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Commander-in-Chief of the Iranian Armed Forces

Farmandehe Koll-e Qova (Persian: فرمانده کل قوا‎), formerly known as Bozorg Arteshtaran (Persian: بزرگ‌ارتشتاران‎), is the ultimate authority of all the Armed Forces of Iran and the highest possible military position within the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the Constitution of Iran, the position is vested in the Supreme Leader of Iran and is held since 1981.

Commander-in-Chief of the Iranian Armed Forces
Commander-in-chief role
Emblem of Iran.svg
Sixth International Conference in Support of the Palestinian Intifada, Tehran (33).jpg
Currently
Ali Khamenei

since 4 June 1989
Vested inSupreme Leader of Iran
StyleSupreme Commander[1]
StatusUltimate authority of the military
ResidenceHouse of Leadership
SeatTehran
Constituting instrumentIranian Constitution
DeputyMinister of Interior (Police)[2]

List of Commanders-in-ChiefEdit

After the Persian Constitutional RevolutionEdit

No. Portrait Name Term of office Length of term Military rank Service Branch
 Sublime State of Persia (1906–1925) •  
1Shah, MozaffarShah
Mozaffar ad-Din Shah
(1853–1907)
6 August 19063 January 1907 †150 daysN/AN/A
2Shah, MohammadShah
Mohammad Ali Shah
(1872–1925)
3 January 190716 July 19092 years, 194 daysN/AN/A
Khan, AliRegent
Alireza Khan
(1847–1910)
16 July 1909[3]22 September 1910 †1 year, 56 daysN/AN/A
Khan, AbolqasemRegent
Abolqasem Khan
(1856–1927)
22 September 1910[3]21 July 19143 years, 314 daysN/AN/A
3Shah, AhmadShah
Ahmad Shah
(1898–1930)
21 July 1914[3]14 February 192511 years, 147 daysN/AN/A
4Khan, RezaPrime Minister
Reza Khan
(1878–1944)
[a]
14 February 1925[4]15 December 1925304 daysBrigadier generalPersian Cossack Brigade
(1894–1921)
 Imperial State of Iran (1925–1979) •  
1Shah, RezaShah
Reza Shah
(1878–1944)
15 December 192516 September 194115 years, 275 daysBrigadier generalPersian Cossack Brigade
(1894–1921)
2Shah, MohammadShah
Mohammad Reza Shah
(1919–1980)
16 September 194121 July 195210 years, 309 daysCaptain[5]Imperial Iranian Army
(1936–1941)[5]
3Mossadegh, MohammadPrime Minister
Mohammad Mossadegh
(1882–1967)
[b]
21 July 195219 August 19531 year, 29 daysN/AN/A
(2)Shah, MohammadShah
Mohammad Reza Shah
(1919–1980)
19 August 195311 February 197925 years, 176 daysCaptainImperial Iranian Army
(1936–1941)
 Islamic Republic of Iran (1980–present) •  
1Banisadr, AbolhassanPresident
Abolhassan Banisadr
(born 1933)
[c]
19 February 1980[8]10 June 1981[9]1 year, 111 daysN/AN/A
2Khomeini, RuhollahSupreme Leader
Ruhollah Khomeini
(1902–1989)
10 June 19813 June 1989 †7 years, 358 daysN/AN/A
3Khamenei, AliSupreme Leader
Ali Khamenei
(born 1939)
4 June 1989Incumbent30 years, 22 daysN/A[d]Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
(24 November 1979–24 February 1980)[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Appointed by the Parliament of Iran.[4]
  2. ^ Mossadegh was granted emergency powers by Shah of Iran to rule by decree.[6] While holding office as the Prime Minister and Minister of War (renamed to "Ministry of National Defence") simultaneously, Mossadegh went over the authority of Shah the Commander-in-Chief vetted in the Persian Constitution of 1906 and appointed commanders in Imperial Iranian Army and Police.[7]
  3. ^ Delegated by the Supreme Leader of Iran.[8]
  4. ^ He was caretaker of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, the highest position in the corps.[10] At the time military ranks were not used.
  1. ^ If the Enemy Attacks, He Will Receive a Severe Blow and Counterattacks: Ayatollah Khamenei, The Office of the Supreme Leader, 28 August 2016, retrieved 20 April 2018, Ayatollah Khamenei, the Supreme Commander of All Armed Forces, met Sunday afternoon with the commanders and officials...
  2. ^ Saeid Golkar (5 January 2018), Iran's Coercive Apparatus: Capacity and Desire (Policywatch) (2909), The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, retrieved 20 April 2018, The police are under the control of the Interior Ministry, which the constitution has placed under the president's purview. Yet the head of the NAJA is appointed by the Supreme Leader and serves as commander-in-chief of Iran's armed forces, effectively limiting the interior minister's authority to logistical, equipment, and support issues.
  3. ^ a b c Sheikh-ol-Islami, M. J. (July 28, 2011) [December 15, 1984]. "AḤMAD SHAH QĀJĀR". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica. 6. I. New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press. pp. 657–660. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  4. ^ a b Elton L. Daniel (2012). The History of Iran. ABC-CLIO. p. 136. ISBN 0313375097.
  5. ^ a b Ali Akbar Dareini (1998). The Rise and Fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty: Memoirs of Former General Hussein Fardust. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. pp. 15–16. ISBN 8120816420.
  6. ^ James Buchan (2013). Days of God: The Revolution in Iran and Its Consequences. Simon and Schuster. p. 64. ISBN 1416597778.
  7. ^ John Prados (2006). Safe for Democracy: The Secret Wars of the CIA. Ivan R. Dee. pp. 102–103. ISBN 1615780114.
  8. ^ a b Sinkaya, Bayram (2015), The Revolutionary Guards in Iranian Politics: Elites and Shifting Relations, Iranian Studies, 25, Routledge, p. 96, ISBN 9781317525646
  9. ^ Sinkaya, Bayram (2015), The Revolutionary Guards in Iranian Politics: Elites and Shifting Relations, Iranian Studies, 25, Routledge, p. 88, ISBN 9781317525646
  10. ^ a b Detailed biography of Ayatollah Khamenei, Leader of Islamic Revolution, Khamenei.ir, retrieved 17 March 2016