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Ontario Student Assistance Program

Osap english colour logo.jpg

The Ontario Student Assistance Program (OSAP) (French: Régime d'aide financière aux étudiantes et étudiants de l'Ontario (RAFEO)) is a provincial financial aid program that offers grants and loans to help Ontario students pay for their post-secondary education. OSAP determines the amount of money that a student is eligible to receive by considering factors such as tuition, course load, and the financial resources of the student. More than 380,000 students – more than half of all full-time students –received student financial aid in 2014-15.

In 2016, the Ontario government announced changes to OSAP that aimed to make post-secondary education more affordable for lower income families.[1]. Starting in the 2017-18 school year, these changes increased the proportion of financial aid in the form of grants, and completely covered the cost of average tuition for families earning less than $50,000 per year.[2][3]

In 2019, the Ontario government announced cuts to OSAP in conjunction with a 10 percent reduction in post-secondary tuition fees. These changes would, starting in the 2019-20 school year, reduce the family income threshold for grants from $175,000 to $140,000, require that the loan-to-grant ratio for funding given to students be at least 50 percent loan, and remove the six-month interest-free grace period for the Ontario portion of loans following graduation.[4][5][6]

HistoryEdit

In 1966, the Province of Ontario Student Award Program (POSAP) was launched by Bill Davis, Ontario’s Minister of University Affairs, in conjunction with the new Canada Student Loans Program to provide non-repayable provincial grants.

The initial reaction was largely negative as the new application and administration was more cumbersome and restrictive than the prior system. University of Toronto and Ryerson students protested and demanded the government increase grant amounts, simplify the application and allow student aid offices to adjust individual awards.

The protests were largely successful and, in 1967, the province removed questions about parental debt, insurance and mortgages, the need assessment was amended to exempt some income, and students were considered independent after three years of studies.[7]

Over time, the “P” was dropped and was re-branded as the Ontario Student Assistance Program (OSAP).

Now delivered through the authority of the Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities Act, 1990, the Minister has the authority to “make grants, awards and loans to students of universities, colleges of applied arts and technology or other post-secondary institutions”.[8]

Since the Dominion-Provincial Student Assistance Program (DPSAP) in the 1930s, Ontario has administered an integrated federal-provincial student aid program.[9] The federal government pays Ontario $16 million to compensate for this administration. In 1998, the federal government also integrated loan repayment with Ontario and other jurisdictions to allow for a single loan repayment and relief administration.[10]

Changes to OSAPEdit

2003-05Edit

The Ontario Liberal Party was elected with a platform commitment to a two-year tuition freeze, expanded loan eligibility and tuition waivers for “the neediest 10 percent of students.”[11]

At the time, Ontario student aid did not have any up-front grants, though it had a long-standing loan remission policy through the Ontario Student Opportunity Grant (OSOG) which capped total loans (federal and provincial) at $7,000 per year (maximum aid was $9,350).

The government subsequently implemented a two-year tuition freeze beginning in September 2004.[12]

The government also launched a review of the post-secondary education system to be led by former Premier Bob Rae, which subsequently called for free tuition for low-income students and a new tuition framework that provides for “predictable, transparent and affordable” increases.[13]

In response, the government’s Reaching Higher plan began in 2005 providing for a $6.2 billion investment in postsecondary education, including a target postsecondary attainment rate of 70% and doubling funding for OSAP. This included the introduction of up-front grants for low-income students and higher loan limits. In September 2005, Millennium-Ontario Access Grants of up to $6,000 were introduced for first-year dependent students, and $3,000 Ontario Access Grants for second-year students.[14]

2006-10Edit

In 2006, the tuition freeze was lifted and a four-year framework was implemented, which was subsequently extended three more years out to 2013:

  • entering Arts/Science students could increase by up to 4.5%;
  • entering graduate/professional students could increase by up to 8%;
  • all continuing students by up to 4%;
  • combined an overall cap of 5%.

Ontario tuition rates were regulated by the Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities through the Tuition Fee Framework Guidelines, which provides that any tuition increases beyond the guidelines result in dollar-for-dollar reduction of provincial funding to public universities and colleges. The Framework applies to all students that receive provincial funding, excluding international students and certain full-cost-recovery professional programs.[15]

Ontario Liberals were re-elected in 2007 with platform commitments for two new up-front grants: the Distance Grant (to support those with need travelling long distances to attend PSE) and the Textbook and Technology Grant ($150 flat grant not tied to OSAP need).[16]

2011Edit

The Budget before the 2011 election introduced a six-month interest-free grace period, doubled the student earnings income exemption, and increased student loan limits while increasing the OSOG threshold from $7,000 to $7,300.[17]

In the October 2011 election, the Liberals were re-elected with a minority government on the signature platform commitment to “support all middle-class Ontario families with a 30% across-the-board post-secondary undergraduate tuition grant. That means – every year – the families of five out of six students will save $1,600 per student in university and $730 per student in college.” It also included a commitment to keep OSOG debt cap at $7,300 and added an additional six-month grace period for graduates who work in the not-for-profit sector.[18]

2012-15Edit

The 30% Off Ontario Tuition grant was launched in January 2012 , only for dependent students in first-entry programs, offset in part by the elimination of the Textbook and Technology Grant and some smaller merit-based programs.[19]

A revised four-year tuition framework was announced in 2013 that dropped the overall tuition increase cap from 5% to 3% and the professional/graduate cap from 8% to 5%. The additional six-month grace period was also extended to entrepreneurs starting a new business in 2013.[20]

The Liberals were re-elected to a majority government in 2014 under Kathleen Wynne with its only postsecondary platform commitment being to continue the 30% Off Ontario Tuition grant.

In their 2015 Budget, the government made a number of need assessment changes in concert with the federal changes: a fixed student contribution, eliminating the vehicle asset test and indexed maximum student aid levels to inflation while increasing the OSOG debt cap to $7,400.[21]

2016-18Edit

In the 2016 Budget, the Ontario government announced an overhaul of student financial assistance in Ontario. This included eliminating tuition and post-secondary education tax credits and multiple OSAP grants (Ontario Access Grant, Ontario Student Opportunity Grant, Ontario Distance Grant, 30% Off Ontario Tuition grant, Child Care Bursary) and pooling the associated funding into a single new Ontario Student Grant. The new grant was designed to cover average tuition costs for all those under $50,000 of family income (or $30,000 for independent students) regardless of assessed need, with a sliding scale above that up to $160,000 receiving 30% of tuition costs. The result was that the proportion of Ontario aid provided in the form of non-repayable grants increased from 60% grant/40% loan in 2016-17 to 98% grant/2% loan in 2017-18.[22]

2019Edit

A new PC government was elected in June 2018, which announced significant changes to OSAP in January 2019. It included a 10% tuition fee reduction for all programs in 2019-20, followed by a freeze in 2020-21. It also cut the OSAP budget from approximately $2 billion to $1.4 billion, making significant changes to the program including:

  • changing eligibility requirements for the Ontario Student Grant to only be provided up to assessed need and reducing income cut-offs to about $140,000 of family income;
  • requiring that at least 10% of assessed need be provided as loan for those with family income under $50,000;
  • requiring that at least 50% of assessed need be provided as loan for those in second-entry or out-of-province programs;
  • increasing the fixed student contribution to $3,600 from $3,000;
  • increasing expected parental contributions;
  • making the annual $500 computer allowance one-time;
  • changing the definition of independent student from four to six years out of high school; and
  • having interest accrue on provincial loans during the six-month grace period after graduation.[23]

Financial ResourcesEdit

Student Fixed Contribution – an amount that students are expected to contribute toward their education costs from their savings or earnings. The fixed contribution is $3,600 for a two-term study period for the Ontario assessment, but is reduced on a sliding income scale down to the low-income threshold for a minimum of $1,500 for the federal assessment. Contribution is waived for students with children, on social assistance, Crown wards, those with a permanent disability or self-identify as Indigenous.

Scholarships/Bursaries/Awards – amount above $1,800 per year

Study Period Income – exempt in federal assessment; amount over $11,200 per year in Ontario assessment

Parental Contribution (for single dependent students) – calculated based on Annual Discretionary Income which is net parental income (after taxes/deductions) minus a moderate living allowance – different formulas federally and provincially.

EligibilityEdit

To be eligible for OSAP, students must be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident or a protected person under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act; and

They also must be an Ontario resident, meaning:

  • Ontario is the most recent province in which the student resided for 12 consecutive months, not including time as a full-time postsecondary student;
  • if the student is married/common-law, Ontario is the most recent province in which the student’s spouse resided for 12 consecutive months, not including time as a full-time postsecondary student; or
  • if the student is a single dependent student, Ontario is the most recent province in which the student’s parent(s) resided for at least 12 consecutive months.

Student CategoriesEdit

Each student is assigned a student category based on their personal circumstances:

1) Single Dependent – considered dependent on parental support unless they meet at least one of the categories below

2) Single Independent – considered to have established financial independence from their parents if they meet at least one of following:

  • out of high school for six or more years;
  • working 30+ hours per week for at least two years in a row while not being a full-time student;
  • both parents are deceased, Crown ward or receiving allowance support through a Children’s Aid Society; or
  • widowed, divorced or separated with no children.

3) Married or Common-Law (lived continuously for minimum of three years or as parents)

4) Sole-Support Parent (single with custody and responsibility of one or more children)

Student Self-IdentificationEdit

Students can also optionally self-identify as the following:

  • Permanent Disability (fixed student contribution is waived; assessed for Canada Student Grant for Students with a Permanent Disability; and eligible for full-time OSAP while taking 40-59% of course load)
  • Crown Ward (fixed student contribution is waived; assessed for Living and Learning Grant)
  • Indigenous (fixed student contribution is waived)
  • Francophone (to take into consideration studying in French for the Ontario Student Grant-Distance)

New CanadiansEdit

For new Canadian citizens, permanent residents and protected persons who have resided in Canada for less than 12 months, a residency review is available to determine the province from which they would be eligible to receive student aid.

Mature studentsEdit

Students who finished high school four or more years ago can qualify for more grants to go back to school.

Registering and applying for OSAPEdit

In order to apply for funding consideration from OSAP, students must first register as a new user online at ontario.ca/osap

Applications for OSAP for the 2017-18 school year are available in spring 2017.

Students can get ready now by registering with OSAP. They’ll create their OSAP profile and get an OSAP Access Number (OAN). When the application opens in spring 2017, students will get a message from OSAP that it’s time to apply.

Ontario Student Access GuaranteeEdit

If OSAP doesn’t cover all of the expenses that directly relate to a student’s program (books, tuition, mandatory fees), and they still require additional financial assistance, public colleges and universities in Ontario are required to provide financial help.

This money could include:

  • bursaries
  • scholarships
  • work study programs
  • summer employment programs

Financial Aid OfficesEdit

Students should visit the Financial Aid Office (FAO) at the college or university they plan to attend for more information about OSAP, the Ontario Student Access Guarantee and other financial aid questions. Students can find a list of FAOs at Ontario’s public colleges and universities online.

Exceptional circumstancesEdit

The OSAP assessment may not reflect exceptional circumstances some students may have. As a result, a number of reviews have been developed to allow students to provide additional information regarding their specific circumstances. To learn more about the review process or to initiate a review, students can contact their school’s financial aid office.

When you need to repayEdit

For the first 6 months after graduation, finishing studies, or no longer being a full-time college or university student:

  • you don’t need to make any loan payments
  • interest is charged on the Ontario portion of your student loan
  • interest is charged on the Canada portion of your student loan

This is a 6 month grace period.

Recipients of OSAP can expect to start repaying their loan at the end of the 7th month after they leave school.

Grace Period ExtensionsEdit

If a student has recently completed their studies, they can apply to have their grace period extended for an additional six months through one of these two programs:

One-Year OSAP Grace Period for Entrepreneurs: for the owner or joint owner of an eligible new business located in Ontario.

One-Year OSAP Grace Period for Not-for Profit Employees: for borrowers working at an eligible not-for-profit organization in Ontario.

How to repay OSAP loansEdit

Within 6 months of leaving school, OSAP recipients will get a package in the mail from the National Student Loans Service Centre (NSLSC) that tells them:

  • how much they owe
  • their expected monthly payment
  • the total number of payments they will need to make
  • the date of their first payment
  • the interest rate

Monthly loan payments are made to the National Student Loans Service Centre.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 Ontario Budget: Improving Access to Postsecondary Education". Ontario Ministry of Finance. July 20, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  2. ^ Kristin Rushowy (September 11, 2017). "One-third of Ontario college and university students receive free tuition grants". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  3. ^ Simona Chiose (September 11, 2017). "OSAP applications rise after Ontario streamlines student-aid system". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  4. ^ Allysha Howse (January 17, 2019). "Multiple Changes To OSAP Were Announced Today, This Is How They Will Affect Ontario Students". Narcity. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  5. ^ Kristin Rushowy (January 17, 2019). "Free-tuition program is gone, tuition reduced and student fees are no longer mandatory, Ford government announces". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  6. ^ Allison Jones (January 17, 2019). "Ford government eliminates free tuition for low-income students". CityNews. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  7. ^ ""It stinks": How Ontario students greeted the introduction of OSAP". TVO.org. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  8. ^ "Law Document English View". www.ontario.ca. 2014-07-24. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  9. ^ www.ontario.ca https://www.ontario.ca/page/public-accounts-ontario-2018-19. Retrieved 2019-09-20. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Government of Canada, Public Services and Procurement Canada. "Information archivée dans le Web" (PDF). publications.gc.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  11. ^ Worby, Nicholas. "Research guides: Public Policy and Governance: Ontario election platforms". guides.library.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  12. ^ "Ontario Freezes Post Secondary Tuition for 2 Years".
  13. ^ "Report & Recommendations 2005" (PDF).
  14. ^ "Reaching Higher: The McGuinty Government Plan For Postsecondary Education". news.ontario.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  15. ^ "Ontario Guidelines for Implementing Tuition Fee" (PDF).
  16. ^ Worby, Nicholas. "Research guides: Public Policy and Governance: Ontario election platforms". guides.library.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  17. ^ "Ontario Budget 2011" (PDF).
  18. ^ Worby, Nicholas. "Research guides: Public Policy and Governance: Ontario election platforms". guides.library.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  19. ^ "Apply Now For New 30% Off Ontario Tuition". news.ontario.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  20. ^ "New Tuition Framework Reduces the Cap on Tuition Increases". news.ontario.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  21. ^ "Ontario Modernizing Financial Aid for Students". news.ontario.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  22. ^ [https://www.fin.gov.on.ca/en/budget/ontariobudgets/2016/bk1.html http://www.auditor.on.ca/en/content/annualreports/arreports/en18/v1_310en18.pdf "Ontario Budget 2016"] Check |url= value (help) (PDF). line feed character in |url= at position 65 (help)
  23. ^ "Government for the People to Lower Student Tuition Burden by 10 per cent". news.ontario.ca. Retrieved 2019-09-20.