Burleigh Heads, Queensland

Burleigh Heads is a suburb in the City of Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.[2] In the 2016 census, Burleigh Heads had a population of 10,077 people.[1]

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Burleigh Heads
Gold CoastQueensland
Burleigh Heads.jpg
A beach in Burleigh Heads with high rise developments further in the background
Burleigh Heads is located in Queensland
Burleigh Heads
Burleigh Heads
Coordinates28°06′14″S 153°26′08″E / 28.1038°S 153.4355°E / -28.1038; 153.4355 (Burleigh Heads (centre of suburb))
Population10,077 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density988/km2 (2,559/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4220
Area10.2 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location
LGA(s)Gold Coast City
State electorate(s)Burleigh
Federal Division(s)McPherson
Suburbs around Burleigh Heads:
Varsity Lakes Burleigh Waters Miami
Reedy Creek Burleigh Heads Coral Sea
Tallebudgera Valley Tallebudgera Palm Beach
Elanora

GeographyEdit

Burleigh Head is a cape (28°05′30″S 153°27′33″E / 28.0916°S 153.4591°E / -28.0916; 153.4591 (Burleigh Head)) jutting into the Coral Sea at the northern mouth of Tallebudgera Creek.[3] Rising to a height of 80 metres (260 ft), Burleigh Head is a prominent local landmark.[4] Burleigh Beach facing the Coral Sea commences at Burleigh Head and extends north (28°05′17″S 153°27′11″E / 28.0881°S 153.4531°E / -28.0881; 153.4531 (Burleigh Beach)).[5]

The suburb has two distinct parts. The north-eastern part of the suburb is a narrow coastal area bounded to the north-east by the Coral Sea and includes Burleigh Head. The south-western part then extends inland along Tallebudgera Creek.[4]

The centre of the Burleigh beach area is James Street (28°05′21″S 153°27′02″E / 28.0892°S 153.4505°E / -28.0892; 153.4505 (James Street precinct)), which consists of cafes, delis, hairdressers, retailers, chemists, restaurants and charity stores.

Koala Park is a neighbourhood in the north-east of the suburb (28°05′54″S 153°27′09″E / 28.0983°S 153.4525°E / -28.0983; 153.4525 (Koala Park)). It is a residential area alongside Tallebudgera Creek that is surrounded by bushland consisting of Burleigh Head National Park, Burleigh Ridge Park, Ocean Parade Bush Reserve and Tallebudgera Creek Conservation Park.[6]

West Burleigh is a neighbourhood (a former township) in the south-west of the suburb (28°06′38″S 153°26′02″E / 28.1105°S 153.4338°E / -28.1105; 153.4338 (West Burleigh)).[7] It has shopping and industrial areas.[8][4]

GeologyEdit

The area of Burleigh Head was formed between 20 and 23 million years ago from molten lava due to numerous eruptions of Mount Warning. Flowing lava reached the shore in the area to form Burleigh headland and Point Danger.[9] Geological processes that shaped the region resulted in a variety of different rock types, influencing the landscape, vegetation types and the animals they sustained. Queensland University geologists and students began coming to the area to collect specimens in the 1920s.[10]

EcologyEdit

Burleigh Headland is part of a wildlife corridor connecting coastal forests south to the Queensland New South Wales border ranges.[11] Burleigh Ridge Park Reserve has a diverse habitat due to its geology. Conservation of the area has preserved many local plants that indigenous people would have used over 200 years ago. There are Eucalypt forest species favoured by Koalas. Other native wildlife include flying foxes, gliders and over 60 bird species.[12]

HistoryEdit

 
A 1940s postcard of Burleigh Heads

Indigenous Australians inhabited the area of Burleigh Heads for thousands of years prior to European settlement.[13] The Indigenous tribe were known as the Kombumerri clan, who had named the area 'Jellurgal'.

In 1840, James Warner was commissioned to survey the coastline near Moreton Bay. Warner named the headland Burly Head because of its massive appearance but the spelling was corrupted to Burleigh Head over time.[3][14][15]

The town of Burleigh (centred at 28°05′28″S 153°27′10″E / 28.0911°S 153.4528°E / -28.0911; 153.4528 (Burleigh (town centre))) was surveyed by on 18 November 1871 by surveyor G.L. Pratten. On 27 May 1872 the Queensland Government announced the sale of town lots in Burleigh would take place on 2 July 1872 at the Lands Office in Beenleigh.[16] On offer were 65 suburban lots ranging from 1 to 3.5 acres (0.40 to 1.42 ha) and 19 country lots ranging from 5 to 27 acres (2.0 to 10.9 ha) on or near Tallebudgera Creek.[17][18] On 2 April 1873 at the Lands Office in Beenleigh a further 40 suburban lots mostly about 1 acre (0.40 ha) were offered for sale.[19]

By 1873, the township had been surveyed, a number of the allotments sold and a track created connecting Burleigh Heads to Nerang.[20] References to its magnificent beach were starting to appear and reports in newspapers suggested that Burleigh Heads' natural beauty had the potential to eclipse all other seaside locations in the region.[21][22] However, despite the eventual sale of all the allotments in the township, by 1885, there was only one accommodation house run by Fredrick Fowler and very few, if any, privately owned houses.[23] Further subdivisions and land sales took place in Burleigh during 1914,[24] 1915,[25] 1930,[26] 1929 and[27] 1947.[28] Development including restaurants and guest houses to support the increasing interest in bathing that took place in the last years of the 19th century and the first of the 20th century. It has been the centre of beach activities and a camping site for many years.[29] The extent of the town's development can be seen in this 1929 map.[30]

On 11 November 1879, the Queensland Government created 74 division of local government which saw Burleigh Heads included in the Nerang Division. On 9 December 1948, as part of a major reorganisation of local government in South East Queensland the Queensland Government replaced ten former local government areas between the City of Brisbane and the New South Wales border with four new local government areas.[31] Burleigh became part of the newly created Town of South Coast along with other coastal towns Southport and Coolangatta.[citation needed].

In January 1884, 278 subdivided allotments of the Burleigh Head North estate were auctioned by John Cameron, auctioneer. A map advertising the auction shows the estate to be fronting the Esplanade and close to Nerang Creek.[32][33]

The South Coast railway line from Ernest Junction through to Tweed Heads opened in 1903. It passed through Burleigh Heads on a route roughly similar to the present Pacific Highway with Burleigh being served by the Booningba railway station (renamed on 16 April 1915 to West Burleigh railway station) which is located on the western bank of Tallebudgera Creek roughly on the boundary of the present-day suburbs of Burleigh Heads and Tallebudgera (approx 28°06′53″S 153°26′30″E / 28.1147°S 153.4416°E / -28.1147; 153.4416 (West Burleigh (Booninbah) railway station (site))).[34]

 
Burleigh Heads beach, 2008
 
View of Burleigh Heads c.1940

West Burleigh takes its name from the West Burleigh railway station on the former South Coast railway line. The railway station name was assigned by the Queensland Railways Department on 16 April 1915. The railway station had previously been named Booningba, an Aboriginal name meaning place of the echidna.[8]

Burleigh State School opened in Tabilban Street on 19 March 1917 with 11 students. The school building soon became inadequate for the growing number of students. The headmaster Frederick Perrett proposed that the school be "temporarily" moved to the recently-built Church of England Hall. This move was approved and school began in the chuch hall on 25 January 1927. On 16 July 1927 the school was renamed Burleigh Heads State School.[35] After eight years in "temporary" accommodation, on 30 August 1935 the school moved permanently to its current site.[36]

On Sunday 22 August 1926 Bishop Henry Le Fanu dedicated a wooden Anglican church hall in Burleigh Heads.[37] The Burleigh Heads State School occupied the hall from 1927 to 1935.[36] On 10 February 1962 Archbishop Reginald Halse dedicated a new brick church as the War Memorial Church of St John the Evangelist.[38] It was consecrated in 1971.[39]

The commercial centre of James and Conner Streets was established by the 1930s and began to boom during the postwar period.[40]

The De Luxe Theatre was built by William Fradgley and opened on Wednesday 15 October 1930.[41] It showed silent movies initially with its first "talkie" on Wednesday 9 September 1931, featuring the movies Paradise Island, Hot Curves and a "Mickey the Mouse" cartoon.[42][43] It was also used for Catholic church services prior to the construction of the Infant Saviour Roman Catholic Church. World War II was a boom time for the cinema as there were camps for both Australian and American army personnel in the area. In February 1945 the Thams Brothers (Lorenz and Charles Thams who owned and operated other cinemas on the Gold Coast) leased the De Luxe, purchasing it in 1950. Cyclonic winds damaged the cinema on Friday 19 and Saturday 20 February 1954, and it needed to be rebuilt. The Thams sold the cinema on 29 June 1966. The building gradually became derelict. It was converted in the 1970s into the Old Burleigh Theatre Arcade, with shops, restaurants and offices. In August 2019, the complex and an adjacent building were sold for about $18.5 million, which the short-term intention of continuing its current operations but with a long-term view of redeveloping the site.[44][45]

The Infant Saviour Primary School opened on 6 February 1935 on the verandahs of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Catholic Church. It closed in 1942 because of fears of a Japanese invasion during World War II. It was reopened on 27 January 1953 by the Missionary Franciscan Sisters of the Immaculate Conception and closed in 1973 when it was replaced by Marymount Catholic Primary School.[35]

The northern section of Burleigh Beach appears to have been subdivided by the mid 1950s, but was the site of extensive sand mining in the following decades. The broad beachfront park is a legacy of that activity.[citation needed]

Koala Park residential area was developed in the 1960s.[46]

Burleigh State High School opened on 1 January 1963. It was renamed South Coast District State High School before being renamed again to Miami State High School.[35]

Due to rising student numbers at the Burleigh Heads State School, a separate Burleigh Heads Infants School opened on 23 January 1978. Falling student numbers resulted in the infants closing on 3 July 1989 to be re-integrated back into the main school.[35][36]

The Burleigh Library opened in 1993 and had a major refurbishment in 2010.[47]

In the 2011 census, Burleigh Heads had a population of 9,188.[citation needed]

In the 2016 census, Burleigh Heads had a population of 10,077 people.[1]

Heritage listingsEdit

Burleigh Heads has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • Alby Adams Park, Gold Coast Highway: Burleigh Heads Rotary Classification Pole [48]
  • George Street Central (corner Tweed Street): Grave of Emily and Thomas West [49]
  • 28 and 36 Goodwin Terrace: Burleigh Heads Tourist Park and Caretakers Residence [50]
  • 64 Goodwin Terrace: former De Luxe Theatre (The Old Burleigh Theatre Arcade) [51]
  • Park Avenue: Burleigh Heads Library Gardens [52]
  • Sixth Avenue (corner Pacific Highway, Jebbribillum Bora Park): Bora Memorial Rock [53]
  • 33 Tallebudgera Creek Road: West Burleigh Store [54][55]
  • The Esplanade (south of Third Avenue) and Goodwin Terrace: Norfolk Pines Burleigh Foreshore [56]
  • 244-252 West Burleigh Road: David Fleay Wildlife Park [57][58]

DemographicsEdit

In the 2011 Census the population of Burleigh Heads is 9,188, 52.2% female and 47.8% male.[59] The median/average age of the Burleigh Heads population is 40 years of age, 3 years above the Australian average.[59] 69.3% of people living in Burleigh Heads were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand 6.8%, England 4.6%, Brazil 0.9%, Scotland 0.8%, South Africa 0.6%. 85.2% of people speak English as their first language 0.8% Portuguese, 0.5% Italian, 0.4% German, 0.4% Japanese, 0.3% French.[59]

TransportEdit

Gold Coast Highway travels along the eastern side of the suburb passing through the heart of suburb. Gold Coast highway connects Burleigh Heads with all the coastal suburbs on the Gold Coast. West Burleigh Road (State Route 80) eventually becomes Reedy Creek Road after an intersection in front of Stocklands Burleigh Heads, connects the heart of the suburb with the Pacific Motorway and Varsity Lakes railway station.

 
A Translink bus along the Gold Coast Highway, Burleigh Heads

Burleigh Heads is serviced by Translink services, a subsidiary of the Department of Transport and Main Roads, who operate an integrated ticketing system throughout South East Queensland. Burleigh Heads Bus stop is the main bus stop in the suburb, located on the Gold Coast Highway. A bus service connects Burleigh Heads with the Gold Coast Airport, Tweed Heads, Robina and Broadbeach.

Consultation is in process to extend the existing G:link tram to Burleigh Beach from Broadbeach commencing in 2020.[60]

EducationEdit

Burleigh Heads State School is a government primary (Early Childhood-6) school for boys and girls at Lower Gold Coast Highway (28°05′12″S 153°26′57″E / 28.0868°S 153.4493°E / -28.0868; 153.4493 (Burleigh Heads State School)).[61][62] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 531 students with 47 teachers (38 full-time equivalent) and 44 non-teaching staff (29 full-time equivalent).[63] It includes a special education program.[61][64][65]

There is no secondary schools are Burleigh Heads. The nearest government secondary schools Miami State High School in neighbouring Miami to the north or Elanora State High School in Elanora.[4]

Primary and secondary Catholic education is available at Marymount College in neighbouring Burleigh Waters.[4]

AmenitiesEdit

 
Burleigh Heads and Tallebudgera Creek from south of the headland

The Gold Coast City Council operates a public library and public hall in Park Avenue (corner of Ocean Street, 28°05′26″S 153°27′09″E / 28.0906°S 153.4524°E / -28.0906; 153.4524 (Burleigh Heads Public Library & Fradgley Hall)).[66] Burleigh Heads Library is on the ground floor and Fradgley Hall is on the upper floor.[67]

St John the Evangelist Anglican Church is at 14 Park Avenue (28°05′25″S 153°27′00″E / 28.0904°S 153.4499°E / -28.0904; 153.4499 (St John the Evangelist Anglican Church)).[68] It holds services on Wednesday and Sunday.[69]

Sport and recreationEdit

SurfingEdit

OthersEdit

  • Australian rules club – Bombers Aussie Rules Footy Club
  • Bowls club – Burleigh Heads Bowls Club
  • Cricket club – Burleigh Bullsharks
  • Golf club – Burleigh Golf Club
  • Rugby league club – Burleigh Bears
  • Soccer club – Burleigh Heads Soccer Club
  • Surf Life Saving – Burleigh Heads Mowbray Park Surf Life Saving Club
  • Tennis club – Burleigh Heads Tennis Club
  • Hockey Club - Hockey Burleigh

AttractionsEdit

The north-east facing beach is protected by the cape Burleigh Head to the south and offers one of the best swimming, body boarding and surfing beaches on the Gold Coast. A mature stand of Norfolk Island Pines – originally planted by the Justins family and reputably some of the earliest planted at the coast – and more recent plantings together totalling some 450 Norfolk Pines; form a backdrop and are home to native birds.[70][71]

Burleigh Heads' surf break attracts surfers from the Gold Coast and beyond. At the headland of Burleigh, locally known as "The Point", barbecues and cricket matches are held, and spectators can watch the surfers. On Sunday afternoons, local musicians and fire-twirlers often come out to the park beside Burleigh SLSC for a jam and dance session.

Other attractions in Burleigh Heads include:

EventsEdit

Burleigh Heads State School is home to The Village Markets, A bi-monthly event that promotes local emerging designers and artists.[72]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Burleigh Heads - suburb in City of Gold Coast (entry 46034)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
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  4. ^ a b c d e "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
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  33. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (3, 504). Queensland, Australia. 8 January 1884. p. 4. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  34. ^ "Moreton 40 Chain map AG2 series sheet 16 south". Queensland Government. 1929. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
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  44. ^ Herde, Chris (6 August 2019). "Interstate developer snaps up Gold Coast landmark". The Courier-Mail. p. 25.
  45. ^ "The De Luxe Theatre". Gold Coast City Council. 22 March 2019. Archived from the original on 5 August 2019. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
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  48. ^ Gold Coast Local Heritage Register - A to M, pp. 15-16
  49. ^ Gold Coast Local Heritage Register - A to M, pp. 47-48
  50. ^ Gold Coast Local Heritage Register - A to M, pp. 13-14
  51. ^ "De Luxe Theatre (Former)" (PDF). Gold Coast Local Heritage Register. 6 December 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 August 2020. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  52. ^ Gold Coast Local Heritage Register - A to M, pp. 49-50
  53. ^ Gold Coast Local Heritage Register - A to M, pp. 11-12
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  58. ^ Gold Coast Local Heritage Register - A to M, pp. 29-30
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  60. ^ "Seven new tram stations planned for $600m Broadbeach to Burleigh Light rail extension plan". Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  61. ^ a b "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
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  63. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2018". Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. Archived from the original on 27 August 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  64. ^ "Burleigh Heads SS - Early Childhood Development Program". Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  65. ^ "Burleigh Heads SS - Special Education Program". Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  66. ^ "Burleigh Heads Library". Gold Coast City Council. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  67. ^ "Fradgley Hall, Burleigh Heads" (PDF). Gold Coast City Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  68. ^ "Contact Us". Burleigh Heads Anglican Church. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  69. ^ "Sharing God's love in the community". Burleigh Heads Anglican Church. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  70. ^ "BURLEIGH HEADS". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. 22 September 1936. p. 10. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  71. ^ "BURLEIGH HEADS". South Coast Bulletin. Southport, Qld. 5 April 1940. p. 10. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  72. ^ Burleigh Tourism Events Archived 4 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.

SourcesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Thornton, Margaret (2011), The first 80 years : a history of St. John's Anglican Church Burleigh Heads : 1926 - 2006, St. John's Anglican Church, ISBN 978-0-646-55081-7

External linksEdit

  • "Burleigh Heads". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland.