Family tree of Ali
Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: عَلِي ابْن أَﺑِﻲ طَالِب, 599 – 661 ACE) was an early[a] Islamic leader. Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the fourth Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law.
His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first child to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.
Ali had four children with Muhammad's youngest daughter Fatimah: Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, Zaynab and Umm Kulthum. After Fatimah's death, he married Umamah the daughter of Zaynab the elder daughter of Muhammad, and had two sons with her: Hilal (also known as "Muhammad al-Awsat or Muhammad the Middle"), and 'Awn. His other well-known sons were Al-Abbas ibn Ali, born to Umm al-Banin Fatimah binte Hizam, and Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, from Khawlah bint Ja'far, another wife from the central Arabian tribe of Banu Hanifah, whom Ali had also married after Fatimah's death.
Hasan, born in 625, was the second Shia Imam and he also assumed the role of caliph for several months after Ali's death. In the year AH 50 he died after being poisoned by a member of his own household who, according to historians, had been motivated by Mu'awiyah. Husayn, born in 626, was the third Shia Imam, whom Mu'awiyah persecuted severely. On the tenth day of Muharram, of the year 680, Husayn lined up before the army of the caliph with his small band of followers and nearly all of them were killed in the Battle of Karbala. The anniversary of his death is called the Day of Ashura and it is a day of mourning and religious observance for Shia Muslims. In this battle some of Ali's other sons were killed. Al-Tabari has mentioned their names in his history: Al-Abbas ibn Ali, the holder of Husayn's standard, Ja'far, Abdallah and Uthman, the four sons born to Fatima binte Hizam; Muhammad and Abu Bakr. There is, however, some doubt as to whether the last died in the battle. Some historians have added the names of Ali's other sons who were killed at Karbala, including Ibrahim, Umar and Abdallah ibn Al-Asqar. His daughter Zaynab—who was in Karbala—was captured by Yazid's army and later played a great role in revealing what happened to Husayn and his followers. Ali's descendants by Fatimah are known as sharifs, sayeds or sayyids. These are honorific titles in Arabic, sharif meaning 'noble' and sayed or sayyid meaning 'lord' or 'sir'. As Muhammad's descendants, they are respected by both Sunnis and Shi'ites.
Both of his sons by Umamah bint Zaynab, that is Hilal and 'Awn, died in Iran, with the latter having been martyred in a battle against Qays ibn Murrah (the governor of Khorasan), and the former dying naturally.
Ali's descendants through his son Abbas are known as Awans or Alvis. Today, most of them reside in modern-day Pakistan. They are descendants of Qutb Shah who is a direct descendant of Ali, and his lineage is traced as Qutb Shah (Aawn) ibn Yaala ibn Hamza ibn Qasim ibn Tayyar ibn Qasim ibn Ali ibn Jaffar ibn Humza ibn al-Hassan ibn Ubaidullah ibn Abbas ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib.
Family tree (graphical)Edit
Family tree (textual)Edit
- Paternal grand father: Shaiba ibn Hashim ('Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim), see Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
- Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
- Father: Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
- Mother: Fatima bint Asad
- Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib
- Paternal uncle: Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib — father of Muhammad
- Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
This section is missing information about dates of marriages; details or context about the "Other(s)" section; CE equivalent of AH dates. (November 2018)
- Fatimah; daughter of Muhammad, see Family tree of Muhammad
- Zaynab bint Ali
- Ali ibn Abdullah
- Awn ibn Abdullah
- Muhammad ibn Abdullah
- Abbas ibn Abdullah
- Umm Kulthum bint Abdullah
- Umm Kulthum bint Ali
- Muhsin ibn Ali
- Hasan ibn Ali
- Qasim ibn Hasan
- Maytham ibn Hasan
- Muhammad ibn Hasan
- Abdullah ibn Hasan
- Beshr ibn Hasan
- Talha ibn Hasan
- Zayd ibn Hasan
- Hasan al-Muthanna
- Fatimah bint Hasan
- Husayn ibn Ali; see also Daughters of Husayn ibn Ali
- Fatimah al-Kubra, "Fatimah the Elder"
- Fatimah as-Sughra, "Fatimah the Younger"
- Ali al-Akbar
- Ali al-Asghar
- Ali Zayn al-Abidin
- Zaynab bint Ali
- Umamah, granddaughter of Muhammad and Khadija through Zainab, died 685 CE
- Umm al-Banin, "Mother of many Sons", also known as Fatimah bint Hizam al-Qilabiyyah
- Layla bint Mas'ud
- Sahba bint Rabi'ah
- Umar ibn Ali
- Ruqayyah bint Ali
- Umm Sa'id bint Urwah
- Umm al-Hasan
- Ramlah al-Kubra, "Ramlah the Elder"
- Umm Kulthum as-Sughra, "Umm Kulthum the Elder"
- Umar ibn Ali
- Muhayaah bint Imra al-Qais
- Umm Ya'la
- Umm Hani
- Zaynab as-Sughra, "Zaynab the Younger"
- Umm al-Kiram
- Umm Salamah
- Umm Ja'far Jumanah
The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Bukhari of Pakistan are Syed descendends of Ali, and includes 9 of the 12 Shia imams. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan, the Isaaq clan-family in Somaliland and Ethiopia, the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis and Awans (also referred as Alvis) of Pakistan. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.
Lineage of Husayn ibn AliEdit
This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).
570 – 632 CE
615 – 632 CE
|Muhsin ibn Ali|
? – 632 CE
|Husayn ibn Ali|
626 – 680 CE
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Umm Kulthum bint Ali|
? – ? CE
|Zaynab bint Ali|
626/627 – 682 CE
? – 659/680 CE
|Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi|
|Umm Ishaq bint Talhah|
594 – 656 CE
669 – 680 CE
|Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn|
|Sukayna bint Husayn|
676 – 680/681 CE
|Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn|
662 – 680 CE
|Fatimah bint Husayn|
|Mother of ‘Umar||Ali ibn Husayn|
659 – 713 CE
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Jayda al-Sindhi||Umar ibn Husayn|
|‘Umar al-Ashraf||Muhammad al-Baqir|
677 – 733 CE
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Zayd ibn Ali|
698 – 740 CE
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
|Abu Bakr ibn Husayn|
|‘Alī||Hamidah Khatun||Ja'far al-Sadiq|
700/702 – 765 CE
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Zaynab bint Husayn|
745 – 799 CE
7th Twelver Imāmah
|Isma'il ibn Jafar|
722 – 762 CE
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Unknown||Umm Kulthum bint Husayn|
|Ummul Banīn Najmah|
844 – 917 CE
8th Twelver Imāmah
|Muhammad ibn Ismail|
7th and the last Sevener Imāmah and 7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
9th Twelver Imāmah
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
10th Twelver Imāmah
11th Twelver Imāmah
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
12th and final Twelver Imāmah
Lineage of Abbas ibn AliEdit
This is a simplified family tree of Abbas ibn Ali.
|Ali ibn Abu Talib||Fāṭimah bint Ḥuzam|
|Lubaba bint Ubaydillah||Abbas ibn Ali|
|Abdullah Awn (Qutb Shah)|
- Alavi (surname)
- Alaouite dynasty, current rulers of Morocco
- Ancestry of Qusai ibn Kilab
- Banu Hashim
- Banu Kinanah
- Descent from Adnan to Muhammad
- Family tree of Muhammad
- Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
- Fatimid Caliphate, rulers of Egypt
- Genealogy of Khadijah's daughters
- Idrisid dynasty, rulers of Morocco
- Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, Ali's adopted son
- Quraysh tribe
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