Mumbra (Pronunciation: [mumbɾaː]) is a suburb of Thane district in Western India in the state of Maharashtra, Mumbai extension and within the Mumbai Metropolitan Region area. Mumbra is mostly famous for its Bombay slang and the street foods. It is administered by Thane municipal corporation.

Mumbra
City
Sunrise view of Mumbra
Sunrise view of Mumbra
Mumbra is located in Maharashtra
Mumbra
Mumbra
Location of Mumbra in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 19°10′36″N 73°01′20″E / 19.176667°N 73.022222°E / 19.176667; 73.022222Coordinates: 19°10′36″N 73°01′20″E / 19.176667°N 73.022222°E / 19.176667; 73.022222
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictThane
MetroMumbai
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyThane Municipal Corporation
Area
 • Total13.97 km2 (5.39 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total232,689
 • Density17,000/km2 (43,000/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialUrdu/Marathi/Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN CODE
400 612
Telephone code(022) 535, 549 and 546
Vehicle registrationMH-04 Thane city
Lok Sabha constituencyKalyan
Vidhan Sabha constituencyMumbra-Kalwa

HistoryEdit

Mumbra was a flourishing shipbuilding center in early times.

Much of the land around Mumbra was agricultural land until 1975. Between 1968 and 1975, Mumbai experienced significant population growth and greater population density. Then, about 1975, Mumbra's agricultural land was urbanized. This signaled an expansion of the greater Mumbai area, which realized significant population growth in the 1980s.[1] Wafa Hill's "A, B, C" was one of the first planned Thane Municipal Corporation (TMC) approved buildings developed in 1990's. Which lead the foundation for urbanization in Mumbra.[2]

In 1991 there were about 44,000 people.[3] After the riots of 1992 many Muslims fled Mumbai and settled in Mumbra; 10 Sq mile land was allotted by state Government under custody of state waqf board for resettlement of fled Muslims of different part of Mumbai.

It is also awarded as the India's largest Muslim ghetto. Mumbra is mostly famous for its green lavish mountains and waterfalls enhancing the beauty of the city.

On 4 April 2013, a building collapsed in the Shil Phata area 5 km south of Mumbra, killing 74 people.

DemographicsEdit

The population of Mumbra is 900,000 in the Thane urban agglomeration.[4] About 80% of Mumbra's residents are Muslim.[3][5]

Religions in Mumbra
Religion Percent
Muslim
85%
Buddhists
8.6%
Hindu
3%
Christians
1.4%
Jains
1.7%
Others†
0.3%

TransportEdit

Bus service is available through the Thane Municipal Transport (TMT) and Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT).[6]

Rail service is available at the Mumbra railway station on Central line, also called as mainline.[7] Mumbra is 29 kilometres (18 mi) from the Mumbai airport.[8]

The main source of Transport in Mumbra is Auto-Rickshaw. Mumbra didn't have any bus starting from Mumbra railway station and hence Auto-Rickshaws was the only possible conveyance.[citation needed]

But now, TMT Thane Municipal Transport runs bus service starting from Mumbra Railway Station to Bharat gears company.

State transport runs regular bus service between Panvel-Mumbra and Bhiwandi-Shil Phata.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (contributor) (1993). Metropolitan planning and management in the developing world: spatial decentralization policy in Bombay and Cairo. UN-HABITAT. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9211312337. {{cite book}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  2. ^ Mumbracity.com online portal on Mumbra
  3. ^ a b "Thane building collapse: Mumbra tragedy a fallout of illegal construction boom". Indian Express. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  4. ^ Peer, Basharat (19 June 2015) 73% Population is LMIC. In India’s largest Muslim ghetto. The Hindu. Retrieved on 30 November 2016.
  5. ^ Halarnkar, Samar (24 November 2011). "Lesson from Mumbra". Hindustan Times.
  6. ^ "Direct Mumbra-Vashi bus service from today". The Times of India. 5 October 2008. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  7. ^ "Mumbra Local Station Information". Mumba Life Life. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  8. ^ "Distance from Mumbra to domestic airport at Mumbai". Distances Between. Retrieved 9 April 2013.

External linksEdit