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Nikolay Nikolayevich Rukavishnikov (Russian: Никола́й Никола́евич Рукави́шников; 18 September 1932 – 19 October 2002) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew three space missions of the Soyuz programme: Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, and Soyuz 33. Two of these missions, Soyuz 10 and Soyuz 33 were intended to dock with Salyut space stations, but failed to do so.

Nikolay Rukavishnikov
Nikolai Nikolayevich Rukavishnikov.jpg
Born18 September 1932
Died19 October 2002(2002-10-19) (aged 70)
Moscow, Russia
AwardsHero of the Soviet Union (twice)
Space career
Time in space
9d 21h 09m
SelectionCivilian Specialist Group 2
MissionsSoyuz 10, Soyuz 16, Soyuz 33
Mission insignia
Soyuz 10 mission patch.png Soyuz 16Apollo-Soyuz.png Soyuz-33 patch.png


Rukavishnikov studied at the Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute and after graduation worked for Sergey Korolev's design bureau. He was selected for cosmonaut training in 1967.

Rukavishnikov became the 50th human to fly in space on 23 April 1971, the launch date of Soyuz 10. He subsequently resigned from the space programme in 1987 and returned to work for the same bureau he started with, by then known as Energia.

He died of a heart attack on 18 October 2002.

He was awarded: