Family tree of Ali
Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Arabic: عَـلِي ابـن أَﺑِﻲ طَـالِـب, 599 – 661 ACE) was an early[a] Islamic leader. Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the fourth Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law. His descendants through Fatimah are revered today in Shia and Sunnis as Sayyids.
His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first child to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.
In Muslim culture, Ali is respected for his courage, knowledge, belief, honesty to Islam, deep loyalty to Muhammad, equal treatment of all Muslims and generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies, and therefore is central to mystical traditions in Islam such as Sufism. Ali retains his stature as an authority on Quranic exegesis, Islamic jurisprudence and religious thought. Ali holds a high position in almost all Sufi orders which trace their lineage through him to Muhammad. Ali's influence has been important throughout Islamic history.
Family tree (graphical)Edit
Family tree (textual)Edit
- Paternal grand father: Shaiba ibn Hashim ('Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim), see Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
- Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
- Father: Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
- Mother: Fatima bint Asad
- Brother: Ja`far ibn Abī Tālib
- Brother: Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
- Brother: Talib ibn Abu Talib
- Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
- Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
- Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib
- Paternal uncle: Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib — father of Muhammad
- Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
This section is missing information about dates of marriages; details or context about the "Other(s)" section; CE equivalent of AH dates. (November 2018)
- Fatimah; daughter of Muhammad, see Family tree of Muhammad
- Zaynab bint Ali
- Umm Kulthum bint Ali
- Muhsin ibn Ali
- Hasan ibn Ali
- Husayn ibn Ali; see also Daughters of Husayn ibn Ali
- Umamah. Grand daughter of Muhammad and Khadija through Zainab.
- Umm ul-Banin, "Mother of many Sons", also known as Fatimah bint Hizam al-Qilabiyyah
- Asma bint Umays
- Ramlah al-Kubra, "Ramlah the Elder"
- Umm Al-Hasan
- Umm Hani
- Zainab as-Sughra, "Zainab the Younger"
- Umm Kulthum
- Umm al-Kiram
- Umm Salmah
- Umm Ja'far
The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Bukhari of Pakistan are Syed descendends of Ali, and includes 9 of the 12 Shia imams. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan "some Somali claim that they are direct descendants", the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis and Awans (also referred as Alvis) of Pakistan. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.
Lineage of Husayn ibn AliEdit
This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).
570 – 632 CE
615 – 632 CE
|Muhsin ibn Ali|
? – 632 CE
|Husayn ibn Ali|
626 – 680 CE
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Umm Kulthum bint Ali|
? – ? CE
|Zaynab bint Ali|
626/627 – 682 CE
? – 659/680 CE
|Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi|
|Umm Ishaq bint Talhah|
594 – 656 CE
669 – 680 CE
|Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn|
|Sukayna bint Husayn|
676 – 680/681 CE
|Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn|
662 – 680 CE
|Fatimah bint Husayn|
|Mother of ‘Umar||Ali ibn Husayn|
659 – 713 CE
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Jayda al-Sindhi||Umar ibn Husayn|
|‘Umar al-Ashraf||Muhammad al-Baqir|
677 – 733 CE
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Zayd ibn Ali|
698 – 740 CE
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
|Abu Bakr ibn Husayn|
|‘Alī||Hamidah Khatun||Ja'far al-Sadiq|
700/702 – 765 CE
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Zaynab bint Husayn|
745 – 799 CE
7th Twelver Imāmah
|Isma'il ibn Jafar|
722 – 762 CE
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Unknown||Umm Kulthum bint Husayn|
|Ummul Banīn Najmah|
844 – 917 CE
8th Twelver Imāmah
|Muhammad ibn Ismail|
7th and the last Sevener Imāmah and 7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
10th Twelver Imāmah
|Other issue||Muhammad at-Taqi|
9th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
11th Twelver Imāmah
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
12th and final Twelver Imāmah
Lineage of Abbas ibn AliEdit
This is a simplified family tree of Abbas ibn Ali.
|Ali ibn Abu Talib||Fāṭimah bint Ḥuzam|
|Lubaba bint Ubaydillah||Abbas ibn Ali|
|Abdullah Awn (Qutb Shah)|
- Alavi (surname)
- Alaouite dynasty, current rulers of Morocco
- Ancestry of Qusai ibn Kilab
- Banu Hashim
- Banu Kinanah
- Descent from Adnan to Muhammad
- Family tree of Muhammad
- Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
- Fatimid Caliphate, rulers of Egypt
- Genealogy of Khadijah's daughters
- Idrisid dynasty, rulers of Morocco
- Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, Ali's adopted son
- Quraysh tribe
- Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4.
- Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
- Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
- Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFTabatabaei1979 (help)
- Ashraf 2005, p. 14 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFAshraf2005 (help)
- Diana, Steigerwald (2004). "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world. 1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5.
- Madelung 1997, p. 309 and 310 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMadelung1997 (help)
- Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
- Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo'mineen. pp. 85–89.
- al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116.
- Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha. 3. p. 124.
- Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621.
- Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi'a. p. 277.
- Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170.
- Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-'Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam. 1.
- Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal. 1. p. 186.
- Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265.
- Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool. 21. p. 199.
- Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot. 4. p. 272.
- "Al-Hasan al-Muthanna".
- The Sunshine Book, By Dr. S. Manzoor Rizvi; p323;
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-03-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Harouf.com [harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm] Check
|url=value (help). Missing or empty
- Hazrat Ummol Banin shia-news.com Retrieved 14 Oct 2018
- Al-Tabari, pp. 178–179 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFAl-Tabari (help)
- 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
- Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
- Quote: Note 28: "Sayid Cali. Somali equivalent of the Arabic forms Sayyid Ali bin Abu Talib, the son-in-law and paternal cousin of the Phropet Muhammed. Some Somalis claim that they are direct descendants of this great warrior and poet."
- Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4.
- Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792