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The National Alliance, officially the National Alliance "All For Latvia!" – "For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK" (Latvian: Nacionālā apvienība „Visu Latvijai!” – „Tēvzemei un Brīvībai/LNNK”), abbreviated to NA, is a right-wing populist,[6][7] national-conservative[3] political party in Latvia. With thirteen seats in the Saeima, the National Alliance is the fourth-largest party in the national parliament and the third-largest party in the government. The party is a coalition of conservatives, Latvian ethnonationalists, and economic liberals.[5][11][12]

National Alliance

Nacionālā Apvienība
ChairmanRaivis Dzintars
General SecretaryRaivis Zeltīts
Founded2010 (2010) (electoral alliance)
23 July 2011 (2011-07-23) (party)
Merger ofAll For Latvia! and TB/LNNK
HeadquartersKaļķu iela 11 3.stāvs Riga LV-1050
Youth wingNacionālās apvienības jauniešu organizācija[1]
MembershipIncrease 1,094 [2]
IdeologyLatvian nationalism[3]
National conservatism[3]
Social conservatism[4]
Economic liberalism[5]
Right-wing populism[6][7]
Political positionRight-wing[8][9][10] to far-right[6][7]
European affiliationAlliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe
European Parliament groupEuropean Conservatives and Reformists
ColoursMaroon and gold
Saeima
12 / 100
European Parliament
2 / 8
Government of Latvia
2 / 14
Riga City Council
6 / 60
Website
www.nacionalaapvieniba.lv

Formed as an electoral alliance for the 2010 election, the National Alliance brought together For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK and All for Latvia!.[13] It won eight seats, placing it fourth among all parties. It merged into a single political party in July 2011 under the leadership of Gaidis Bērziņš and Raivis Dzintars. In the October 2014 election, it again increased its seats to seventeen, and entered a centre-right coalition, along with Unity and the Union of Greens and Farmers under Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma.[14] The Party has participated in every government of Latvia since the 2011 parliamentary election to prevent Harmony Centre, a centre-left, pro-Russian interests political party from entering the leading coalition.[15]

It is a member of the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe, and its two MEPs, Roberts Zīle and Dace Melbārde, sit in the European Conservatives and Reformists group in the European Parliament.

The party controls the town and city governments of Ogre, Bauska, Smiltene, Iecava, Aizpute, Priekule, Engure, Saulkrasti, Koceni and Rundale. In 66 municipalities the party is represented by 166 deputies.

Contents

HistoryEdit

It was founded as an electoral alliance in 2010 by the national-conservative For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK and the far-right All For Latvia! after the two parties were refused entry into the Unity alliance.[16][17] The loose alliance was transformed into a unitary party on 23 July 2011.[18] In the 2010 election to the Saeima, the alliance won 8 seats.[8] As part of the outgoing government it was involved in negotiations after the election to renew the coalition, but was vetoed by the Society for Political Change,[8] which had not been part of the government but had joined the Unity alliance.

In May 2011, the party supported the re-election of Valdis Zatlers as President of Latvia in the 2011 election.[19] The alliance became a single united party on 23 July 2011. At the 2011 parliamentary election, the National Alliance won fourteen seats – an increase of six on the previous year – making it the fourth-largest party. After extensive negotiations with an aim to avoid Kremlin supporting powers from gaining seats in government,[15] it joined a centre-right government with Unity and Zatlers' Reform Party, with the party's Gaidis Bērziņš as Minister for Justice and Žaneta Jaunzeme-Grende as Minister for Culture.

On 23 August 2013, All for Latvia! wing of National Alliance signed the Declaration of Bauska together with Conservative People's Party of Estonia and Lithuanian Nationalist Union. The declaration calls for a new national awakening of the Baltic states and warns about threats posed by cultural marxism, international globalism, multiculturalism and Russian imperial ambitions.[20][21]

The merging period of the two founding parties was ended on the National Alliance's third congress on 7 December 2013, finally creating one unitary party.[22][23][24]

In October 2014 Saeima election, Party gained 17 seats in Parliament, and entered a centre-right coalition, along with Unity and the Union of Greens and Farmers under Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma.[14] The party succeeded to include several points in the Declaration of the government and coalition treaty: to begin gradual Latvianisation of the bilingual educational system starting from 2018; to limit the residence permit trading programme established in 2010, increase state support to family values and the demography programme; to make national identity, Latvian language and culture as priority as it is defined in the Constitution (Satversme); opening of natural gas market in order to end the Gazprom monopoly in the Latvian energy market; veto rights to any decision which could weaken the positions of the Latvian language.[25]

Since the beginning of the protests in Maidan, the Party takes a very pro-Ukrainian position regarding the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, thus suggesting the government to take a stricter anti-Kremlin position.[26][27]

The Party actively opposes immigration – both the residence permit selling programme and the refugee quota system intended by EU, emphasizing the large number of Soviet-era settlers in Latvia.[28] Board member Jānis Dombrava has even compared the modern supporters of immigration with collaborators, who supported the planned immigration under the Soviet occupation.[29] The Party was the only one of the leading coalition partners which completely refused both the refugee quota system, as well as voluntary acceptation of refugees.[30] The Party took part in organizing the massive anti-immigration rally in Rīga, August 2015.[31] This anti-immigration position was accented in the annual foreign affair debates in Saeima, also turning against liberal immigration policy and political correctness in EU.[32]

Election resultsEdit

Parliament (Saeima)Edit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Government
2010 74,028 7.8% (4)
8 / 100
Opposition
2011 127,208 13.9% (4)
14 / 100
  6 Reform-Unity-NA Coalition
2014 151,567 16.6% (4)
17 / 100
  3 Unity-ZZS-NA Coalition
2018 92,963 11% (5)
13 / 100
  4 AP!-JKP-KP LV-Unity-NA Coalition

European ParliamentEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
2014 63,229 14.3% (#2)
1 / 8
 
2019 77,591 16.4% (#3)
2 / 8
  1

See alsoEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Auers, Daunis; Kasekamp, Andres (2013). Comparing Radical-Right Populism in Estonia and Latvia. Right-Wing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourse. London/New York: Bloomsbury. pp. 235–248. ISBN 978-1-78093-343-6.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jaunieši (9 May 2017). "Jaunieši - Nacionālā apvienība VL-TB/LNNK". Nacionalaapvieniba.lv. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  2. ^ "'Nacionālā Neatkarība', parties monthly newspaper" (PDF) (in Latvian). Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Nordsieckk, Wolfram (2018). "Latvia". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Detail". Bti-project.org. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  5. ^ a b E. L. (18 September 2011). "Snap election falls flat". The Economist. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  6. ^ a b c Auers; Kasekamp, Comparing Radical-Right Populism in Estonia and Latvia, pp. 235–236
  7. ^ a b c Pausch, Robert (4 February 2015). "Populismus oder Extremismus? – Radikale Parteien in Europa". Die Zeit. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  8. ^ a b c Bogushevitch, Tatyana; Dimitrovs, Aleksejs (November 2010). "Elections in Latvia: status quo for minorities remains" (PDF). Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe. 9 (1): 72–89.
  9. ^ "Pro-Russia party wins most votes in Latvia election". BBC News. 18 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  10. ^ "Pro-Russia party led by young mayor poised to win historic Latvian election". Washington Post. 18 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  11. ^ "Reboot in Riga". The Economist. 24 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  12. ^ "13th Saeima elections: The parties (Part 1)". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 13 August 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  13. ^ Kaža, Juris (14 August 2018). "Who is who in upcoming Latvian parliamentary elections". Re:Baltica. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  14. ^ a b "Latvian Saeima approves of the new Straujuma government". The Baltic Course. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  15. ^ a b "Raivis Dzintars: triju latvisko partiju koalīcija ir reāla". Kasjauns.lv. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Unity forgoes merging with far-right". Balticreports.com. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Google Translate". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Latvian political parties undergo major upheaval", Baltic Times, 12 July 2011, retrieved 18 July 2011
  19. ^ "Supporters line up behind Zatlers". The Baltic Times. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  20. ^ "Nacionālā apvienība: Baltijas nacionālisti paraksta sadarbības līgumu, vēršoties pret globālajiem apdraudējumiem". Bacionalaaovieniba.lv. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  21. ^ Baltimaade konservatiivid: aeg on küps uueks rahvuslikuks ärkamiseks Archived 26 August 2013 at Archive.today
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Nacionālā apvienība apvienosies vienā partijā". Puaro.lv. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ • Arnolds Lāns (22 January 2014). "NA panāktais koalīcijas līgumā un valdības deklarācijā". Nacionalaapvieniba.lv. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  26. ^ "Jāņa Dombravas runa, Saeimas ikgadējās ārlietu debatēs pārstāvot NA frakcijas viedokli - Nacionālā apvienība VL-TB/LNNK". Nacionalaapvieniba.lv. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  27. ^ "Edvīns Šnore EDSO PA nosoda Krievijas agresiju un aicina Ukrainai sniegt militāru palīdzību - Nacionālā apvienība VL-TB/LNNK". Nacionalaapvieniba.lv. 23 February 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  28. ^ "NĒ – bēgļu kvotām". Nacionalaapvieniba.lv. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  29. ^ "Mūsdienu imigrācijas atbalstītāji ne ar ko neatšķiras no komunistiem, kuri veicināja Latvijas kolonizāciju. - Nacionālā apvienība VL-TB/LNNK". Nacionalaapvieniba.lv. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  30. ^ "Valdība visbeidzot atbalsta 776 bēgļu uzņemšanu Latvijā". Kasjauns.lv. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  31. ^ "Nacionālā apvienība aicina protestēt pret bēgļu uzņemšanu Latvijā". Skaties.lv. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  32. ^ Raivis Zeltīts (4 February 2016). "Latvia has the duty to save Europe from drowning in the swamp of political correctness". YouTube. Retrieved 8 November 2018.

External linksEdit