Family tree of Ali

Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (Arabic: عَلِيّ بْن أَبِي طَالِب; c. 600–661 CE) was the fourth rāshidūn caliph (r. 656–661) and the first Imam of Islam—cousin, son-in-law, and companion (ṣaḥāba) of Muhammad.[1][2][3] He is revered by Sunnī Muslims as the fourth rāshidūn ("rightly-guided") caliph, and as a foremost religious authority on the Quran and Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh). Shīʿa Muslims consider him to be the first Imam appointed by Muhammad and the first rāshidūn caliph. Alī was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to his daughter Fāṭimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law.

Medallions bearing the names of Ḥasan and Ḥusayn, sons of Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib and Fāṭimah and grandchildren of Muhammad, inscribed with Islamic calligraphy by the calligrapher Kazasker Mustafa Izzet Efendi in Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey.

His father was ʾAbū Ṭālib ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib, the leader of Banu Hashim, a clan of the Qurayshi tribe of Mecca in the Hejazi region of the Arabian peninsula, and his mother was Fāṭimah bint ʾAsad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by ʾAbū Ṭālib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Alī was one of the first believers in Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.[4][5]


Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib had four children through the marriage with Muhammad's daughter Fāṭimah: Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī, Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī, Zaynab bint ʿAlī, and Umm Kulthūm bint ʿAlī.[6] His other well-known sons were ʿAbbās ibn ʿAlī, born to Umm al-Banin Fāṭimah bint Hizam, and Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥanafīyya,[7] from Khawla bint Jaʿfar al-Ḥanafīyya, another wife from the central Arabian tribe of Banu Hanifa, whom Alī had also married after Fāṭimah's death.

His first son Ḥasan, born in 625 CE, is revered as the second Imam by Shīʿa Muslims and he also assumed the role of rāshidūn ("rightly-guided") caliph for several months after Alī's death. In the year AH 50 he died after being poisoned by a member of his own household named Jada who, according to historians, had been motivated by Muʿāwiya I,[8] which had been previously appointed by ʿUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb as the governor of Syria in 639 CE after the previous governor died in a plague along with 25,000 other people.[9]

Ḥusayn, born in 626 CE, is regarded as the third Imam by Shīʿa Muslims, whom Yazid ibn Mu'awiyah persecuted severely. On the tenth day of Muharram, of the year 680 CE, Ḥusayn lined up before the army of Yazid with his small band of followers and nearly all of them were killed in the Battle of Karbala. The anniversary of his death is called the Day of Ashura and it is a day of mourning and religious observance for Shīʿa Muslims.[10] In this battle some of Alī's other sons were killed. Al-Tabari has mentioned their names in his history: Abbas ibn Ali, the holder of Ḥusayn's standard, Ja'far, Abdullah, and Uthman, the four sons born to Umm al-Banin; Abu Bakr (otherwise known as Muhammad al-Asghar or "Muhammad the Younger"). There is, however, some doubt as to whether the last died in the battle.[11] Some historians have added the names of Alī's other sons who were killed at Karbala, including Ibrahim, Umar, and Abdullah ibn al-Asghar.[12][13] His daughter Zaynab—who was in Karbala—was captured by Yazid's army and later played a great role in revealing what happened to Ḥusayn and his followers.[14]

Alī's descendants through the marriage with Muhammad's daughter Fāṭimah are known as sharifs or sayyids. These are honorific titles in Arabic, sharif meaning "noble" and sayyid meaning "lord" or "sir". As descendants of Muhammad, they are respected by both Sunnī and Shīʿa Muslims.[6] Both the sons that he had through the marriage with Umama bint Zaynab, namely Muḥammad al-Awsaṭ ibn ʿAlī and ʿAwn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Jaʿfar, died in Persia, with the latter having been martyred in a battle against Qays ibn Murrah (the governor of Khorasan), and the former dying naturally.[15]

Alī's descendants through his son Abbas are known as Alvi Awans. Today, most of them reside in modern-day Arab world. They are descendants of Qutb Shah who is a direct descendant of Alī, and his lineage is traced as Qutb Shah (Awn) ibn Yaala ibn Hamza ibn Tayyar ibn Qasim ibn Ali ibn Ja'far ibn Hamza ibn al-Hasan ibn Ubaydullah ibn Abbas ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib.[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24] The Isaaq clan-family in Somaliland and Ethiopia claims to have descended from Alī's lineage through its forefather Ishaaq bin Ahmed.[25][26][27]

Family tree (graphical)Edit

Kilab ibn MurrahFatimah bint Sa'd
Banu Azd
Qusayy ibn KilabHubba bint Hulail
Banu Khuza'ah
Al-Mughira ibn QusayyAtikah bint Murrah
Banu Hawazin
Salma bint Amr
Banu Najjar
Hashim ibn al-MughiraQaylah bint Amr
Banu Khuza'ah
Fatimah bint Amr
Banu Makhzum
Abd al-Muttalib ibn HashimAsad ibn Hashim
Abu Talib ibn Abd al-MuttalibFatimah bint Asad
Abdullah ibn Abd al-MuttalibTalib ibn Abi TalibAqil ibn Abi TalibFakhitah bint Abi Talib
Muhammad ibn AbdullahJa'far ibn Abi TalibJumanah bint Abi Talib
Fatimah al-Zahra bint MuhammadAli ibn Abi Talib

Family tree (textual)Edit

Paternal grand father: Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim, see Family tree of Abd al-Muttalib
Paternal grand mother: Fatima bint Amr
Father: Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Mother: Fatimah bint Asad
Brother: Ja'far ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Awn ibn Ja'farmarried Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Nephew: Muhammad ibn Ja'farmarried Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Nephew: Abd Allah ibn Ja'farmarried Zaynab bint Ali and Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Grand Nephews: Awn ibn Abd Allah ibn Ja'far and Muhammad ibn Abd Allah ibn Ja'fardied at the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Aqil ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Muslim ibn Aqildied before the Battle of Karbala — (kufa)
Grand Nephews: Muhammad ibn Muslim and Ibrahim ibn Muslimdied before the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Talib ibn Abi Talib
Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Paternal uncle: Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib — father of Muhammad
Paternal aunt: Amina bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
Cousin: Muhammad
Cousin's daughters: Fatima, Zaynab, Ruqayya, Umm Kulthum
Cousin's sons: Qasim, Abd Allah, Ibrahim
Mother in law(s) : Khadija through Fatima.
Zaynab through Umama.
Brother-in-law(s): Uthman through Ruqayya & Umm Kulthum
Abu al-As through Zaynab
Himself: Ali

Descendants (textual)Edit

  • Umm Sa'id bint Urwa al-Thaqafiyya
    • Umm al-Hasan
    • Ramla al-Kubra, "Ramla the Elder"
    • Umm Kulthum al-Sughra, "Umm Kulthum the Younger"
    • Umar ibn Ali
  • Muhayya bint Imru al-Qays al-Kalbiyya
    • Umm Ya'la
  • Other(s):[citation needed]
    • Umm Hani
    • Maymuna
    • Zaynab al-Sughra, "Zaynab the Younger"
    • Ruqayya
    • Fatima
    • Umama
    • Khadija
    • Umm al-Kiram
    • Umm Salama
    • Umm Ja'far Jumana
    • Nafisa

Descendants (graphical)Edit

The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Bukhari of Pakistan are Syed descendends of Ali, and includes 9 of the 12 Shia imams. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal family of Jordan,[35] the Isaaq clan-family in Somaliland and Ethiopia,[25][26][27] the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis and Awans (also referred as Alvis) of Pakistan. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad Ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.

Fatimah al-Zahra bint Muhammad (Family tree)Ali al-Murtadha
ibn Abi Talib
Khawlah bint Ja'far
Hasan al-MujtabaHusayn al-SibtMuhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
MuhammadZaydQasimHasan al-MuthannaBeshrFatimah bint HasanAli Zayn al-AbidinAliAbu HashimHasan
HasanYahyaMuhammadAbdullahTalhaHasanAbu Bakr
(Family tree)
Hasan (Alavids)MaymūnahUmm al-Husayn[36]AliMuhammad ibn Abi Bakr
Abdullah al-KamilDa'wudHasanIbrahim al-GhamrJa'farMuhammadHasanQasim ibn Muhammad
SulaymanAli al-AbidIsma'ilHasanAliMuhammad al-BaqirUmm Farwah bint al-Qasim
Sahib Fakhkh
HasanHusayn al-AsgharUmar al-AshrafZaydJa'far al-Sadiq
MuhammadAl-Qasim al-RassiUbaydullahYahyaIdris
of Yemen
Hasan al-UtrushHasanHusayn
Musa al-JawnYahyaIbrahimIdris al-AkbarMuhammad al-Nafs al-ZakiyyaSulaymanJa'farIsa
IbrahimAliAbdullahIdrisids of
of Spain
and Senussids of Libya
Alaouites of Morocco
and Saadids of Morocco
of the Maghrib
of Sus
Yahya ibn Umar ibn Yahya ibn Husayn ibn Zayd al-Kufi
Isma'il ibn Ja'farAbdullah al-AftahMusa
Ishaq al-Mu'taminMuhammad al-Dibaj
Banu al-UkhaidhirMusaSalihSulaymanMuhammad ibn Isma'ilMuhammad ibn AbdullahAli
AhmadAli al-Uraidhi
Muhammad ibn YusufBanu Qatadah of Mecca & Banu FulaytaBanu Salih
of Ghana
of Mecca and Jizan
Hidden Isma’ili ImāmsMuhammad
Yusuf ibn MuhammadFatimid caliphsAli al-HadiMusa al-Mubarraqa
Ismāʿīl ibn YusufAbu'l-Qasim MuhammadMusta'liNizarHasan
Hassan ibn IsmāʿīlAl-HafizAl-AmirImams of AlamutMuhammad
Ahmad ibn HassanHafizi Isma'ilismAl-TayyibAga Khans
Abu'l-Muqallid Ja'far[37]Tayyibi Isma'ilismNizari Isma'ilism

Lineage of Husayn ibn AliEdit

This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).

570 – 632 CE
(family tree)
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
555 – 619 CE
615 – 632 CE
601 – 666 CE
1st Shia Imāmah, 4th Sunni Rashidun
Muhsin ibn Ali
? – 632 CE
Hasan ibn Ali
624 – 670 CE
2nd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 1st Mustaali Imāmah
Husayn ibn Ali
626 – 680 CE
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
? – ? CE
Zaynab bint Ali
626/627 – 682 CE
? – 659/680 CE
Rubab bint Imra al-Qais
? – 659/680 CE
Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi
Umm Ishaq bint Talhah
594 – 656 CE
Fatimah as-Sughra
669 – 680 CE
Sakinah bint Husayn
669 – 736 CE
Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn
680 CE
Sukayna bint Husayn
676 – 680/681 CE
Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn
662 – 680 CE
Fatimah bint Husayn
Mother of ‘UmarAli ibn Husayn
659 – 713 CE
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Fatimah bint al-Hasan
Jayda al-SindhiUmar ibn Husayn
‘Umar al-AshrafMuhammad al-Baqir
677 – 733 CE
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Farwah bint al-Qasim
(Umm Farwa)
Zayd ibn Ali
698 – 740 CE
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
Abu Bakr ibn Husayn
‘AlīHamidah KhatunJa'far al-Sadiq
700/702 – 765 CE
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin AliZaynab bint Husayn
al-ḤasanMusa al-Kadhim
745 – 799 CE
7th Twelver Imāmah
Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq
766 – ? CE
Isma'il ibn Jafar
722 – 762 CE
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
UnknownUmm Kulthum bint Husayn
‘AlīUmmul Banīn Najmah
al-Nāṣir al-Kabīr
844 – 917 CE
Ali ar-Ridha
8th Twelver Imāmah
Sabīkah a.k.a. KhayzurānMuhammad ibn Ismail
7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Muhammad al-Taqi
8th Twelver Imāmah
UnknownAhmad al-Wafi
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
UnknownAli al-Hadi
10th Twelver Imāmah
( Hadīthah ) / Suzan ( Sūsan ) / Sevil ( Savīl )
Muhammad at-Taqi
9th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Sayyid imam Muhammad al-Askari
candidat of 11th Twelver Imāmah
Hasan al-Askari
11th Twelver Imāmah
NarjisRabi Abdullah
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
Muhammad al-Mahdi
12th Twelver Imām
He is in Major Occultation
since the age of Four
Khwaja Abul Farah
Khwaja Abul Fazal
Khwaja Daud
Syed Hasan Arabi
Syed Nasiruddin

Lineage of Abbas ibn AliEdit

This is a simplified family tree of Abbas ibn Ali.

Ali ibn Abi TalibUmm al-Banin Fatimah bint Huzam
Lubaba bint UbaydillahAbbas ibn Ali
Abdullah Awn (Qutb Shah)
Qutb Shahi Awans

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4.
  2. ^ Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  3. ^ Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
  4. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191
  5. ^ Diana, Steigerwald (2004). "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world. Vol. 1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5.
  6. ^ a b Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. "Ali". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 12 October 2007.
  7. ^ Stearns & Langer 2001, p. 1178
  8. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, p. 194
  9. ^ Wilferd Madelung (15 October 1998). The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate. Cambridge University Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-521-64696-3.
  10. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, pp. 196–201
  11. ^ al-Tabari 1990, pp. vol.XIX pp. 178–179
  12. ^ "Karbala's Martyrs". Archived from the original on 4 January 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2007.
  13. ^ List of Martyrs of Karbala Archived 29 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine by Khansari "فرزندان اميراالمؤمنين(ع): 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  14. ^ "Zaynab Bint ʿAlĪ". Encyclopedia of Religion. Gale Group. 2004. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2008.
  15. ^ "Mohammad Hilal Ibn Ali". Archived from the original on 20 July 2011.
  16. ^ Al Hilli, Allamah. Kihalastah al-Nisab.
  17. ^ Arthur Rose, Horace (1911). A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province. 1st ed. was printed by Government Printing Press Lahore.
  18. ^ Jaffrelot, Christophe (2004). A History of Pakistan and Its Origins (Reprinted ed.). Anthem Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-84331-149-2.
  19. ^ Researched By Dr Muhammad Iqbal Awan and Jalhari Moazzam Shah
  20. ^ Manzoor Hussain Naqvi, Maulana Syed. "Naik Wiladat-e-Ghazi Abbas (A.S) [Different page no. in different editions]". Tohfat Al Awam.
  21. ^ "History of Awan Lecture by Naseeruddin Naseer Gilani". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21.
  22. ^ Molana Abdul Tahyi Ansari Lakhnavi (12 April 2017). Kitab Ul Bayah.
  23. ^ Gul Muhammad Madhwal of Khabeki (12 April 2017). Shajra-e-Awan.
  24. ^ Sultan Hamid bin Sultan Bahu (Jan 2007). Munaqab-e-Sultani. Shabeer Brothers (Lahore).
  25. ^ a b Rima Berns McGown, Muslims in the diaspora, (University of Toronto Press: 1999), pp. 27–28
  26. ^ a b I.M. Lewis, A Modern History of the Somali, fourth edition (Oxford: James Currey, 2002), p. 22
  27. ^ a b I.M. Lewis, A Modern History of the Somali, fourth edition (Oxford: James Currey, 2002), pp. 31 & 42
  28. ^ Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  29. ^ "Al-Hasan al-Muthanna".
  30. ^ The Sunshine Book, By Dr. S. Manzoor Rizvi; p323;
  31. ^ a b "پایگاه اطلاع رسانی آستان مقدس حضرت محمد هلال بن علی(ع) - Content". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  32. ^ Hazrat Ummol Banin Retrieved 14 Oct 2018
  33. ^ 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  34. ^ Masʿūdī, al-Tanbīh wa al-ishrāf, p. 275; Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 254.
  35. ^ Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
  36. ^ Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4.
  37. ^ Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792

Works citedEdit