|French Minister of Justice|
8 January 1959 – 24 August 1961
|President||Charles de Gaulle|
|Prime Minister||Michel Debré|
|Preceded by||Michel Debré|
|Succeeded by||Bernard Chenot|
|Born||8 October 1899|
|Died||9 October 1970 (aged 71)|
On 17 June 1940, he distributed tracts calling to continue the war in all Brive-la-Gaillarde's mailboxes. It is considered to be the first act of resistance of World War II in France, one day before Charles de Gaulle's Appeal of 18 June.
He helped many victims of the Nazis in occupied France, including Catholic philosopher Dietrich von Hildebrand. In 1943 he was arrested and incarcerated at the Dachau concentration camp where he assisted other prisoners during a typhus epidemic and was infected himself. He wore the armband No. 52579  When Dachau was liberated he was still aiding the sick and was the last to leave, on 26 May 1945.  (While a prisoner, he was helped by abbé Franz Stock.)
He served as Minister of Justice from 1959 to 1961.
- Serge Besanger, Les indomptables, Paris, Éditions Nouvelle Cité, 2020, p. 43.
- Serge Besanger, Les indomptables, Paris, Éditions Nouvelle Cité, 2020, p. 131.
- Serge Besanger, Les indomptables, Paris, Éditions Nouvelle Cité, 2020, p. 236.
- Serge Besanger, Les indomptables, Paris, Éditions Nouvelle Cité, 2020, p. 252.
- Doug Ireland, Hillary, l’Amérique, et l’intégrisme chrétien, Bakchich, 13 April 2008 (account of Jeff Sharlet, The Family: The Secret Fundamentalism at the Heart of American Power, HarperCollins, 2008) (in French)
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