Open main menu

Ontario general election, 2018

The Ontario general election of 2018 was held on June 7, 2018, to elect the 124 members of the 42nd Parliament of Ontario.[1] The Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario, led by Doug Ford, won a majority government with 76 of the 124 seats in the legislature. The Ontario New Democratic Party, led by Andrea Horwath, formed the Official Opposition. The Ontario Liberal Party, led by incumbent Premier Kathleen Wynne, lost official party status in recording both the worst result in the party's 161-year history and the worst result for any incumbent governing party in Ontario. The Green Party of Ontario won a seat for the first time in their history, while the Trillium Party of Ontario lost its single seat gained by a floor-crossing during the 41st Parliament. Twenty-four other parties and numerous independent candidates also received votes.

Ontario general election, 2018

← 2014 June 7, 2018 (2018-06-07) 43rd →

124 seats of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario
63 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Turnout 58.4% (Increase7.1pp)

  First party Second party
  Doug Ford in Toronto - 2018 (41065995960) (cropped).jpg Horwath infobox.PNG
Leader Doug Ford Andrea Horwath
Party Progressive Conservative New Democratic
Leader since March 10, 2018 March 7, 2009
Leader's seat Etobicoke North Hamilton Centre
Last election 28 seats, 31.25% 21 seats, 23.75%
Seats before 27 18
Seats won 76 40
Seat change Increase49 Increase22
Popular vote 2,326,632 1,929,649
Percentage 40.50% 33.59%
Swing Increase9.25pp Increase9.84pp

  Third party Fourth party
  Hon Kathleen Wynne MPP Premier of Ontario (cropped2).jpg MikeSchreinerGuelphFeb2012 (cropped).jpg
Leader Kathleen Wynne Mike Schreiner
Party Liberal Green
Leader since January 26, 2013 May 16, 2009
Leader's seat Don Valley West Guelph
Last election 58 seats, 38.65% 0 seats, 4.84%
Seats before 55 0
Seats won 7 1
Seat change Decrease48 Increase1
Popular vote 1,124,218 264,487
Percentage 19.57% 4.60%
Swing Decrease19.08pp Decrease0.24pp

Ontario general election 2018 - Results by Riding.svg
Popular vote by riding. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote, but instead by the result in each riding. Riding names are listed at the bottom.

Premier before election

Kathleen Wynne
Liberal

Premier-designate

Doug Ford
Progressive Conservative

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Redistribution of seatsEdit

The Electoral Boundaries Act, 2015[2] increased the number of electoral districts from 107 to 122, following the boundaries set out by the federal 2013 Representation Order for Ontario, while preserving the special boundaries of the 11 seats in Northern Ontario set out in the 1996 redistribution.

The Far North Electoral Boundaries Commission, appointed in 2016,[3] recommended the creation of the additional districts of Kiiwetinoong and Mushkegowuk—James Bay, carved out from the existing Kenora—Rainy River and Timmins—James Bay ridings, which accordingly raised the total number of seats to 124.[4][5] This was implemented through the Representation Statute Law Amendment Act, 2017.[6]

The new districts have been criticized as undemocratic, as they have a population of around 30,000 people compared with over 120,000 people in some southern Ontario constituencies. National Post columnist Josh Dehaas suggested that the small population sizes of the ridings might violate the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.[7]

In September 2017, a research firm analyzed the impact of redistribution if the boundaries had been in effect for the previous election.[8]

Change of fixed election dateEdit

Under legislation passed in 2005, Ontario elections were to be held on "the first Thursday in October in the fourth calendar year following polling day in the most recent general election", subject to the Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario's power to call an election earlier.[9] As the current government had a majority, the passage of a non-confidence motion was not a likely option for calling an early election, though Premier Kathleen Wynne stated in June 2015 that she would likely advise to dissolve the Legislature in spring 2018 rather than in October of that year in order to avoid any conflict with municipal elections and take advantage of better weather and longer days.[10]

To put this on a statutory footing, in October 2016 Attorney General of Ontario Yasir Naqvi introduced a bill in the Legislative Assembly which, in part, included moving the election date to "the first Thursday in June in the fourth calendar year following polling day in the most recent general election",[1] and it came into effect in December 2016.[11]

Prelude to campaignEdit

The Ontario Liberal Party attempted to win their fifth consecutive general election, dating back to 2003. The Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario won their first election since 1999, and the Ontario New Democratic Party attempted to win their second election (having previously won in 1990). Numerous other extra-parliamentary political parties also vied for votes.

The Liberals under Kathleen Wynne headed into the 2018 campaign trailing far behind the Progressive Conservatives, led by former Toronto City Councillor Doug Ford. The Liberals' standing with voters had been badly hurt when they partially privatized Hydro One in 2015, after campaigning against it in the 2014 election, as well as rising criticism over "ballooning provincial debt, high electricity prices and costly, politically expedient decisions".[12][13] In early April, the CBC published their analysis of aggregate polls showing that Ford and the Progressive Conservatives were ahead of the other parties averaging 42.1% support, compared to 27.2% for the governing Liberals, 23.4% for the NDP and 5.7% for the Greens[14] and with 11 Liberal MPPs announcing they would not be running for re-election or having already resigned their seats in the months leading up to the election.[15]

According to Wynne, voters were offered a "stark choice", between "cutting and removing supports from people" with "billions in cuts", which she alleged the Progressive Conservatives would do if they won the election, and expanding investments in social programs such as prescription drugs and childcare, which the Liberal platform promised.[16]

In March 2018, the Liberals tabled a pre-election budget in the provincial legislature which promised billions of dollars in new spending for free childcare and expanded coverage for dental care but replaced the government's previous balanced budget with a $6.7 billion deficit projected to last until 2024–2025.[17] PC leader Doug Ford called the budget a "spending spree".[18]

Mood of the votersEdit

According to Toronto Star columnist Susan Delacourt, voters were motivated by a desire for change—such desire being more driven by emotion than by ideology—and one researcher estimated that more than half of the electorate was undecided in who they were likely to vote for.[19] The Huffington Post reported that half of voters were basing their vote intentions on how best to block the party they oppose.[20]

In February 2018, Campaign Research conducted a gap analysis on voter intentions in Ontario, and determined the following:

Voter gap analysis by party (February 2018)[21]
Liberal PC NDP Highlights
64%
6%
6%
10%
13%
51%
7%
6%
10%
26%
61%
9%
13%
6%
11%
  • PCs had the lowest proportion of respondents (51%) not willing to vote for them at all, while the Liberals had the highest such proportion (64%)
  • At 13%, the Liberals' "hard support" was only half that for the PCs
  • For PCs, the strength of "hard support" increases with age, and older demographics tend to be more reliable voters
  • Conversely, such support for the Liberals and NDP significantly declines with age, with almost ¾ of those aged 55+ not willing to vote for them at all

     = Not voting for party; not considered
     = Not voting for party; shared consideration
     = Not voting for party; exclusive consideration
     = Will vote for party; others considered
     = Will vote for party; no others considered

ResultsEdit

76 40 7 1
Progressive Conservative New Democratic Liberal Grn

Elections Ontario used electronic vote tabulator machines from Dominion Voting Systems for counting the ballots. Tabulators were deployed at 50 per cent of polling stations at a cost of CA$32,000,000.[22][23] This election was the first time Ontario used vote counting machines for a provincial election, although tabulators have been used in Ontario civic elections for more than 20 years, and also in a 2016 by-election in Whitby-Oshawa. The original paper ballots marked by voters will be kept for a year along with the digital scans of each ballot by the tabulator.[23]

 
Each dot represents five-thousand votes for the party of the associated colour. Data is based on individual riding results. Dots are placed at random positions within the ridings that they belong to.
Party Votes Seats
Progressive Conservative 2,326,632
40.50%
  9.25%
76 / 124 (61%)
New Democratic 1,929,649
33.59%
  9.84%
40 / 124 (32%)
Liberal 1,124,218
19.57%
  19.08%
7 / 124 (6%)
Green 264,487
4.60%
  0.24%
1 / 124 (0.8%)

Detailed analysisEdit

e • d Unofficial Results - Elections to the 42nd Parliament of Ontario (2018)[24]
Political party Party leader MPPs Votes
Candidates 2014 Dissol. 2018 ± # % ± (pp)
Progressive Conservative Doug Ford 124 28 27 76 49  2,326,632 40.50% 9.25 
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 124 21 18 40 22  1,929,649 33.59% 9.84 
Liberal Kathleen Wynne 124 58 55 7 48  1,124,218 19.57% 19.08 
Green Mike Schreiner 124 1 1  264,487 4.60% 0.24 
Libertarian Allen Small 117 42,820 0.75% 0.06 
None of the Above Greg Vezina 42 16,149 0.28% 0.19 
  Independents and no affiliation 32 2 2  8,226 0.15% 0.07 
Trillium Bob Yaciuk 26 1 1  8,089 0.14% 0.13 
Northern Ontario Trevor Holliday 10 5,912 0.10% 0.08 
Consensus Ontario Brad Harness 10 2,682 0.05% New
Freedom Paul McKeever 14 2,566 0.04% 0.22 
Ontario Party Jason Tysick 5 2,316 0.04% New
Ontario Moderate Party Yuri Duboisky 16 2,193 0.04% 0.03 
Communist Dave McKee 12 1,471 0.03% 0.02 
Canadians' Choice Party Bahman Yazdanfar 5 1,239 0.02% 0.01 
Stop the New Sex-Ed Agenda Queenie Yu 3 1,078 0.02% New
Ontario Alliance Joshua E. Eriksen 4 802 0.01% 0.01 
New People's Choice Party Daryl Christoff 3 634 0.01% New
Special Needs Hilton Milan 5 631 0.01%
People's Political Party Kevin Clarke 6 628 0.01% 0.01 
Confederation of Regions vacant 2 386 0.01%
Stop Climate Change Ken Ranney 2 340 0.01% New
Go Vegan Paul Figueiras 2 256 0.02 
Social Reform Party Abu Alam 2 237 New
Cultural Action Party Arthur Smitherman 3 215 New
Multicultural Party of Ontario Wasyl Luczkiw 2 191 New
Party of Objective Truth Derrick Matthews 2 176 New
Canadian Economic Party Patrick Knight 2 151 New
Pauper John Turmel 2 112
  Vacant 4
Total 825 107 107 124 100.00%
Turnout 58.00% 6.70 

Regional analysisEdit

Elections to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario – seats won by region (2018)
Party Toronto 905 Belt Ham/Niagara Central East Midwest Southwest North Total
Progressive Conservative 11 21 6 10 11 9 4 4 76
New Democratic 11 4 7   2 2 6 8 40
Liberal 3       3     1 7
Green           1     1
Total 25 25 13 10 16 12 10 13 124

Events leading up to the election (2014–2018)Edit

Date
June 12, 2014 The Liberal Party under Kathleen Wynne wins a majority government in the 41st Ontario general election. Progressive Conservative leader Tim Hudak announces his intention to step down following the selection of his successor.[25]
July 2, 2014 Tim Hudak resigns as leader of the Progressive Conservatives.[26] Simcoe—Grey MPP Jim Wilson is named interim leader.[27]
July 24, 2014 The Liberals pass their May 1 budget in its final reading.
May 9, 2015 Patrick Brown, the Conservative federal MP for Barrie, is elected leader of the Progressive Conservative Party.[28]
September 24, 2015 Ontario Provincial Police lay charges in relation to the Sudbury by-election scandal.[29]
November 1, 2016 Ontario Provincial Police announce charges under the provincial act against Gerry Lougheed and Patricia Sorbara (CEO and director of the 2018 Liberal campaign) for alleged bribery during a 2015 byelection.[30] Sorbara announced that she will step down from the campaign.[31]
January 24, 2018 CTV News reports that Progressive Conservative Party leader Patrick Brown is accused by two women of committing sexual misconduct. Brown denies the allegations.[32]
January 25, 2018 Patrick Brown resigns as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party.[33][34]
January 26, 2018 Progressive Conservative Party caucus chooses Nipissing MPP Vic Fedeli as interim leader.[35]
March 10, 2018 Doug Ford is elected leader of the Progressive Conservatives on the third ballot of the party's leadership election.[36] Fedeli continues as Leader of the Opposition for legislative purposes until the election due to Ford not having a seat in the Legislature.[37]
April 11, 2018 First Leaders Debate hosted by the Jamaican Canadian Association. Andrea Horwath, Mike Schreiner, and Premier Kathleen Wynne were in attendance. Doug Ford chose not to attend.[38]
April 16, 2018 The Ontario NDP release their full election platform.[39]
May 7, 2018 First televised debate hosted by CityNews: Toronto-focused debate with Ford, Horwath and Wynne[40]
May 9, 2018 Electoral Writ issued.[41]
May 11, 2018 Leaders' debate in Parry Sound.[42]
May 17, 2018 Candidate nominations close at 2 PM local time.[43]
May 26, 2018 Advance voting starts at voting locations and returning offices.[44][45]
May 27, 2018 Second televised debate, moderated by Steve Paikin and Farah Nasser, held at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto and aired on CBC, CTV, Global, TVO, CPAC, CHCH and other outlets. Attended by Wynne, Ford, and Horwath.[46]
May 30, 2018 Advance voting ends at advance voting locations.[44]
June 1, 2018 Advance voting ends at returning offices.[44]
June 2, 2018 Premier Wynne concedes that the Liberals will not win the election.[47][48]
June 6, 2018 Special ballot voting at returning office or through home visit ends at 6:00 PM EST.[44]
June 7, 2018 Election day. Fixed-date of the 2018 provincial election.

Campaign periodEdit

IssuesEdit

2018 Ontario election – issues and respective party platforms[49]
Issue Liberal PC NDP
Spending
  • Standing by its last budget's assertion of six consecutive deficits, with a return to balance in 2024–25
  • The Province will have a deficit in the government's first year. Based on Ford's campaign promises, economists estimate there will be five consecutive deficits between $8 billion and $6 billion.[50]
  • An audit will be conducted into the previous government's spending
  • There will be five consecutive deficits of between $5-billion and $2-billion
Taxation
  • Proceed with last budget's simplification of rate structure for personal income tax
  • Maintain corporate income tax at present rate of 11.5%
  • Corporate income tax to be reduced from 11.5% to 10.5%
  • Phase out income tax entirely for minimum-wage earners but cancel the $1 increase to minimum wage slated for 2019
  • Repeal the present cap and trade program
  • Oppose federally mandated carbon pricing
  • Reduce income tax rates
  • Reduce the small business income tax rate
  • Raise corporate tax rate from 11.5% to 13%
  • Ontarians earning more than $300,000 would see their tax rates rise by two percentage points, or one percentage point for those earning more than $220,000
Education
  • Modernize the curriculum and assessment of schools, from kindergarten to grade 12
  • $3-billion in capital grants over 10 years to post-secondary institutions
  • $16-billion in spending over 10 years on infrastructure and repairs at Ontario's schools
  • Cap kindergarten class sizes at 26 students
  • Abolish standardized EQAO testing
  • Give OSAP-qualified students non-repayable grants instead of loans
  • Remove interest off existing student loans and apply interest that has already been paid to the loan principal
Child care
  • Free child care for all Ontarians aged two-and-a-half to junior kindergarten age, regardless of income
  • A sliding scale of tax rebates, providing up to $6,750 per child under 15 and giving low-income families as much as 75 per cent of their child-care costs
  • Income-based scale for child care:
    • Free child care for families earning under $40,000 annually
    • Average of $12 per day cost for those making over $40,000
Transit and infrastructure
Hydro
  • Standing by its 2017 plan to defer rate increases through current borrowing
  • Will proceed to sell the Province's remaining 60% interest in Hydro One
  • Cut rates by 12%, over and above the Liberals' current 25% reduction
Environment
  • End cap-and-trade
  • Divert at least 25% of cap-and-trade revenue to help northern, rural and low-income Ontarians adapt to a lower-carbon lifestyle
  • Spend $50-million on a home-efficiency retrofit program.

Party slogansEdit

Party English French Translation of French (unofficial)
 Liberal "Care over cuts"[52]
 PC "For the People"[53]
"Help is on the way."[54]
 New Democratic "Change for the better"[55] "Changeons pour le mieux"[56] Let's change for the better
 Green "People Powered Change"[57]
 Libertarian "The Party of Choice"[58]

EndorsementsEdit

Endorsements received by each party
Type Liberal PC NDP Green No endorsement
Media
Politicians and public figures
Unions and business associations
  • Ontario Convenience Stores Association[83]
  • Ottawa Police Association[84]
  • United Steelworkers Local 2251[85]

CandidatesEdit

Candidate nominationsEdit

In February 2018, the PC leadership overturned the nomination of candidates Karma Macgregor in Ottawa West—Nepean and Thenusha Parani in Scarborough Centre because of irregularities and allegations of ballot stuffing at their nomination meetings.[90] Both candidates denied these claims.[91] The nomination meetings were reorganized, and both candidates lost the nomination at those meetings. However, the PC leadership decided not to overturn the nomination meeting's result in Hamilton West—Ancaster—Dundas, where a similar situation took place, because of an ongoing police investigation on this situation.[92]

In March 2018, the NDP nominated Lyra Evans as their candidate in Ottawa—Vanier. Evans is the first openly transgender candidate nominated by a major party to run in an Ontario general election.[93][94]

Incumbents not running for reelectionEdit

Electoral District Incumbent at dissolution and subsequent nominee New MPP
Brant (now Brantford-Brant)   Dave Levac[95] Ruby Toor   Will Bouma
Glengarry—Prescott—Russell   Grant Crack[96] Pierre Leroux   Amanda Simard
Guelph   Liz Sandals[97] Sly Castaldi   Mike Schreiner
Kenora—Rainy River   Sarah Campbell[98] Glen Archer   Greg Rickford
Kitchener-Conestoga   Michael Harris[99]   Mike Harris Jr.
London North Centre   Deb Matthews[97] Kate Graham   Terence Kernaghan
Markham-Unionville   Michael Chan[96] Amanda Yeung Collucci   Billy Pang
Parkdale—High Park   Cheri DiNovo[100] Bhutila Karpoche   Bhutila Karpoche
Mississauga—Erindale   Harinder Takhar[101] Riding dissolved
Pickering-Scarborough East   Tracy MacCharles[96] Riding dissolved
Scarborough Centre   Brad Duguid[102] Mazhar Shafiq   Christina Mitas
Simcoe North   Patrick Brown[103]   Jill Dunlop
Welland (now Niagara Centre)   Cindy Forster[104][105] Jeff Burch   Jeff Burch
York Centre   Monte Kwinter[106] Ramon Estaris   Roman Baber
York—Simcoe   Julia Munro[107] Caroline Mulroney   Caroline Mulroney
York West (now Humber River—Black Creek)   Mario Sergio[108] Deanna Sgro   Tom Rakocevic

Opinion pollsEdit

Campaign periodEdit

 
Evolution of voting intentions during the 2018 Ontario provincial election campaign. Plot generated in R from data in the table below. Trendlines are local regressions, with polls weighted by proximity in time and sample size. 95% confidence ribbons represent uncertainty about the regressions, not the likelihood that actual election results would fall within the intervals.

*Includes support for the Green Party

Best Premier and Party Leader Approval RatingsEdit

Date Firm Best Premier ratings Approval ratings
Ford Horwath Wynne
Ford Horwath Wynne Approve Disapprove Approve Disapprove Approve Disapprove
June 6, 2018 Research Co.   36% 55% 54% 34% 29% 64%
June 2, 2018 Forum Research 27% 31% 17% 27% 55% 41% 34% 23% 65%
June 2, 2018 Abacus Data   25% 48% 42% 20% 21% 56%
May 31, 2018 Research Co. 23% 28% 15% 33% 56% 52% 34% 27% 64%
May 29, 2018 Forum Research 29% 30% 16% 30% 53% 40% 32% 23% 65%
May 29, 2018 Angus Reid 25% 34% 15%  
May 29, 2018 Innovative Research 23% 30% 14% 30% 54% 48% 23% 25% 59%
May 26, 2018 Abacus Data   27% 45% 44% 15% 19% 60%
May 23, 2018 Forum Research 30% 33% 15% 32% 51% 43% 26% 19% 69%
May 23, 2018 Innovative Research 24% 26% 19% 27% 57% 46% 20% 24% 61%
May 22, 2018 Leger 23% 28% 12%  
May 18, 2018 Abacus Data   26% 46% 42% 13% 17% 60%
May 12, 2018 Innovative Research 24% 26% 16% 31% 52% 44% 17% 21% 62%
May 9, 2018 Forum Research   34% 49% 42% 25% 20% 71%

Major Regional Polls - TorontoEdit

Polling firm Last date
of polling
Link Lib PC NDP Gre Oth Margin
of error
Sample
size
Polling method Lead
Campaign Research May 16, 2018 HTML 27 35 32 5 2 ±2.3 pp 1,871 Online 3
Leaders' debate in Parry Sound (May 11, 2018)
Mainstreet Research May 7, 2018 PDF 31.1 36.6 23.1 5.9 3.4 ±2.19 pp 2,000 IVR 5.5
CityTV Toronto leaders' debate (May 7, 2018)[110]

Pre-campaign periodEdit

 
Ten-poll average of Ontario opinion polls from June 12, 2014, to the last possible date of the next election on June 6, 2018. Each line corresponds to a political party.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ferguson, Rob (October 19, 2016). "Ontario moves election date to June 7, 2018". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
  2. ^ Electoral Boundaries Act, 2015, S.O. 2015, c. 31
  3. ^ as a result of the Election Statute Law Amendment Act, 2016, S.O. 2016, c. 33, s. 36
  4. ^ "Report: Far North Electoral Boundaries Commission". August 8, 2017.
  5. ^ Benzie, Robert (August 8, 2017). "Ontario to get 17 new ridings, including a constituency that is largely Indigenous". Toronto Star. Retrieved December 10, 2017.
  6. ^ Representation Statute Law Amendment Act, 2017, S.O. 2017, c. 18
  7. ^ "Ontario Liberals' plan for two new ridings could violate the Charter and cost PCs the election". National Post. August 3, 2017. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  8. ^ "Public Opinion Research: Ontario This Month" (PDF). innovativeresearch.ca. Innovative Research Group. September 2017. pp. 17–23.
  9. ^ Election Statute Law Amendment Act, 2005, S.O. 2005, c. 35, s. 1(3)
  10. ^ Benzie, Robert (June 4, 2015). "Ontario to add 15 MPPs, move 2018 election date ahead". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  11. ^ Election Statute Law Amendment Act, 2016, S.O. 2016, c. 33, s. 7
  12. ^ "How a historic Liberal collapse and PC upheaval turned Ontario election into a wild horse race". National Post. 2018-06-08. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  13. ^ "Opinion | The day Kathleen Wynne lost the 2018 election". thestar.com. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  14. ^ Grenier, Eric (April 6, 2018). "With nine weeks to go, the Ontario election is Doug Ford's to lose". CBC News. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  15. ^ Crawley, Mike (April 7, 2018). "11 Liberals won't run in Ontario election, and that's a problem for Kathleen Wynne". CBC News. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  16. ^ "Ontario voters facing 'stark choice' in June, says Kathleen Wynne". Toronto Star. March 12, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  17. ^ "Ontario budget 2018: Liberals run deficit, introduce new spending in pre-election budget". Global News. Canadian Press. March 28, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  18. ^ "Veering left is right for Kathleen Wynne". Toronto Star. April 1, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  19. ^ Delacourt, Susan (May 29, 2018). "What is it that is driving Ontario voters?". The Toronto Star.
  20. ^ Omer, Mohammed (May 30, 2018). "Ontario Election 2018: Poll Finds Half of Decided Voters Making Choice Based on Party They Dislike". The Huffington Post.
  21. ^ Yufest, Eli (February 2018). "Analysis of Voter Support Ceilings for Major Ontario Parties". Campaign Research.
  22. ^ Yun, Tom (June 7, 2018). "Ontario's experiment with vote-counting machines could change elections to come". Macleans.
  23. ^ a b Reevely, David (June 7, 2018). "Elections Ontario has 'utmost confidence' in new vote-counting machines but also has backup plan". Ottawa Citizen.
  24. ^ "Province-Wide Election Night Results". elections.on.ca. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  25. ^ "Ontario election 2014: Tim Hudak to step down". CBC News. June 12, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  26. ^ "Tim Hudak to quit July 2 amid Tory revolt". Toronto Star. June 18, 2014. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  27. ^ Brennan, Richard (July 2, 2014). "Progressive Conservatives pick Jim Wilson as interim leader". The Toronto Star. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  28. ^ "Barrie MP Patrick Brown resigns seat as he shifts to lead provincial PCs". Ottawa Citizen. May 13, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  29. ^ "Gerry Lougheed Jr., Ontario Liberal fundraiser, charged in Sudbury byelection scandal". CBC News. September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
  30. ^ "Top Liberals face Elections Act charges in Sudbury case | Toronto Star". thestar.com. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
  31. ^ "Wynne adviser to step down after OPP charges related to Sudbury byelection | Toronto Star". thestar.com. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
  32. ^ Aiello, Rachel; McGregor, Glen (January 24, 2018). "Patrick Brown denies sexual misconduct allegations from two women, resigns as Ontario PC leader". CTV News.
  33. ^ Crawley, Mike (January 25, 2018). "Patrick Brown resigns as Ontario PC leader after sexual misconduct allegations". CBC News.
  34. ^ "Statement from Ontario PC Leader Patrick Brown". ontariopca.ca. January 25, 2018.
  35. ^ "Vic Fedeli chosen as interim leader of Ontario PCs with election looming". CBC News. 2018-01-26. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  36. ^ "Doug Ford named new Ontario PC leader". CTV News. The Canadian Press. March 10, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  37. ^ "Ford 'the boss': Fedeli". Sudbury Star. Postmedia Network. March 11, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2018. Fedeli, who has served as interim party leader since the resignation of Patrick Brown amid allegations of sexual misconduct several weeks ago, will remain opposition leader for parliamentary purposes because Ford does not have a seat in the Ontario legislature
  38. ^ "Doug Ford bails on first Ontario election leaders debate – iPolitics". iPolitics. 2018-04-05. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  39. ^ "Andrea Horwath's Change for the Better". Ontario NDP. Retrieved 2018-04-18.
  40. ^ "Ford, Horwath, Wynne to face off in Toronto-focused CityNews debate May 7". CityNews. 2018-04-20. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  41. ^ "Election 101: Here's what you need to know about the Ontario election". cbc.ca. May 9, 2018.
  42. ^ Bissonette, Sarah (May 7, 2018). "Wynne, Ford and Horwath debate in Parry Sound Friday". parrysound.com.
  43. ^ Blackwell, Tom (May 16, 2018). "Ontario PC candidate resigns after private 407 freeway confirms 'internal theft' of data on 60,000 customers". National Post.
  44. ^ a b c d "Advance voting begins for provincial election". ctvnews.ca. May 26, 2018.
  45. ^ "Advance Voting for Provincial General Election Starts Today" (PDF). elections.on.ca. Retrieved May 27, 2018.
  46. ^ "Date set for televised leaders debate in Ontario election | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  47. ^ Benzie, Robert (June 2, 2018). "Wynne concedes she will lose Thursday's election, urges voters to elect Liberal MPPs as check on Ford or Horwath". Toronto Star.
  48. ^ Giovannetti, Justin (June 3, 2018). "Ontario's NDP, PCs jockey for majority in wake of Wynne's early concession". The Globe and Mail.
  49. ^ "Ontario election guide: What you need to know before you vote". The Globe and Mail. May 15, 2018.
  50. ^ "Doug Ford's Plan is Furthest Away From a Balanced Budget". CTV News. May 30, 2018.
  51. ^ Streck, Aaron (2018-06-01). "Durham highway tolls will be removed if elected, say NDP candidates". Globalnews.ca. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  52. ^ Akin, David (May 18, 2018). "For the Wynne Liberals, the Ontario election has always been 'Save the Furniture'". Global News.
  53. ^ "Doug Ford, Ontario PCs unveil campaign bus and 'For The People' slogan". CityNews. Toronto. April 15, 2018.
  54. ^ Jarvis, Anne (June 1, 2018). "Ford tells supporters in Windsor 'help is on the way'". Windsor Star.
  55. ^ Powers, Lucas (April 16, 2018). "Ontario NDP platform proposes big spending on health care, social services". CBC News.
  56. ^ "La plateforme néo-démocrate est enfin disponible en français". Ici Radio-Canada Première (in French). April 26, 2018.
  57. ^ Janus, Andrea (May 14, 2018). "Basic income, road tolls for transit part of Ontario Green Party's election platform". CBC News.
  58. ^ Small, Allen (May 18, 2018). "Ontario Libertarian Party leader Allen Small shares his views on election issues". Global News (Interview). Interviewed by Tasha Kheiriddin. Toronto.
  59. ^ "Of choices we have, Ford's PCs are best". The London Free Press. June 1, 2018.
  60. ^ "Our choice for Ontario is Ford". Toronto Sun. June 2, 2018.
  61. ^ "Ontario's choice is clear, if less than ideal: A Progressive Conservative government". National Post. June 1, 2018.
  62. ^ "The Progressive Conservatives should form the next Ontario government". Ottawa Citizen. June 2, 2018.
  63. ^ https://www.durhamregion.com/opinion-story/8629987-change-is-needed-in-ontario/
  64. ^ https://www.thepostmillennial.com/editorial-pcs-are-the-only-real-choice//
  65. ^ "Ontario voters should back NDP to stop Doug Ford". Toronto Star. June 1, 2018.
  66. ^ a b "Opinion | The Spectator's view: Ford PCs say take them on faith — that's not enough". TheSpec.com. 2018-06-05. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  67. ^ Jury, Pierre (June 5, 2018). "Pour le NPD" [For the NDP]. Le Droit (in French).
  68. ^ Board, Toronto Star Editorial (2018-05-22). "Opinion | OPINION: Guelph voters should consider making history and sending the Greens' Mike Schreiner to Queen's Park". GuelphMercury.com. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  69. ^ "Globe editorial: For Ontario voters, leadership and vision are not on offer". The Globe and Mail. June 5, 2018.
  70. ^ "Opinion | The Record's view: In an era of disruption Ontario voters should seek stability". TheRecord.com. 2018-06-04. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  71. ^ "Editorial: We're endorsing change this provincial election". Laurentian Media Group. 2018-05-31. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  72. ^ Marieke Walsh (May 4, 2018). "Trudeau dropping in on Wynne days before election campaign". iPolitics. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
  73. ^ "Hazel McCallion stars in 'A Tale of Two Endorsements'".
  74. ^ Ali Raza (May 24, 2018). "Andrew Scheer says Doug Ford 'best choice' in election, slams Ontario NDP's past". Metroland Media. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  75. ^ "Hazel McCallion endorses PC Leader Doug Ford and Liberal Finance Minister Charles Sousa". Global News. May 30, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  76. ^ "Kevin O'Leary Taps 'Sharks' To Help Pay Back Tory Leadership Debt". Huffington Post. June 4, 2018. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
  77. ^ Antonella Artuso (June 1, 2018). "'HE'S A STRAIGHT SHOOTER': Mel Lastman endorses Doug Ford". Toronto Sun.
  78. ^ "Stephen Harper on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  79. ^ "Andrea Horwath, Jagmeet Singh team up at Brampton event to keep pushing NDP in polls". CBC News Network. May 21, 2018. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
  80. ^ a b c d e f g h i Coren, Michael; Dias, Jerry; Farber, Bernie M.; Gardner, Kay; Hudson, Sandy; Miller, David; Pascale, Charles; Rebick, Judy; Wong-Tam, Kristyn. "It's Time For Progressive Voters To Rally Around Andrea Horwath". HuffPost. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  81. ^ "Olivia Chow on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  82. ^ a b Carmen Ponciano (April 22, 2018). CBC http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/kitchener-waterloo/guelph-mike-schreiner-david-suzuki-elizabeth-may-1.4630234. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  83. ^ Twitter. June 2, 2018 https://twitter.com/OntarioCStores/status/1002902718929727490. Retrieved June 2, 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  84. ^ "Ottawa police union endorses PCs". CBC News. May 31, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  85. ^ Erik White (May 31, 2018). "Sault Ste. Marie Steelworkers take flack for backing PC candidate: 'this is democracy'". CBC News. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  86. ^ Caroline Alphonso (May 10, 2018). The Globe and Mail https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-ontarios-largest-education-union-opts-to-endorse-ndp-over-liberals/. Retrieved June 1, 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  87. ^ CUPE https://cupe.ca/canadas-ndp-working-together. Retrieved June 2, 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  88. ^ Newswire https://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/ontario-steelworkers-endorse-andrea-horwath-and-the-ndp-684338631.html. Retrieved June 3, 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  89. ^ ATU (PDF) http://atucanada.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/NDP-Endorsement.pdf. Retrieved May 15, 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  90. ^ "Party overturns Ottawa West-Nepean PC nomination | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 2018-05-31.
  91. ^ "PCs to hold new nomination contests in Ottawa West-Nepean, Scarborough Centre". Ottawa Citizen. 2018-02-10. Retrieved 2018-05-31.
  92. ^ Benzie, Robert (February 9, 2018). "Tories overturn two controversial nominations, as they clean house in post-Patrick-Brown era". Toronto Star. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  93. ^ "NDP candidate hopes to give LGBT community greater voice at Queen's Park | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  94. ^ "NDP in Ottawa-Vanier nominate Ontario's first transgender candidate for MPP". Ottawa Citizen. 2018-03-26. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  95. ^ Steve Paikin [@spaikin] (May 5, 2017). "Confirmed: speaker @DaveLevac announces he won't seek re-election in June 2018" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  96. ^ a b c Benzie, Robert (April 5, 2018). "Liberal cabinet ministers Michael Chan and Tracy MacCharles, MPP Grant Crack say they are retiring". Toronto Star.
  97. ^ a b "Two more Wynne cabinet ministers say they won't run again in next June's Ontario election" (Press release). Toronto Star. October 6, 2017.
  98. ^ "Kenora-Rainy River candidates starting to come out of woodwork". cbc.ca. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  99. ^ Michael Harris (2018-04-07). ""Please see my statement below:"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 2018-05-19.
  100. ^ "NDP's Bhutila Karpoche wins Parkdale-High Park, becoming first Tibetan ever elected to public office in North America".
  101. ^ Steve Paikin [@spaikin] (April 25, 2018). "Veteran @OntLiberal MPP harinder takhar announces he won't run again" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  102. ^ "Brad Duguid won't run in 2018 provincial election" (Press release). Toronto Star. September 8, 2017.
  103. ^ "Former PC leader Patrick Brown not running in Ontario election". CBC News. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  104. ^ Forsyth, Paul (January 3, 2018). "Cindy Forster pledges to keep fighting for causes she believes in". niagarathisweek.com. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  105. ^ nurun.com. "UPDATED: Cindy Forster calling it quits". St. Catharines Standard. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  106. ^ "Monte Kwinter MPP for York Centre not seeking re-election in 2018" (Press release). Ontario Liberal Party. July 20, 2017.
  107. ^ "Julia Munro announces Intention to Retire" (PDF). juliamunrompp.com. March 21, 2017.
  108. ^ Geoff Zochodne [@GeoffZochodne] (July 10, 2017). "Longtime Liberal @MarioSergioMPP is hanging them up" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  109. ^ "The third and final televised debate of the provincial election campaign in Toronto". CBC Television. May 27, 2018.
  110. ^ a b "Ontario Provincial Election 2018: CityNews Leaders' Debate". City. May 7, 2018.

External linksEdit