Minister of the Armed Forces (France)

  (Redirected from Minister of Defence (France))

The Minister of the Armed Forces (French: Ministre des armées, lit. 'Minister of the Armies') is the leader and most senior official of the French Ministry of the Armed Forces, tasked with running the French Armed Forces. The minister is the third highest civilian[1] having authority over France's military, behind only the President of the Republic[2] and the Prime Minister.[3] Based on the governments, they may be assisted by a minister or state secretary for veterans' affairs.

Minister of the Armed Forces
Ministre des armées
Marque mindef.svg
Honor flag & Naval jack of the Minister
(Florence Parly) 190907-D-BN624-0170 (48694393657) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Florence Parly

since 21 June 2017
Ministry of the Armed Forces
Member ofGovernment
Reports toPresident
Prime Minister
SeatHôtel de Brienne,
Paris 7e, France
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerPresident
Term lengthNo fixed term
Precursor
Formation21 November 1945 (1945-11-21)
First holderEdmond Michelet
DeputySecretary of State for Veterans
Chief of the Defence Staff
Salary10,135€ per month
Websitewww.defense.gouv.fr

The office is considered to be one of the core positions of the Government of France.

Since 21 June 2017, the Minister of the Armed Forces has been Florence Parly, the 44th person to hold the office.

HistoryEdit

The minister in charge of the Armed Forces has evolved within the epoque and regimes. The Secretary of State of War was one of the four specialised secretaries of state established in France in 1589. This State Secretary was responsible for the French Army (similarly, the Naval Ministers of France and the Colonies was created in 1669). In 1791, the Secretary of State of War became Minister of War, with this ministerial function being abolished in 1794 and re-established in 1795. Since 1930, the position was often referred to as Minister of War and National Defence. In 1947, two years after World War II, the ministry merged with the Ministry of the Navy and the Ministry of Air (created in 1930), while being headed by a Minister of National Defence responsible for the French Armed Forces, often referred to as Minister of the Armies and since 1947 until 2017, designated as Minister of Defence.

Powers and functionsEdit

As the head of the military, the minister is part of the Council of Defence.[4] In addition to their authority over the armed forces, the minister also heads the external and military intelligence community.[1] In this capacity, they are also a member of the National Council of Intelligence.[5]

Although the Minister of the Armed Forces is the official responsible for veterans affairs[6], they usually delegate their powers to a dedicated subordinate minister or state secretary.

The direct military subordinates of the minister are the:[7]

OfficeholdersEdit

Provisional GovernmentEdit

No. Portrait Name Term Government President Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Ministry established
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
1   Edmond Michelet
serving with Minister of National Defence Charles de Gaulle
21 November 1945 16 December 1946 1 year, 25 days de Gaulle II
Gouin
Bidault I
Charles de Gaulle
Félix Gouin
Georges Bidault
Vincent Auriol
[8]
Minister of National Defence
(Ministre de la Défense nationale)
2   André Le Troquer 16 December 1946 22 January 1947 37 days Blum III Léon Blum [9]

Fourth RepublicEdit

No. Portrait Name Term Government President Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister of National Defence
(Ministre de la Défense nationale)
3   François Billoux
serving with
War Minister Paul Coste-Floret
Navy Minister Louis Jacquinot
Air Minister André Maroselli
22 January 1947 4 May 1947 102 days Ramadier I Vincent Auriol [10]
Interim by Yvon Delbos, Minister of State, from 4 May 1947 to 22 October 1947. [11]
Minister of the Armed Forces – Merger of the War, Navy and Air ministries[12]
(Ministre des Forces armées)
4   Pierre-Henri Teitgen 22 October 1947 26 July 1948 278 days Ramadier II
Schuman I
Vincent Auriol [13]
Minister of National Defence
(Ministre de la Défense nationale)
5   René Mayer 26 July 1948 11 September 1948 47 days Marie
Schuman II
Vincent Auriol [14]
6   Paul Ramadier 11 September 1948 28 October 1949 1 year, 47 days Queuille I [15]
7   René Pleven 28 October 1949 12 July 1950 257 days Bidault II–III
Queuille II
[16]
8   Jules Moch 12 July 1950 11 August 1951 1 year, 30 days Pleven I
Queuille III
[17]
9   Georges Bidault 11 August 1951 8 March 1952 210 days Pleven II
Faure I
[18]
10   René Pleven 8 March 1952 19 June 1954 2 years, 103 days Pinay
Mayer
Laniel I–II
[19]
René Coty
Minister of National Defence and the Armed Forces
(Ministre de la Défense nationale et des Forces armées)
11   Pierre Kœnig 19 June 1954 14 August 1954 56 days Mendès-France René Coty [20]
Interim by Emmanuel Temple, Minister of Veterans and War Victims, from 14 August 1954 to 3 September 1954. [21]
12   Emmanuel Temple 3 September 1954 20 January 1955 139 days Mendès-France René Coty [22]
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
13   Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
serving with Minister of National Defence Jacques Chevallier
20 January 1955 23 February 1955 34 days Mendès-France René Coty [23]
Minister of National Defence and the Armed Forces
(Ministre de la Défense nationale et des Forces armées)
14   Pierre Kœnig 23 February 1955 6 October 1955 225 days Faure II René Coty [24]
15   Pierre Billotte 6 October 1955 1 February 1956 118 days [25]
16   Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury 1 February 1956 13 June 1957 1 year, 132 days Mollet [26]
17   André Morice 13 June 1957 6 November 1957 146 days Bourgès-Maunoury [27]
18   Jacques Chaban-Delmas 6 November 1957 14 May 1958 189 days Gaillard [28]
19   Pierre de Chevigné 14 May 1958 1 June 1958 18 days Pflimlin [29]
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
20   Pierre Guillaumat
serving with Minister of National Defence Charles de Gaulle
1 June 1958 8 January 1959 221 days de Gaulle III René Coty [30]

Fifth RepublicEdit

No. Portrait Name Term Government President Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
21   Pierre Guillaumat 8 January 1959 5 February 1960 1 year, 28 days Debré Charles de Gaulle [31]
22   Pierre Messmer 5 February 1960 22 June 1969 9 years, 137 days Debré
Pompidou I–II–III–IV
Couve de Murville
[32]
Interim : Alain Poher
Minister of National Defence
(Ministre de la Défense nationale)
23   Michel Debré 22 June 1969 5 April 1973 3 years, 287 days Chaban-Delmas
Messmer I
Georges Pompidou [33]
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Forces armées)
24   Robert Galley 5 April 1973 28 May 1974 1 year, 53 days Messmer II–III Georges Pompidou
Alain Poher
[34]
Minister of Defence
(Ministre de la Défense)
25   Jacques Soufflet 28 May 1974 31 January 1975 248 days Chirac I Valéry Giscard d'Estaing [35]
26   Yvon Bourges 31 January 1975 2 October 1980 5 years, 245 days Chirac I
Barre I–II–III
[36]
27   Joël Le Theule 2 October 1980 22 December 1980 81 days Barre III [37]
28   Robert Galley 22 December 1980 22 May 1981 151 days [38]
29   Charles Hernu 22 May 1981 20 September 1985 4 years, 121 days Mauroy I–II–III
Fabius
François Mitterrand [39]
30   Paul Quilès 20 September 1985 20 March 1986 181 days Fabius [40]
31   André Giraud 20 March 1986 12 May 1988 2 years, 53 days Chirac II [41]
32   Jean-Pierre Chevènement 12 May 1988 29 January 1991 2 years, 262 days Rocard I–II [42]
33   Pierre Joxe 29 January 1991 9 March 1993 2 years, 39 days Rocard II
Cresson
Bérégovoy
[43]
34   Pierre Bérégovoy 9 March 1993 30 March 1993 21 days Bérégovoy [44]
35   François Léotard 30 March 1993 18 May 1995 2 years, 49 days Balladur [45]
36   Charles Millon 18 May 1995 4 June 1997 2 years, 17 days Juppé I–II Jacques Chirac [46]
37   Alain Richard 4 June 1997 7 May 2002 4 years, 337 days Jospin [47]
38   Michèle Alliot-Marie 7 May 2002 18 May 2007 5 years, 11 days Raffarin I–II–III
de Villepin
[48]
[49]
39   Hervé Morin 18 May 2007 14 November 2010 3 years, 180 days Fillon I–II Nicolas Sarkozy [50]
[51]
Minister of Defence and Veterans
(Ministre de la Défense et des Anciens Combattants)
40   Alain Juppé 14 November 2010 27 February 2011 105 days Fillon III Nicolas Sarkozy [52]
[53]
41   Gérard Longuet 27 February 2011 16 May 2012 1 year, 79 days [54]
[55]
Minister of Defence
(Ministre de la Défense)
42   Jean-Yves Le Drian 16 May 2012 17 May 2017 5 years, 1 day Ayrault I–II
Valls III
Cazeneuve
François Hollande [56]
[57]
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
43   Sylvie Goulard 17 May 2017 21 June 2017 35 days Philippe I Emmanuel Macron [58]
[59]
44   Florence Parly 21 June 2017 Incumbent 3 years, 93 days Philippe II
Castex
[60]
[61]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Defence Code – Article L1142-1".
  2. ^ "Defence Code – Article L1121-1".
  3. ^ "Defence Code – Article L1131-1".
  4. ^ "Defence Code – Article R*1122-2".
  5. ^ "Defence Code – Article R*1122-7".
  6. ^ "Defence Code – Article R*1142-2".
  7. ^ "Defence Code – Article R*3111-1".
  8. ^ Provisional Government of the French Republic (21 November 1945). "Decree on the composition of the government". gallica.bnf.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  9. ^ Provisional Government of the French Republic (16 December 1946). "Decree on the composition of the government (N°294, Page 10691)" (in French). Missing or empty |url= (help)
  10. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 January 1947). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  11. ^ Government of the French Republic (4 May 1947). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  12. ^ Government of the French Republic (31 October 1947). "Décret n°47-2110 relatif aux attributions du ministre des forces armées". gallica.bnf.fr. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  13. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 October 1947). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  14. ^ Government of the French Republic (26 July 1948). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  15. ^ Government of the French Republic (11 September 1948). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  16. ^ Government of the French Republic (28 October 1949). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  17. ^ Government of the French Republic (12 July 1950). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  18. ^ Government of the French Republic (11 August 1951). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  19. ^ Government of the French Republic (8 March 1953). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  20. ^ Government of the French Republic (19 June 1954). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  21. ^ Government of the French Republic (14 August 1954). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  22. ^ Government of the French Republic (3 September 1954). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  23. ^ Government of the French Republic (20 January 1955). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  24. ^ Government of the French Republic (23 February 1955). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  25. ^ Government of the French Republic (6 October 1955). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  26. ^ Government of the French Republic (1 February 1956). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  27. ^ Government of the French Republic (13 June 1957). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  28. ^ Government of the French Republic (6 November 1957). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  29. ^ Government of the French Republic (14 May 1958). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  30. ^ Government of the French Republic (1 June 1958). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  31. ^ Government of the French Republic (8 January 1959). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  32. ^ Government of the French Republic (5 February 1960). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  33. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 June 1969). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  34. ^ Government of the French Republic (5 April 1973). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  35. ^ Government of the French Republic (28 May 1974). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  36. ^ Government of the French Republic (31 January 1975). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  37. ^ Government of the French Republic (2 October 1980). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  38. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 December 1980). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  39. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 May 1981). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  40. ^ Government of the French Republic (20 September 1985). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 12 July 2020.
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  51. ^ Elitsa Vucheva (2 October 2008). "EU peacekeepers to leave Bosnia". EUobserver. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
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  57. ^ "New Socialist cabinet takes power in France". France 24. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
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