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Pace University is a private university with its main campus in New York City and secondary campuses in Westchester County, New York. It was established in 1906 by the brothers Homer St. Clair Pace and Charles A. Pace as a business school.[4] Pace enrolls about 13,000 students in bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral programs. It offers about 100 majors at its six schools. The university also offers an MFA in Acting through The Actors Studio Drama School[5][6] and is home to the Inside the Actors Studio television show.[7]

Pace University
Pace University seal.svg
MottoOpportunitas
TypePrivate, nonsectarian, co-educational
Established1906
Endowment$181.9 million (2018)[1]
Academic staff
1,238 (484 full-time)
Administrative staff
1,527
Students13,312[2]
Undergraduates9,000
Postgraduates3,709 (603 law)
Location, ,
United States
CampusNew York City: Urban
950,000 square feet (88,000 m2)
Westchester: Suburban
243 acres (98 hectares)[3]
Colors          Blue and Gold
AthleticsNCAA Division II
Northeast-10
Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC)
NicknameSetter
Sports19 varsity team
MascotSetter
Websitepace.edu
Pace University Logo.svg

Its main schools are the College of Health Professions; the Dyson College of Arts and Sciences; the Elisabeth Haub School of Law; the Lubin School of Business, the School of Education, and Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems.[8] The school runs a women's justice center in Yonkers,[9] a business incubator[10] and is affiliated with the public school Pace High School.[11]

Pace originally operated out of the New York Tribune Building in New York City, and spread as the Pace Institute, operating in several major U.S. cities. In the 1920s, the school divested facilities outside New York, maintaining its Lower Manhattan location. It purchased its first permanent home in Manhattan in 1951, and opened its first Westchester campus in 1963. Pace opened its largest building, 1 Pace Plaza, in 1969. Four years later, it became a university.[4]

HistoryEdit

 
Homer St. Clair and Charles Ashford Pace
 
The New York Tribune Building, the school's first home (present-day One Pace Plaza). 41 Park Row is to the right.

In 1906, brothers Homer St. Clair Pace and Charles Ashford Pace founded the firm of Pace & Pace to operate their schools of accountancy and business. Taking a loan of $600, the Pace brothers rented a classroom on one of the floors of the New York Tribune Building, today the site of the One Pace Plaza complex. The Paces taught the first class of 13 men and women. The school grew rapidly, and moved several times around Lower Manhattan.

The Pace brothers' school was soon incorporated as Pace Institute, and expanded nationwide, offering courses in accountancy and business law in several U.S. cities. Some 4,000 students were taking the Pace brothers' courses in YMCAs in the New York-New Jersey area.[when?] The Pace Standardized Course in Accounting was also offered in Boston, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Buffalo, Cleveland, Detroit, Milwaukee, Grand Rapids, Kansas City, St. Louis, Denver, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Portland, and Seattle. In the 1920s, concerned about quality control at distant locations, the Pace brothers divested their private schools outside New York and subsequently devoted their attention to the original school in Lower Manhattan, eventually to become one of the campuses of Pace University.[12] Pace Institute in Washington, D.C. later became Benjamin Franklin University (now part of The George Washington University).[13][14] In 1927 the school moved to the newly completed Transportation Building at 225 Broadway, and remained there until the 1950s.[15]

After Charles died in 1940 and Homer in 1942, Homer's son Robert S. Pace became the new president of Pace. In 1947, Pace Institute was approved for college status by the New York State Board of Regents. In 1951, the college purchased its first campus building: 41 Park Row in Lower Manhattan. This building, designated a landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in March 1999, was the 19th-century headquarters of The New York Times. In 1963, the Pleasantville Campus was established using land and buildings donated by the then-president of General Foods and Pace alumnus and trustee Wayne Marks and his wife Helen. The school is now celebrating their 50th anniversary.

In 1966, U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey and New York City Mayor John Lindsay broke ground for the One Pace Plaza Civic Center complex, with then Pace president Edward J. Mortola. The former New York Tribune Building at 154 Nassau Street, across from 41 Park Row, was demolished to make way for the new building complex.[16]

The New York State Board of Regents approved Pace College's petition for university status in 1973. Shortly thereafter, in 1975, the College of White Plains (formerly known as Good Counsel College) consolidated with Pace and became the White Plains campus which at the time was used to house both undergraduate courses and Pace's new law school created in that same year. In September 1976, Pace began offering courses in Midtown Manhattan in the Equitable Life Assurance Company building (now AXA Equitable Life Insurance Company) on Avenue of the Americas, and moved once before moving to its current location in 1997. Briarcliff College was acquired in 1977 and became the Briarcliff campus. A graduate center was opened in 1982 in White Plains, New York, and in 1987 the Graduate Center moved to the newly built Westchester Financial Center complex in downtown business district of White Plains; which at the time of its opening, Pace's graduate computer science program was the first nationally accredited graduate program in the state of New York.[citation needed]

In 1994, all undergraduate programs in White Plains were consolidated to the Pleasantville-Briarcliff campus, and the White Plains campus on North Broadway was given to the law school; resulting in the university's Westchester undergraduate programs in Pleasantville and its Westchester graduate programs in White Plains. Finally in 1997, Pace purchased the World Trade Institute at 1 World Trade Center from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.

On March 5, 2006, Pace students, alumni, faculty, and staff from all campuses convened on the Pleasantville Campus in a University-wide Centennial Kick-Off Celebration; there was a Pace Centennial train, provided free of charge by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), to take Pace's New York City students, alumni, faculty and staff to Pace's Pleasantville campus. Former President Bill Clinton received an honorary doctorate of humane letters from Pace during the ceremony, which was held at the Goldstein Health, Fitness and Recreation Center. Following reception of the honorary degree, he addressed the students, faculty, alumni and staff of Pace, officially kicking off the Centennial anniversary of the university.[17]

Since her last visit in celebration of Black History Month in 1989, Dr. Maya Angelou again visited the Pace community on October 4, 2006 in celebration of Pace's Centennial. Two days later, on October 6, 2006, (Pace's Founders Day) Pace University rang the NASDAQ stock market opening bell in Midtown Manhattan to mark the end of the 14-month centennial celebration.[18]

On May 15, 2007, Pace University President David A. Caputo announced his early retirement from the presidency on June 3, 2007. The Board of Trustees of Pace University appointed Pace Law School dean Stephen J. Friedman to the position of interim president. Friedman has been dean and professor of law at Pace since 2004. He has also served as commissioner of the Securities and Exchange Commission and as co-chairman of Debevoise & Plimpton. Friedman retired as President of Pace University in July 2017. In 2015, in an effort to consolidate Pace University's Westchester campuses into a single location, Pace University sold the Briarcliff campus.[19]

The former president of Oberlin College, Marvin Krislov, was appointed president of Pace University in February 2017.[20]

 
The opening ribbon ceremony at One Pace Plaza with university administration and New York City officials

In February 2017, Pace University embarked on a $190 million dollar renovation process known as the 'Master Plan'.[21] Phase 1, which included the One Pace Plaza and 41 Park Row buildings was completed by a ribbon cutting event on January 28, 2019[22]. Additional future phases include a vertical expansion of One Pace Plaza to create an additional 67,000 square feet of academic space, relocating the Lubin School of Business, moving administrative offices from 41 Park Row, and modernizing the facade of One Pace Plaza.[23]

Schools and collegesEdit

University rankings
National
Forbes[24] 400
U.S. News & World Report[25] 202
Washington Monthly[26] 216

The university consists of the following schools each with a graduate and undergraduate division:

  • The College of Health Professions (2011)
    • Lienhard School of Nursing (1966) is ranked by U.S. News & World Report at 79th among graduate nursing schools.
  • Dyson College of Arts and Sciences (1966) - the Economics Department's Federal Reserve Challenge Team has won the national competition 3 times in the past four years.[when?] [27]
    • Pace School of Performing Arts (PPA) [28]
  • Lubin School of Business (1906) Among fewer than three percent of global business schools with dual accreditation from AACSB International.[citation needed]
  • School of Education (1966)
  • Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems (1983), named in 2005 for Verizon Chairman/CEO & Pace alumnus Ivan Seidenberg. Susan M. Merritt served as founding dean from its inception in 1983 for 25 years, the longest of any dean at Pace.
  • Pforzheimer Honors College (2003)
  • Adult and Continuing Education (formerly known as University College 1979-1984; School of Continuing Education 1968-1979)
  • World Trade Institute of Pace University (purchased from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in 1997 - originally located on the 55th floor of 1 World Trade Center until September 11, 2001, reopened in 2003, closed in 2005.)
  • The Actors Studio MFA program. The Michael Schimmel Center for the Arts is home to the television show Inside the Actors Studio hosted by James Lipton, and once hosted Tony Randall's National Actors Theatre.

Pace University was ranked tied for 202nd among national universities by U.S. News & World Report in 2020, and tied for 34th for "Top Performers on Social Mobility".[29] In 2015, Pace University was ranked #19 in New York State by average professor salaries.[30]

AdmissionsEdit

Pace University’s 2019 undergraduate admission acceptance rate was 81.7% with admitted students having an average high school GPA of 3.2, an average SAT composite score of 1137 out of 1600 (561 Math, 576 Reading & Writing), and an average ACT composite score of 24 out of 36.[31]

CampusesEdit

Pace University campuses are located in New York City and Westchester County. The University's shuttle service provides transportation between the New York City and Pleasantville campuses. Furthermore, Pace University has a high school located just ten blocks away from the university's New York City Campus (see Pace University High School).

New York CityEdit

 
Maria's Tower, One Pace Plaza

The New York City campus is located in the Civic Center of Lower Manhattan, next to the Financial District and New York Downtown Hospital.

 
33 Beekman

The campus is walking distance to well-known New York City sites including Wall Street, the World Trade Center, World Financial Center, South Street Seaport, Chinatown and Little Italy. Pace has about 950,000 square feet (88,000 m2) of space in Lower Manhattan. The main building, One Pace Plaza, is a two-square-block building bounded by Gold, Nassau, Spruce, and Frankfort Streets, directly adjacent to the Manhattan entrance ramp of the Brooklyn Bridge. Located directly across from City Hall, the One Pace Plaza complex houses most of the classrooms, administrative offices, a 2,000-square-foot (190 m2) student union, a 750-seat community theater, and an 18-floor high-rise residence hall (known as "Maria's Tower"). 41 Park Row was the 19th-century headquarters of The New York Times, and carrying on that legacy the building today houses the campus' student newspaper The Pace Press, as well as student organization offices, the Pace University Press, faculty offices, the university's bookstore, and classrooms. 41 Park Row also houses the Haskins Laboratories, 2,700 square feet (250 m2) of Dr. Seymour H. Hutner,[16] where medical experiments are held, like the Green tea extract study in the international media.[32] The buildings of 157 William Street, 161 William Street, and 163 William Street were acquired by Pace following the September 11 attacks to make up for loss of the entire 55th floor, 45,943 square feet (4,268.2 m2), in the North Tower of the World Trade Center which used to house Pace University's World Trade Institute and World Trade Conference Center (See the section below entitled September 11, 2001). The Willam Street buildings house classrooms, offices of the Seidenberg School of Computer Science & Information Systems, the School of Education, the College of Health Professions, the university's business incubators, along with Pace's Downtown Conference Center[33] where the e.MBA residency sessions are held (Pace also has leased office space in 156 William Street). Pace has residence halls at 182 Broadway and 33 Beekman Street. The 33 Beekman Street building is the tallest student residential building in the world. Pace also leases residence accommodations at the new state-of-the-art residence at 55 John Street, also in Lower Manhattan. Pace also offers classes in midtown Manhattan in the art deco Fred F. French Building on at 551 Fifth Avenue.

In January 2019, Pace completed a $45 million renovation of One Pace Plaza and the adjoining 41 Park Row.[34]

WestchesterEdit

Pleasantville CampusEdit

 
Choate House, Pleasantville
 
Dow Hall, Briarcliff Manor

Classes began in Pleasantville in Westchester County, New York in 1963.[35] The campus today consists of the former estate of then Vice Chairman of General Foods Corporation, Wayne Marks (Class of 1928) - previously belonging to 18th century noted physician Dr. George C. S. Choate (who gave his name to a pond and a house on the campus.)

Located on the 180-acre (73 ha)[3] campus is the Environmental Center, constructed around the remnants of a 1779 farmhouse. The Center, which is dedicated to the environmental studies program, provides office and classroom space; it houses the University's animals such as chicken, goats, sheep, pigs, and raptors. As part of the Pleasantville Master Plan, this Environmental Center was expanded and relocated to the back of campus. Two brand new residence halls, Elm Hall and Alumni Hall, were constructed in the center of campus, in its place and the Kessel Student Center was remodeled.

Elisabeth Haub School of LawEdit

Located within 30 minutes of New York City's Grand Central Station, some 23 miles (37 km) north of Manhattan[36] in White Plains, New York in Westchester County is Pace University School of Law. Nestled in between the Cross-Westchester Expressway (I-287) and NY Route 22 (North Broadway), the Law School is situated on a spacious 13-acre (5.3 ha) landscaped suburban campus with a mix of historic and modern buildings. Founded in 1976, Pace Law School is the only law school located between New York City and the state capital of Albany, New York, 136 miles (219 km) away. The School of Law ranks fourth in the nation in environmental law and is ranked 140th overall by U.S. News & World Report.[29] On the Law School's campus is the recognized Pace Environmental Litigation Clinic where adjunct professor emeritus of Environmental Law, and alumnus of Pace, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. served as Co-Director before retirement. Also on the campus is the New York State Judicial Institute, the United States' first statewide center for training and research for all judges and justices of the New York State Unified Court System.[37][38] Frequent Pace shuttle service is provided between the Law School campus and the White Plains Station of the Metro-North Railroad for many law students who commute from New York City and throughout the state. Stephen J. Friedman, former commissioner of the Securities and Exchange Commission and former co-chairman of Debevoise & Plimpton, is the immediate past dean of Pace Law School.

Other propertiesEdit

Pace University High SchoolEdit

Pace University established a public high school and opened its doors to its first class in September 2004. Pace High School is in New York City school district Region 9, and shares a building with Middle School 131 at 100 Hester Street in Lower Manhattan, 10 blocks away from the university's New York City campus.

SCI² business incubatorsEdit

In the fall of 2004, Pace University opened two business incubators to help early-stage companies grow in New York City in Lower Manhattan and Yonkers. SCI², (which stands for Second Century Innovation and Ideas, Corp.) maintains accelerator sites in 163 William Street in Lower Manhattan and in the 116,000-square-foot (10,800 m2) NValley Technology Center complex at 470 Nepperhan Avenue in Yonkers.[39]

Women's Justice Center at the Westchester County Family Court-YonkersEdit

In 2001, the Women's Justice Center of Pace Law School opened a second site at the Westchester County Family Court in Yonkers, New York (the first being on the law school campus at the 27 Crane Avenue house). The Westchester County Family Court in Yonkers is one of three family courts in Westchester County.[40] The Yonkers office of the Women's Justice Center is located at the Westchester Family Court, 53 South Broadway in Yonkers.[41]

International Disarmament InstituteEdit

The International Disarmament Institute is a center for teaching and studying worldwide disarmament, arms control and non-proliferation.[42] Matthew Bolton, the director of the Institute, worked on The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2017.[43] [44]

Theater and the artsEdit

The Michael Schimmel Center for the Arts is the principal theatre of Pace University and is located at the university's New York City campus in Lower Manhattan. The 750-seat Michael Schimmel Center for the Arts is home to the television show Inside the Actors Studio hosted by James Lipton and previously the home of the National Actors Theatre, a theatre company founded by actor Tony Randall who was in residence. The National Actors Theatre was the only professional theatre company housed in a university in New York City. Theater productions at Pace have included such stars as Tony Randall, Al Pacino, Steve Buscemi, Dominic Chianese, Billy Crudup, Charles Durning, Paul Giamatti, John Goodman, Chazz Palminteri, Linda Emond, Len Cariou, Roberta Maxwell, and Jeff Goldblum. Pace is also one of the venues for the Tribeca Film Festival, the Tribeca Theater Festival, the New York International Fringe Festival (FringeNYC), The River To River Festival[45] (New York City's largest free-to-the-public summer festival), and Grammy Career Day of Grammy in the Schools.[46] The Woodward Hall 135-seat theater at the campus at Briarcliff Manor in Westchester is home to the Hudson Stage Company.[47]

AthleticsEdit

Pace's sports teams are called the Setters; the university's mascot is the Setter. Pace University sponsors fourteen intercollegiate varsity sports. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, football, lacrosse and swimming & diving; while women's sports include basketball, cheerleading, cross country, dance, field hockey, soccer, softball, swimming & diving and volleyball. Its affiliations include the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division II and the Northeast-10 Conference (NE-10). The school's official colors are blue and gold.

FacilitiesEdit

Pace's athletic facilities are highlighted by the 29,000-square-foot (2,700 m2) Goldstein Health, Fitness and Recreation Center in Pleasantville, New York, which boasts a 2,400-seat arena, eight-lane swimming pool, weight/fitness room, aerobics/dance room, training room, locker rooms, equipment room, meeting rooms, and offices of the athletics department.[48]

September 11, 2001Edit

On the day of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Pace University, four blocks from Ground Zero, lost 4 students and over 40 alumni. Students were made to leave classes and evacuate to other locations in One Pace Plaza at 10:00 a.m. The New York City EMT cleared out the Admissions Lobby and made it into a triage center for victims of the attack.[49] Many of the patients were New York City police officers, firefighters and other emergency workers. Debris and about three inches (7.5 cm) of dust and ashes laid over the Pace New York City campus area and local streets. None of Pace's buildings were damaged except in the World Trade Center; Pace lost the entire 55th floor, 45,943 square feet (4,268.2 m2)[50][51] in the North Tower of the World Trade Center which used to house Pace University's World Trade Institute and the Pace University World Trade Conference Center[52] (now the Downtown Conference Center). A memorial[52] to students and alumni who lost their lives on September 11 stands on all three campuses of Pace University.[53] A gift from the American Kennel Club, a statue of a German Shepherd dog stands in front of One Pace Plaza (as of Fall 2007) to commemorate Pace's support as a triage center on September 11.[54]

Notable alumniEdit

Notable graduates and former students at Pace include:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Pace University Financial Statements, 30 June 2018" (PDF). KPMG. 2018.
  2. ^ "About Pace | PACE UNIVERSITY". Pace.edu. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Briarcliff Students Return to a College Soon to Join Pace U.".
  4. ^ a b Weigold, Marilyn E. (1991). Opportunitas: The History of Pace University. Pace University Press. ISBN 9780944473061.
  5. ^ Howard, Hilary (December 1, 2017). "Acting Studios Are Struggling. Does It Matter?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  6. ^ "Actors Studio Drama School | DYSON COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES". www.pace.edu. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  7. ^ Otterson, Joe (September 24, 2018). "'Inside the Actors Studio' Heads to Ovation TV in New Partnership". Variety. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  8. ^ "About Pace University | PACE UNIVERSITY". www.pace.edu. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  9. ^ Ganga, Elizabeth (August 17, 2014). "Pace law center targets Westchester's domestic violence". lohud.com. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  10. ^ Lagorio, Christine Lagorio (February 17, 2012). "New York Gets New Start-up Lab"". Inc.com. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  11. ^ "About | Pace High School". pacehsnyc.org. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  12. ^ "History Highlights". walshcollege.edu. June 22, 2006. Archived from the original on August 9, 2006.
  13. ^ "The George Washington University Washington, D.C." www.gwu.edu.
  14. ^ "GWU Special Collections: Schools That are Now Part of GW". May 6, 2007. Archived from the original on March 14, 2019.
  15. ^ Kenneth T. Jackson; Lisa Keller; Nancy Flood (2010). The Encyclopedia of New York City: Second Edition. Yale University Press. p. 4501. ISBN 978-0-300-18257-6.
  16. ^ a b "Admissions and Aid". www.pace.edu.
  17. ^ "Pace University in New York | PACE UNIVERSITY". Appserv.pace.edu. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  18. ^ "Nasdaq-Market Open 100606". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
  19. ^ Taliaferro, Lanning (June 9, 2015). "Pace Selling Briarcliff, White Plains Campuses". Pleasantville-Briarcliff Manor Patch. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  20. ^ Chen, David W. (February 14, 2017). "Pace University Names Head of Oberlin Its Next President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  21. ^ Geiger, Daniel (February 8, 2017). "Pace University will spend nearly $200 million to keep pace with lower Manhattan". Crain's New York. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  22. ^ "New York City Master Plan | PACE UNIVERSITY". www.pace.edu. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  23. ^ "New York City Master Plan | The Plan | Additional Phases | PACE UNIVERSITY". www.pace.edu. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  24. ^ "America's Top Colleges 2019". Forbes. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  25. ^ "Best Colleges 2020: National University Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  26. ^ "2019 National University Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  27. ^ https://www.pace.edu/dyson/content/legacy-win-fed-reserve-challenge-team
  28. ^ "PACE School of Performing Arts". performingarts.pace.edu. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  29. ^ a b "Pace University Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. 2020. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  30. ^ Tumulty, Brian (April 13, 2015). "Half of N.Y. colleges pay profs less than $100K". Ithaca Journal.
  31. ^ "Pace University Requirements for Admission". prepscholar.com. PrepScholar. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  32. ^ "Green Tea Extract Study". Archived from the original on May 9, 2007.
  33. ^ "Pace's Downtown Conference Center". Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  34. ^ "Pace University completes $45 million phase 1 project; Designed by FXCollaborative; Transformed 55,000 s/f at One Pace Plaza and 41 Park Row". nyrej.com. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  35. ^ Studley, Sarah. "Pace Plans $100M Revamp in Pleasantville, Sale of Briarcliff Campus" (PDF).
  36. ^ "Metro-North Railroad Stations: White Plains". Retrieved December 30, 2006.
  37. ^ New York State Unified Court System, New York State Judicial Institute. Retrieved August 9, 2006.
  38. ^ Dormitory Authority of the State of New York - News. Retrieved August 9, 2006.
  39. ^ "Pace University opens new organization to help businesses grow in Yonkers". Pace University News. Archived from the original on August 30, 2006.
  40. ^ "Westchester". Archived from the original on September 5, 2006. Retrieved August 14, 2006.
  41. ^ "Pace Women's Justice Center (PWJC) – Family Court Legal Program/Yonkers". Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. Retrieved August 14, 2006.
  42. ^ "About Us | International Disarmament Institute News". disarmament.blogs.pace.edu. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  43. ^ "More needs to be done to help those affected by nuclear testing - academic". Radio New Zealand. May 17, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  44. ^ "Work By Pace To Abolish Nuclear Weapons Awarded Nobel Peace Prize". Pleasantville Daily Voice. October 10, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  45. ^ "River To River Festival 2016 - LMCC". Rivertorivernyc.com. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  46. ^ "Grammy in the Schools". Archived from the original on April 7, 2006.
  47. ^ "HudsonStageCompany". Hudsonstage.com. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  48. ^ "Official Site of Pace University Athletics". paceuathletics.com. Archived from the original on August 9, 2006.
  49. ^ "Image 0036". jeffreymunro.com. June 14, 2007. Archived from the original on June 14, 2007.
  50. ^ "CNN.com Specials". www.cnn.com.
  51. ^ "TenantWise : WTC Tenant Relocation Summary". www.tenantwise.com.
  52. ^ a b "History of Downtown Conference Center". Archived from the original on August 9, 2006.
  53. ^ "9/11 Book of Remembrance Monument". www.pace.edu. Archived from the original on February 8, 2007.
  54. ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). Appserv.pace.edu. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  55. ^ "Yancy Butler Bio - Yancy Butler Biography - Yancy Butler Stories". tv.com. April 4, 2008. Archived from the original on April 4, 2008.
  56. ^ "Meet the Designer Behind Lady Gaga's Mesmerizing Sci-Fi Costumes". Vogue. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  57. ^ Timothy Morehouse, USA Fencing. Accessed August 5, 2008.
  58. ^ "Ken Rudin". Facebook. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  59. ^ Vincent, Isabel (January 6, 2019). "Letitia James and Stewart-Cousins talk breaking barriers". New York Post. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  60. ^ "Board of Directors". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  61. ^ National Baseball Hall of Fame - Board of Directors, Baseballhalloffame.org Archived August 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine

Further readingEdit

  • Weigold, Marilyn E. Opportunitas: The History of Pace University. New York, NY: Pace University Press, 1991.
  • History of Pace University as told by Pace University Historian Marilyn E. Weigold.
  • The Pace Story

External linksEdit