Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdallah

Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdallâh (Arabic: محمد بن علي بن عبد الله‎) or Muhammad al-Imâm (679/80 - 744)[1] was the son of Ali ibn Abd Allah ibn al-Abbas and great-grandson of al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, the uncle of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Born in Humeima in Jordan,[2] he was the father of the two first 'Abbâsid caliphs, As-Saffah and Al-Mansur, and as such was the progenitor of the Abbasid dynasty.[3][4][5]

Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdallah
محمد بن علي بن عبد الله
Bornc. 680 CE
Diedc. 744 CE (aged 64)
EraIslamic golden age
Known forthe Ancestor of Abbasid dynasty
Spouse(s)
Children
Parent(s)Ali ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas
RelativesIsa ibn Musa (grandson)

Revolt of Mukhtar al-ThaqafiEdit

When al-Mukhtar announced the revenge of Imam al-Husayn, he showed himself as the representative of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, the Promised Mehdi according to him.

Sixth Imam of KaysanitesEdit

After the death of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, the imamate of Kaysanites Shia transferred to his son Abu Hashim, who transferred it to Muhammad, paving the way for the Abbasid dawa and the Abbasid Revolution.[6]

His ancestors and the family treeEdit

Quraysh tribe
(detailed tree)
Waqida bint AmrAbd Manaf ibn QusaiĀtikah bint Murrah
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf‘Abd ShamsBarraHalaMuṭṭalib ibn Abd ManafHashimSalma bint Amr
Umayya ibn Abd ShamsʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib
HarbAbū al-ʿĀsʿĀminahʿAbdallāhHamzaAbī ṬālibAz-Zubayral-ʿAbbās Abū Lahab
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harbal-ḤakamʿUthmānʿAffānMUHAMMAD
(Family tree)
Khadija bint KhuwaylidʿAlī
(Family tree)
Khawlah bint Ja'farʿAbd Allāh
Muʿāwiyah IMarwān IʿUthmān ibn ʿAffānRuqayyahFatimahMuhammad ibn al-HanafiyyahʿAli ibn ʿAbdallāh
SufyanidsMarwanids al-Ḥasanal-Ḥusayn
(Family tree)
Abu Hashim
(Imām of al-Mukhtār and Hashimiyya)
Muhammad
"al-Imām"

(Abbasids)
Ibrāhim "al-Imām"al-Saffāḥal-Mansur

Succession for the Imāms of Hashimiyya sectEdit

Muhammad ibn ʿAli ibn ′Abd Allāh
Clan of the Banu Quraish
Born:  ? CE Died:  ? CE
Shia Islam titles
Preceded by
Abu Hashim ′Abd Allāh
ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
Fifth Imām of Hashimiyya
Kaysanites Shia
Muhammad "al-Imām"
ibn ʿAli ibn ′Abd Allāh ibn al-′Abbas
Sixth Imām of Hashimiyya
Kaysanites Shia

?–?
Succeeded by
Ibrāhim "al-Imām" ibn Muhammad[7]:80
ibn ʿAli ibn ′Abd Allāh ibn al-′Abbas
Seventh Imām of Hashimiyya Kaysanites

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Khallikân (Ibn), II, 593, quotes Al-Tabari, "Tarikh".
  2. ^ http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;jo;Mon01;15;en
  3. ^ Hitti, "History of the Arabs", p.289.
  4. ^ Khallikan (Ibn), "Wafayât al A'yân wa-Anbâ' Abnâ' al-Zamân", II, 592-4.
  5. ^ Nadim (al-), ed, Dodge, B., "Al-Fihrist," pp. 222, 378, 1051.
  6. ^ The Abbasid Revolution
  7. ^ Daftary, Farhad (1990). Cambridge University (ed.). The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 80. ISBN 9780521429740.