Family tree of Ali

Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: عَلِي ابْن أَﺑِﻲ طَالِب‎, 599 – 661 ACE) was an early[a] Islamic leader. Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the fourth Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law.

The Ottomans were officially from Hanafi-Sunni branch of Islam, the names of two sons of Fatimah and Ali were inscribed inside all of their mosques. An example of this is the writings of Hasan and Husayn, two grandchildren of Muhammad by the calligrapher Kazasker Mustafa İzzed Effendi with Islamic calligraphy in Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey.

His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first child to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.[4][5][6]


Ali had four children with Muhammad's youngest daughter Fatimah: Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, Zaynab[7] and Umm Kulthum. After Fatimah's death, he married Umamah the daughter of Zaynab the elder daughter of Muhammad, and had two sons with her: Hilal (also known as "Muhammad al-Awsat or Muhammad the Middle"), and 'Awn.[8] His other well-known sons were Al-Abbas ibn Ali, born to Umm al-Banin Fatimah binte Hizam, and Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah,[9] from Khawlah bint Ja'far, another wife from the central Arabian tribe of Banu Hanifah, whom Ali had also married after Fatimah's death.

Hasan, born in 625, was the second Shia Imam and he also assumed the role of caliph for several months after Ali's death. In the year AH 50 he died after being poisoned by a member of his own household who, according to historians, had been motivated by Mu'awiyah.[10] Husayn, born in 626, was the third Shia Imam, whom Mu'awiyah persecuted severely. On the tenth day of Muharram, of the year 680, Husayn lined up before the army of the caliph with his small band of followers and nearly all of them were killed in the Battle of Karbala. The anniversary of his death is called the Day of Ashura and it is a day of mourning and religious observance for Shia Muslims.[11] In this battle some of Ali's other sons were killed. Al-Tabari has mentioned their names in his history: Al-Abbas ibn Ali, the holder of Husayn's standard, Ja'far, Abdallah and Uthman, the four sons born to Fatima binte Hizam; Muhammad and Abu Bakr. There is, however, some doubt as to whether the last died in the battle.[12] Some historians have added the names of Ali's other sons who were killed at Karbala, including Ibrahim, Umar and Abdallah ibn Al-Asqar.[13][14] His daughter Zaynab—who was in Karbala—was captured by Yazid's army and later played a great role in revealing what happened to Husayn and his followers.[15] Ali's descendants by Fatimah are known as sharifs, sayeds or sayyids. These are honorific titles in Arabic, sharif meaning 'noble' and sayed or sayyid meaning 'lord' or 'sir'. As Muhammad's descendants, they are respected by both Sunnis and Shi'ites.[7]

Both of his sons by Umamah bint Zaynab, that is Hilal and 'Awn, died in Iran, with the latter having been martyred in a battle against Qays ibn Murrah (the governor of Khorasan), and the former dying naturally.[8]

Ali's descendants through his son Abbas are known as Awans or Alvis. Today, most of them reside in modern-day Pakistan. They are descendants of Qutb Shah who is a direct descendant of Ali, and his lineage is traced as Qutb Shah (Aawn) ibn Yaala ibn Hamza ibn Qasim ibn Tayyar ibn Qasim ibn Ali ibn Jaffar ibn Humza ibn al-Hassan ibn Ubaidullah ibn Abbas ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib.[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24]

The Isaaq clan-family in Somaliland and Ethiopia claims descendant to Ali through its forefather Sheikh Ishaaq.[25][26][27]

Family tree (graphical)Edit

Kilab ibn MurrahFatimah bint Sa'd
Banu Azd
Qusai ibn KilabHubba bint Hulail
Banu Khuza'a
Abd Manaf ibn QusaiAtikah bint Murrah
Banu Hawazin
Salma bint Amr
Banu Najjar
Hashim ibn 'Abd ManafQaylah bint Amr
Banu Khuza'a
Fatimah bint Amr
Banu Makhzum
Abdul-Muttalib ibn HashimAsad ibn Hashim
Abu Talib ibn Abd al-MuttalibFatimah bint Asad
Abdullah ibn Abdul-MuttalibTalib ibn Abi TalibAqeel ibn Abi TalibFakhitah bint Abi Talib
Muhammad Ibn AbdullahJa'far ibn Abi TalibJumanah bint Abi Talib
Fatimah al-Zahra bnt MuhammadAli ibn Abi Talib

Family tree (textual)Edit

Paternal grand father: Shaiba ibn Hashim ('Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim), see Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
Father: Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Mother: Fatima bint Asad
Brother: Ja`far ibn Abī Tālib
Nephew: Awn ibn Ja'far
Nephew: Abdullah ibn Ja'farmarried Zaynab bint Ali
Grand Nephews: Aun ibn Abdillah and Muhammad ibn Abdillahdied at the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Muslim ibn Aqeeldied before the Battle of Karbala — (kufa)
Grand Nephews: Muhammad ibn Muslim and Ibraheem ibn Muslimdied before the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Talib ibn Abu Talib
Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Paternal uncle: Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib — father of Muhammad
Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
Cousin: Muhammad
Cousin's daughters: Fatimah, Zainab , Ruqayyah , Umm Kulthum
Cousin's sons: Qasim, Abd-Allah , Ibrahim
Mother in law(s) : Khadija through Fatimah.
Zainab through Umamah.
Brother-in-law(s): Uthman through Ruqayyah & Umm Kulthum
Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi' through Zainab
Himself: Ali

DescendantsEdit

  • Umamah, granddaughter of Muhammad and Khadija through Zainab, died 685 CE
    • Hilal or Muhammad al-Awsat ("Muhammad the Middle") ibn Ali (14 – 64 AH or 636 – 700 CE)[42][43]
      • Abu Hashim Abdullah ibn Muhammad (died 776 CE)
    • Awn ibn Ali[42]
  • Layla bint Mas'ud
    • Ubaydullah ibn Ali[45]
    • Abu Bakr or Muhammad al-Asghar ("Muhammad the Younger") ibn Ali[46]
  • Sahba bint Rabi'ah
    • Umar ibn Ali
    • Ruqayyah bint Ali
  • Umm Sa'id bint Urwah
    • Umm al-Hasan
    • Ramlah al-Kubra, "Ramlah the Elder"
    • Umm Kulthum as-Sughra, "Umm Kulthum the Elder"
    • Umar ibn Ali
  • Muhayaah bint Imra al-Qais
    • Umm Ya'la
  • Other(s):[43]
    • Umm Hani
    • Maymūnah
    • Zaynab as-Sughra, "Zaynab the Younger"
    • Ruqayyah
    • Fatimah
    • Umamah
    • Khadijah
    • Umm al-Kiram
    • Umm Salamah
    • Umm Ja'far Jumanah
    • Nafeesah

Descendants (graphical)Edit

The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Bukhari of Pakistan are Syed descendends of Ali, and includes 9 of the 12 Shia imams. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan,[47] the Isaaq clan-family in Somaliland and Ethiopia,[25][26][27] the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis and Awans (also referred as Alvis) of Pakistan. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.

Fatimah bint Muhammad (Family tree)Ali al Murtaza
ibn Abi Talib
Khawlah bint Ja'far
Hasan al-Mujtabāal-HusaynMuhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
MuhammadZaydQāsimḤasan al-Mu'thannā{{{ABB}}}Fātimah bint HasanAli Zayn
al-Abedin
AliAbu Hashim
HasanYahyaMuhammadAbd AllahTalhaHasanAbu Bakr
(Family tree)
Hasan (Alavids)MaymūnahUmm al-Husayn[48]AliMuhammad ibn Abu Bakr
Abdallah al-KāmīlDaudHasanIbrahimJā`farMuhammadHasanAl-Qasim ibn Muhammad
SulaymanAliIsmailHasanAliMuhammad al-BaqirUmm Farwah bint al-Qasim
Sulaymanids
of Yemen
and Mecca
Husayn
Sahib Fakhkh
Ibrahim
Tabataba
HasanHusayn'Umar al-AshrafZayd ibn AliJā`far al-Ṣādiq
Muhammadal-Qasim ar-RassiUbayd AllahYahyaIdris
Imams
of Yemen
Hasan al-UtrushHasanHusayn
Musa al-DjawnYahyaIbrahimIdris I of MoroccoAn-Nafs Az-ZakiyyahSulaymanJā`farIsa
IbrahimAliAbd AllahIdrisids of
Morocco
and
Hammudids
of Spain
Sharifs
of Morocco
Sulaymanids
of the Maghrib
Sharifs
of Sus
Yahya ibn Umar ibn Yahya ibn Husayn ibn Zayd al-Kūfī
Yusuf
al-Ukhaidhir
Husayn
al-Ukhaidhir
Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`farAbdullah al-AftahMusa
al-Kazim
IshakMuhammad al-Dibaj
Banu al-UkhaidhirMusaSalihSulaymanMuhammad ibn IsmāʿīlMuhammad ibn AbdullahAli
al-Rida
AhmadAli al-Uraidhi
Muhammad ibn YusufBanu Katada of Mecca & Banu FulaytaBanu Salih
of Ghana
Sulaymanid
Sharifs
Hidden Ismāʿīli ImāmsMuhammad
al-Jawad
Yusuf ibn MuhammadFatimid caliphsAli al-HadiMusa al-Mubarraqa
Ismāʿīl ibn YusufMuhammadMustaaliNizārHasan
al-Askari
MuhammadJā`far
Hassan ibn IsmāʿīlAl-Hafizal-AmirImams of AlamutMuhammad
al-Mahdi
Ahmad ibn HassanHafizisal-TayyibAgha Khans
Abu'l-Muqallid Jā`far[49]

Lineage of Husayn ibn AliEdit

This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).


Muhammad
570 – 632 CE
grandfather
(family tree)
Fatimah
615 – 632 CE
mother
Muhsin ibn Ali
? – 632 CE
brother
Husayn ibn Ali
626 – 680 CE
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
? – ? CE
sister
Zaynab bint Ali
626/627 – 682 CE
sister
Shahrbanu
? – 659/680 CE
wife
Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi
wife
Umm Ishaq bint Talhah
594 – 656 CE
wife
Fatimah as-Sughra
669 – 680 CE
daughter
Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn
680 CE
son
Sukayna bint Husayn
676 – 680/681 CE
daughter
Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn
662 – 680 CE
son
Fatimah bint Husayn
daughter
Mother of ‘UmarAli ibn Husayn
659 – 713 CE
son
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Jayda al-SindhiUmar ibn Husayn
son
‘Umar al-AshrafMuhammad al-Baqir
677 – 733 CE
grandson
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Zayd ibn Ali
698 – 740 CE
grandson
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
Abu Bakr ibn Husayn
son
‘AlīHamidah KhatunJa'far al-Sadiq
700/702 – 765 CE
great-grandson
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Zaynab bint Husayn
daughter
al-ḤasanMusa al-Kadhim
745 – 799 CE
great-great-grandson
7th Twelver Imāmah
Isma'il ibn Jafar
722 – 762 CE
great-great-grandson
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
UnknownUmm Kulthum bint Husayn
daughter
Ummul Banīn Najmah
al-Nāṣir al-Kabīr
844 – 917 CE
Ali ar-Ridha
great-great-great-grandson
8th Twelver Imāmah
Muhammad ibn Ismail
great-great-great-grandson
7th and the last Sevener Imāmah and 7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Fatima
Muhammad al-Taqi
great-great-great-great-
grandson
9th Twelver Imāmah
UnknownAhmad al-Wafi
great-great-great-great-grandson
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Other issue
Ali al-Hadi
great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Twelver Imāmah
Other issue{{{p4}}}Unknown
Hasan al-Askari
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
11th Twelver Imāmah
Rabi Abdullah
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Muhammad al-Mahdi
great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
12th and final Twelver Imāmah

Lineage of Abbas ibn AliEdit

This is a simplified family tree of Abbas ibn Ali.

Ali ibn Abu TalibFāṭimah bint Ḥuzam
Lubaba bint UbaydillahAbbas ibn Ali
Ubaidullah
Al-Hassan
Hamza
Jaffar
Ali
Qasim
Tayyar
Qasim
Hamza
Yaala
Abdullah Awn (Qutb Shah)
Awans

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Assuming that Islam started with Muhammad. Muslims believe that Islam did not start with him, but that it represents even previous Prophets, such as Jesus, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam.[1][2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4.
  2. ^ Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  3. ^ Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
  4. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191
  5. ^ Ashraf 2005, p. 14
  6. ^ Diana, Steigerwald (2004). "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world. 1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5.
  7. ^ a b Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. "Ali". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 12 October 2007.
  8. ^ a b "Mohammad Hilal Ibn Ali". www.helal.ir. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011.
  9. ^ Stearns & Langer 2001, p. 1178
  10. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, p. 194
  11. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, pp. 196–201
  12. ^ Al-Tabari 1990, pp. vol.XIX pp. 178–179
  13. ^ "Karbala's Martyrs". Archived from the original on 4 January 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  14. ^ List of Martyrs of Karbala Archived 29 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine by Khansari "فرزندان اميراالمؤمنين(ع): 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  15. ^ "Zaynab Bint ʿAlĪ". Encyclopedia of Religion. Gale Group. 2004. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2008.
  16. ^ Al Hilli, Allamah. Kihalastah al-Nisab.
  17. ^ Arthur Rose, Horace (1911). A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province. 1st ed. was printed by Government Printing Press Lahore.
  18. ^ Jaffrelot, Christophe (2004). A History of Pakistan and Its Origins (Reprinted ed.). Anthem Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-84331-149-2.
  19. ^ Researched By Dr Muhammad Iqbal Awan and Jalhari Moazzam Shah
  20. ^ Manzoor Hussain Naqvi, Maulana Syed. "Naik Wiladat-e-Ghazi Abbas (A.S) [Different page no. in different editions]". Tohfat Al Awam.
  21. ^ "History of Awan Lecture by Naseeruddin Naseer Gilani".
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  25. ^ a b Rima Berns McGown, Muslims in the diaspora, (University of Toronto Press: 1999), pp. 27–28
  26. ^ a b I.M. Lewis, A Modern History of the Somali, fourth edition (Oxford: James Currey, 2002), p. 22
  27. ^ a b I.M. Lewis, A Modern History of the Somali, fourth edition (Oxford: James Currey, 2002), pp. 31 & 42
  28. ^ Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  29. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo'mineen. pp. 85–89.
  30. ^ al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116.
  31. ^ Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha. 3. p. 124.
  32. ^ Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621.
  33. ^ Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi'a. p. 277.
  34. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170.
  35. ^ Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-'Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam. 1.
  36. ^ Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal. 1. p. 186.
  37. ^ Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265.
  38. ^ Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool. 21. p. 199.
  39. ^ Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot. 4. p. 272.
  40. ^ "Al-Hasan al-Muthanna".
  41. ^ The Sunshine Book, By Dr. S. Manzoor Rizvi; p323;
  42. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-03-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  43. ^ a b c d Harouf.com [harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm] Check |url= value (help). Missing or empty |title= (help)
  44. ^ Hazrat Ummol Banin shia-news.com Retrieved 14 Oct 2018
  45. ^ 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  46. ^ Masʿūdī, al-Tanbīh wa al-ishrāf, p. 275; Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 254.
  47. ^ Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
  48. ^ Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4.
  49. ^ Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792