Ministry of Education (Brazil)

The Ministry of Education (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação), also known as MEC, an initialism derived from its former name Ministry of Education and Culture (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e Cultura), is a cabinet-level federal ministry of Brazil.

Ministry of Education
Fachada do Ministério da Educação (MEC) (15837724253).jpg
Ministry overview
Formed14 November 1930
HeadquartersBrasília, Distrito Federal
Annual budgetR$ 101,3 billion (2015)[1]
Minister responsible

It is tasked with coordinating national education policy and daily affairs, from early childhood to the post-graduate level.[2]

History of the institutionEdit

Before 1930, matters relating to education were under responsibility of the National Department of Education (Portuguese: Departamento Nacional do Ensino), which was a part of the then-called Ministry of Justice.

In 1930, as Getúlio Vargas took office as president, the Ministry of Education and Public Health (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e Saúde Pública) was created, taking away education matters from the Ministry of Justice.

In 1953, the ministry was split into two: the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Education and Culture (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e Cultura, with the acronym MEC, which lasts to this day).

In 1985, during José Sarney's presidency, it was again split into two: the Ministry of Culture, and the Ministry of Education.

In 1992, as Itamar Franco took office as president, sports were made part of the ministry again, which was subsequently renamed Ministry of Education and Sports (Portuguese: Ministério da Educação e do Desporto).

In 1995, during Fernando Henrique Cardoso's presidency, that was once again changed, separating the Ministry of Education from the then Ministry of Sports.


On 10 July 2020, Milton Ribeiro was nominated Minister of Education.[3] Ribeiro took office on 16 July 2020, as the fourth Minister of Education in Bolsonaro's presidency.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Portal Orçamento (October 2014). "Projeto de Lei Orçamentária para 2015" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Senado federal. p. 21. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  2. ^ MEC - Faculdades autorizadas
  3. ^ "Quem é Milton Ribeiro, novo ministro da Educação escolhido por Bolsonaro" [Who is Milton Ribeiro, the new minister of Education chosen by Bolsonaro]. BBC Brasil (in Portuguese). 10 July 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  4. ^ Gomes, Pedro Henrique; Garcia, Gustavo (16 July 2020). "Milton Ribeiro toma posse como quarto ministro da Educação no governo Bolsonaro" [Milton Ribeiro takes office as fourth minister of Education on Bolsonaro's government]. G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 16 July 2020.


External linksEdit