Naugatuck, Connecticut

Naugatuck (/ˈnɔːɡətʌk/ NAW-gə-tuhk) is a consolidated borough and town in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. The town, part of the Naugatuck Valley Planning Region, had a population of 31,519 as of the 2020 Census.[2]

Naugatuck, Connecticut
Naugatuck Green
Naugatuck Green
Official seal of Naugatuck, Connecticut
Naugatuck's location within New Haven County and Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°29′23″N 73°03′05″W / 41.48972°N 73.05139°W / 41.48972; -73.05139
Country United States
U.S. state Connecticut
CountyNew Haven
RegionNaugatuck Valley
 • TypeMayor-burgesses
 • MayorN. Warren "Pete" Hess
 • Total16.39 sq mi (42.46 km2)
 • Land16.30 sq mi (42.21 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)
207 ft (63 m)
 • Total31,519
 • Density1,908.58/sq mi (746.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area codes203/475
FIPS code09-49880
GNIS feature ID0209191

The town spans both sides of the Naugatuck River just south of Waterbury and includes the communities of Union City on the east side of the river, Straitsville on the southeast (along Route 63), and Millville on the west (along Rubber Avenue).



The town of Naugatuck was occupied by settlers as early as 1702. Samuel Hickox (1669–1713) is credited with being Naugatuck's first settler. He established a fulling mill on Fulling Mill Brook in Naugatuck in 1709. The locality was called Judds Meadow until 1752, when it was renamed Salem Bridge.

In 1844, parts of Waterbury, Bethany, and Oxford incorporated to form the town of Naugatuck.

The industrial borough of Naugatuck established in 1893 and became coextensive with the town in 1895.

As the Industrial Revolution commenced, Naugatuck was transformed into a mill town like its neighbors in the Naugatuck River Valley.[citation needed]

Goodyear Metallic Rubber Shoe Company in Downtown Naugatuck (c. 1890)
Whittemore Library, designed by McKim, Mead & White

Rubber was the chief manufactured product. Charles Goodyear worked at his brother's rubber company, the Goodyear Metallic Rubber Shoe Company & Downtown Naugatuck, until the company was consolidated into the United States Rubber Company. The United States Rubber Company (renamed Uniroyal Inc. in 1961) was founded in Naugatuck in 1892 as a consolidation of nine rubber companies, and maintained their corporate headquarters there until the 1980s. Their footwear division manufactured Keds sneakers in Naugatuck from 1917 until the 1980s. U.S. Rubber also produced Naugahyde in a Naugatuck factory, but it is no longer produced there.[citation needed]

The United States Rubber Co. formed the Naugatuck Chemical Company on June 1, 1904, due to an increase in the price of sulfuric acid, which was needed for the process then used for reclaiming old rubber. The company was soon in the forefront of the chemical industry in the United States. Naugatuck Chemical remained a subsidiary of the U.S. Rubber Co. until it gained independence as Uniroyal Chemical Co. They moved their operations to Middlebury, Connecticut in the 1970s.[citation needed]

The Risdon Manufacturing Company was established in Naugatuck around 1910 producing safety pins. Risdon became the manufacturer of packaging for cosmetics and sewing items such as pins, needles, snaps, and other accessories. It is now the Crown Risdon Co., headquartered in Watertown, Connecticut.[citation needed]

In the 1960s, Harold Barber founded H. Barber and Sons in the community. The company builds beach rakes for picking up debris and grooming beaches and claims to be the largest such business in the world.[3]

Naugatuck was the home to Peter Paul Candy Manufacturing Company, the Hershey Foods division that produces Almond Joy and Mounds candy bars, until the Hershey Co. closed it in November 2007.[citation needed]

The normally peaceful Naugatuck River that flows through Naugatuck overflowed its banks on August 19, 1955,[4] fed by over 10 inches (250 mm) of rain from Hurricane Diane. The river cut a path of destruction that forever changed the face of Naugatuck.

Naugatuck High School has a storied football rivalry with the high school in Ansonia that is one of the longest in America. The two teams meet the morning of Thanksgiving Day, and the first meeting was in 1900. Ansonia is the long-term winner in the series. Naugatuck High School's mascot is the greyhound, and its colors are garnet and grey.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 16.5 square miles (42.6 km2), of which 16.4 square miles (42.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.36%, is water.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 30,989 people, 11,829 households, and 8,292 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,890.9 inhabitants per square mile (730.1/km2). There were 12,341 housing units at an average density of 753.0 per square mile (290.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.76% White, 2.85% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.68% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.58% from other races, and 1.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.47% of the population.

Of the 11,829 households, 36.3% of them had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the borough, the population was spread out, with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $51,247, and the median income for a family was $59,286. Males had a median income of $42,103 versus $29,971 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,757. About 0.9% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of November 5, 2016[7]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Democratic 6,068 389 6,457 31.66%
Republican 4,159 200 4,359 21.37%
Unaffiliated 8,551 710 9,261 45.41%
Minor parties 294 23 317 1.55%
Total 19,072 1,322 20,394 100%



Naugatuck is unique in Connecticut government for being the only consolidated town and borough. Every other borough in Connecticut is a special services district located within another town, the unit of Connecticut local government. Naugatuck has both a town clerk and a borough clerk managing official records, the same as Connecticut cities having two clerks: a town clerk and a city clerk.

As with most other Connecticut towns and cities, Naugatuck elect its officials in November of odd-numbered years.



Naugatuck has a total of 5 public elementary schools (which include grades K–4), 2 public intermediate schools (grades 5–6), 1 public middle school (grades 7–8), and Naugatuck High School (grades 9–12). The high school has an overall enrollment of 1,267 students.

In 2013, an $81 million renovation for the high school took place and was completed by the fall of 2015 that brought the school up to date.[8]



The town has a Metro-North Railroad station (Naugatuck) along the Waterbury Branch of the New Haven Line. The principal highways through the town are Connecticut Route 63 (connecting to New Haven), Route 68 (leading to Durham), and the Route 8 expressway (for Waterbury, Derby, Torrington, and Bridgeport).

National Register of Historic Places

  • Bronson B. Tuttle House: 380 Church St., now headquarters of the Naugatuck Historical Society
  • Naugatuck Center Historic District: Roughly bounded by Fairview Avenue, Hillside Avenue, Terrace Avenue, Water Street and Pleasant View Street (added August 30, 1999)
  • Salem School: 124 Meadow St. (added December 3, 1983). Before construction of the first Naugatuck High School (now Hillside Intermediate School), high-school classes were held on the top floor of this building.
  • United States Post Office–Naugatuck Main: Church and Cedar streets (added February 21, 1986)

Notable people


See also



  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Naugatuck borough, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  3. ^ Barber Company History Archived June 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "1955 Flood". Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of November 1, 2016" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 5, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  8. ^ "NHS renovations moving ahead full steam | Citizen's News". July 23, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
  9. ^ IBDB
  10. ^ C. Slack, Noble Obsession, (Hyperion, 2003)
  11. ^ Federal Writers' Project, Connecticut: A Guide to Its Roads, Lore, and People (US History Publishers, 1938)
  12. ^ "Spec Shea". Retrieved July 30, 2008.