Boris Yegorov

Boris Borisovich Yegorov (Russian: Борис Борисович Егоров; 26 November 1937 – 12 September 1994) was a Soviet physician-cosmonaut who became the first physician to make a space flight.

Boris Yegorov
Boris Borisovich Yegorov

(1937-11-26)26 November 1937
Died12 September 1994(1994-09-12) (aged 56)
Moscow, Russia
Space career
Time in space
1d 00h 17m
SelectionCivilian Specialist Group 1
MissionsVoskhod 1

Yegorov came from a medical background, with his father a prominent heart surgeon, and his mother an ophthalmologist. He also selected medicine as a career and graduated from the First Moscow State Medical University in 1961. During the course of his studies, he came into contact with Yuri Gagarin's training and became interested in space medicine.

Yegorov earned his doctorate in medicine, with his specialization being in disorders of the sense of balance.

Yegorov was selected as a member of the multi-disciplinary team that flew on Voskhod 1. It has been suggested that his father's influence within the Politburo may have had some bearing on the selection. As a result of this space flight, Yegorov was awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union on October 19, 1964.

He died from a heart attack in 1994.


Yegorov was married three times and fathered three children.


He was awarded:


  • "Rockets and people" – B. E. Chertok, M: "mechanical engineering", 1999. ISBN 5-217-02942-0
  • "The hidden space"Nikolai Kamanin, М: "Инфортекс-ИФ, 1995.
  • "S. P. Korolev. Encyclopedia of life and creativity" - edited by C. A. Lopota, RSC Energia. S. P. Korolev, 2014 ISBN 978-5-906674-04-3
  • The official website of the city administration Baikonur - Honorary citizens of Baikonur
1964 USSR postage stamp honouring Boris Yegorov