Oroquieta

Oroquieta, officially the City of Oroquieta (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Oroquieta; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Oroquieta), is a 4th class component city and capital of the province of Misamis Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 70,757 people. [3]

Oroquieta
City of Oroquieta
Misamis Occidental Provincial Athletic Complex located in Oroquieta City
Misamis Occidental Provincial Athletic Complex located in Oroquieta City
Official seal of Oroquieta
Seal
Nickname(s): 
City of Good Life
Map of Misamis Occidental with Oroquieta highlighted
Map of Misamis Occidental with Oroquieta highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Oroquieta is located in Philippines
Oroquieta
Oroquieta
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°29′N 123°48′E / 8.48°N 123.8°E / 8.48; 123.8Coordinates: 8°29′N 123°48′E / 8.48°N 123.8°E / 8.48; 123.8
CountryPhilippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao
ProvinceMisamis Occidental
District 1st district
Founded1880
CityhoodJanuary 1, 1970
Barangays47 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorLemuel Meyrick M. Acosta
 • Vice MayorJorge T. Almonte
 • RepresentativeDiego C. Ty
 • Electorate51,487 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total237.88 km2 (91.85 sq mi)
Elevation
138 m (453 ft)
Highest elevation
1,925 m (6,316 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total70,757
 • Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
 • Households
16,340
Demonym(s)Oroquietanon
Economy
 • Income class4th city income class
 • Poverty incidence20.92% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱462,067,940.34 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityMisamis Occidental 1 Electric Cooperative (MOELCI 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
7207
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Climate typeTropical climate
Native languagesSubanon
Cebuano
Tagalog
Catholic dioceseArchdiocese of Ozamiz
Patron saintOur Lady of Holy Rosary
Websitewww.oroquietacity.gov.ph

EtymologyEdit

Some sources reveal that the town got its name from the barrio in Spain where Father Toas Tomas Casado, the first parish priest, and General Domingo Moriones y Murillo, a hero in the Battle of Oroquieta, were born.[citation needed]

Another version is that Oroquieta had derived its name from the words oro (gold) and quita or kita (to find), in reference to the early inhabitants who had found gold along the river.

HistoryEdit

Layawan was the original name of Oroquieta, which was the barrio in the province of Misamis since 1861 until 1879. The early settlers then of the barrio were Boholanos. They found so many stray animals along the river, thus they named the place Layawan, which means a place of stray animals. A little later, Misamis was divided into two provinces, Misamis Occidental and Oriental. Then in 1880, Layawan changed its name to Oroquieta when it became a town.

Oroquieta became the capital (cabecera) on January 6, 1930. As capital town, people of various neighboring provinces came and inhabited in the place where they earn their living through fishing, farming, merchandising and other forms of businesses. Soon afterwards its income increased simultaneously with increase in population.

In 1942, Oroquieta was made the capital of the free Philippines by the recognized guerrillas and later the ongoing troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army. (Personal interview with the late Atty. Vicente Blanco, Municipal Mayor during the Japanese Occupation) During this time, President Manuel L. Quezon, together with Sergio Osmeña Sr., a bodyguard and Major Manuel Nieto Sr., landed in Oroquieta after their evacuation from Corregidor to Australia.

The seat of government of the Free Philippines then was the Capitol. The Free Philippine Government was then issuing Misamis Occidental emergency notes. President Quezon, upon knowing that Oroquieta was made a capital of the Free Philippines and that the town was issuing emergency notes, authorized the Printing of the Mindanao emergency note.

Oroquieta was created a city under Republic Act 5518 and inaugurated as a chartered city on January 1, 1970. The charter converting the municipality of Oroquieta into a city were signed by President Marcos on June 25, 1969, in the presence of the then City Mayor Ciriaco C. Pastrano, with the newly elected councilors and other city officials.

GeographyEdit

Oroquieta City is bounded on the south by Aloran and the north by Lopez Jaena. On the eastern side is Iligan Bay, with Concepcion on the southwest and Sapang Dalaga on the northwest. Lowland plains and coastal lowlands are located in the city's eastern side while highlands and mountains tower over its western side.

The city occupies roughly 26,393 hectares (65,220 acres), the majority of which comprises the mountain barangays of Mialen, Toliyok, and Sebucal, averaging less than a thousand hectares per Barangay, the 47 barangays of the City outsize its urbanized counterparts.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Oroquieta City, Misamis Occidental
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.7)
44
(1.7)
37
(1.5)
29
(1.1)
87
(3.4)
137
(5.4)
131
(5.2)
141
(5.6)
143
(5.6)
134
(5.3)
68
(2.7)
53
(2.1)
1,073
(42.3)
Average rainy days 9.9 7.6 7.4 8.1 21.6 26.5 26.4 26.6 25.8 24.3 15.1 10.4 209.7
Source: Meteoblue [5]

BarangaysEdit

Oroquieta City is politically subdivided into 47 barangays. Population 2015 census.

  • Apil - 723
  • Binuangan - 1,103
  • Bolibol - 817
  • Buenavista - 1,060
  • Bunga - 1,266
  • Buntawan - 426
  • Burgos - 663
  • Canubay - 3,313
  • Clarin Settlement - 600
  • Dolipos Bajo - 1,059
  • Dolipos Alto - 669
  • Dulapo - 712
  • Dullan Norte - 605
  • Dullan Sur - 403
  • Lower Lamac - 3,366
  • Layawan - 777
  • Lower Langcangan - 1,519
  • Lower Loboc - 2,167
  • Lower Rizal - 447
  • Malindang - 323
  • Mialen - 253
  • Mobod - 6,108
  • Ciriaco C. Pastrano (Nilabo) - 408
  • Paypayan - 320
  • Pines - 2,988
  • Poblacion I - 2,640
  • Poblacion II - 967
  • Proper Langcangan - 1,884
  • San Vicente Alto (Dagatan) - 1,914
  • San Vicente Bajo (Baybay Dagatan) - 1,746
  • Sebucal - 219
  • Senote - 888
  • Taboc Norte - 2,565
  • Taboc Sur - 2,633
  • Talairon - 4,147
  • Talic - 3,531
  • Toliyok - 842
  • Tipan - 1,216
  • Tuyabang Alto - 586
  • Tuyabang Bajo - 372
  • Tuyabang Proper - 354
  • Upper Langcangan - 2,590
  • Upper Lamac - 1,623
  • Upper Loboc - 1,879
  • Upper Rizal (Tipalac) - 420
  • Victoria - 320
  • Villaflor (Transville) - 5,290

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Oroquieta
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 15,156—    
1918 18,014+1.16%
1939 21,523+0.85%
1948 22,837+0.66%
1960 29,477+2.15%
1970 38,575+2.72%
1975 42,497+1.96%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 47,328+2.18%
1990 52,500+1.04%
1995 56,012+1.22%
2000 59,843+1.43%
2007 65,349+1.22%
2010 68,945+1.97%
2015 70,757+0.50%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Oroquieta was 70,757 people, [3] with a density of 300 inhabitants per square kilometre or 780 inhabitants per square mile.

EconomyEdit


Local governmentEdit

City Officials 2019-2022:

  • Mayor: Lemuel Meyrick M. Acosta, I.E.
  • Vice Mayor: Atty. Jorge T. Almonte
  • Congressman (1st District): Diego "Nonoy" C. Ty, C.E.
  • Councilors:
    • Sol Jude D. Gamalinda, C.E.
    • Jessie "Jecjec" S. Amboang
    • Joel B. Aclao
    • Donna R. Iyog
    • Ret. Col. Isaias "Jun" U. Claros Jr., AFP
    • Vincent J. Guantero
    • Arthur Q. Enanoria, DMD
    • Noel B. Undag Sr.
    • Aileen "Ai-ai" M. Taladua, RPh
    • Diosebel M. Maghinay
    • Alfredo Y. Bolleno Jr. (ABC President)
    • Heinrich Von L. Gonzaga (Federated SK Chairman)
    • Eddie E. Sarancial (IPMR)

HealthEdit

Hospitals and healthcare facilities:

  • Misamis Occidental Provincial Hospital
  • St. Therese Hospital
  • Dignum Foundation Hospital
  • Oroquieta Community Hospital
  • Tamola-Tan Medical Center

EducationEdit

Students coming from Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte and Misamis Occidental come to Oroquieta to pursue their college education.

College/University Location
Misamis University (MU) Ozamis St. Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines (USTP) Rizal St. Mobod Highway, Oroquieta City
Dr. Solomon U. Molina College (DSUMC) Independence St. Villaflor, Oroquieta City
C-Lan Institute of Technology LM Building, Ozamis St. Lower Langcangan, Oroquieta City
Oroquieta Agro Industrial School (OAIS) Villaflor, Oroquieta City
Southern Capital College (SCC) Juan Luna St. Poblacion 2, Oroquieta City
Stella Maris College (SMC) Rizal St. Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
Misamis Occidental Technological Institute (MOTI) Pastrano St. Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
Deor 'N Dune Academe School of Technology JC Building, Barrientos St. Poblacion 2, Oroquieta City
National Institute for Technical Excellence, Inc. (NITEX) De Barras Building, Barrientos St. Poblacion 2, Oroquieta City

Secondary schools:

  • Misamis Occidental National High School
  • Talairon National High School
  • Oroquieta City National High School
  • Mobod Integrated School
  • Misamis Occidental Science and Technology High School
  • Senote National High School
  • Rizal National High School
  • Bunga National High School
  • Stella Maris College

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ City of Oroquieta | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Misamis Occidental". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "Oroquieta: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Misamis Occidental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  10. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  11. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.

External linksEdit