Petre Roman (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈpetre ˈroman]; born 22 July 1946) is a Romanian engineer and politician who was Prime Minister of Romania from 1989 to 1991, when his government was overthrown by the intervention of the miners led by Miron Cozma. He was the first prime minister since 1945 who was not a Communist or fellow traveler. He was also the president of the Senate from 1996 to 1999 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1999 to 2000. He was leader of the Democratic Force party, which he founded after leaving the Democratic Party in 2003. Currently, he is an MP in the Lower Chamber, elected in 2012. He had been removed from his seat in 2015 after being charged by the National Integrity Agency with incompatibility, but restored to office in 2016 after the Court of Appeals overturned the ruling. He is also a member of the Club of Madrid, a group of more than 80 democratic former statesmen, which works to strengthen democratic governance and leadership.
|Prime Minister of Romania|
26 December 1989 – 1 October 1991
(Acting until 20 June 1990)
|Preceded by||Constantin Dăscălescu|
|Succeeded by||Theodor Stolojan|
|Member of the National Salvation Front Council|
22 December 1989 – 26 December 1989
|President of the Senate of Romania|
27 November 1996 – 22 December 1999
|Preceded by||Oliviu Gherman|
|Succeeded by||Mircea Ionescu Quintus|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
22 December 1999 – 28 December 2000
|Prime Minister||Mugur Isărescu|
|Preceded by||Andrei Pleșu|
|Succeeded by||Mircea Geoană|
|Member of the Senate of Romania|
22 November 1996 – 12 December 2004
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
9 June 1990 – 31 July 1990
6 October 1992 – 21 November 1996
19 December 2012 – 9 February 2015
|Co-Founding Leader of the National Salvation Front|
22 December 1989 – 28 May 1993
|Succeeded by||Himself (party renamed into the Democratic Party)|
|President of the Democratic Party|
28 May 1993 – 19 May 2001
|Succeeded by||Traian Băsescu|
|President of the Democratic Force|
|Born||22 July 1946|
Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania
|Political party||National Liberal Party (2008–present)|
|National Salvation Front (1989–1993) |
Democratic Party (1993–2003)
Democratic Force (2003–2008)
|Alma mater||Politehnica University of Bucharest |
Paul Sabatier University
|Known for||Romanian Revolution|
|a. ^ the party split on 7 April 1992: Ion Iliescu and his supporters formed the Democratic National Salvation Front |
b. ^ Mazilu resigned from the leadership of the FSN on 26 January 1990
Petre Roman was born in Bucharest. His father, Valter Roman, born Ernst or Ernő Neuländer of Transylvanian Hungarian-Jewish descent, was a veteran of the Spanish Civil War, a Comintern activist, and a prominent member of the Romanian Communist Party. His mother Hortensia Vallejo was a Spaniard exiled who would become director of the Spanish section of Radio Romania International. The couple married in Moscow, and he has several siblings. In 1974 Roman married Mioara Georgescu, with whom he has a daughter, Oana. In February 2007, husband and wife confirmed that they were divorcing; the divorce was made final on Good Friday, 6 April 2007. In June 2009, he married a pregnant Silvia Chifiriuc (who is 26 years his junior) in a Romanian Orthodox wedding.
Roman first rose to prominence during the Romanian Revolution of 1989, when he was among the crowd occupying the National Television building, and broadcasting messages expressing revolutionary triumph. He became provisional prime minister after the overthrow of the Communist regime, and was confirmed in office in June 1990, three months after the country's first free election in 53 years.
During the revolutionEdit
Petre Roman was heavily involved in the revolution as a member of the National Salvation Front as both a revolutionary and as a leading political figure during the revolution. Given that the revolution was led by politicians united not by a cohesive ideology, but by resentment for the Ceaușescu regime, in-fighting soon began, especially between its leaders, namely, centre-left liberal Dumitru Mazilu, who wished to instill capitalism, and far-left Communist Ion Iliescu, who wanted to keep communism but remove Ceaușescu. As a left-wing socialist, Petre Roman was largely the middle ground between the world-views of his colleagues, as he wanted to replace communism with socialism.
Petre Roman participated directly in the revolution forming a barricade in the centre of Bucharest from the days of 21 and 22 December. On 22 December 1989 Petre Roman spoke from the balcony of the headquarters of the Central Committee against the Ceaușescu regime, the first public demonstration of its kind. On 22 December, he became a member of the Provisional Council of National Salvation Front (CPFSN) established for the coordination of the revolutionary process and the establishment of democracy once the revolution had concluded.
On 26 December 1989, Roman was appointed as provisional Prime Minister of the provisional FSN government. At the 20 May 1990 elections–the first free elections held in the country in 53 years–he was elected as a deputy from Bucharest on the FSN list. Iliescu designated him once more as Prime Minister on 20 June. He was formally confirmed in office by the newly elected parliament on 28 June, and his governing program was approved unanimously.
|Election||Affiliation||First round||Second round|
- "Petre Roman". Club de Madrid. Archived from the original on 26 June 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- P.Roman "Libertatea ca datorie"
- (in Romanian) "Petre Roman s-a cununat religios cu Silvia Chifiriuc" ("Petre Roman Has Religious Wedding with Silvia Chifiriuc"), Mediafax, 6 June 2009; accessed 6 June 2009
- Official site at the Wayback Machine (archived 25 January 2007) (site down as of 12 November 2008)
- fragments from Petre Roman's book "Libertatea ca datorie", ed. Dacia- Cluj, 1994
| Prime Minister of Romania