Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces Logistics (Iran)

The Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces Logistics (MODAFL; Persian: وزارت دفاع و پشتیبانی نیروهای مسلح‎, romanizedvezarat-e defa' va poshtibani-ey niruha-ye mosallah) is the defence ministry of the Islamic Republic of Iran and part of the country's executive branch. It thus reports to the President of Iran, not to the Commander-in-Chief of the Iranian Armed Forces.

Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics
IRI-MOD.svg
Insignia
Flag of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces Logistics of Iran.svg
Flag
Agency overview
Formed22 August 1989
TypeGovernment ministry
JurisdictionIran
EmployeesClassified
Annual budget$1.53 billion (2020–21)[1]
Minister responsible
Websitehttp://www.mod.ir/

Unlike many countries, the ministry is not involved with in-the-field military operational command of the armed forces. Instead it is responsible for planning, logistics and funding of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran while the General Staff, a separate institution under command of the supreme leader of Iran, has control over the forces.[2] The MODAFL is also the major player in defense industry of Iran, with multiple conglomerates and subordinates active in research and development, maintenance and manufacturing of military equipment. It annually exports military equipment manufactured in Iran to forces of countries such as Syria, Iraq, Venezuela and Sudan (the latter ceased in 2019), as well as non-state actors like Hezbollah.[3]

The ministry is considered one of the three "sovereign" ministerial bodies of Iran due to nature of its work at home and abroad.[4]

HistoryEdit

1952–53: Reforms under MossadeghEdit

When Mohammad Mossadegh took over the ministry on 21 July 1952, he initiated a series of reforms in the ministry. He named general Ahmad Vossough as his deputy and renamed the ministry from 'War' to 'National Defense', cut the military budget by 15% and vowed to only purchase defensive military equipment.[5] Two investigatory commissions were formed, one for examining previous promotions and the other for materiel procurement.[5] Under Mossadegh, some 15,000 personnel were transferred from the army to the gendarmerie and 136 officers, including 15 general officers, were purged.[5]

1970s procurementEdit

1982–89: Two ministriesEdit

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps had between 1982 and 1989 its own dedicated defence ministry, mirroring the existing ministry of defence which solely supplied the Islamic Republic of Iran Army during this period. Under President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in 1989, the two ministries were merged into one in order to cease parallel work and reduce interservice rivalry.

SubordinatesEdit

Iranian military industry, under the command of Ministry of Defence, is composed of the following main components:[6]

Organization Field of activity
Iran Electronics Industries (SAIRAN) Electronics, communications, e-warfare, radars, satellites, etc.
Defense Industries Organization (SASAD) Tanks, rockets, bombs, guns, armored vehicles, etc.
Aerospace Industries Organization (AIO) Guided missiles systems, etc.
Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO) Aircraft, UAV, helicopters, etc.
Marine Industries Organization (MIO) Ships, hovercraft, submarines, etc.
Organization of Defensive Innovation and Research (SPND) Defense related research and development.
National Geographical Organization of Iran (NGO) Matters related to military maps, national borders and geographical services required by the Armed Forces.
Malek-Ashtar University of Technology (MUT) The ministry's educational institution

In August 2018, the Iranian Ministry of Defense declared it had unloaded its shares in Wagon Pars and Iran Airtour.[7] In November 2020, the head of the Research and Innovation Organisation of the defence ministry, the nuclear physicist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, was assassinated in an ambush near Tehran.[8]

Ministers of Defence since 1979Edit

No. Portrait Minister Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Cabinet
Minister of National Defence
1Madani, AhmadCommodore
Ahmad Madani
(1929–2006)
22 February 197931 March 197937 daysArmy
(Navy)
Bazargan
2Riahi, TaghiBrigadier General
Taghi Riahi
(1911–1989)
31 March 197918 September 1979171 daysArmy
(Ground Force)
Bazargan
3Chamran, MostafaMostafa Chamran
(1932–1981)
30 September 197928 May 1980241 daysIWHBazargan
Council of the Islamic Revolution
4Fakoori, JavadColonel
Javad Fakoori
(1936–1981)
10 September 198017 August 1981341 daysArmy
(Air Force)
Rajai
5Namjoo, MousaColonel
Mousa Namjoo
(1938–1981)
17 August 198129 September 1981  43 daysArmy
(Ground Force)
Bahonar
Mahdavi Kani (interim)
6Salimi, MohammadColonel
Mohammad Salimi
(1937–2016)
2 November 198114 August 19842 years, 286 daysArmy
(Ground Force)
Mir-Hossein Mousavi I
Minister of Defence
Mousavi, Mir-HosseinMir-Hossein Mousavi
(born 1942)
Acting
20 August 198421 October 198432 daysNoneMir-Hossein Mousavi I
Rahimi, Mohammad-RezaColonel
Mohammad-Reza Rahimi
Acting
21 October 198428 October 19851 year, 37 daysArmy
(Ground Force)
Mir-Hossein Mousavi I
7Jalali, Mohammad HosseinColonel
Mohammad Hossein Jalali
28 October 198529 August 19893 years, 305 daysArmy
(Ground Force)
Mir-Hossein Mousavi II
Minister of Defence and Armed Forces Logistics
8Torkan, AkbarAkbar Torkan
(1952–2021)
29 August 198916 August 19933 years, 352 daysNoneRafsanjani I
9Forouzandeh, MohammadMohammad Forouzandeh
(born 1960)
16 August 199320 August 19974 years, 4 daysIRGCRafsanjani II
10Shamkhani, AliRear Admiral
Ali Shamkhani
(born 1955)
20 August 199724 August 20058 years, 4 daysIRGC
(Navy)

Army
(Navy)
Khatami I
Khatami II
11Mohammad-Najjar, MostafaBrigadier General
Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar
(born 1956)
24 August 20053 September 20094 years, 10 daysIRGC
(Ground Force)
Ahmadinejad I
12Vahidi, AhmadBrigadier General
Ahmad Vahidi
(born 1958)
3 September 200915 August 20133 years, 346 daysIRGC
(Quds Force)
Ahmadinejad II
13Dehghan, HosseinBrigadier General
Hossein Dehghan
(born 1957)
15 August 201320 August 20174 years, 5 daysIRGC
(Aerospace Force)
Rouhani I
14Hatami, AmirBrigadier General
Amir Hatami
(born c. 1965/1966)
20 August 201725 August 20214 years, 5 daysArmy
(Ground Force)
Rouhani II
15Brigadier General
Mohammad-Reza Gharaei Ashtiani
(born 1960)
25 August 2021Incumbent94 daysArmy
(Ground Force)
Raisi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rome, Henry (17 June 2020), "Iran's Defense Spending", The Iran Primer, The United States Institute for Peace
  2. ^ Forozan, Hesam (2015), The Military in Post-Revolutionary Iran: The Evolution and Roles of the Revolutionary Guards, Routledge, pp. 51–53, ISBN 9781317430742
  3. ^ Iran Military Power: Ensuring Regime Survival and Securing Regional Dominance (PDF), Defense Intelligence Agency, August 2019, p. 90, ISBN 978-0-16-095157-2, DIA-Q-00055-A
  4. ^ al Labbad, Mustafa (15 August 2013). "Rouhani's Cabinet Seeks New Balance in Iranian Policies". As Safir. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 273. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 November 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Iran Defense Ministry Claims It Has Divested From Civilian Businesses, Radiofarda.com, 27 August 2018
  8. ^ Top Iranian nuclear scientist assassinated near Tehran, Aljazeera.com, 27 November 2020

External linksEdit