Pardes (1997 film)

Pardes (transl. Foreign land) is a 1997 Indian Hindi-language musical drama film directed, produced, and co-written by Subhash Ghai. Distributed by Mukta Arts, it stars Shah Rukh Khan, newcomers Mahima Chaudhry and Apurva Agnihotri, Alok Nath, Amrish Puri and Himani Shivpuri in leading roles. The film was theatrically released in India on 8 August 1997. It received mixed-to-positive reviews from critics, with praise for Khan, Chaudhry, and Agnihotri's performances. Pardes grossed over 409 million (US$5.1 million) worldwide, emerging as a commercial success, and was the fourth highest-grossing Bollywood film of 1997, behind Dil To Pagal Hai (also starring Khan), Border, and Ishq.

Pardes
Pardes.jpg
Poster
Directed bySubhash Ghai
Written by
Produced bySubhash Ghai
Starring
CinematographyKabir Lal
Edited byRenu Saluja
Music byNadeem-Shravan
Distributed byMukta Arts
Release date
  • 8 August 1997 (1997-08-08)
Running time
191 mins
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi
Budget₹10 crore[1]
Box office₹40.95 crore[1]

The film was shot at various locations in the United States (Los Angeles, Las Vegas), Canada (British Columbia, including Vancouver) and India (Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh, including Agra). It received 12 nominations at the 43rd Filmfare Awards, including Best Film, Best Director for Ghai, and Best Actress for Chaudhry. It won three awards: Best Female Debut for Chaudhry, Best Screenplay for Ghai, and Best Female Playback Singer for Yagnik for "Meri Mehbooba".

The movie was remade in Telugu as Pelli Kanuka (1998) starring Jagapati Babu, Lakshmi & Banumathi Ramakrishna. It was released on the eve of celebration of 50th anniversary of the Indian independence.

PlotEdit

Arjun is the foster son of Kishorilal, a wealthy NRI who harbours affection for his home-country, India. On a trip to meet his friend in rural India, Kishorilal comes in contact with his friend's daughter, Ganga. He is impressed by her culture and values, and decides to arrange her marriage with his real son, Rajiv.

Arjun is tasked to prepare Ganga's family to receive Rajiv when he arrives. Arjun sets about "westernizing" the household, but is resisted by Ganga and her siblings. Their clash brings them together, and Arjun and Ganga become friends. Rajiv visits the village in a month's time, and is subjected to alien Indian customs and traditions. With help from Arjun, he soon begins to understand Indian culture and becomes attracted to Ganga.

Rajiv and Ganga agree to their arranged marriage, and fly off together to the US after being engaged in India. Ganga lives with the Kishorilal household while preparations are made for a grand wedding. During this time, she faces hostilities from Kishorilal's family, who have long left India and its values behind, having fully embraced American culture. Ganga believes Rajiv is different from his family, but is soon exposed to his indulgent lifestyle, his brattish behaviour and secrets of his past relationships. Having grown up in a conservative family in India, she reacts negatively to this new information and lashes out at Arjun, accusing him of painting a false picture of Rajiv before their engagement.

Arjun's continued friendship with Ganga is noticed by Kishorilal's family, and they relocate him within the country so he cannot interfere in Rajiv's relationship. On a trip to Las Vegas, Rajiv and Ganga end up fighting in their hotel room over the former's insistence to have sex before marriage. Rajiv ends up attempting assault on Ganga, who fights him off and escapes. Arjun finds her in a distressed state at a train station, and flies her back to the safety of her family in India.

Back in the village, Ganga's family are falsely led to believe that Arjun and Ganga have eloped. Rajiv shows up in the country, and hires goons to take revenge on Arjun. Arjun is left a bloody mess, but fights back for Ganga's sake. His fistfight with Rajiv turns violent, but they are interrupted by Kishorilal. Kishorilal demands an explanation from Arjun for his actions, who confesses that he has fallen in love with Ganga but acted only with an intent to protect her (and not elope with her). Ganga, meanwhile, has also realized her love for Arjun. She exposes Rajiv to her family for his actions in Vegas. Kishorilal is disgusted and orders Rajiv back to the US. Ganga and Arjun return to the US and get married. They live out a happy married life together.

CastEdit

SoundtrackEdit

Pardes
 
Soundtrack album
GenreFeature film soundtrack
LabelTips Zee Music Company

The soundtrack was composed by Nadeem-Shravan and the lyrics were penned by Anand Bakshi. For their work, Nadeem-Shravan received a Filmfare Award for Best Music Director nomination and won a Screen Award for Best Music Director. This was the only album where K.S. Chithra sung a Hindi song for Nadeem-Shravan.

Ghai wanted A. R. Rahman to compose the music of this film, but he was too expensive and didn't fit the budget of the film.[2] However, they collaborated on Ghai's next, Taal (1999).

Track list

No Title Singer(s)
1 "Nahin Hona Tha" Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan, Hema Sardesai, Sabri Bros.
2 "Meri Mehbooba" Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik
3 "Yeh Dil Deewana" Sonu Nigam, Vocals by Hema Sardesai, Shankar Mahadevan, Ehsaan Noorani
4 "I Love My India" Kavita Krishnamurthy, Hariharan, Aditya Narayan & Shankar Mahadevan
5 "My First Day in USA" Hema Sardesai
6 "Do Dil Mil Rahe Hain" Kumar Sanu
7 "Jahan Piya Wahan Main" K. S. Chithra
8 "I Love My India" (Part 2) Kavita Krishnamurthy
9 "Title Music" Sapna Awasthi, Shankar Mahadevan

ReceptionEdit

Planet Bollywood started their review by saying, "The music of Pardes is one of Nadeem-Shravan's best ever."[citation needed]

Box officeEdit

Pardes grossed 34.83 crore in India and $1.7 million (₹6.12 crore) overseas, for a worldwide total of ₹40.95 crore ($11.4 million), against its ₹10 crore budget. It had a worldwide opening weekend of ₹3.4 crore, and grossed ₹6.19 crore in its first week.[3] It is the 4th-highest-grossing film of 1997 worldwide.[4]

IndiaEdit

It opened on Friday, August 8, 1997, across 210 screens, and earned ₹61 lakh nett on its opening day. It grossed ₹2 crore nett in its opening weekend, and had a first week of ₹3.64 crore nett. The film earned a total of ₹22.83 crore nett, and was declared a "super-hit" by Box Office India.[3] It is the 4th highest-grossing film of 1997 in India.[5]

OverseasEdit

It earned $1.7 million (₹6.12 crore in 1997) outside India.[3] Overseas, it is the 2nd highest-grossing film of 1997 after Dil To Pagal Hai, which grossed $3.3 million (₹12.04 crore in 1997).[6]

Pardes worldwide collections breakdown
Territory Territory wise Collections break-up
India Nett income:
31.83 crore
Entertainment tax:
₹12 crore
Total gross:
₹43.83 crore
International
(outside India)
$1.7 million (₹6.12 crore in 1997)
Worldwide ₹49.95 crore ($11.4 million)[3]

Critical receptionEdit

Pardes received mixed-to-positive reviews from critics. Praise was given to the music and the cast's performances; however the story and screenplay of the film received criticism.[7][8][9]

India Today cites it as one of the first major Bollywood pictures to succeed in the United States.[10]

In their book, New Cosmopolitanisms: South Asians in the US, Gita Rajan and Shailja Sharma view the film as a dichotomous depiction of the good NRI versus bad NRI, with Khan depicting the good immigrant, who assists the rowdy Indian American playboy Rajiv (Apurva Agnihotri), the bad. Khan's character of Arjun is perceived as a metaphor for cosmopolitanism or Indian cultural nationalism in the wider sense, in direct contrast to Rajiv who represents wealthy Westernization and all its negative vices and connotations.[11]

AccoladesEdit

Award[a] Date of ceremony[b] Category Recipient(s) Result Ref.
Filmfare Awards 31 January 1998 Best Film Subhash Ghai Nominated [12]
[13]
Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Won
Best Actress Mahima Chaudhry Nominated
Best Female Debut Won
Best Music Director Nadeem–Shravan Nominated
Best Lyricist Anand Bakshi for "I Love My India" Nominated
Anand Bakshi for "Meri Mehbooba" Nominated
Best Male Playback Singer Hariharan for "I Love My India" Nominated
Kumar Sanu for "Do Dil Mil Rahe Hain" Nominated
Best Female Playback Singer Alka Yagnik for "Meri Mehbooba" Won
Kavita Krishnamurthy for "I Love My India" Nominated
Screen Awards 17 January 1998 Best Film Pardes Nominated [14]
[15]
[16]
[17]
Best Director Subhash Ghai Nominated
Most Promising Newcomer – Male Apurva Agnihotri Nominated
Most Promising Newcomer – Female Mahima Chaudhry Nominated
Best Music Director Nadeem–Shravan Won
Best Lyricist Anand Bakshi for "Do Dil Mil Rahe Hain" Nominated
Anand Bakshi for "I Love My India" Nominated
Best Male Playback Singer Kumar Sanu for "Do Dil Mil Rahe Hain" Nominated
Best Cinematography Kabir Lal Won
Zee Cine Awards 14 March 1998 Best Film Subhash Ghai Nominated [18]
[19]
[20]
[21]
Best Director Nominated
Best Story Nominated
Best Cinematography Kabir Lal Nominated
Best Actor – Male Shah Rukh Khan Nominated
Best Actor in a Supporting Role – Male Apurva Agnihotri Nominated
Best Male Debut Nominated
Best Female Debut Mahima Chaudhry Won
Best Music Director Nadeem–Shravan Nominated
Best Background Score Vanraj Bhatia Won
Best Lyricist Anand Bakshi for "I Love My India" Nominated
Best Playback Singer – Male Kumar Sanu for "Do Dil Mil Rahe Hain" Nominated
Best Playback Singer – Female Kavita Krishnamurthy for "I Love My India" Nominated
Best Editing Renu Saluja Nominated
Best Make Up Artist Kiran R. Naik Nominated
Best Sound Recording Rakesh Ranjan Won
Best Re-Recording Anup Dev Nominated
Best Song Recording Hassan Sheikh Nominated
Best Special Effects (Visual) Ramesh Meer Nominated

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Awards, festivals and organizations are in alphabetical order.
  2. ^ Date is linked to the article about the awards held that year, wherever possible.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Pardes - Movie - Box Office India". boxofficeindia.com.
  2. ^ "21 Years of Pardes: When the music triumphed over the film's story!". 8 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Pardes". Box Office India. Archived from the original on 7 August 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Top Worldwide Grossers 1997". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Top India Total Nett Gross 1997". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Top Overseas Gross 1997". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Planet Bollywood: Film Review: Pardes". planetbollywood.com. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011.
  8. ^ "Pardes". ApunKaChoice. Archived from the original on 26 March 2013.
  9. ^ Maheshwari, Laya (25 September 2017). "How Bollywood Stereotypes the West". BBC. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Pardes (1997)". India Today. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  11. ^ Sharma & Rajan 2006, p. 126.
  12. ^ "43rd Filmfare Awards 1998 Nominations". Indian Times. The Times Group. Archived from the original on 6 July 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  13. ^ "43rd Filmfare Awards 1998 Winners". Indian Times. The Times Group. Archived from the original on 8 May 2006. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  14. ^ "The 4th Screen Awards Nominations: Bollywood's best to vie for Screen-Videocon awards". The Indian Express. 9 January 1998. Retrieved 6 August 2021.
  15. ^ "The 4th Screen Awards: And the nominees for 1997 are…". The Indian Express. 9 January 1998. Retrieved 6 August 2021.
  16. ^ "Screen Award winners for the year 1997 are". Screen India. Indian Express Limited. Archived from the original on 27 January 2004. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  17. ^ "Star Screen Videocon Awards Winners". Screen India. Indian Express Limited. Archived from the original on 20 October 2002. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  18. ^ "1st Zee Cine Awards 1998 Popular Award Categories Nominations". Zee Television. Zee Entertainment Enterprises. Archived from the original on 19 February 1998. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  19. ^ "1st Zee Cine Awards 1998 Technical Award Categories Nominations". Zee Television. Zee Entertainment Enterprises. Archived from the original on 19 February 1998. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  20. ^ "1st Zee Cine Awards 1998 Popular Award Categories Winners". Zee Television. Zee Entertainment Enterprises. Archived from the original on 2 July 1998. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  21. ^ "1st Zee Cine Awards 1998 Technical Award Categories Winners". Zee Television. Zee Entertainment Enterprises. Archived from the original on 2 July 1998. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
Bibliography

External linksEdit