November 1967
Awarded to all members of the police serving on 21 November 1967 and to retirees with 25 years of service or more.[30][79]
409,150

Jubilee medal "For Valiant Labour in Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin"

Юбилейная медаль «За доблестный труд в ознаменование 100-летия со дня рождения Владимира Ильича Ленина»

Medal «Za doblestnyj trud v oznamenovanie 100-letija so dnja rozhdenija Vladimira Il'icha Lenina»
5 November 1969
Awarded to highly skilled senior workers, farmers, specialists of the national economy, employees of public institutions and public organizations, scientists and cultural figures, who displayed the highest examples of work in preparation for the anniversary of Lenin; to those who took an active part in the struggle for the establishment of Soviet power, or to protect the homeland, or who have made a significant contribution to their work in the building of socialism in the USSR, who helped the party to educate the younger generation by their personal example and social activities.[30][80]
9,000,000

Jubilee medal "For Military Valour in Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin"

Юбилейная медаль «За воинскую доблесть в ознаменование 100-летия со дня рождения Владимира Ильича Ленина»

Medal «Za voinskuju doblest v oznamenovanie 100-letija so dnja rozhdenija Vladimira Il'icha Lenina»
5 November 1969
Awarded to soldiers of the Soviet Army, sailors of the Navy, troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, troops of the State Security Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, who displayed excellent performance in combat and political training, good results in the management and maintenance of combat readiness in preparation for the anniversary of Lenin.[30][80]
2,000,000

Jubilee medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin"

Юбилейная медаль «В ознаменование 100-летия со дня рождения Владимира Ильича Ленина»

Medal «V oznamenovanie 100-letija so dnja rozhdenija Vladimira Il'icha Lenina»
5 November 1969
Awarded to foreign leaders of the international communist and labour movement and other progressive activists abroad.[30][80]
5000

Note: Several Soviet decorations were worn in full, so a ribbon bar was not created. However, since the fall of the USSR, some medals have had ribbon bars created for them. An asterisk, *, denotes these medals. Awards not showing a ribbon are worn in full at all times.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of August 1, 1939" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1939-08-01. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
  3. ^ "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 27, 1938" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1938-12-27. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
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  11. ^ "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 28, 1981" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1981-12-28. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
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SourcesEdit

  • Paul D. McDaniel, Paul J. Schmitt (1997). The Comprehensive Guide to Soviet Orders and Medals. ISBN 0-9656289-0-6.
  • V.D. Krivchov (2003). AVERS No. 6 Definitive Catalog of Soviet Orders and Medals. Moscow.
  • V.D. Krivchov (2008). AVERS No. 8 Definitive Catalog of Soviet Badges and Jetons 1917–1980. Moscow.

External linksEdit

  • Mondvor Narod—A very detailed site on the topic of Soviet Orders and Medals (in Russian)
  • The Soviet Military Awards Page—Collector-oriented site with information and images of Soviet awards along with discussion forum
  • www.soviet-medals-orders.com—A personal website by a collector from Switzerland, Oldrich Andrysek, presenting extensive collection of Soviet, Transdniestrian and some Mongolian awards with descriptions, images, news, reference materials of interest to phalerists and collections of soviet memorabilia. Well-illustrated, with exchange section and info on fraud.