Family tree of Ali

The Ottomans were officially from Hanafi-Sunni branch of Islam, the names of two sons of Fatimah and Ali were inscribed inside all of their mosques. An example of this is the writings of Hasan and Husayn, two grandchildren of Muhammad by the calligrapher Kazasker Mustafa İzzed Effendi with Islamic calligraphy in Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey.

Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Arabic: عَـلِي ابـن أَﺑِﻲ طَـالِـب‎, 599 – 661 ACE) was an early[a] Islamic leader. Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the last of the four Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law. His descendants through Fatimah are revered today in Shia Islam as Imams, Sharifs or Sayyids.

His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first child to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.[4][5][6]

In Muslim culture, Ali is respected for his courage, knowledge, belief, honesty to Islam, deep loyalty to Muhammad, equal treatment of all Muslims and generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies, and therefore is central to mystical traditions in Islam such as Sufism. Ali retains his stature as an authority on Quranic exegesis, Islamic jurisprudence and religious thought.[7] Ali holds a high position in almost all Sufi orders which trace their lineage through him to Muhammad. Ali's influence has been important throughout Islamic history.

Family tree (graphical)Edit

Kilab ibn MurrahFatimah bint Sa'd
Banu Azd
Qusai ibn KilabHubba bint Hulail
Banu Khuza'a
Abd Manaf ibn QusaiAtikah bint Murrah
Banu Hawazin
Salma bint Amr
Banu Najjar
Hashim ibn 'Abd ManafQaylah bint Amr
Banu Khuza'a
Fatimah bint Amr
Banu Makhzum
Abdul-Muttalib ibn HashimAsad ibn Hashim
Abu Talib ibn Abd al-MuttalibFatimah bint Asad
Abdullah ibn Abdul-MuttalibTalib ibn Abi TalibAqeel ibn Abi TalibFakhitah bint Abi Talib
Muhammad Ibn AbdullahJa'far ibn Abi TalibJumanah bint Abi Talib
Fatimah al-Zahra bint MuhammadAli ibn Abi Talib

Family tree (textual)Edit

Paternal grand father: Shaiba ibn Hashim ('Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim), see Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
Father: Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Mother: Fatima bint Asad
Brother: Ja`far ibn Abī Tālib
Nephew: Awn ibn Ja'far
Nephew: Abdullah ibn Ja'farmarried Zaynab bint Ali
Grand Nephews: Aun ibn Abdillah and Muhammad ibn Abdillahdied at the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Muslim ibn Aqeeldied before the Battle of Karbala
Grand Nephews: Muhammad ibn Muslim and Ibraheem ibn Muslimdied before the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Talib ibn Abu Talib
Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Paternal uncle: Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib — father of Muhammad
Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
Cousin: Muhammad
Cousin's daughters: Fatimah, Zainab , Ruqayyah , Umm Kulthum
Cousin's sons: Qasim, Abd-Allah , Ibrahim
Mother in law(s) : Khadija through Fatimah.
Zainab through Umamah.
Brother-in-law(s): Uthman through Ruqayyah & Umm Kulthum
Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi' through Zainab
Himself: Ali


Wife: Fatimah — daughter of Muhammad, see Family tree of Muhammad[8]
Daughter: Zaynab bint Alisurvived the Battle of Karbala
Daughter: Umm Kulthum bint Ali then her cousins Awn and Muhammad[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]
Grandson: Zayd ibn Umar, who was famously known as Ibn Al-Khalīfaṫayn (Arabic: ابـن الـخَـلِـيـفَـتَـيـن‎)
Son: Muhsin ibn Alidied before birth (Shia) or during infancy (Sunni)
Son: Hasan ibn AliCaliph,[20] died by poison during the reign of Muawiyah
Grandson: Qasim ibn Hasandied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Meesam ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Abdullah ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Sayyid al-Hasan al-Muthanna[21]
Grandson: Zaid ibn Hasan
Granddaughter: Fatimah bint al-Hasan
Great grandson: Abdallah ibn Hasan al-Muthanna
Great-great grandson: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
Son: Husayn ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala, see also Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali
Granddaughter: Sakina bint Husayn original name Fatimah al-Kubra ("Fatimah the Elder) —[22] survived the Battle of Karbala, see also Daughters of Husayn ibn Ali
Granddaughter: Ruqayyah original name Sukayna bint Husayn (Arabic: رُقَـيَّـة‎) (b. AH 56)
Granddaughter: Fatimah as-Sughra( Fatimah the Younger") (b. AH 45) (Mother:Layla)
Grandson: Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayndied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayndied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Zayn al-Abidinsurvived the Battle of Karbala
Great grandson: Muhammad al-Baqir
Great grandson: Zayd ibn Ali
Wife: Umamah -Grand daughter of Muhammad and Khadjia. Daughter of Zainab & Abu-l Aas ibn ar-Rabiah. Niece of Fatimah
Son: Hilal, died in Khorasan in 64 AH[23]
Awn, died in Khorasan, 64 A.H.[23]
Muhammad al-Awsat (The middle Muhammad)[24]
Wife: Umm ul-Banin — which means mother of many sons, her real name was Fatimah bint Hizam al-Qilabiyyah
Son: Al-Abbas ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala, married Lubaba bint Ubaydillah[25]
Grandson: Ubaydullah ibn al-Abbas
Grandson: Al-Fadl ibn al-Abbasdied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Qasim ibn al-Abbasdied at the Battle of Karbala
Son: Abdullah ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala
Son: Jafar ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala
Son: Musa ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala
Daughter: Ruqayyah[24] departed to the Indian subcontinent after the Battle of Karbala
Wife: Leila bint Masoud
Son: Ubaid Allah bin Ali[26]
Son: Abi Bakr bin Ali[25]
Wife: Khawlah bint Ja'far
Son: Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
Wife: Asma bint Umays
Son: Yahya bin Ali,[24] died in 61 AH
Son: Muhammad al-Asghar[24] died at the Battle of Karbala
Stepdaughter: Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr
Stepson: Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
Stepson: Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr
Son: Umar
Daughter: Ramlah al-Kubra (The eldest Ramlah)
Daughter: Umm Al-Hasan
Daughter: Umm Hani
Daughter: Maymūnah
Daughter: Zainab as-Sughra (The youngest Zainab)
Daughter: Umm Kulthum
Daughter: Fatimah
Daughter: Umamah
Daughter: Khadijah
Daughter: Umm al-Kiram
Daughter: Umm Salmah
Daughter: Umm Ja'far
Daughter: Jumanah
Daughter: Nafeesah

Descendants (graphical)Edit

The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Bukhari of Pakistan are Syed descendends of Ali, and includes 9 of the 12 Shia imams. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan[27] various Somali clans,[28] the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis and Alvi Awan families of Pashtuns in Pakistan. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.

Fatimah bint Muhammad (Family tree)Ali al Murtaza
ibn Abi Talib
Khawlah bint Ja'far
Hasan al-Mujtabāal-HusaynMuhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
MuhammadZaydQāsimḤasan al-Mu'thannāAbu BakrFātimah bint HasanAli Zayn
AliAbu Hashim
HasanYahyaMuhammadAbd AllahTalhaHasanAbu Bakr
(Family tree)
Hasan (Alavids)MaymūnahUmm al-Husayn[29]AliMuhammad ibn Abu Bakr
Abdallah al-Kāmīl
Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad
SulaymanAliIsmailHasanAliMuhammad al-BaqirUmm Farwah bint al-Qasim
of Yemen
and Mecca
Sahib Fakhkh
HasanHusayn'Umar al-AshrafZayd ibn AliJā`far al-Ṣādiq
Muhammadal-Qasim ar-RassiUbayd AllahYahyaIdris
of Yemen
Hasan al-UtrushHasanHusayn
Musa al-DjawnYahyaIbrahimIdris I of MoroccoAn-Nafs Az-ZakiyyahSulaymanJā`farIsa
IbrahimAliAbd AllahIdrisids of
of Spain
of Morocco
of the Maghrib
of Sus
Yahya ibn Umar ibn Yahya ibn Husayn ibn Zayd al-Kūfī
Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`farAbdullah al-AftahMusa
IshakMuhammad al-Dibaj
Banu al-UkhaidhirMusaSalihSulaymanMuhammad ibn IsmāʿīlMuhammad ibn AbdullahAli
AhmadAli al-Uraidhi
Muhammad ibn YusufBanu Katada of Mecca & Banu FulaytaBanu Salih
of Ghana
Hidden Ismāʿīli ImāmsMuhammad
Yusuf ibn MuhammadFatimid caliphsAli al-HadiMusa al-Mubarraqa
Ismāʿīl ibn YusufMuhammadMustaaliNizārHasan
Hassan ibn IsmāʿīlAl-Hafizal-AmirImams of AlamutMuhammad
Ahmad ibn HassanHafizisal-TayyibAgha Khans
Abu'l-Muqallid Jā`far[30]

Lineage of Husayn ibn AliEdit

This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).

(family tree)
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
1st Shia Imāmah, 4th Sunni Rashidun
Muhsin ibn Ali
Hasan ibn Ali
2nd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 1st Mustaali Imāmah
Husayn ibn Ali
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Zaynab bint Ali
Rubab bint Imra al-Qais
Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi
Umm Ishaq bint Talhah
Fatimah as-Sughra
Sakinah bint Husayn
Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn
Sukayna bint Husayn
Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn
Fatimah bint Husayn
Mother of ‘Umar
Ali ibn Husayn
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Fatimah bint al-Hasan
Jayda al-Sindhi
Umar ibn Husayn
‘Umar al-Ashraf
Muhammad al-Baqir
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Farwah bint al-Qasim
(Umm Farwa)
Zayd ibn Ali
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
Abu Bakr ibn Husayn
Hamidah Khatun
Ja'far al-Sadiq
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali
Zaynab bint Husayn
Musa al-Kadhim
7th Twelver Imāmah
Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq
Isma'il ibn Jafar
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Umm Kulthum bint Husayn
Ummul Banīn Najmah
al-Nāṣir al-Kabīr
Ali ar-Ridha
8th Twelver Imāmah
Sabīkah a.k.a. Khayzurān
Muhammad ibn Ismail
7th and the last Sevener Imāmah and 7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Muhammad al-Taqi
9th Twelver Imāmah
Ahmad al-Wafi
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Other issue
Ali al-Hadi
10th Twelver Imāmah
Hâdise ( Hadīthah ) / Suzan ( Sūsan ) / Sevil ( Savīl )
Other issue
Muhammad at-Taqi
9th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Hasan al-Askari
11th Twelver Imāmah
Rabi Abdullah
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Muhammad al-Mahdi
12th and final Twelver Imāmah

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Assuming that Islam started with Muhammad. Muslims believe that Islam did not start with him, but that it represents even previous Prophets, such as Jesus, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam.[1][2][3]


  1. ^ Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4.
  2. ^ Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  3. ^ Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
  4. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191
  5. ^ Ashraf 2005, p. 14
  6. ^ Diana, Steigerwald (2004). "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world. 1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5.
  7. ^ Madelung 1997, p. 309 and 310
  8. ^ Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  9. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo'mineen. pp. 85–89.
  10. ^ al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116.
  11. ^ Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha. 3. p. 124.
  12. ^ Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621.
  13. ^ Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi'a. p. 277.
  14. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170.
  15. ^ Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-'Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam. 1.
  16. ^ Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal. 1. p. 186.
  17. ^ Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265.
  18. ^ Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool. 21. p. 199.
  19. ^ Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot. 4. p. 272.
  20. ^ Tabatabae (1979), page 194 Archived 2008-03-29 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Al-Hasan al-Muthanna".
  22. ^ The Sunshine Book, By Dr. S. Manzoor Rizvi; p323;
  23. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-03-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ a b c d e [] Check |url= value (help). Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ a b Al-Tabari, pp. 178–179
  26. ^ 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  27. ^ Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
  28. ^ Johnson, John William (1996). Heelloy: Modern Poetry and Songs of the Somali. Indiana University Press. p. 23. ISBN 1874209812.
  29. ^ Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4.
  30. ^ Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792