Banu Najjar

Banu Najjar (Arabic: بنو نجّار, "sons of the carpenter") or Banu al-Naggar is the name of several unrelated historical and modern-day tribes throughout the Arab world. The individual tribes vary in religious composition.[1]

Banu Najjar
بنو نجّار
Tribes english.png
Several Historical Tribes of Arabia
LocationYathrib, Hejaz, Arabia
Descended fromAzd (Banu Khazraj)
Parent tribeAzd (Banu Khazraj)

In Islamic historyEdit

One Banu Najjar group is mentioned in the Charter of Medina, and the Banu Najjar of Medina were the maternal clan of Muhammad's grandfather Abdul-Muttalib.[2] Islamic historians like Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani and al-Tabari list them as a clan of the large Banu Khazraj tribe of Medina. Al-Asqalani states that their ancestor was Taymallah ibn Thalabah ibn Amr ibn al-Khazraj.[3][4] The Banu Najjar had at least three sub-clans.[5]

Before Islam, the Banu Najjar of Medina mainly practiced traditional Arab polytheism, and owned idols named Samul, Husa, and at-Tamm that were destroyed after the clan converted to Islam.[5] They may have had a tribal alliance with some of the Jews of Medina.[6][5]

Muhammad initially settled with them when he emigrated from Mecca to Medina. The Prophet's Mosque was later built in the tribe's garden.[7] The Banu Najjar are praised in a hadith attributed to Muhammad.[8]



  1. ^ "Banu Najjar". Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  2. ^ Power, Edmond (1914). "The Life, Work, and Character of Mohammed". Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review. 3 (10): 142–159.
  3. ^ Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (1986). Fath al-Bari. page 144.
  4. ^ al-Tabari, Abu Jafar. The History of al-Tabari Vol. 6: Muhammad at Mecca. p. 125. ISBN 9780887067075.
  5. ^ a b c FE Peters, ed. (2014). "Idol Worship in Pre-Islamic Medina". The Arabs and Arabia on the Eve of Islam (Volume 3). Routledge. pp. 130–134, 153. ISBN 9781351894807.
  6. ^ Guillaume, Alfred (1963). "New light on the life of Muhammad". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 26 (2): 427–428.
  7. ^ "Sahih Bukhari". Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Sahih Bukhari". Retrieved 20 October 2018.