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Pacific Motorway (Brisbane–Brunswick Heads)

The Pacific Motorway is a motorway in Australia between Brisbane, Queensland, and Brunswick Heads, New South Wales, through the New South Wales–Queensland border at Tweed Heads.

Pacific Motorway
QueenslandNew South Wales
Southeast freeway.jpg
Type Motorway
Length 158 km (98 mi)
Route number(s)
Former
route number
  • Queensland:
  • Metroad 3
  • National Route 1
  • Alternate National Route 1
  • New South Wales:
  • National Route 1 (1955-2013)
North end Inner City Bypass
  Gateway Motorway
Logan Motorway
Gold Coast Highway
for full list see exits.
South end Pacific Highway
Brunswick Heads
Major suburbs / towns

The motorway starts at Coronation Drive at Milton in Brisbane, The Brisbane city section of the motorway is often referred to by its former name, the Riverside Expressway. The motorway is about 150 kilometres (93 mi) long, and features eight traffic lanes with a 110 km/h (68 mph) speed limit between the M6 Logan Motorway and Smith Street Motorway and generally six or four lanes at 100 km/h (62 mph) on other sections. The motorway passes through the major tourist region of the Gold Coast, the destination for most of the vehicular traffic from Brisbane. More than A$2 billion was spent on the motorway between 1990 and 1998, including widening the road and safety measures.

The motorway passes Gold Coast attractions such as Warner Bros. Movie World, Wet'n'Wild Water World, and Dreamworld, which are among the most popular theme parks in Australia.[citation needed] Since 2008 the motorway connects with the Tweed Heads bypass in New South Wales.

There are also plans to progressively widen the four lane section from Nerang to Tugun to six lanes. The first section of this upgrade (Nerang to Varsity Lakes) was completed in May 2012. Planning is ongoing for the remaining section of the upgrade (Varsity Lakes to Tugun).[1]

The highest point of the motorway is 92 metres (302 ft) AHD  on a cutting 130 km (81 mi) south of Brisbane (between Cudgera Creek Rd and Sleepy Hollow Rest Area).[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Queensland sectionEdit

The first section, opened in Brisbane in November 1972, was originally known as the Southeast Freeway.[3] It included the Riverside Expressway which was designed to alleviate traffic congestion in central Brisbane. The Southeast Freeway was connected to the Pacific Highway at Springwood in 1985.[3] The Southeast Freeway was designated originally as the F3, but this nomenclature was removed in 1994.

On 15 April 1996 it was announced that the Pacific Highway between the intersection with the Logan Motorway and Nerang would be upgraded to motorway standard.[4] From the Albert River at Beenleigh to Coombabah Creek at Gaven, about 28 km (17 mi), the road surface is portland cement concrete. The upgraded road was opened to the public in October 2000.[4]

In March 2006, the Queensland Government released planning for substantial changes to the section between Springwood and Daisy Hill, mainly at the entrances and exits along the section to deal with substantial traffic problems on surrounding streets and traffic backups onto the motorway. The planned upgrade led to some popular protest, mainly by people whose homes would be resumed for the project. Construction of the upgrade commenced in November 2009 and was completed in November 2012.[5]

The Tugun Bypass was completed in 2008. It has four lanes (two in each direction in 2008 and provision for six lane widening in the future). Widening from four lanes to six lanes is planned for 2025.[6]

Below is an overview of when each stage of the motorway was completed (from north to south):

  • 1960 - Gaven Way. New road connecting Pacific Highway to Nerang, essentially forming the first stage of the Gold Coast bypass route, opened to traffic on 10 December 1960.
  • 1961 - Gold Coast Highway interchange. Grade-separated interchange at Gaven Way.
  • 1965 - Beenleigh bypass. First carriageway of the Beenleigh bypass opened to traffic in December 1965, followed by the second carriageway in December 1966.[7]
  • 1971 - Coomera River bridge duplication. Second bridge across Coomera River officially opened by Minister for Main Roads Ron Camm on 3 June 1971, completing four lanes between Brisbane and Helensvale.[8]
  • 1973 - Alice Street to Juliette Street. First stage of the South-East Freeway, including the Captain Cook Bridge, officially opened to traffic on 7 March 1973.[9]
  • 1976 - Riverside Expressway. New expressway between Hale Street and Alice Street, mostly constructed on bridges, officially opened on 22 July 1976.[10]
  • 1976 - Nerang to Reedy Creek. Reconstructed and realigned highway along the former rail reserve completed in December 1976.[11]
  • 1977 - Juliette Street to Marshall Road. Second stage of the South-East Freeway opened between Juliette Street and Marshall Road on 27 July 1977.[12]
  • 1979 - Nerang bypass. 2.5 km two-lane bypass of Nerang officially opened by Minister for Main Roads Russ Hinze on 6 April 1979.[13]
  • 1980 - Marshall Road to Klumpp Road. Third stage of the South-East Freeway between Marshall Road and Klumpp Road officially opened on 21 October 1980.[14]
  • 1982 - Klumpp Road to Logan Road. Fourth stage of the South-East Freeway opened between Klumpp Road and Logan Road by Queensland Premier Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen on 13 August 1982.[15]
  • 1985 - Reedy Creek to Tugun Extension. Two-lane bypass of West Burleigh opened to traffic in three stages; West Burleigh to Palm Beach in October 1981,[11] Reedy Creek to West Burleigh in November 1983,[11] and Palm Beach to Tugun on 17 May 1985.[16]
  • 1985 - Helensvale to Nerang duplication. Four-lane duplication works completed between Gold Coast Highway and Nerang River in June 1985.[17]
  • 1985 - Tweed Heads bypass. Two-lane bypass opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 18 July 1985 at a total cost of A$3.6m; second carriageway completed in December 1986.[18]
  • 1985 - Logan Road to Compton Road. Fifth and final stage of the South-East Freeway officially opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 22 November 1985.[17]
  • 1986 - Logan River bridge duplication. New concrete bridge across Logan River, duplicating the 1968 bridge, officially opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 16 July 1986.
  • 1987 - Mudgeeraba Interchange. Half-diamond interchange at Mudgeeraba Road opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 21 August 1987.
  • 1987 - Coomera Interchange. Interchange opened by Deputy Premier and Minister for Main Roads Bill Gunn on 10 December 1987.[19]
  • 1988 - Worongary Interchange. Half-diamond interchange opened by Deputy Premier and Minister for Main Roads Bill Gunn on 27 July 1988.
  • 1989 - Reedy Creek Interchange. Interchange completed in September 1989.
  • 1991 - Nerang to Mudgeeraba Duplication. Duplication to four lanes between Pappas Way and Mudgeeraba Road and a new interchange at Elysium Drive opened by Federal Minister for Transport Bob Brown on 23 December 1991.
  • 1992 - Helensvale Interchange. Upgraded interchange at Gold Coast Highway opened by Federal Minister for Transport Bob Brown on 29 October 1992.
  • 1994 - Mudgeeraba to Reedy Creek duplication. Duplication to four lanes between Mudgeeraba Road and Reedy Creek Road and a new overpass at Reedy Creek Road opened by Minister for Transport David Hamill on 18 May 1994.
  • 1994 - Yawalpah Interchange. Diamond interchange at Yawalpah Road opened by MP Paul Braddy on 3 November 1994.
  • 1996 - Winnetts Road to Beenleigh-Redland Bay Road six-laning. Widening to six lanes and a new interchange at Beenleigh-Redland Bay Road completed in December 1996.[20]
  • 1997 - Reedy Creek to Tugun duplication. Duplication to four lanes between Reedy Creek Road and Stewart Road and a southerly extension of Bermuda Street to the highway opened by Minister for Main Roads Vaughan Johnson on 16 June 1997.[21]
  • 2000 - Loganholme to Nerang Upgrade (Pacific Motorway Upgrade). 43 km-long six-lane upgrade of the Pacific Motorway, including various interchange and service centre upgrades as well as heralding Queensland's first alphanumeric route number, M1, officially commissioned by Premier Peter Beattie and Minister for Main Roads Steve Bredhauer on 6 October 2000 at a completed cost of A$850m.[22]
  • 2012 - Nerang to Worongary Upgrade. Six-lane widening works between Pappas Way and Gooding Drive completed on 25 May 2012.[23]
  • 2014 - Worongary to Mudgeeraba Upgrade. Six-lane widening works between Gooding Drive and Robina Town Centre Drive completed on 26 September 2014.[24]

New South Wales sectionEdit

 
Banora Point Upgrade on the Pacific Motorway (looking south)
 
Barneys Point Bridge over the Tweed River, 2017

The NSW section of the Pacific Motorway to Brunswick Heads is part of the Pacific Highway upgrade from the Queensland border to Ballina. It was renamed to Pacific Motorway from Pacific Highway in February 2013.[25][26]

The motorway was first completed in July 1985 with the opening of first stage of Tweed Heads Bypass, followed by the second stage in November 1992.[27] The most recent addition to the motorway is the Banora Point upgrade which opened in September 2012.[28]

Below is an overview of when each stage of the motorway was completed (from south to north):

Southern terminus Northern terminus Distance Date completed Notes
km mi
Tyagarah Ewingsdale 16 October 1998 Realignment[29]
Tandys Lane bypass 19 December 2001 Bypass[30]
Yelgun Brunswick Heads 11 July 2007 Realignment[31]
Chinderah Yelgun 6 August 2002 Included the Cudgen Road Tunnel[32]
Chinderah bypass 29 November 1996 Included the Barneys Point Bridge[33]
Banora Point upgrade 22 September 2012
Minjungbal Drive Kennedy Drive 14 November 1992 Tweed Heads bypass
Kennedy Drive Tugun bypass 18 July 1985


Service centresEdit

The Pacific Motorway, when it was upgraded in September 2000, was the first motorway in Queensland to have service centres integrated. There are two service centres, Stapylton servicing southbound traffic, and Coomera servicing northbound traffic. The travel centres include fuel and fast-food restaurants, picnic areas and a shop. Solar panels on the roofs of the centres provide power to the facilities.

Speed limitsEdit

Southern terminus Northern terminus Speed limit Notes
km/h mph
Teven Interchange Chinderah 110 68 Some variance
Chinderah Gaven 100 62 Crosses the state border
Gaven Beenleigh 110 68
Beenleigh Greenslopes 100 62
Greenslopes Vulture Street, Woolloongabba 90 56
Vulture Street, Woolloongabba Elizabeth Street (CBD) 80 50 Concurrency with the Riverside Expressway
Elizabeth Street (CBD) Herschel Street (CBD) 70 43
Herschel Street (CBD) Hale Street (CBD) 60 37

Speed camerasEdit

There is a fixed speed camera on the Pacific Motorway at Tarragindi, facing northbound. There is another at Loganholme just after the Logan Motorway exit facing northbound.[34] A third set of speed cameras, situated on the northbound side of the motorway at the Smith Street overpass at Gaven, became active around March 2013.[35][36]

Major settlementsEdit

 
M1 Motorway as it passes through the Gold Coast

Gold CoastEdit

Beenleigh to Coolangatta is within the City of Gold Coast. The city has a population of 500,000 and is Australia's sixth-largest city. The oceanside parts of the Gold Coast are characterised by high-rises, residential canal developments, a casino, theme parks, amusement parks and numerous tourist attractions, whilst its inland suburbs are leafy and well kept, looking much like the newer suburbia of other large Australian cities. The Gold Coast attracts tourists from around the world and is one of Australia's leading tourist destinations. Most of the city is bypassed by the Pacific Motorway (M1 Motorway) which continues from Metroad 3 at Logan City south of Brisbane. The former route of the Pacific Highway through the Gold Coast has been renamed as the Gold Coast Highway. The Gold Coast Highway was very congested until the Tugun Bypass opened in June 2008 bypassing a badly traffic snarled section near the Gold Coast Airport.

Tweed HeadsEdit

The highway crosses the Tweed River south of Banora Point. Tweed Heads is the major commercial centre of the southern part of the Gold Coast, which extends as far south as Chinderah in New South Wales. It was known as a "twin town" along with Coolangatta, Queensland before they coalesced with other towns to form the suburbia of the Gold Coast. The Tweed River valley contains the Cudgen Road Tunnel completed in 2002. The tunnel was built to avoid the visual impact of a road cutting.

InterchangesEdit

New South WalesEdit

LGA Location km[37] mi Destinations Notes
Byron Brunswick Heads 0 0.0 Gulgan Road [west] – Mullumbimby Partial Dumbbell interchange
3.0 1.9 Old Pacific Highway / Gulgan Road – Brunswick Heads Dumbbell interchange
6.0 3.7 Old Pacific Highway Dumbbell interchange
Brunswick River 6.2 3.9 Matthew Devine Bridge
Byron Billinudgel 10.0 6.2 Wilfred Street – Ocean Shores, Billinudgel Northbound exit and entrance to the west only
11.5 7.1   Tweed Valley Way / Brunswick Valley Way (Tourist route 40) – Yelgun Trumpet interchange, with partial dumbbell
Tweed Cudgera Creek 24.5 15.2 Cudgera Creek Road – Cudgera Creek, Pottsville, Hastings Point Diamond interchange
Clothiers Creek 31.5 19.6 Clothiers Creek Road – Clothiers Creek, Tanglewood, Bogangar
Cudgen Road (no access) 37.1 23.1 Cudgen Road Tunnel
Tweed Chinderah 40.0 24.9   Tweed Valley Way (Tourist route 40) – Tumbulgum, Condong, Murwillumbah Trumpet interchange
43.0 26.7 Chinderah Road / Tweed Coast Road – Chinderah, Kingscliff Grade-separated roundabout interchange
44.6 27.7 Waugh Street – Chinderah Northbound exit and entrance to the west only
45.3 28.1 Chinderah Bay Drive / Fingal Road – Chinderah, Fingal Head Southbound exit and entrance only; trumpet interchange
Tweed River 45.7 28.4 Barneys Point Bridge
Tweed Banora Point 46.5 28.9 Sexton Hill Drive – Banora Point, Terranora Trumpet interchange
47.0 29.2 Wilsons Park Tunnel
48.0 29.8 Mingjunbal Drive / Sexton Hill Drive – Banora Point, Tweed Heads South Trumpet interchange
Terranora Creek 50.6 31.4 Bridge over the creek (bridge name unknown)
Tweed Tweed Heads 51.2 31.8 Kennedy Drive – Tweed Heads, Tweed Heads West Dogbone interchange
52.0 32.3    Gold Coast Highway (State route 2) – Coolangatta, Gold Coast, Gold Coast Airport Trumpet interchange
Tweed Heads West 52.9 32.9 Tunnel under airport runway
55.4 34.4   Pacific Motorway (M1) Northern terminus in New South Wales; road continues in Queensland as the Pacific Motorway (M1)
New South Wales – Queensland state border New South Wales – Queensland state border
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Listing includes: Terminii, declared roads, former alignments, and intersections where a turn is required to remain on the highway, and minor roads at these intersections.

QueenslandEdit

LGA Location km[38] mi Exit Destinations Notes
New South Wales – Queensland state border 0.0 0.0 New South Wales – Queensland state border Continues from 55.4km above
Gold Coast Currumbin Waters 3.1 1.9 95    Stewart Road (State route 98) – Currumbin Valley, Tugun, Coolangatta, Gold Coast Airport Diamond interchange connects to Gold Coast Highway (State Route 2)
Currumbin Creek 4.4 2.7 Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold Coast Palm Beach 4.5 2.8 93 K.P. McGrath Drive / Sarawak Avenue – Elanora, Palm Beach, Currumbin
5.9 3.7 92 Palm Beach Avenue – Palm Beach, Elanora
Tallebudgera Creek 8.4 5.2 Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold Coast Tallebudgera 8.7 5.4 89 Tallebudgera Creek Road – Tallebudgera Modified trumpet interchange
Burleigh Heads 10.9 6.8 87   Bermuda Street (State route 3) – Southport, Reedy Creek Grade-separated roundabout interchange
Reedy Creek 13.0 8.1 85   Reedy Creek Road – Burleigh Heads, Reedy Creek, Varsity Lakes Modified trumpet interchange
Robina 16.1 10.0 82   Somerset Drive (State route 7) – Robina, Mudgeeraba Diamond interchange
Mudgeeraba Creek 16.6 10.3 Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold Coast Mudgeeraba 17.4 10.8 80   The Link Way (State route 99) – Mudgeeraba, Springbrook National Park Northbound exit only via a slip lane
Robina 18.3 11.4 79   Robina Parkway (State route 42) – Mudgeeraba, Robina Modified dumbbell interchange
Worongary 21.0 13.0 77   Gold Coast–Springbrook Road (Gooding Drive/State route 50) – Broadbeach, Tallai Grade-separated dumbbell interchange
22.8 14.2 75 Elysium Road Grade-separated dumbbell interchange
Highland Park 24.8 15.4 73   Nielsons Road (State route 40) – Highland Park, Carrara, Broadbeach
Nerang 29.9 18.6 72 Pappas Way – Highland Park, Carrara Formerly exit 71A
31.5 19.6 71   Nerang–Broadbeach Road (State route 90) – Nerang, Broadbeach, Beaudesert, Murwillumbah Diamond interchange
Clear Island Lake 28.2 17.5 Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold Coast Nerang 29.0 18.0 69   Southport–Nerang Road (State route 20) – Surfers Paradise, Ashmore, Southport Northbound exit and southbound exit and entrance only
Arundel 32.1 19.9 66    Smith Street Motorway (State route 10) – Gaven, Parkwood, Sea World, Gold Coast University Hospital Modified trumpet and grade-separated diamond interchange
Helensvale 35.5 22.1 62   Gold Coast Highway (State route 2) – Pacific Pines, Gold Coast Modified trumpet and parclo interchange
37.9 23.5 60 Helensvale Road – Hope Island, Oxenford, Movie World, Wet'n'Wild
40.4 25.1 57   Hope Island Road (State route 4) – Hope Island Diamond interchange
57   Tamborine–Oxenford Road (State route 95) – Tamborine Mountain, Oxenford
Coomera River 41.4 25.7 Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Gold Coast Coomera 43.6 27.1 54 Foxwell Road – Coomera, Upper Coomera, Dreamworld Modified parclo
Pimpama 48.3 30.0 49 Pimpama–Jacobs Well Road – Pimpama, Jacobs Well Dumbbell interchange
Ormeau 51.2 31.8 45 Mirambeena Drive / Tillyroen Road – Ormeau, Jacobs Well, Norwell Dumbbell interchange, northbound exit and southbound entrance only
53.6 33.3 45 Eggersdorf Road / Peachey Road – Ormeau, Kingsholme, Norwell Dumbbell interchange, northbound entrance and southbound exit only
57.1 35.5 41 Computer Road – Yatala, Ormeau Dumbbell interchange
Yatala 60.0 37.3 38 Stapylton–Jacobs Well Road – Yatala, Stapylton Dumbbell interchange
Albert River 61.3 38.1 Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Logan Beenleigh 62.3 38.7 35   Main Street (State route 94) – Beenleigh Grade separated roundabout interchange
64.2 39.9 34   City Road (State route 92) – Beenleigh Grade separated roundabout interchange
Logan River 65.6 40.8 Bridge over the river (Bridge name unknown)
Logan Browns Plains 66.8 41.5 31   Logan Motorway (Metroad 6) – Ipswich, Toowoomba Trumpet interchange
Loganholme 68.0 42.3 30   Beenleigh–Redland Bay Road (State route 47) – Redland Bay, Cleveland
Tanah Merah 69.8 43.4 28 Grandis Street / Pintu Drive – Shailer Park, Tanah Merah
Slacks Creek 71.0 44.1 25 Nujooloo Road / Mandew Street – Slacks Creek Northbound exit and entrance via Nujooloo Road
Southbound exit and entrance via Mandew Street
73.3 45.5 24 Winnets Road / Loganlea Road – Daisy Hill, Loganlea
74.6 46.4 23   Paradise Road / Chatswood Road (State route 50) – Slacks Creek, Logan Central, Springwood Northbound entrance and southbound entrance and exit only
Springwood 75.8 47.1 22 Old Pacific Highway – Springwood Southbound exit only
77.3 48.0 20   Logan Road (State route 30) / Old Pacific Highway – Rochedale, Underwood, Springwood Trumpet interchange and partial diamond interchange
Rochedale South 78.2 48.6 19   Rochedale Road (State route 30) – Rochedale, Underwood Northbound entrance and southbound exit only
Brisbane Eight Mile Plains 81.5 50.6 16    Gateway Motorway (M1 [northeast]) – Murarrie, Sunshine Coast, Brisbane Airport
  Gateway Motorway (M2 [southwest]) – Drewvale, Browns Plains
Trumpet interchange. Pacific Motorway continues north as the M3.
Gateway Motorway heads northeast as the M1.
Heading south, the Pacific Motorway carries the M1 shield.
MacGregor 83.4 51.8 14   Logan Road (State route 95) – Upper Mount Gravatt, Eight Mile Plains
Upper Mount Gravatt 86.6 53.8 11   Klump Road / Mains Road (State route 36) – Upper Mount Gravatt, Griffith University Northbound entrance and southbound exit only
Mount Gravatt 88.6 55.1 9 Gaza Road – Mount Gravatt, Griffith University Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
Tarragindi 90.0 55.9 8     Marshall Road (State routes 10 and 11) – Holland Park Northbound entrance and southbound exit only
Greenslopes 93.0 57.8 5   Juliette Street / Cornwall Street – Greenslopes, Annerley Northbound exit and southbound entrance via Juliette Street
Northbound entrance and southbound exit via Cornwall Street
Woolloongabba 94.4 58.7 4    Clem Jones Tunnel (M7) – Sunshine Coast, Northern Suburbs, Brisbane Airport Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
South Brisbane 95.0 59.0 2    Stanley Street / Vulture Street (State 41) – East Brisbane, South Brisbane, Highgate Hill Northbound exit and southbound entrance via Stanley Street
Northbound entrance and southbound exit via Vulture Street
Brisbane River 95.6 59.4 Captain Cook Bridge
Brisbane Brisbane CBD 96.4 59.9 Margaret Street
96.7 60.1 Elizabeth Street
97.1 60.3 Turbot Street Northbound exit only
97.4 60.5 Herschel Street Northbound exit only
   Riverside Expressway (M3) Northern terminus of the Pacific Motorway; road continues as the
Riverside Expressway (M3) to  – Sunshine Coast, Brisbane Airport
State Route 33 Coronation Drive – Indooroopilly
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Listing includes: Terminii, declared roads, former alignments, and intersections where a turn is required to remain on the highway, and minor roads at these intersections.

Note

  1. Exits are numbered progressively from the Brisbane CBD.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pacific Motorway (M1) upgrade planning: Nerang to Tugun Archived 12 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Track". Pacific Motorway (Brisbane to Ewingsdale). GPSies. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Gregory, Helen; Dianne Mclay (2010). Building Brisbane's History: Structure, Sculptures, Stories and Secrets. Warriewood, New South Wales: Woodslane Press. pp. 8–10. ISBN 9781921606199. 
  4. ^ a b Bevan, David (2007). The Pacific Motorway Report: An investigation into the actions of the Department of Main Roads in relation to noise and safety issues concerning the Pacific Motorway (PDF). Brisbane: Queensland Ombudsman. p. xiv. ISBN 978-0-9758442-9-8. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Pacific Motorway (M1) upgrade: Springwood (south) to Daisy Hill Archived 16 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  6. ^ "RTA and Tweed Council traffic master plan" Archived 30 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1965-1966
  8. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1970-1971
  9. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1972-1973
  10. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1975-1976
  11. ^ a b c Queensland Roads, December 1981
  12. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1977-1978
  13. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1978-1979
  14. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1980-1981
  15. ^ Queensland Roads, December 1982
  16. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1984-1985
  17. ^ a b Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1985-1986
  18. ^ Queensland Roads, July 1987
  19. ^ Queensland Roads, July 1988
  20. ^ [1] Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1995-1996
  21. ^ Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1996-1997
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ [3] Nerang to Worongary completed
  24. ^ [4] Upgrade to busy section of Pacific Motorway complete
  25. ^ "Government Gazette of the state of New South Wales" (PDF). 1 February 2013. p. 8 (236). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  26. ^ "Government Gazette of the state of New South Wales" (PDF). 10 May 2013. p. 15 (1667). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  27. ^ Pacific Highway – Section: Chinderah to Tweed Heads, Ozroads. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  28. ^ Banora Point, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  29. ^ Ewingsdale to Tyagarah Realignment – Road Projects, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  30. ^ Tandy's Lane – Road Projects, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  31. ^ Brunswick Heads to Yelgun – Road Projects, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  32. ^ Yelgun to Chinderah – Road Projects, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  33. ^ Chindera Bypass, Roads and Maritime Services. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  34. ^ Speed Camera - M1 Tarragindi QLD. Holland Park West, QLD, 4121. POIDB on fixed speed cameras.
  35. ^ New speed cameras installed on M1. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  36. ^ "Locations of speed and red light cameras". Queensland Government. Retrieved 22 February 2015. Fixed speed cameras are located: ...Pacific Motorway at Gaven, Pacific Motorway at Loganholme, Pacific Motorway at Tarragindi... 
  37. ^ Google (1 April 2017). "Pacific Mwy, Tyagarah NSW 2481, Australia to Pacific Mwy, Cobaki Lakes, NSW, Australia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 April 2017. 
  38. ^ Google (1 April 2017). "Pacific Mwy, Cobaki Lakes, NSW, Australia to Riverside Expressway, Brisbane City QLD 4000, Australia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 April 2017. 

External linksEdit