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Paul Coste-Floret (9 April 1911 – 27 August 1979) was a French politician. He was born and died in Montpellier, France.
Professor on the faculty of Algiers, he engaged in the French Resistance. He advised André Philip and director of the cabinet of François de Menthon. He was an assistant prosecutor at the Nuremberg Tribunal.
Member of the two constituent national Assemblies, he worked with the second project of the constitution of the French Fourth Republic which was adopted 27 October 1946, then a deputy of the Popular Republican Movement (MRP), then a deputy from Hérault from 1946 to 1958. He worked several times under the Fourth Republic. As minister of the French Overseas Territories he led a policy creating the agreements of Bay of Along in 1949. He modified the law of the Cochinchine which became part of Vietnam. In regards to health he proposed increased family benefits. As a deputy he defended the white growers of Midi. He presented the statute of Algeria in 1957. He recommended greater autonomy for French Black Africa.
Favorable to the political return of General de Gaulle, he is member of the Constitutional Consultative Committee which prepared the Constitution of 1958. He was reelected deputy of the MRP in 1958. He served along with the centrist group until 1967. Named by president of the Senate, Alain Poher, he served the Conseil constitutionnel from 23 February 1971 until his death.
- Ministre de la Guerre in the government of Paul Ramadier (22 January – 22 October 1947)
- Ministre de la France d'Outre-mer in the government of Robert Schuman (1) (24 November 1947 – 26 July 1948)
- Ministre de la France d'Outre-mer in the government of André Marie (26 July – 5 September 1948)
- Ministre de la France d'Outre-mer in the government of Robert Schuman (2) (5 September – 11 September 1948)
- Ministre de la France d'Outre-mer in the government of Henri Queuille (1) (11 September 1948 – 28 October 1949)
- Ministre de la France d'Outre-mer in the government of Henri Queuille (2) (2 July – 12 July 1950)
- Ministre de l'Information in the government of Edgar Faure (1) (20 January – 8 March 1952)
- Ministre d'État in the government of René Mayer (8 January – 28 June 1953)
- Ministre de la Santé publique et de la Population in the government of Joseph Laniel (28 June 1953 – 19 June 1954)