Umayya ibn Abd Shams

Umayya ibn Abd Shams (Arabic: أمية بن عبد شمس‎) was the son of Abd Shams and is said to be the progenitor of the line of the Umayyad Caliphs. Ibn al-kalbi says that his name is derived from 'afa', a diminutive of the word for slave-girl[1] and instead of being the legitimate son of Abd Shams, Ibn al-Kalbi claimed that he was adopted by him,[2] The clan of Banu Umayya as well as the dynasty that ruled the Umayyad Caliphate are named after Umayya ibn Abd Shams.

Umayya ibn Abd Shams
Born515
DiedUnknown
Known forking of Mecca, Umayyad Caliphate, Caliphate of Córdoba

His children were:

His close relatives and descendantsEdit


Quraysh tribe
(detailed tree)
Waqida bint AmrAbd Manaf ibn QusaiĀtikah bint Murrah
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf‘Abd ShamsBarraHalaMuṭṭalib ibn Abd ManafHashimSalma bint Amr
Umayya ibn Abd ShamsʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib
HarbAbū al-ʿĀsʿĀminahʿAbdallāhHamzaAbī ṬālibAz-Zubayral-ʿAbbās Abū Lahab
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harbal-ḤakamʿUthmānʿAffānMUHAMMAD
(Family tree)
Khadija bint KhuwaylidʿAlī
(Family tree)
Khawlah bint Ja'farʿAbd Allāh
Muʿāwiyah IMarwān IʿUthmān ibn ʿAffānRuqayyahFatimahMuhammad ibn al-HanafiyyahʿAli ibn ʿAbdallāh
SufyanidsMarwanids al-Ḥasanal-Ḥusayn
(Family tree)
Abu Hashim
(Imām of al-Mukhtār and Hashimiyya)
Muhammad
"al-Imām"

(Abbasids)
Ibrāhim "al-Imām"al-Saffāḥal-Mansur

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Encyclopedia of Islam T-U. p. 839.
  2. ^ Moussavi, Ahmad Kazemi; Crow, Karim Douglas (2005). Facing One Qiblah: Legal and Doctrinal Aspects of Sunni and Shi'ah Muslims. Pustaka Nasional Pte Ltd. ISBN 9789971775520. Retrieved 29 March 2018.