Central line (Mumbai Suburban Railway)

The Central line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway is a public transit system serving Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It consists of 24 stations from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) to Kalyan Junction. The entire line is at grade. It has section of quadruple track starting from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus and ends at Kasara, Roha, Lonavala and Khopoli in Maharashtra.

Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg Central line
Overview
SystemMumbai Suburban Railway
LocaleMumbai, Maharashtra
Raigad, Maharashtra
Thane, Maharashtra
TerminiChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (south)
Kasara, Khopoli, Lonavala, Roha
Stations62
Daily ridership2.9 million[1]
Operation
Opened16 April 1853
OwnerIndian Railway
Operator(s)Central Railway (CR)
CharacterAt Grade
Depot(s)Kurla, Kalva, Matunga, Sanpada[2]
Rolling stockBHEL, Siemens, Bombardier
Technical
Track gauge1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
Electrification25,000 V AC
1500 V DC (until 8 June 2015)

The Central line in Mumbai consists of three major corridors, which bifurcate as they run into suburban satellite towns. Two corridors (one local and other through) on Central Railway run from CSMT to Kalyan Junction (55 km),[3] from where it bifurcates into two lines – one running up to Kasara (67 km) in the north-east and the other running up to Khopoli (61 km) in the south-east. These two corridors constitute the 'Main' Line. The Central main line shares one station with the Western line at Dadar. They consist of a fleet of DC as well as dual-powered EMUs.

The major car sheds on this line are at Kurla and Kalva. There are fast and slow locals here for suburban service. Slow locals halt at every station, while fast locals halts vary between Byculla, Dadar, Kurla, Ghatkopar, Vikhroli, Bhandup, Mulund, Thane, Diva, Dombivli and Kalyan Junction. All services plying beyond this junction run slow. Trains usually start from and terminate at important stations.

RoutesEdit

The Central line consists of the following routes:

StationsEdit

Names in bold indicate that the station is a fast train stop as well as important terminal.

Main lineEdit

 
Inside Mumbai CSMT station
Central line (Main)
# Distance from CST (km) Station Name Station Code Connections
1 0 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus ST / CSMT Harbour line
2 1 Masjid MSD Harbour line
3 2 Sandhurst Road SNRD Harbour line
4 4 Byculla BY none
5 5 Chinchpokli CHP none
6 6.5 Currey Road CRD none
7 8 Parel PR Prabhadevi
(Western line)
8 9 Dadar D/DR Western line
9 11 Matunga MTN none
10 13 Sion SIN none
11 15 Kurla C/CLA Harbour line
12 18 Vidyavihar VVH none
13 21 Ghatkopar GC Andheri / Versova (Mumbai Metro One)
14 23 Vikhroli VK none
15 25 Kanjurmarg KJRD none
16 26 Bhandup BND none
17 28 Nahur NHU none
18 32 Mulund MLND none
19 34 Thane T/TNA Trans-Harbour line and
to Panvel (Harbour line via Trans-Harbour line)
20 36 Kalwa KLVA none
21 40 Mumbra MBQ none
22 43 Diva DIVA to Vasai Road/Panvel
(Vasai Road – Bhiwandi Road - Diva – Panvel – Roha Route)
23 47 Kopar KOPR none
24 48 Dombivali DI none
25 50 Thakurli THK none
26 54 Kalyan K/KYN to Kasara/Khopoli
(Central line)

A footbridge links Parel to Prabhadevi on the Western line.

Proposed stationsEdit

# Proposed Preceding Following
18.5 Kopri Mulund Thane
20.5 Parsik Nagar Kalwa Mumbra

Main Line BranchesEdit

The main line of the Mumbai Suburban Railways runs from CST to Kalyan. It then splits into two corridors one going to Khopoli and the other to Kasara.

South-east SectionEdit

South-east Section
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Kalyan K/KYN Central line (Main)
2 Vithalwadi VLDI none
3 Ulhasnagar ULNR none
4 Ambernath A/ABH none
5 Badlapur BL/BUD none
6 Vangani VGI none
7 Shelu SHLU none
8 Neral NRL Matheran Hill Railway
9 Bhivpuri Road BVS none
10 Karjat S/ KJT none
11 Palasdari PDI none
12 Kelavli KLY none
13 Dolavli DLV none
14 Lowjee LWJ none
15 Khopoli KP/KHPL none
† – Branch Line starts at Kalyan
Proposed stationEdit
# Proposed Preceding Following
4.5 Chikhloli[4] Ambernath Badlapur

North-east SectionEdit

North-east Section
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Kalyan K/KYN Central line (Main)
2 Shahad SHAD none
3 Ambivli ABY none
4 Titwala TL / TWL none
5 Khadavli KDV none
6 Vasind VSD none
7 Asangaon AN/ASO none
8 Atgaon ATG none
9 Thansit THS none
10 Khardi KE none
11 Umbermali OMB none
12 Kasara N/KSRA none
† – Branch Line starts at Kalyan

Vasai Road–Bhiwandi-Diva–Panvel–Roha lineEdit

Vasai Road–
Roha Line
 
 
Vasai Road
 
 
 
 
Juchandra
 
Kaman Road
 
Kharbao
 
Bhiwandi
 
 
 
 
Kopar
 
 
 
 
Diva
 
 
 
 
Dativali
 
Nilaje
 
Taloja
 
Navade Road
 
Kalamboli
 
 
 
 
 
 
Panvel
 
 
 
 
Somtane
 
Rasayani
 
Apta
 
Jite
 
Hamrapur
 
Pen
 
Kasu
 
Nagothane
 
Nidi
 
Roha
 

The Vasai Road–Bhiwandi Road-Diva–Panvel–Roha line connects the Western line station of Vasai Road with the Harbour line station of Panvel. It intersects the main line of the Central line at Diva. MEMUs operate between Dahanu Road and Panvel/Roha via a branch line from Vasai Road.

Vasai Road–Bhiwandi-Diva–Panvel–Roha line
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Vasai Road BS/ BSR Western line
2 Juchandra JCNR None
3 Kaman Road KACR None
4 Kharbao KBV None
5 Bhiwandi BIRD None
6 Kopar KOPR Central line (Main)
7 Diva DIVA Central line (Main)
8 Dativali None
9 Nilaje NILJ None
10 Taloja Panchanad TJPD Navi Mumbai Metro
11 Navade Road NVRD None
12 Kalamboli KLMC None
13 Panvel PL/ PNVL Harbour line
14 Somatane None
15 Rasayani None
16 Apta None
17 Jite None
18 Hamrapur None
19 Pen None
20 Kasu None
21 Nagothane None
22 Nidi None
23 Roha RH Konkan Railway

Nerul/CBD Belapur–Uran lineEdit

The Nerul/CBD Belapur–Uran rail track of 27 km is currently under construction.[5] The line is being constructed by CIDCO at a cost of 14.12 billion.[6] It is expected to be operational by 2015.[7]

The proposed railway stations are as follows:[8]

Central line (Nerul/CBD Belapur–Uran)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Nerul NU to Thane
(Central line)
CBD Belapur BR Harbour line
2 Seawoods-Darave Harbour line
3 Sagar Sangam None
4 Targhar None
5 Baman Dongari None
6 Kharkopar KR None
7 Gavan None
8 Ranjanpada None
9 Nhava Sheva None
10 Dronagiri None
11 Uran City None
†- when travelling from/to Nerul

ElectrificationEdit

CR converted the Central line from the previously used 1500 V DC electrification to 25,000 V AC on 5 May 2013 from Kalyan to Khopoli and Kalyan to Kasara.[9] Electrification on the Lokmanya Tilak Terminus-Thane-Kalyan section was completed on 12 January 2014.[10] The entire route between CSMT to Thane was converted from 1500 V DC electrification to 25,000 V AC on 8 June 2015; thus completing the entire Central line search.[11][12]

The conversion was expected to reduce maintenance-related failures The AC electrification system needs lighter overhead wires than that of DC, which has thicker and heavier contact wires and pantographs that are prone to fast wear and tear. The railway is estimated to save around 120 crore annually from reduced transmission loss and regenerative braking, and conserve 33% energy as a result of the conversion.[11]

ServicesEdit

Since November 2011, all services on the Central line have been running on 12 cars. In preparation for introducing 15 car services, CR extended platforms at Byculla, Kurla, Ghatkopar, Bhandup, Mulund and Dombivli stations, from the current 270 metres to 330 metres,[13] in order to accommodate 15 coach trains. The total cost of the work was estimated at 37.5 million (US$530,000).[14] The first 15-car service, on the Central line, departed from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Kalyan at 7:33 pm on 16 October 2012.[15]

As of March 2014, 75 rakes operate 825 services on the Central line daily, of which 809 are 12-car and 16 are 15-car services.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Minor drop in deaths on tracks of Western Railways". The Times of India. 2 April 2012.
  2. ^ TNN (2 August 2012). "Sanpada, Kurla sheds to clear rake service backlog". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Bonanza for Mumbai rail commuters". Business Standard. 15 March 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  4. ^ http://www.pudhari.com/news/mumbai/102439.html[dead link]
  5. ^ "Nerul-Belapur-Uran rail line on track, likely to be completed in 4 years". Indian Express. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Cidco begins work on Nerul-Uran rail link". Hindustan Times. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  7. ^ PTI. "Business Line : Industry & Economy / Logistics : Nerul-Uran railway link to be ready by 2015: Cidco". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  8. ^ "Cidco". Cidcoindia.com. Archived from the original on 24 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  9. ^ "From May 5, faster Central Railway with AC power" - Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2013-04-30). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  10. ^ "Soon, faster trains on Kalyan-LTT route" - The Times of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2014-01-13). Retrieved on 2014-06-11.
  11. ^ a b c "Central Railway plans DC/AC switch in May" - The Times of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2014-03-25). Retrieved on 2014-06-11.
  12. ^ "DC to AC conversion on Mumbai's Central Railways rail route completed". The Economic Times. Mumbai: PTI. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  13. ^ "CR still in two minds over 15car trains". Mumbai Mirror. 23 January 2012. Archived from the original on 26 January 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  14. ^ "15-car rakes: Central Railway invites bids for platform extension". The Times of India. 15 April 2012.
  15. ^ TNN (16 October 2012). "15-car Central Railway trains from today". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 March 2013.