Mircea Geoană

Dan Mircea Geoană (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmirt͡ʃe̯a ˈd͡ʒe̯o̯anə]; born 14 July 1958 in Bucharest)[3] is a Romanian politician and former ambassador who served as president of the upper chamber of the Romanian Parliament, the Senate from 20 December 2008 until he was revoked on 23 November 2011. From 21 April 2005 until 21 February 2010 he was the head of the Partidul Social Democrat (PSD, Social Democratic Party), Romania's largest party.[4] He was the candidate of the party for the position of President of Romania in the 2009 presidential election.

Mircea Geoană
Mircea Geoana la reuniunea BPN - 02.12.2013 (11173070964) (cropped).jpg
Deputy Secretary General of NATO
Assumed office
July 17, 2019
Preceded byRose Gottemoeller
President of the Senate of Romania
In office
19 December 2008 – 23 November 2011
Preceded byIlie Sârbu
Succeeded byPetru Filip
Member of the Senate of Romania
In office
13 December 2004 – 19 December 2016
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
28 December 2000 – 28 December 2004
Prime MinisterAdrian Năstase
Eugen Bejinariu
Preceded byPetre Roman
Succeeded byMihai Răzvan Ungureanu
Founding Leader of the Romanian Social Party
Assumed office
9 March 2015
President of the Social Democratic Party
In office
Preceded byAdrian Năstase
Succeeded byVictor Ponta
Personal details
Born (1958-07-14) 14 July 1958 (age 61)
Bucharest, Romanian People's Republic
Political partySocial Democratic Party (before 2011; 2012–2014)[1]
Independent (2011–2012; 2014–2015)
Romanian Social Party (2015–present)[2]
Spouse(s)Mihaela Geoană
Alma materPolytechnic University of Bucharest
École nationale d'administration
University of Bucharest
Harvard University
Bucharest University of Economic Studies
WebsiteOfficial website

He was dismissed from PSD on 22 November 2011 but rejoined the party in late 2012. Now he is the acting president and founder of P.S.RO, the Social Romanian Party founded in April 2015. He is also the president of Aspen Institute Romania, which is an apolitical and non-profit organisation.

On 17 July 2019 he was appointed deputy secretary general of NATO, replacing Rose Gottemoeller.[5][6]


From 28 December 2000 to 28 December 2004, Geoană was the Foreign Minister of Romania, as part of the PSD government of Adrian Năstase. After the Romanian legislative elections of 2004, he was replaced by Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu from the Justice and Truth Alliance.

In 2001, Geoană was the chairman of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. In 2004, during the local government elections in Romania, he ran for Mayor of Bucharest, but lost to Traian Băsescu of the Democratic Party.

A career diplomat, from 1996 to 2000 Geoană served as Romania's ambassador to the United States. At the time, he was the youngest ambassador in Romania's diplomatic corps.

Considered a young reformer, Geoană was elected president of the party on 25 April 2005 by delegates at a PSD Party Congress held in Bucharest. His victory represented a surprise defeat for the former president and founder of the PSD Ion Iliescu, who was expected to defeat Geoană handily. Geoană's win was attributed by the media to last minute backroom dealing by party leaders opposed to Iliescu as well as to public gaffes made by Iliescu at the Party Congress, including using the term comrades when referring to his party colleagues.

At the PSD Congress on 10 December 2006, Geoană was re-elected as party President, with his platform, "Social Romania", defeating Sorin Oprescu's.

On 3 December 2009, candidates in the second round, Băsescu and Geoană met in a televised debate that marked the final confrontation of the campaign. The event was held at the Palace of the Parliament. The debate started with a presentation of arguments that Băsescu and Geoană tried in turn to explain why Romanians should vote for them. The candidate of the PSD + PC Alliance said he came up with a project to develop the country and has demonstrated that he can unite the Romanians and keep "a constructive tone and a positive approach." He discussed the three pillars that he sustains: redefining the way that Romania is working, agriculture, and developing the working field. Geoană specified that his alliance with the liberals, initialed in Timișoara, is sincere and not based on political interests. He expressed hope that Băsescu will not use in the debate means and personal attacks, "like the way in which designed the campaign, which was based on lies and personal attacks on the family." In turn, Băsescu said that the presidency is a privilege and a "huge obligation" which marked him every day in the five-year term when he was president of Romania. His speech was focused on supporting the accelerated reform of the state in which the "voice of Romanians must be heard". The head of state proposed "a government of politicians for politicians". Băsescu spoke about the Social Democrats, whom he accused that they do not understand the country's priorities, and acquire political privileges. The candidate supported by the Liberal Democrats recalled the possibility of returning to power former communist government and Iliescu. Băsescu promised that it would immediately pass Romanians outcome of the referendum of 22 November to reduce the number of MPs and creating a unicameral parliament, which he never did. The two candidates' approaches were often strewn during the three hours of debate with personal attacks and mutual accusations. The President stated that the support structure of Geoană's campaign was linked to television of[clarification needed] Sorin Ovidiu Vântu, Dan Voiculescu, and Dinu Patriciu's public interventions. The two presidential candidates swore with the hand on a Bible provided by Robert Turcescu, the moderator of the debate. While Geoană vowed not promised benefits[clarification needed] Patriciu, Vântu, and Voiculescu, Băsescu vowed that he "never punched a child in the plex or in the face".

On 22 November 2011, after refusing to step down as the President of the Senate of Romania following the request of the PSD leadership, he was ousted as member of the party, losing the confidence of his colleagues in the Executive National Council of PSD where his dismissal was voted 50 to 5 while 3 abstained. In the following days he will have to step down as President of the Upper House of the Romanian Parliament as he no longer has the support of a party group in the Senate.[7] The following day he was revoked by the senators in the plenary meeting with 112 votes for, 2 against and 5 abstentions. He remains an independent senator. He was readmitted into the party banks in Autumn 2012, after a reconciliation with the PSD leadership.

Personal lifeEdit

He is married to Mihaela Geoană, Former President of the Romanian Red Cross from 2007 to 2015; They both have a daughter and son together: Maria and Alexandru Ion.

Electoral historyEdit

Mayor of BucharestEdit

Election Affiliation First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
2004 PSD 417,153

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Affiliation First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
2009 PSD 3,027,838
 2nd  5,205,760


  1. ^ http://www.gandul.info/politica/ponta-i-a-exclus-din-psd-pe-geoana-vanghelie-si-sova-vanghelie-mi-a-fost-greata-n-am-vazut-asa-executii-nici-la-partidul-comunist-sova-accept-13649849
  2. ^ Postelnicu, Valentina. "Mircea Geoană anunţă înfiinţarea Partidului Social Românesc (PSR)". Mediafax (in Romanian).
  3. ^ "Biography" (in Romanian). personal website. Archived from the original on 2009-12-02. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  4. ^ "Geoană, fostul şef al PSD, s-a relaxat la miezul nopţii cu o îngheţată" (in Romanian). www.gandul.info. 21 February 2009. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
  5. ^ "NATO Secretary General appoints Mircea Geoană as next Deputy Secretary General". NATO.int. 17 July 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2019. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has decided to appoint Mircea Geoană from Romania as the next Deputy Secretary General. He will replace Rose Gottemoeller from the United States, who took up her position in October 2016.
  6. ^ Banila, Nicoleta (17 July 2019). "NATO appoints Romanian ex-foreign minister Mircea Geoana as deputy secretary general". SeeNews: Business Intelligence for Southeast Europe. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  7. ^ [1]

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Petre Roman
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu
Preceded by
Ilie Sârbu
President of the Senate
Succeeded by
Petru Filip