Sir James Duhig KCMG (2 September 1873 – 10 April 1965) was an Irish-born Australian Roman Catholic religious leader. He was the Archbishop of Brisbane for 48 years from 1917 until his death in 1965. At the time of his death he was the longest-serving bishop in the Catholic Church (1905–1965).
The Most Reverend Sir
|3rd Roman Catholic Archbishop|
|Installed||13 January 1917|
|Term ended||10 April 1965|
|Other posts||Bishop of Rockhampton (1905 – 1912)|
|Ordination||19 September 1896 (Priest) in Rome|
by Cardinal Cassetta
|Consecration||10 December 1905 Bishop|
by Archbishop Michael Kelly
|Born||2 September 1871|
Broadford, County Limerick, Ireland
|Died||10 April 1965 (aged 93)|
New Farm, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
|Buried||St Stephen's Cathedral, Brisbane|
|Parents||John and Margaret (née Barry) Duhig|
|Alma mater||St Joseph's, Gregory Terrace;|
Irish College, Rome;
Pontifical Urbaniana University
Duhig was born in Broadford, County Limerick but emigrated with his family to Australia as a young boy. He completed his education at St. Joseph's College, Gregory Terrace, Queensland. After that, he worked for the Cooperative Butchering Company. After undertaking his studies for the priesthood at the Irish College and Pontifical Urbaniana University, both in Rome, Duhig was ordained a priest in 1896 and his profile grew rapidly.
On 10 December 1905, he became the youngest bishop in the Catholic Church when he was consecrated Bishop of Rockhampton. (Bishop Duhig penned the article on the Diocese of Rockhampton for the Catholic Encyclopedia.) On 26 February 1912, he was transferred to Brisbane, where he became the coadjutor archbishop to the elderly Archbishop Robert Dunne. On 13 January 1917 he succeeded as Archbishop of Brisbane, a position he held for 48 years until his death in 1965.
In the early years of Duhig's tenure, his archdiocese took on an extensive building program, including churches, hospitals and schools, erecting more than 400 buildings, earning him the nickname of "Duhig the Builder". These buildings are a prominent feature of the Brisbane landscape to this day. His most ambitious project, the Cathedral of the Holy Name in Fortitude Valley, was a casualty of the Great Depression which destroyed the value of the investments that were to finance the project. In addition to the construction of buildings, Duhig created over fifty new parishes and encouraged the establishment of twenty communities of religious men and women in an ecclesiastical province that had previously been dominated by the Irish Christian Brothers and the Sisters of Mercy.
Duhig played an active role in public life. However, unlike his contemporary, Archbishop Daniel Mannix of Melbourne, who seemed to thrive on public attention, controversy and inflaming public passions, Duhig favoured accommodation with the (largely Protestant) established order. This was reflected not only in his being awarded official honours, but also in the positive ecumenical legacy that he left to the Christian community in Brisbane and throughout the State of Queensland.
Duhig played a major role in the development of the University of Queensland, being a member of the university senate from 1916 until his death in 1965. He established St Leo's College, where an annual lecture is given in his honour. The university recognised Duhig's contribution by naming the Duhig Library after him and awarding him an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws.
Duhig was appointed a Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1954 in recognition of service as the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Brisbane, and made a Knight Commander (KCMG) of the order in 1959 in recognition of service as the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Queensland.
Duhig published the following works:
- Duhig, James (1947), Crowded years, Angus and Robertson, retrieved 2 September 2016
- "Archbishop James Duhig". The Hierarchy of the Catholic Church. 19 February 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- The Catholic Encyclopedia and its makers. New York: The Encyclopedia Press. 1917. pp. 50.
- "Who was James Duhig?". University of Queensland. 8 December 2006. Archived from the original on 1 August 2008. Retrieved 9 January 2009.
- "Still feeling as fit as ever". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane, Queensland: National Library of Australia. 1 September 1952. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- Boland, T.P. "Duhig, Sir James (1871–1965)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- R. and R. Sullivan (2013). "Archbishop James Duhig and the Queensland Irish Association, 1898-1920: exploring connections" (PDF). Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society. 34: 44–57.
- "In other cities". The Advertiser. Adelaide, Australia: National Library of Australia. 14 May 1937. p. 31. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Duhig, James: The Order of St Michael and St George - Companion". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. 10 June 1954. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- "Duhig, James: The Order of St Michael and St George- Knights Commander". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. 13 June 1959. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- Boland, T. P. (1986). James Duhig. St Lucia, Qld.: University of Queensland Press.
|Catholic Church titles|
| 3rd Roman Catholic Bishop of Rockhampton
1905 – 1912
| 3rd* Roman Catholic Archbishop of Brisbane
1917 – 1965