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Roha (English: /ˈrə/) is a small city and taluka in the Raigad district of the Maharashtra state of India. It is located 120 km southeast of Mumbai. It is the starting point of kokan railways and end point of central railways(Mumbai). Many chemical industries have opened up their manufacturing bases in Roha. Roha is located between the banks of the Kundalika River and the hills of Kalasgiri. It has a population of over 167,110.[1]

Roha
Roha today.jpg
Roha is located in Maharashtra
Roha
Roha
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°27′15″N 73°06′53″E / 18.4543°N 73.1147°E / 18.4543; 73.1147Coordinates: 18°27′15″N 73°06′53″E / 18.4543°N 73.1147°E / 18.4543; 73.1147
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictRaigad
Population
 • Total167,110
Demonym(s)Rohekar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
402 109
Telephone code02194
Vehicle registrationMH-06
Nearest cityNagothane, Kolad
Lok Sabha constituencyRaigad
Vidhan Sabha constituencyShrivardhan
ClimateModerate (Köppen)
Roha in the 1970s

Roha is connected to Mumbai by Panvel-Roha railway line. Roha is also the northern end of the Konkan Railway. Roha is off of the Mumbai Goa Highway, via the Kolad road.

The area of Roha district is 644 km sq. [2]

Contents

TourismEdit

Roha is very well known for its Dhavir Temple.[3] Dhavir Maharaj is the prime deity of Roha. Every year the town celebrates Navaratri by holding a ten-day festival called Dasra at the Dhavir Temple. On the day following Dasra, a palkhi (sedan chair) carrying the statute of Dhavir Maharaj is taken through the town where it visits each house for the aarti. It is presumably, only after Durga, Kolkata, that the palkhi is given government salaami (21 gun salute) with full honours.

Hanuman Tekadi
A beautiful temple of Lord Hanuman is built on a hill (Tekadi). At its top, the full city of Roha can be seen, as well as panoramic views of the city and the sunset. The road to the top is a popular route for morning and evening walks among residents of Roha.

Getaways & Places of Tourist Interest


There are many beaches in the vicinity -

  • Murud Beach - 33 km
  • Nandgaon Beach - 38 km
  • Alibag Beach - 48 km
  • Kashid Beach - 50 km
  • Kihim Beach - 57 km
  • Mandwa Beach - 65 km

Kundalika RiverEdit

The Kundalika River is a small river flowing from the Hills of Sahyadri to the Arabian Sea. This river originates at a small town called Bhira in the Indian State of Maharashtra, 150 km south east of Mumbai. Roha is located on the banks of Kundalika. The river is gaining popularity in recent times due to the rafting opportunities it provides during certain months at Kolad, a place on the National Highway no 17, about 10 km from Roha.

Notable peopleEdit

Pujya Pandurang Vaijnath Shastri Athavale was born on 19 October 1920 in the village of Roha. He was an Indian philosopher, spiritual leader, social reformer and Hinduism reformist, who founded the Swadhyay Movement and the Swadhyay Parivar organization.

Another notable resident was C. D. Deshmukh, Governor of RBI (1943) and Union Finance Minister of India (1950−56) who spent his childhood in Roha.

FortEdit

Avchitgad:- The fort is situated near Roha. At the base of this fort is a village called Medha. The approximate height of this fort is 977 feet[1] It is a fairly easy trek through the jungle up to the fort which takes about an hour to climb. The great Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji is also believed to have reconstructed this fort. The work was carried out in a hurry and hence the name 'Avchit' (hurry) 'gad' (fort).

Industrial setupEdit

Roha has a huge industrial setup. This area is a Chemical Industry Zone as declared by Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC), which was set up in the 1970s is located at Dhatav. Roha Industrial Area has many industrial units. Majority of these are chemical process industries. The late '70s and early '80s saw a major influx of people related to the chemicals industry which gave a unique cosmopolitan nature to Roha which was till then only a farming and trading town. The recession of the early 2000s saw many units being closed down. However several Industries are still operating.

Some major Industries are:

• Albright & Wilson Chemicals India Ltd. • Kores India Ltd. • Anek Prayog Pvt. Ltd • Neelicon Food Dyes & Chemicals Ltd. • Anshul Speciality Molecules Ltd. • Pepsico India Holdings(P) Ltd. • DRT Anthea Aroma Chemicals • Raptakos Brett & Co. Ltd. • BEC Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. • Rathi Dye Chem Ltd. • Calchem Industries (India) Ltd. • Roha Dye Chem Pvt. Ltd. • Clariant Chemicals (India) Ltd. • Sadhana Nitro Chem Ltd. • Deepak Nitrite Ltd. • Sempertrans Nirlon Ltd. • Dharamsi Morarji Chemical Company Ltd. • Sudarshan Chemical Industries Ltd. • Excel Industries Ltd. • Taskar Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. • FDC Ltd. • Unichem Laboratories Ltd. • Kisan Irrigation Ltd. • Iftex Oil & Chemicals Ltd.

Due to dire need of GST, internal audit, stock audit and Income Tax related knowledge in this area for such a big MIDC and industrial setup as well as the ancillary businesses, a branch of authorised Chartered Accountancy Firm called "APMH & Associates LLP" was setup in 2012.

Educational facilitiesEdit

The major schools in the region are J M Rathi English School, Mehendale High School and K.E.S English Medium School. These schools have several alumni working all over the world.

ClimateEdit

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).

Climate data for Roha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
29.6
(85.3)
31.2
(88.2)
32.5
(90.5)
33.1
(91.6)
31.4
(88.5)
29.4
(84.9)
29
(84)
29.7
(85.5)
31.6
(88.9)
31.7
(89.1)
30.4
(86.7)
30.7
(87.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
24.3
(75.7)
26.5
(79.7)
28.6
(83.5)
29.8
(85.6)
28.6
(83.5)
27.2
(81.0)
26.8
(80.2)
27
(81)
27.7
(81.9)
26.5
(79.7)
24.9
(76.8)
26.8
(80.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.1
(66.4)
21.8
(71.2)
24.7
(76.5)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
25.1
(77.2)
24.7
(76.5)
24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
21.4
(70.5)
19.4
(66.9)
22.9
(73.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.1)
24
(0.9)
687
(27.0)
1,364
(53.7)
889
(35.0)
398
(15.7)
113
(4.4)
14
(0.6)
1
(0.0)
3,492
(137.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 9m)[4]

Summers are hot and humid with temperatures touching 37-39 degrees Celsius. Rains are pretty heavy during monsoon. Winters are not so chilly with temperatures falling to 11-12 degrees Celsius. Average annual rainfall in Roha is 3450mm.

TransportEdit

Road
Roha is well connected to other cities of state as well as the country. Roha lies off the National Highway 66. One can reach the highway through Kolad which is 12 km away from Roha.
By road, it is 120 km southeast of Mumbai, 146 km west of Pune and 57 km southeast of the district headquarters Alibag.

Bus
The state owned MSRTC buses also connect Roha with other cities of Maharashtra.

Rail
Roha falls under Mumbai Division of Central Railways. Roha railway station is the end point of Central Railways and starting point of Konkan Railways. Many trains run from Roha to Mumbai daily.
Some of the trains are-

Roha
Next small station towards Mumbai:
Nagothane
Central Railway Next small station from Mumbai:
Kolad
Distance from Mumbai (CST) = 0123 km
Next main station towards Mumbai:
Panvel
Konkan Railway Next main station from Mumbai:
Mangaon


Air
The nearest airport Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Mumbai is 113 km away from Roha. The under construction Navi Mumbai International Airport in Panvel will be 77 km from Roha.

Water
Although this is not a feasible mode of transport for Rohekars, the way exists. Catamaran/ferry services are available from Mandwa to Gateway of India, Mumbai. Ferry services are also available to Ferry Wharf (Bhau cha dhakka), Mumbai from Revas. Mandwa and Rewas are 65 km and 63 km respectively from Roha.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population as of 2010". censusindia.gov.in.
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook, Pg 22" (PDF).
  3. ^ "धावीर माझा रोह्याचा राजा (Dhavir Majha)". Facebook.
  4. ^ "Climate: Roha - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 29 December 2013.

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit