Khawlah bint Ja'far

Khawlah bint Ja'far al-Hanafiyyah (Arabic: خولة بنت جعفر الحنفية‎), also known as Umm Muhammad (Arabic: أُمّ مُحَمَّد‎), was one of the wives of the Muslim Caliph and Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib.

BiographyEdit

She was known as Hanafiyyah after her tribe Banu Hanifah. When the people of Yamamah were threatening the integrity of the newly emerging empire by refusing to pay the zakat (religious tax) to Abu Bakr, their men were all declared apostates and killed and she was brought to Medina as a slave girl together with the other womenfolk. When her tribesmen came to know her, they approached Ali ibn Abu Talib and requested him to save her from the blemish of slavery and protect her family's honor and prestige. Consequently, Ali ibn Abu Talib set her free after purchasing her and married her whereafter Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah was born.[1][2]

Her important descendantsEdit

Quraysh tribe
(detailed tree)
Waqida bint AmrAbd Manaf ibn QusaiĀtikah bint Murrah
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf‘Abd ShamsBarraHalaMuṭṭalib ibn Abd ManafHashimSalma bint Amr
Umayya ibn Abd ShamsʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib
HarbAbū al-ʿĀsʿĀminahʿAbdallāhHamzaAbī ṬālibAz-Zubayral-ʿAbbās Abū Lahab
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harbal-ḤakamʿUthmānʿAffānMUHAMMAD
(Family tree)
Khadija bint KhuwaylidʿAlī
(Family tree)
Khawlah bint Ja'farʿAbd Allāh
Muʿāwiyah IMarwān IʿUthmān ibn ʿAffānRuqayyahFatimahMuhammad ibn al-HanafiyyahʿAli ibn ʿAbdallāh
SufyanidsMarwanids al-Ḥasanal-Ḥusayn
(Family tree)
Abu Hashim
(Imām of al-Mukhtār and Hashimiyya)
Muhammad
"al-Imām"

(Abbasids)
Ibrāhim "al-Imām"al-Saffāḥal-Mansur

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Short Biographies of the Prophet and His Ten Companions who Were Given the Tidings of Paradise. 2004. ISBN 9789960899121.
  2. ^ "Sermons from Imam Ali, Nahj Ul Balagha".