Administrative divisions of Latvia
The current administrative division of Latvia has existed since 1 July 2009. According to the Administrative territorial reform of Latvia, Latvia changed its administrative divisions from two-tier municipalities (the districts were the first-level municipalities, while towns (cities), towns' rural territories and parishes were the second-level municipalities) to unitary municipalities - districts were abolished, while towns/cities (Latvian: pilsētas, plural), and towns' rural territories (Latvian: pilsētu lauku teritorijas, plural) and parishes (Latvian: pagasti, plural) were merged into 110 municipalities (Latvian: novadi, plural), while nine larger cities were designated republic cities (Latvian: republikas pilsētas, plural) with their own city council and administration.
Most municipalities were subdivided into territorial units (novada teritoriālās vienības) known as municipal parishes (novada pagasti) and municipal towns (novada pilsētas), but several municipalities had no subdivisions.
On 10 June 2020, the Saeima approved a municipal reform that would reduce the 110 municipalities and nine republic cities to 42 local government units consisting of 35 municipalities (novadi) and seven state cities (valstspilsētas, plural). On 1 June 2021, the Constitutional Court of Latvia ruled that the annexation of Varakļāni Municipality to Rēzekne Municipality was unconstitutional. In response, the Saeima decided to preserve the existence of Varakļāni Municipality as a 43rd local government unit.
State cities with independent governments as of 2021Edit
The 2020 law on administrative territories and populated areas designated Ogre and the previous nine republic cities as state cities. It also provided for the promotion of Iecava and Koknese to state city status on 1 July 2021. However, under the same law, only the seven state cities listed in the following table will have local governments which are independent of any municipality. The state cities of Jēkabpils and Valmiera will become part of Jēkabpils Municipality and Valmiera Municipality respectively on 1 July 2021.
|GRP per capita €, 2018|
Municipalities as of 2021Edit
Municipalities and their territorial units prior to 2021Edit
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